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educated at Vienna. Afterwards he visited the most cebebrated universities in Germany, France, and Italy; and found a friend and patron in cardinal Cusa at Rome. Returning to Vienna, he was made mathematical profeffor ; in which office he continued till his death, in 1461. He compofed a great number of pieces, upon mathematical and aitronomical subjects. His life is written by Gailendus.

Niceron,

REGIS (PETER SYLVAIN) a French philosopher, and great propagator of Cartesianism, was born in Agenois 2032: He cultivated the languages and philosophy under the jefuits at Cahors, and afterwards divinity in the university of that town, being designed for the church. He made fo uncommon a progress, that at the end of tour years he was offered a doctor's degree without the ufual charges ; but he did not think it became him to accept of it, till he had stuclied also in the Sorbonne at Paris He went thither, but was soon disgusted with shcology; and, as the philosophy of Des Cartes began at that time to make a noile through the lectures of RoIrault, he conceived a taste for it, and gave himself up entirely to it. He frequented these lectures ; and, becoming an adept, went to Toulouse in 1665, and read lcctures in it himself. Having tinc parts, a clear and Hluent inanner, and a happy way of making himself understood, he drew all sorts of people; the magistrates, the learned, the ecclesiastics, and the very women), who pow all airected to abjure the ancient philosophy. In 1680, he returned to Paris ; where the concourse about him was fuch, that the sticklers for Peripateticism began to be alarmed. They applied to the archbishop of Paris, who thought it expedient, in the name of the king, to put a fiop to the lectures ; which accordingly were discontinued for leveral months. The whole life of Regis was spent in propagating the new philosophy. In 16go, he published a forinal system of it, containing logic, metaphyfics, physics, and morals, in 3 vols. 4to, and written in French. It was reprinted the year after at Amsterdam, with the addition of a discourse upon ancient and modern philosophy. He wrote afterwards several pieces, in defence of his fyftem ; in which he had disputes with M. luct, Du Hamel, Malebra)iche, and others. His works, though abounding with ingenuity and learning, have been difregarded in consequence of the great discoveries and

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advancement in philosophic knowledge that has been fince made. He died in 1707. He had been chosen member of the academy of sciences in 1699.

tom. xxi.

tom. II.

REGNARD (JOHN FRANCIS), one of the best French comic writers after Moliere, was born at Paris in 1647. He had scarcely finished his studies, when he was

Niceron, seized with a passion for travelling, and an ardent desire to Voltaire's see the different countries of Europe. He went to Italy Şiécle de

Louis XIV. first, but was unfortunate in his return thence; for the English vessel bound for Marseilles, on which he embarked at Genoa, was taken in the sea of Provence by the Barbary Corsairs ; and he was carried a slave to Algiers. Being always a lover of good eating, he knew how to make ragoûts; and, by this nieans procuring an office in his master's kitchen, his bondage sat the more easily upon him. His amiable manners and pleasant humour made him a favourite with all about him, and not a little fo with the women ; for he had also the advantage of a good person. An amoreus intrigue with one of these, in which matters were carried as far as they could go, involved him in a terrible difficulty; for his inaiter, coming to the knowledge of it, insisted upon his fub:nitting to the law of the country, which obliged a Christian, convicted of such a commerce, either to turn Mahometan, or to fuffer death by fire. Regnard did not care to do either; and luckily he was freed from the dilemma by the French conful, who, having jutt received a large fum for his redemption, bought him off, and sent him home.

He had not been long at Paris, before de formed plans for travelling again ; and accordingly, in April 1681, he set out to visit Flanders and Holland, whence he passed to Denmark, and afterwards to Sweden. Having donc soine singular piece of service to the king of Sweden, this inonarch, who perceived that he was travelling out of pure curiosity, told him, that Lapland contained many things well worthy of observation ; and ordered his treasurer to accommodate him with whatever he wanted, if he chofs to proceed thither. Regnard embarked for Stockholm, with two other gentlemen that had accompanied him from France; and went as far as Torne, a city at the bottom of the Bothnic Gulph. He went up the river Torne, whose fource is not far from the Northern cape; and at length penetrated to the Icy fea. Here, not being able to go farther, he and his companions engraved these four lines upon a rock:

" Gallia

6. Gallia nos genuit, vidit nos Africa, Gangem
“ Hausimus, Europamque oculis luftravimus omnem ;
- Casibus & variis acti terraque marique,

" Hic tandem ftetimus, nobis ubi defuit orbis."
While he was in Lapland, his curiosity led him to enquire
into the pretended magic of the country; and he was
Thewn some of the learned in this black art, who, not suc-
ceeding in their operations upon him, pronounced him a
greater magician than themselves. After his return to
Stockholm, he went to Poland, thence to Vienna, and
from Vienna to Paris, after a ramble of almost three years.

He now settled in his own country, and wrote a great many comedies. He was made a treasurer of France, and lieutenant of the waters and forests : he lived like a philosopher and a voluptuary. He was born with a genius, lively, gay, and truly comic; and his comedy of “ The " Gamester” is compared with thofe of Moliere. He dedicated the comedy, called “Menechmes", to Boileau ; and afterwards wrote against that poet, because he did not do him justice : but they were again thoroughly reconciled. This man, though of so gay an humour, died of chagrin in his 52d year; and it is said, that he even contributed himself to shorten his days.

His works, which consist of comedies and his travels, were printed at Rouen 1731, in 5 vols. 12mo; but there are many dramatic performances and pieces of poetry of his, besides whar that collection contains.

tom. XI.

REGNIER (MATHURIN), a satirical French poet,

was the son of a citizen of Chartres, by a fifter of the abbé Baillet, Ivo Desportes, a famous poet also; and was born there in gemens, &c.

1573. He was brought up to the church, yet very unfit tom. V. Nieeron,

for it, on account of his debaucheries ; which, it seems, were so excessive, that, as we learn from himself, he had at thirty all the infirmities of old age. He was twice at Rome; in 1593, and 1601. In 1604, he obtained a canonry in the church of Chartres ; he had other benefices, and also a penfion of 2000 livres, which Henry IV, fettled on him in 1506. He died at Roüen in 1613.

He was the first among the French who succeeded in satire ; and, if Boileau has had the glory of raising that species of composition to perfection among them, it may be faid of Regnier, that he laid the foundation, and was perhaps more an original writer than Boileau. He is lupposed to have taken Juvenal and Perfius for his model:

it is certain, that he has in some places imitated Ovid, and borrowed largely from the Italians. He is very ingenious, and has a fine manner of exposing vices. In the mean time some of that impurity, which ran through his life, has crept also into his writings; for he is frequently very

obscene. Seventeen of his satires with other poems were printed at Roüen in 1614. There is a neat Elzevir edition of his works at Leyden, 1652, 12mo; but the most magnificent is that of London 1729, 4to, with short notes by M. Brossette.

REGNIER de MARETS, (SERAPHIN), a French writer, was born at Paris in 1632; and, at fifteen, distinguished himself by translating the “ Batrachomyomachia” into burlesque verse. At thirty, he went to Rome as secretary to an embassy. An Italian ode of his making procured him a place in the academy de la Crusca in 1667; and, in 1670, he was elected a member of the French academy. In 1684, he was made perpetual fecretary, after the death of Mezeray; and it was he who drew

up all those papers, in the name of the academy, against Furetiere. In 1668, the king gave him the priory of Grammont, which determined him to the ecclefiaftical function : and, in 1675, he had an abbey. His works are, an Italian translation of Anacreon's odes, which he dedicated to the academy de la Crusca in 1692 ; a French grammar; and two volumes of poems, in French, Latin, Italian, and Spanish. He translated into French, Tully “ De Divinatione, & de Finibus ;” and Rodrigue's “ Treatise of Christian perfection,” from the Spanish. He died in 1713, aged 82. 6. He has done great service siécie die " to language,” says Voltaire, " and is the author of fome Louis XIV.

poetry in French and Italian. He contrived to make

one of his Italian pieces pass for Petrarch's : but he “ could not have made his French verses pass for those of

any grcat French poet.”

REINESIUS (THOMAS), a learned and philofophic German, was born at Gotha, a city of Thuringia, in 1587. He was a physician ; but applied himself to po- Bavie's lite literature, in which he chiefly excelled. After practising physic in other places, he settled at Altenburg ; where he resided several years, and was made a burgomaster. At last, having been raised to be counsellor to the elector of Saxony, he went and lived at Leipsic;

where

tom. 11.

Piet. in

voce,

num & Ru

where he also died in 1667. One of his letters relatos many circumstances of his life, and thews him to have been a man of sorrow; though, as will appear afterwards, he was more than ordinarily upon his guard, that he might

not be involved in the troubles of the world. " What Epift. ad

“ trials have I not undergonc,” says he, “ what difficulHoffman

“ ties have I not met with, during these ten years at pertum, p.7.“ Altemburg ? not to mention Hoff and Gera, where I

“ suffered very much. Aster the melancholy accident of

having my house plundered, I lost in less than half a year three delightful boys, with a most engaging and

incomparable wife. The only thing now Icft me is a " mind, which, relying entirely upon God, cannot be

overcome; with a little reputation; and as much

wealth, as is fufficient for a frugal person. I chose for " my motto, Plainly, but Freeli. Thrice, since my being

phyfician here, has this city been afflicted with the

plague. My second wife has involved me in more inos conveniences than I could have expected ; and enos cuinbered ine with many petty domcític cares, I always " wish to be free from ; and, what is the most grievous « circumstance of all, she is barren ; than which nothing

more calamitous could have happened to a man, who 66 before had lost all his children, and was become entirely “ deftitute.”

He wrote a piece or two upon subjects of his own profeffion ; but the greatest part of his works relate to pliilology and criticism, among which are “ Variarum Le&tio“ num libri tres,” in 4to. He was not one of those philologers or critics, whose only talent is memory, but of those who go beyond what they read, and know more than their books teach them; whose penetration enables them to draw many consequences, and suggeits conjectures, which lead them to the discovery of hidden treafures ; who dart a light into the gloomy places of literature, and extend the limits of ancient knowledge. He knew the secret of living happily, that is, as happily as the conftitution and temperament of a man's body will permit him; yet could not escape a pretty good share of human mifery. He avoided disagreeable connexions as much as poffible; and, as we learn from his first letter to Hoffman, refused professorships, which had often been of

fered him, for fear of meeting with insupportable colEpift. p. 2. leagues. That professor had informed him, " that, during “ thirty years, hehad been exposed to the noise and ílanders

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