« PreviousContinue »
8 The Gunpowder Conspirators. Prom a Print published im:
91 York Halfcrown of ditto
103 Crown of ditto.
115 Grafting and Praning Implements
193 Medal struck in honour of the Petitioning Bishops. From
memorate the appointment of James, Duke of York, as
219 Group of Portraits, including Milton, Temple, Hobbes, Ray.
lected from Ogilby's Coronation of Charles II., 1662; and
lected from Sandford's Coronation of James 11., 1687 89
S soon as Eliza March, and posted down to Scotland, in order to be
In Lodge's Illustrations of British History there is a letter to the
king from one John Ferrour, who claims to have been " prime mes. watch; and who,
senger of glad tidings about the decease of Queen Elizabeth," and
begs a reward for that good service. But we can scarcely agere with anticipating Cecil
Mr. Lodge in taking this letter as a proof that the old story told by and the other lords
Sir Robert Carey himself, in his Memoirs, and by Stow as well as
Weldon, about 'Sir Robert Carey is incorrect. We are not iuformed of the council, stole that Ferrour's claim was allowed. This man may have fancied him.
self prime messenger ." without being so. We know that sereral
out of the palace enger courtiers ran a race to Edinburgh, and that James thoughe well at Richmond, where the queen had expired at three
to conceal their arrival. Afterwards, when all was settled, there
would be no motive for keeping up the mystery, and then the court o'clock on the morning of Thursday, the 24th of seems to have given the honour to Sir Robert.
north when Cecil, Nottingham, Egerton, and others, had been the able management of Cecil-such was met in secret debate at Richmond, at an early hour, the readiness of the nation to acknowledge the before the queen's death was known; and these Scottish king, or their laudable anxiety to avoid a lords,“ knowing above all things delays to be disputed succession and civil war. most dangerous, proceeded at once to London, and There was one person, however, whose claim drew up a proclamation in the name of the lords excited uneasiness in the cautious mind of Cecil, — spiritual and temporal, united and assisted with the this was the Lady Arabella Stuart, daughter of the late queen's council
, other principal gentlemen, the Earl of Lennox, younger brother of James's father, lord mayor, aldermen, and citizens of London, a Darnley, and descended equally from the stock of multitude of other good subjects and commons of Henry VII.* This young lady was by birth an the realm.” This proclamation bore thirty-six Englishwoman, a circumstance which had been signatures, the three first being those of Robert considered by some as making up for her defect of Lee, Lord Mayor of London, the Archbishop of primogeniture, for James, though nearer, was a Canterbury, and the Lord Keeper Egerton; the born Scotchman and alien. Cecil for some time three last, those of Secretary Sir Robert Cecil, Sir had had his eye upon the Lady Arabella, and she J. Fortescue, and Sir John Popham. It was signed was now safe in his keeping. Eight hundred and ready about five hours after Elizabeth's decease; dangerous or turbulent persons, indistinctly deand then those who had signed it went out of the scribed as vagabonds,” were seized in two nights council chamber at Whitehall, with Secretary Cecil in London, and sent to serve on board the Dutch at their head, who had taken the chief direction of fleet. No other outward precautions were deemed the business, and who, in the front of the palace, necessary by the son of Burghley, who calmly read to the people the proclamation, which assured waited the coming of James and his own great rethem that the queen's majesty was really dead, and ward, without asking for any pledge for the prithat the right of succession was wholly in James / vileges of parliament, the liberties of the people, or King of Scots, now King of England, Scotland, the reform of abuses which had grown with the France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. growing prerogative of the crown. But these were They then went to the High Cross in Cheapside, things altogether overlooked, not only by Cecil and where Cecil again read the proclamation, most
“most Nottingham and those who acted with them, but distinctly and audibly;" and when he had done, also by the parties opposed to them, the most re“the multitude with one consent cried aloud, markable man among whom was Sir Walter Ra'God save King James !"" for all parties, or rather leigh, who, like all the other courtiers or statesmen, the three great religious sects, High Churchmen, looked entirely to his own interest or aggrandizePuritans, and Papists, all promised themselves ad ment. Few or none could have been insensible to vantages from his accession. Cecil next caused the advantage likely to accrue from the peaceful three heralds and a trumpeter to proclaim the said union of England and Scotland under one sovereign, tidings within the walls of the Tower, where the with the cessation of those border wars which kept heart of many a state-prisoner leaped for joy, and both sides of the Tweed in perpetual turmoil and where the Earl of Southampton, the friend of the confusion; and it may be that this bright prospect unfortunate Essex, joined the rest in their signs of tended (together with the bright hope of personal great gladness. After consulting for a time in advancement) to render the English statesmen subSheriff Pemerton's house, they sent notice of the servient and careless at this important crisis. happy and peaceable proceeding into the country, Between the spiritual pride and obstinacy of his and to the authorities in the provincial towns; but clergy, the turbulent, intriguing habits of his notwithstanding the expedition of the messengers, nobles, and his own poverty, James had led rather many gentlemen got secret intelligence beforehand, a hard life in Scotland. He was eager to take posand, in divers places, James had been proclaimed session of England, which he looked upon as the without order or warrant.* Of the other thirteen very Land of Promise; but so poor was he that he or fourteen conflicting claims to the succession could not begin his journey until Cecil sent him which had been reckoned up at different times down money. He asked for the crown jewels of during Elizabeth's reign, not one appears to have England for the queen his wife; but the council been publicly mentioned, or even alluded to; and did not think fit to comply with this request; and, the right of James, though certainly not indisputable, was allowed to pass unquestioned. Such Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, to whom it was asserted that she
had been privately married. But that any such marriage took place was never satisfactorily proved. The boy in question, howerer, was
called by his father's second title of Lord Beauchamp; and his eldest • Stow.-Weldon.-Osborne. Memoirs of Sir Robert Carey. son, previously kuown as Earl and Marquis of Heriford, -the same
The only pretensions, however, that could with any show of law who married the Lady Arabella Stuart, to be presently mentioned, orienson come into competition with those of James, were those of was restored to the tiile of Duke of Somerset in 1660. Whatever the representative of Henry VIII.'s younger sister Mary. Duchess of c'aim the House of Suffolk might have to the crown was allerwards Suffolk, to whose heirs llenry was affirmed by his will to have transferred to the present Pukes of Northumberland, by the marriage limited the succession on failure of the heirs of his three children. of Elizabeth, daughter of the eighih Duke of Somerset, with Sir Hugh But although this will, having been made under the authority of an Smithson, the first Duke of Northumberland of the last creation. act of parliament, would have been legally valid if authentic, it is James's claim, however, was not at all through his father Lord more than doubtful if it ever really received the royal sigoature. (See Darnley, but through his mother, wlio, as the grand-daughter of in support of its authenticity the reasoning of Mr. Hallam, Const. James IV. by his wife Margaret, eldest daughter of Henry VII., was, Hist. 1. 307-317; and the apparently conclusive reply of Dr. Lin. a!ter Elizabeth, the next representative of that king. The Lady gard, Hist. Eng. vol. vi. note L. edit. of 1838.) At the time of Arabella and her uncle Lord Darnley were descended from the samo the death of Queen Elizabeth, the supposed representative of the Margaret Tudor, but by her second marriage with Matthew Stuart, Duchess of Suffolk was the son of her grand-daughter Catherine, by
Earl of Lennox.