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“ fentrai in 1717, was received, as it deserved to be, with ", tranport; and. Either,' in 1721, inspired nothing " but coidnes, and licver appeared again. But at that "ime there were no courtiers vho complaisantly ac

knowledged 'Ether in an de Alaintenon, and “ with qual meglignity dass Tathti' in Madam de Mon

tcipaií; liaia in M. de Louvois; and, above all, " the pszfecution of the kingonois by this miniiter, in " the prescription of the fiebreus. The impartial public * w nothing in it, but an uninteresting and improbable

story: 2 tid price, who liad lived six months withi " bis witte without kuoring what the ins; who, with" cu the chce for it. commanded a whole nation " to be murded; and with s jitle reaion afterwards

loangea! his favorike. But, notwithtanding the bad-,

its origine, this reites op Liner'e of more "Vrethana tragedies which have had great iuccess."

Od niti ih ill-reception oi “ Athaliah,” he was ruoru ihan cier wie poetry, and now renounced it toully. To iperi the latter years of his life in compoling a history of the houíc of Port-Royal, the place of bis education, which, however, though.finely drawn up, as many bare etierted, has not been published. Too great cubility, íny luis friends, but more properly an impotence of fpirit, thortened the days of this poet. Though he had converted inuch with the court, he had not learned the wildom, which is usually learned there, oi dieting his real fentiments. Ilaring drawn up a vel-retoned and well-written memorial upon the miferies of the people, and the means of relieving them, he one dulu it to Nilailuille Maintien to read ; then the king coming in, and demanding what and whof it was, commoded ile zeal of Racine, but disapproved of his medding with things that did not concern lim: and faid via an angry tone,

Eccause he knows how to make " good vertee, does be think he knows ercry thing? $6 and would he be a minister of stato, becaule be is a

greač poet?" These words uut Racine greatly : le conceivel dreadful ideas of the king's difploafure; anı!, indulging his chagrin and fears, brought on a fever, which surpailed the power of medicine : for he died of it, after being forcly afiliad with pains, iii 1699. The king, who was sensible or his great incrit, and always loved him, fcnt often to him in his illness; and finding, after his death, that he had left inore giory than riches, settled a


handsome pension upon his family. He was interred at Port-Royal, according to his will; and, upon the destruction of the inonastery, his remains were carried to St. Stephen du Mont at Paris. He was middle-sized, and of an agreeable and open countenance : was a great jefter, but was restrained by piety in tlie latter years of his life from indulging this talent; and, when warmed in conversation, had to lively and persuasive an eloquence, that he himself ofren lamented his not having been an advocate in parliament. His works are supremely excellent, and will be immortal in the judgement of all. The parallel between him and Corneille has been often made : it may be seen in Baillet's “ Jugemens de Savans.”

We Tom. To Thall content ourselves with laying, after Perrault, that, " if Corneille surpassed Racine in heroic sentiments and Eloges, " the grand character of his personages, he was inferior tom. [do

to him in moving the passions and in purity of language.”

There are some pieces of Racine of a smaller kind, which have not been mentioned: as, “ Idylle sur la " Paix, 1685;” “ Discourse prononce à la reception de “ T. Corneille & Bergeret, à l'Academie Françoise, en * 1685;" “ Cantiques Spirituelles, 1689;" * Epigrammes Diverses."

The works of Racine were printed at Amsterdam 1722, in 2 vols. 1 2m0; and the year after at London, very pompously, in 2 vols. 4to.

lection of

RADCLIFFE (ALEXANDER), an oficer of the army, Nichols's

Seleét Coldevoted to Parnassus, and of trong propensity to mirth and pleasure. His poetical performances abound in low Poems, humour. The principal of them were published in 8vo. vol. I. Po 1682, under the title of " The Ramble, an Anti-heroick 145.

vol. 111. Po Poem, together with fome Terrestrial Hymns and 163. “ Carnal Ejaculations, by Alexander Radcliffe, of Gray's“ Inn, efq." inscribed to James Lord Annesley. He had published in 1680“ Ovid Travestie, a Burlesque upon 36 Ovid's Epistles ;” with a fatirical introduction occafioned by the “ Preface to a late Book, called, The Wits

paraphrased.” Mr. Tonson printed a third edition of this Travettie in 1696. The Dedication “ To Robert “ Fairbeard, of Gray's- Inn, esq." is no bad specimen of the author's humour. “ Having committed these Epistles

to the press, I was horribly put to it for a patron. I

thought of some great Lord, or some angelic Lady; " but then again considered I should never be able to

66 adorn

" adorn my Dedication with benign bcams, cor“ ruscant rays, and the Devil and all of influence. " At last I heard my good friend Mr. Fairbeard was

come to town-nay then--all's well enough. To you

therefore I offer this English Ovid, to whom you may not be unaptly compared in several parcels of your “ life and conversation, only with this exception, that,

you have nothing of his Tristibus. It is you who burlesque all the foppery and conceited gravity of the age. I remember you once told a grave and affected

Advocate, “that he burlesqued God's image, for God 66 had made him after his own likeness, but he made him“ felf look like an ass. Upon the whole matter, I am “ very well fatisfied in my choice of you for a judge; if

you speak well of the book, it is all I desire, and the “ bookseller will have reason to rejoice : though by your

approbation you may draw upon yourself a grand in" convenience ; for perhaps you may too often have

songs, sonnets, madrigals, and an innumerable army of “ ítanzas obtruded upon you by, Sir,

" Your humble servant, ALEX. RADCLIFFE.” Amongst his other poems, is one under the title of News 66 from Hell ;” another, Go On the Monument at Lon" don;" a facetious one, “ On the Memory of Mr. John

Sprat, late Steward of Gray's-Inn ;” another, “ On the “ Death of Edward Story, esq. Maiter of the Pond, and

Principal of Bernard's-inn;" and, “ The Sword's

" Farewell upon the Approach of Michaelmas-term.” Some me RADCLIFFE (Dr. John), an English physician of moirs of the

auncommon eminence, was born at Wakefield in Yorkshire, life of John Radcliffe, where his father pofieffed a moderate estate, in 1650. He M. D.1715, was taught Greck and Latin at a school in the same town; in 8vo

and, at 15 years of age, sent to university college in Oxcompared wjib later ford. In 1669, he took his first degree in arts; but no publica fellowship becoming vacant there, he removed to Lincoln

college, where he was elected into one. He applied himself to phyfic, and ran through the necessary courses of botany, chemistry, and anatomy; in all which, having excellent parts, he quickly made a very great progress. He took the degree of M. A. in 2672, and then enrolled himself upon the physic line. It is reinarkable, that he recommended himníelf more by ready wit and vivacitv, than by any extraordinary acquisitions in Icarning: and in the prosecution of playfic, he rarely looked farther than to the

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pieces of Dr. Willis, who was then practising in London with a very diftinguished character. He had few books of any kind; fo few, that when Dr. Bathurst, head of Trinity college, asked him once in a surprize, “ where his

study was ?” Radcliffe, pointing to a few phials, a fkeleton, and an herbal, replied, Sir, this is Radcliffe's Li.“ brary.” In 1675, he proceeded M. B. and immediately began to practise. He never paid any regard to the rules universally followed, but censured them, as often as he faw occasion, with great freedom and acrimony; and chis drew all the old practitioners upon him, with whom he waged an everlasting war. Nevertheless, his reputation increased with his experience; and before he had been two years in the world, his business was very extenfive, and among those of the highest rank. About this time, Dr. Marshal, rector of Lincoln college, did him an unkind office, by opposing his application for a faculty-place in the college ; to serve as a difpenfation from taking holy orders, which the statutes required him to do, if he kept his fellowship. This was owing to some witticisins, which Radcliffe, according to his manner, had launched at the doctor: however, such a step being inconsistent with his present situation and views, lie chose to resign his fcllowihip, which he did in 1677. He would have kept his chambers, and resided there as a commoner ; but Dr. Marshall not being at all disposed to be civil to him, he quitted the college, and took lodgings elsewhere. In 1682, he went out M. D. but continued two years longer at Oxford, growing equally in wealth and fame.

In 1684, he went to London, and settled in Bow-street Covent-Garden. Dr. Lower was there the reigning physician ; but his interest then beginning to decline on ac, count of his whig-principles, as they were called, Radcliffe had almost an open field; and, in less than a year, got into prime business. His conversation contributed as much to make his way, as his reputed fkill in his profeffion; for, having much plcasantry and readiness of wit, he was a most diverting companion. In 1686, the princess Anne of Denmark made him her phyfician. In 1687, wealth flowing in upon him very plentifully, he had a mind to testify his gratitude to University-college, where he had received the best part of his education ; and, with this intent, caused the cast window over the altar to be put up at his own expence.

It is esteemed a beautiful piece, representing the nativity of our Saviour painted


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upon glass; and appears to be his gift by the following infcription under it : " D.D. JOAN. RADCLIFFE,M. D. * hujus Collegii quondam Socius, A. D. MDCLXXXVII.!" He is called Socius," not that he was really a fellow; but, being senior scholar, lad the same privileges, though not an equal revenic, with the fellows. In 1688, when prince George of Denmark joined the prince of Orange, and the princess his confort retired to Nottingham, the doctor was pressed by bishop Compton to attend her in quality of his office, the being also hig with child of the duke of Gloucester; but, not chuting to declare himself in that critical state of public affairs, nor favouring the nicafures then in agitation, he excused himself, on account of t??e inuitiplicity of his patients.

After the Revolution, he was often fent for to king William, and the great períons about his court; which must have been owing to his vast reputation and credit, for ic docs not appear that liccrer inclined to be a courtier. In 1692, he ventured good!. in an interloper, which was bound for the East Indies, with the profpcct of a large return ; but lost it, the ship being taken by the Frenci. When the news was brought him, he said, that “he liad

nothing to do, but go up so many pair of stairs to " make himself whole gain. In 1693, he entered upon a treaty of marriage with the only daughter of a wealthy citizen, and was near bringing the affair to a confummation; when it was discovered, that the young lady had aircedy confummated with her father's book-keeper. This dilappointment in lois fua amour would not fuffer hiin ever after in think of the lex in that light : he even grew to a do zres of intentibility, if not avcrtion for them; and often declared, that he wished for an act of parliament,

whereby nurses only thould be entitled to preícribe to

telli. In 169., Queen Mary caught the finall-pox, I!:, of his and dicd. “ The physicians part,” says bishop Burret, cwatire,

was wriverfully condemned, and lier death was im

puted to the negligence or unikilfulneis of Dr. Rad66 cliffe.

He was called for; and it appeared, but too evidently, that his opinion was chiefy confidered, and os most depended on. Other physicians were afterwards 6 called, but not till it was too late.”

Soon after le loli ihe furour of the princeís Anne, by neglecting to obey her call, from his too great attachment to the bottle; and another physician was elected into his place. About this. iime, happened his remarkable visit to


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vol. II

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136, fol.


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