Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons

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MIT Press, 2000 - History - 303 pages
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In-depth case studies of twelve terrorist groups and individuals who, from 1946 to 1998, allegedly acquired or employed CBW agents.

Policymakers, scholars, and the news media have been alarmed by the potential for chemical and biological weapons (CBW) terrorism, and the U.S. Congress has allocated billions of dollars for counterterrorism and "consequence management" programs. Driving these concerns are the global spread of scientific knowledge and technology relevant to CBW terrorism and the vulnerability of civilian populations to chemical and biological attacks.

Notably lacking from the analysis, however, has been a careful assessment of the terrorists themselves. What types of terrorist groups or individuals are both capable of acquiring chemical and biological weapons and motivated to use them, and for what purposes? Further, what types of toxic agents would probably be produced, and how would they be delivered?

Answers to these questions would enable policymakers to prepare for the most likely contingencies. To this end, Toxic Terror provides in-depth case studies of twelve terrorist groups and individuals who, from 1946 to 1998, allegedly acquired or employed CBW agents. The cases were researched from primary sources, including court documents, interviews, and declassified government files.

By comparing the twelve cases, the book identifies characteristic motivations and patterns of behavior associated with CBW terrorism and provides an empirical basis for prudent, cost-effective strategies of prevention and response.

 

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Contents

Avenging Israels Blood 1946
17
The Weather Underground 1970
43
The Alphabet Bomber 1974
71
The BaaderMeinhof Gang 1975
95
The Rajneeshees 1984
115
The Covenant the Sword and the Arm of
139
The Minnesota Patriots Council 1991
159
The World Trade Center Bombers 1993
185
Aum Shinrikyo 1995
207
Larry Wayne Harris 1998
227
Lessons from the Case Studies
249
Appendix Psychological and Motivational Factors in
271
Contributors
291
About the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs 304
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About the author (2000)

The late Jonathan B. Tucker was a Senior Fellow at the Federation of American Scientists. He was the editor of Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons (MIT Press, 2000) and the author of Scourge: The Once and Future Threat of Smallpox and War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda.

Steven E. Miller is director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center.

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