Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons
In-depth case studies of twelve terrorist groups and individuals who, from 1946 to 1998, allegedly acquired or employed CBW agents.
Policymakers, scholars, and the news media have been alarmed by the potential for chemical and biological weapons (CBW) terrorism, and the U.S. Congress has allocated billions of dollars for counterterrorism and "consequence management" programs. Driving these concerns are the global spread of scientific knowledge and technology relevant to CBW terrorism and the vulnerability of civilian populations to chemical and biological attacks.
Notably lacking from the analysis, however, has been a careful assessment of the terrorists themselves. What types of terrorist groups or individuals are both capable of acquiring chemical and biological weapons and motivated to use them, and for what purposes? Further, what types of toxic agents would probably be produced, and how would they be delivered?
Answers to these questions would enable policymakers to prepare for the most likely contingencies. To this end, Toxic Terror provides in-depth case studies of twelve terrorist groups and individuals who, from 1946 to 1998, allegedly acquired or employed CBW agents. The cases were researched from primary sources, including court documents, interviews, and declassified government files.
By comparing the twelve cases, the book identifies characteristic motivations and patterns of behavior associated with CBW terrorism and provides an empirical basis for prudent, cost-effective strategies of prevention and response.
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Avenging Israels Blood 1946
The Weather Underground 1970
The Alphabet Bomber 1974
The BaaderMeinhof Gang 1975
The Rajneeshees 1984
The Covenant the Sword and the Arm of
The Minnesota Patriots Council 1991
The World Trade Center Bombers 1993
Aum Shinrikyo 1995
Larry Wayne Harris 1998
Lessons from the Case Studies
Appendix Psychological and Motivational Factors in
About the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs 304