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Saturday to Monday, and frequently at other times, being never so happy as when he made others fo, being himself, in his narrower fphere, the Grandison he drew; his heart and hand ever open to distress.

Mr. Richardson was a plain man, who feldom exhibited his talents in mixed company. He heard the sentiments of others sometimes with attention, and seldom gave his own; rather desirous of gaining your friendship by his modesty than his parts. Besides his being a great genius, he was a truly good man in all respects; in his family, in commerce, in conversation, and in every instance of conduct. He was pious, virtuous, exemplary, benevolent, friendly, generous, and humane to an uncommon degree, glad of every opportunity of doing good offices to his fellow-creatures in distress, and relieving many without their knowledge. His chief delight was doing good. He was highly revered and beloved by his domestics, because of his happy temper and discreet conduct. He had great tenderness towards his wife and children, and great condescension towards his servants. He was always very sedulous in business, and almost always employed in it; and dispatched a great deal by the prudence of his manage. ment. His turn of temper led him to improve his fortune with mechanical assiduity; and having no violent paffions, nor any desire of being triflingly distinguished fioin others, he at last became rich, and left his family in easy independence.; though his house and table, both in town and country, were ever open to his numerous friends.

By many family misfortunes, and his own writings, which in a manner realised every feigned distress, his nerves naturally weak, or, as Pope expresses it, “ trem“blingly alive all o'er," were fo unhinged, that for many years before his death his hand Thook, he had frequent vertigoes, and would sometimes have failen had he not supported himself by his cane under his coat. His paralytic disorder affected his nerves to such a degree for a considerable time before his death, that he could not lift a glass of wine to his mouth without assistance. This diforder at length terminating in an apoplexy, deprived the world of this amiable man and truly original genius, on July 4, 1761, at the age of 72. He was buried, by his own direction, with his first wife, in the middle aile, near the pulpit of St. Bride's church. The memorial on his tomb may be seen in the “ Anecdotes of Bowyer,” p. 312. His picture by Mr. Highmore, whence a mezzotinto has

been

been taken, is in the possession of his son-in-law Mr. Bridgen.

The two first volumes of his “ Pamela,” which were written in thiec months (D], first introduced him to the literary world; and never was a book of the kind more generally read and adınired. It was even recommended not unirequenrly from the pulpit, particularly by Dr. Slocock, lätc of Christ Church, Surrey, who had a very High eficem for it, as well as for its author. But it is much to be regretted that his improved edition, in which much was altered, much omitted, and the whole newBiodeled, has never yet been given to the public, as the only reason which prevented it in his life-time, that there was an edition unfold, muf !ong have ceased [ ].

inalis. of the late Mr. Whilton the bookseller, was the following raflage : “ Mr. Samuel Richardson was a worthy

man altogether. Being very liable to paflion, he directed

althis men, it is said, by letters : not trusting to reprove * by words, which threw him into hastinefs, and hurt

him, who had always a tremor on his nerves.” We have heard nearly the same account from some of his workmen, But this, we believe, was not the reason; though the fact was certainly true, it was rather for convenience, to aroid altercation, and going up into the printing-office; and his principal allifiant Mr. Tewley was remarkably deaf.

Besides his three grcat works, his PANELA, CLARISSA, and GRANDISON, le published, 1. “ The Ne

(n? Sec Aaron Hill's Letters, in « master of the heart, the Shakspeare the second volume of his Works, p. 66 of Romance." 18. It was crandlated into French in [E] Proposals were some years

fince 1741, by the permision of Mr. Rich- circulated, " for printing and publitharvion, who furnished the translator ing a correct, uniform, and beautiful novih riveral correétions. Clarilla was "edition of those celebrated and adLanilated into Dutch by the Rev. Mr. “ mired pieces, written by the late Srintira, author of “.1 Paftoral Letter « Mr. Samuel Richardson, intituled, "agrinli Fananicim,' tranflated into “Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded; The English by Mr. Rimius. With this “History of Miss Clarissa Harlowe; irarnid foreigner Mr. Richardion af “and The History of Sir Charles trrwards carried on a correspondence “Grandison. To which will be added (Mr. Siirttra writing in Latin, which "anecdotes of the author, with his was interpre:ed in Mr. Richardson by “ head elegantly engraved, a critique iome of his literary friends), and in on his genius and writings, and a vited him to Englarid, which his at. « coil ction of letters written by him re:dance on an aged mother obliged “on moral and entertaining subjects, Mr. Stintra in decline. See, in the “never before published. By William collection of Mr. Hughes's Letters, “ Richardson (his nephew].” The vol. II. p. 2, a let:er from Mr. Dun. whole was intended to be comprized in combi to Mr. Richa dson, who is very twenty volumes octavn, to be published jätily styled by the edicor “ The great monthly, at four thillings a volume.

66

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gotiation of Sir Thomas Roe, in his Embally to the « Ottoman Porte, from the year 1621 to 1628 inclusive, “ &c. 1740,” folio, inscribed to the King in a thort dedication, which does honour to the ingenious writer, 2. An edition of “ Æfop's Fables, with Reflections, and 3: A volume of “ Familiar Letters to and from “ several Persons upon Business, and other Subjects.' He had also a share in “ The Christian Magazine, by Dr. James Mauclerc, 1748;" and in the additions to the sixth edition of De Foe's “ Tour through Great Bri

“ Six original letters upon Duelling" were printed, after his death, in “ The Literary Repofitory, " 1765," p. 227. A letter of his to Mr. Duncombe is in the * Letters of eminent Persons, 1773,” vol. III.

P. 71; and some verses, in the “ Anecdotes of Bowyer, p. 160. Mr. Richardson also published a large single Thect, relative to the Married State, intituled, " The “ Duties of Wives to Husbands ;” and was under the disagreeable necessity of publishing - The Case of Samuel 66. Richardson [F] of London, Printer, on the Invasion " of his Property in the History of Sir Charles Gran“. dison, before publication, by certain Bookfellers in " Dublin,” which bears date Sept. 14, 1753.

66 A Cole si lection of the moral Sentences in Pamela, Clarilla, " and Grandison,” was printed in 1755, 12mo.

N° 97, vol. II. of the “ Ramblers,” it is well known, was written by Mr. Richardion ; in the preamble to which Dr. Johnson styles him “ an author from whom "" the age has received greater favours, who has enlarged " the knowledge of human nature, and taught the pas“ fions to move at the command of Virtue.”

In the “ Anecdotes of Bowyer,” are collected a confiderable number of valuable testiinonials to his literary merit; of which a few must hcre fuffice.

Aaron Hill, in a letter to Mallet, wlio supposed there fill's were some traces of Hill's hand in Pamela, says, “ Upon Works,

my faith, I had not any (the minuteft) share in that dc- vol. II. p. “ lightful nursery of virtue. The sole and absolute auso thor is Mr. Richardson; and such an author too he is, " that hardly mortal ever matched him, for his case of natural power.

He seems to move like a calm summer " fea, that swelling upward, with unconscious deepnets, * lifts the heaviest weights into the skies, and thews no “ sense of their incumbency. He would, perhaps, in [7] See this Cafe at large in the “ Anecdotes of Bowyer,” P 356.

every

Vol. I. p. 283.

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every thing he says or does be more in nature than all

men before him, but that he has one fault, to an un“ natural exce/s, and that is MODESTY.

In Dr. Warton's “ Essay on Pope,” is the following elogiun : “ Of all representations of madness, that of Cle* mentina in the History of Sir Charles Grandison is the “ most decply interesting. I know not whether even

the madness of Lear is wrought up, and expressed by so many little strictures of nature and genuine paffions.

Mr.Sherlock, the celebrated English Traveller, observes, " the greatcit effort of genius that perhaps was ever “ made was, forming the plan of Clarissa Harlowe.” - Richardson is not yet arrived at the fulness of his glory.”

“ Richardson is admirable for every species “ of delicacy; for delicacy of wit, sentiment, language, ac“ tion, every thing.”...“ His genius was immense. His " misfortune was, that he did not know the ancients. Had " he but been acquainted with one single principle, · Omne “ supervacuum pleno de pectore manat,' (all superfluities “ tire); he would not have satiated his reader as he has " done. There might be made out of Clarissa and Sir 66 Charles Grandifon TWO works, which would be “ both the most entertaining, and the most useful, that

ever were written. .... His views were grand. His • soul was noble, and his heart was excellent. He formed

a plan that embraced all human nature. His object was “ to benefit mankind. His knowledge of the world “ Thewed him that happiness was to be attained by man,

only in proportion as he practised virtue. His good “ fenfe then thewed him that no practical system of “ morality exifted; and the same good sense told him " that nothing but a body of morality, put into ac" tion, could work with efficacy on the minds o “ youth.”

Dr. Johnson, in his Preface to Rowe, obferves, “ The $ character of Lothario seems to have been expanded by “ Kichardson into Lovelace, but he has excelled his ori...

ginal in the moral effect of the fiction. Lothario, with “ gaiety which cannot be hated, and bravery which can" not be defpifed, retains too much of the spectator's “ kindness. It was in the power of Richardson alone to so teach us at once esteem and deteftation ; to make virtu" ous resentment overpower all the benevolence which “ wit, and elegance, and courage, naturally excito; and to lose at last the hero in the villain.”

The

The Dutchefs of Somerset says, “We are at present very Shighly entertained with the History of Sir Charles Gran"difon, which is so vastly above Pamela 'or Clariffa, " that I'fhall not be easy till you have read it, and « sent me your sentiments

upon

it.” And · Shenstone adds, “ I am, like the rest of the world, perufing «. Sir Charles Grandifon. I don't know whether that “ world joins me in preferring the author's Clariffa.”

Mr. Richardson's reputation is far from being confined to his own country. He has been read in many of the languages, and known to most of the nations, of Europe'; and has been greatly admired, notwithstanding every diffimilitude of manners, or even disadvantage of translation. Several writers abroad, where no prepoffeffion in his favour could possibly take place, have expressed the high sense which they entertained of the merit of his works. M. Diderot, in his “Essay on Dramatic Poetry," p. 96, mentions Richardson particularly as a perfect master of that art : “ How strong," says he, “how sensible, how “ pathetic, are his descriptions ! his personages, thoughi " silent, are alive before me; and of those who speak, the " actions are still more affecting than the words."

Dr. Young was long and intimately acquainted with him, Gent. Mag, and had always the highest elteem for him on account of Nov. 1983, the many excellences, natural and moral, which he difcerned in him. Mr. Richardson having not had the advantage of a complete education, Dr. Young, to whom he was recounting the various difficulties he had passed through, asking him, “ How he came to be an author?" he answered, " When I was about twelve years “ drew up a short cliaracter of a certain gentlewoman in " the parish, who was reputed a great Saint, but I looked

upon her to be a great hypocrite. The character it “ seems was so exactly drawn, that, when it came to be

privately handed about amongst some select friends, every is one could discern the features, and appropriate the pic

ture to the true original, though no name was affixed to “ it. This little success at first setting out did, you

will “ naturally suppose, tempt me at different times to employ

my pen yet further in some trivial amusements or other “ for my own diversion, till at length, though many years “ after, 'I sat down to write in good carnett, going upon

subjects that took my fancy most, and following the " bent of my natural inclination, &c.Dr. Young made this pertinent and just observation, that this man, with the advantages only or chiefly of mere nature, im

proved

of

age, I

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