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gin of his own copy now in the possession of the writer of this article. On the blank leaf at the end, is the following authority in his handwriting, which may be added to the preceding, if any addition be wanted, The papers marked T. were yritten by Mi. S. Johnson.

The paper, No. 90, which shews more acquaintance with literary history and criticisin than we usually find in young men, was written by Mr. COLMAN, afterwards the principal author of the CONNOISSEUR. It was no trifling merit to have written such a paper at the early age of twenty.

The beautiful lines in No. 37, have been usually attributed to the pious GILBERT WEST, and HAWKESWORTH believed this, when he announced that they were communicated to him,

by a gentleman, who is not only eminent for taste, literature, and virtue, but for his zeal in defence of that religion, which most strongly inculcates compassion to inferior natures,” which is the subject of the paper. Dr. JOHNSON supposes that Mr. WEST gave it to HAWKESWORTH without naming the author. It was afterwards discovered to have been the production of the Rev. RICHARD JAGO, a poet of a very pleasing cast, who has several other pieces in DODSLEY's collection, and whose works were published together by his friend Mr. HILTON.

The very interesting story of Fidelia, in Nos. 77-8-9, was written by Mrs. CHAPONE, a lady who has already been noticed as the writer of four billets in No. 10 of the RAMBLER. She was the

daughter of Thomas Mulso, Esq. of Twywell, in * North Hants, was born October 27, 1727, and

at a very early age exhibited proofs of a lively imagination, and superior ‘understanding. It is said that at nine

years

of

age she composed a romance, entitled “ The Loves of Amoret and Melissa," which, we are told, exhibited, “ fertility of inven: tion, and extraordinary specimens of genius.”

Her mother was a beauty, with all the vanity of her sex, and fearing that her daughter's understanding might become a more attractive object than the personal charms on which she valued herself, took no pleasure in the progress which Hester seemed to make, and if she did not obstruct, took at least no extraordinary pains in promoting her education.

This mother, however, died when her daughter was yet young, and a circumstance which otherwise might have been of serious consequence, seemed to strengthen the inclination Miss Mulso had shewn to cultivate her mind. She studied the French and Italian languages, and made some progress in the Latin. She read the best authors, especially those who treat of morals and philosophy. To these she added a critical perusal of the Holy Scriptures, but history, we are told, made no part of her studies until the latter part of her life.

Her acquaintance with RICHARDSON, whose novels were the favourites of her sex, introduced her to Mr. CHAPONE, a young gentleman then practising law in the Temple. Their attachment was mutual, but not hasty, or imprudent. She obtained her father's consent, and a social intimacy continued for a considerable period, before it ended in marriage.

In the mean time, Miss Mulso became acquainted with the celebrated Miss CARTER; a cor

respondence took place between them, which increased their mutual esteem, and a friendship was thus cemented, which lasted during a course of more than fifty years.

Miss Mulso's first production appears to have been the Ode to Peace, and that addressed to Miss CARTER on her intended publication of the translation of Epictetus. About the same time she wrote the story of Fidelia, which Miss CARTER and her other friends who had read it, persuaded her to send to the editor of the Adventurer.

In 1760 she was married to Mr. CHAPONE, removed to London, and for some time lived with her husband in lodgings in Carey Street, and afterwards in Arundel Street. She enjoyed every degree of happiness which mutual attachment could confer, but it was of short duration. In less than ten months after they were married, Mr. CHAPONE was seized with a fever which terminated his life, after about a week's illness. At first Mrs. CHĄPONE seemed to bear this calamity with fortitude, but it preyed on her health, and for some time her life was despaired of. She recovered however, gradually, and resigned herself to a state of life in which she yet found many friends and many consolations.

Most of her time was passed in London, or in occasional visits to her friends, among whom she had the happiness to number many distinguished characters of both sexes, LORD LYTTELTON, Mrs. MONTAGUE, and the circle who usually visite' her house. In 1770 she accompanied Mrs. MONTAque into Scotland.

In 1773 she published her Letters on the Imxxxvi HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL, &c. provement of the Mind, originally intended for the use of her niece, but given to the world at the request of Mrs. MONTAGUE, and her other literary friends. As this was her first avowed publication, it made her name more generally known and increased the number of her admirers. This work was followed by a « Volume of Miscellanies."

The latter years of her life were embittered by the loss of the greater part of the friends of her youth; and after the death of her brother in 1799, as London had no more charms for her, she determired to settle at Winchester where her favourite niece was married to the Rev. BEN. JĖFFREYS, but the death of her niece in childbed, made her relinquish this design and remain in her cheerless lodgings in London. So many privations bad now begun to affect her mind, when her sympathizing friends persuaded her to remove to Hadley, where she died Dec. 25, 1801, in the 74th year of her age*.

Such are the few particulars we have been able to collect relative to the history of the ADVENTURERT. Its pleasing variety rendered it at once more popular than the RAMBLER. The sale in numbers was considerable, and four large editions in volumes were published in less than nine years. The elegance, indeed, of the composition; the charms of the narrative part, and its evident tendency to promote piety and virtue, are recommendations which, it is hoped, can never lose their effect.

* This sketch is taken from her Memoirs lately published, 2 'vols. 12mo.

+ Dr. JOHNSON asserted, that the Hon. HAMILTƠN BOYLE wrote in the ADVENTURER ; probably one of the few papers which remain without assignment. BOSWELL'S Journal, p. 240.

THE

ADVENTURER.

No 1. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1752.

Hâc arte Pollux, & vagus Hercules
Innixus, arces attigit igneas.

HOR,
Thus mounted to the tow'rs above,
The vagrant hero, son of Jove.

FRANCIS. As every man in the exercise of his duty to himself and the community, struggles with difficulties which no man has always surmounted, and is exposed to dangers which are never wholly escaped ; life has been considered as a warfare, and courage as a virtue more necessary than any other. It was soon found, that without the exercise of courage, without an effort of the mind by which immediate pleasure is rejecte ed, pain despised, and life itself set at hazard, mucki cannot be contributed to the public good, nor such happiness procured to ourselves as is consistent with that of others.

But as pleasure can be exchanged only for pleasure, every art has been used to connect such gra. tifications with the exercise of courage, az' come VOL. XXIII.

B

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