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more right to presume that the founder would have destined it to fellowships, than that he would have endowed an almshouse, or founded some other school in some other county. Indeed it seems more reasonable to imagine, that he would have established other schools of exactly the same kind in other counties, than that he would have established a seminary on a different scale, with an appendage of university dignitaries, in the same county. Besides, when the intention of the founder is so much relied upon, those who treat with extreme contempt, but not greater than it deserves, the claims of the masters to the whole surplus, should bear in mind that the original letterspatent obtained by him from Edward VI, directed, that all

the issues, rents and revenues, of all the lands, tenements and

possessions, to be given and assigned towards the support of « the said school from time to time, should be converted to the

support of the master and usher of the said school for the time being, and to the reparation of the said lands and tenements, 6 and not otherwise, nor to any other uses and intents.' It seems plain, therefore, that the Legislature is left to such a disposal of the surplus as seems most beneficial to the general promotion of education, and is in nowise to be fettered by any regard to the presumed intentions of the founder. Mr Prinsep, indeed, very candidly admits, that his plan is a complete innovation' upon the founder's will; and that part of it is in « direct contradiction to his declared intention.

He proposes that the school should be enlarged, so as to receive one hundred free scholars, who should be taught all the branches of education most essential to the training of youth; not merely in languages, but in science. These are to be on the foundation, and to be provided with education and lodging only, paying for their board and clothing; and messing together as in the Universities. Supernumeraries are also to be allowed, who must pay for their instruction, and lodge out of the school. From the establishment are to be sent sixteen exhibitioners to the two Universities, with stipends of fifty pounds a year; and there are out of these to be chosen, from time to time, as vacancies occur, eight fellows, with one hundred a year each. A revenue of four thousand a year being thus disposed of, two hundred a year are to be allowed for maintaining free schools for teaching reading, writing, and accounts. Into the minuter details of the plan, we need not enter. Admitting our author's principles, these are unobjectionable. Indeed they seem to be contrived with great skill and consistency; nor do we perceive how they could be materially improved. Those who are for setting up a new great school, on the plan of Eton and Westminster, in the county of Kent, will do well to

abide by Mr Prinsep's plan, with one or two obvious amendments, which we need not stop to specify.

We are by no means inclined to deny, that there are power. ful inducements to make this disposition of the funds. li seems hardly possible to give too ample encouragement to liberal education; and perhaps the advantages which result from an overabundant supply of classical scholars, especially when scientific acquirements are combined with erudition, more than counterbalance the admitted evils of enticing by extraordinary rewards, a larger portion of the community than would naturally resort to the clerical and literary life. Much may also be urged in favour of extending our great seminaries of refined education, when the population of the country has increased so prodigiously; indeed, an enlargement of the publick schools seems essentially necessary, either by adding to their number, or augmenting those already established. It will not, therefore, be any misapplication of the Tonbridge revenue, in our estimation, if the whole shall be applied in founding a great publick school there, with suitable University privileges. But as so important a measure should not be adopted without a full consideration of the other side of the question, we are desirous to suggest the propriety of regarding the claims of the poor to a share at least out of this ample fund.

It appears, from the late population returns and the Education Digest, that the county of Kent bas, for educating 426,000 inhabitants, endowed schools which teach about 7,500, and unendowed day-schools which teach about 21,600 children. So tbat, upon the most moderate computation, the means are wanting for above 130,000 inhabitants, or about one third of that populous and important county. The surplus revenue of Tonbridge School, with the accumulated fund, would plant and endow one hundred schools, capable of conveying instruction to five or six thousand children, or at once supplying one half of the present deficiency of education for that whole county. But suppose a middle course were taken, and an ample portion of the revenue devoted to the establishment of a great school, two thousand a year well applied, and ten thousand pounds for building and purchasing school-rooms, would be a most important advantage to the poorer clases, and leave enough to en. dow a most useful seminary, with a due portion of University emoluments. It appears to us wholly impossible, in the preserit day, to appropriate this fund without some provision for the humbler and more essential branches of education; and we trust that no attempt will be made to carry such a measure, without allowing the fullest opportunities for discussing all the claims upon the fund.


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