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«fices ;” “ The Foundation of Ecclefiaftical Jurisdiction, “ and as it regards the Legal Supremacy !” The grand " question concerning the Bishops' right to yote in Pare “ liament in Cases Capital ;" “ Iwo Speeches in Parliament;” “ Of the true Antiquity of London;"

“ Con : cerning the unreasonableness of a new Separation, on

account of the Oaths to King William and Queen “ Mary; ""A Vindication of their Majefties Authori“ tic: to fill the Secs of Deprived Bishops ; ” “ An Answer “ to the Paper delivered by Mr. Ashton, at his execution, “ to Sir Francis Child, Sheriff of London, with the Paper “ itself." The fourth, fifth, and fixth volumes contain pieces, written against the Church of Rome, in controversy with Crefly, Sargeant, and other Popish advocates. Now follows the inscription : « H. S. E.

meliores, Edvardis Stirlingfiect, S. T. P. Quam quos ipse multos fcripfit E: Decano Ecclefiæ Paulinæ Episcopus

ediditque, Vigornienfis,

Ecclefiæ Anglicanæ defensor semper
Jam tibi, quicunque hæc legis,

Nili & Europæ & literatiorbis hoipeses,
Ipse per se notus:

Natus est Cranborniz in Agro
Dum rebus mortalibus interfuit,

Et fanétitate morum, & oris ftaturæque XVII Aprilis MDCXXXV, Patre

Samuele Generoso.
Et confummaiæ cruditioni laude In matrimonio habuit Androam Gul.
Undique venerandus.

Dobyns Gen. Filiam,
Cui in humanioribus literis Critici, in

Atque ea defuncta
Divinis Theologi,

Elizabetham Nicolai Pedley Equitis :
In recondita Historia Antiquarii, in Fæminas, quod unum dixisse satis est,
Scientiis Philosophi,

Tanto marito dignissimas.
In legum peritia Jurisconsulti, in civili Obiit Westmonafterii XXVII Martii
prudentia Politici,

In Eloquentia Universi, Vixit annos LXIII, menses undecim.

T'asces ultro submiferunt. Tres liberos reliquit fibi fuperftites, Major unus in his omnibus, quam alii Ex priore conjugio Edvardum, ex in fingulis :

Ut Bibliothecam laam, cui parem

Jacobum & Annam:
Orbis vix habuit,

Quorum Jacobus Collegii hujus
Intra pectus omnis doctrinæ capax

Cathedralis Canonicus
Gestaffe integram visus fit;

Patri Optimo bene merenti
Quæ tamen nullos libros morcrat Monumentum hoc poni curavit."

p. 300.

Anecdotes STILLINGFLEET (BENJAMIN, esq.) was grandof Bowyer; son to the bishop of Worcester, and equally distinguished

as a naturalist and a poet, the rare union so much desired
by the ingenious Mr. Aikin. Both the bishop and our
author's father were fellows of St. John's-college in Cam-
bridge. The latter was also F. R. S. M. D. and Gresham
professor of physic; but, marrying in 1692, lost his lucra-
tive offices, and the bishop's favour; a misfortune that
affected both him and his pofterity. He took orders


however, and obtained, by his father's patronage, the
rectory of Newington Butts, which he immediately ex-
changed for those of Wood-Norton and Swanton in Nor-
folk. He died in 1708. Benjamin, his only fon, was
educated at Norwich school, which he left in 1720, with
the character of an excellent scholar. He then went to
Trinity-college, Cambridge, at the request of Dr. Benticy,
the master, who liad been private tutor to his father,
domestic chaplain to his grandfather, and was much in-
debted to the family. Here he was admitted April 14,
1720; took the degree of B. A. and became a candidate
for a fellowship; but was rejected, by the master's in-
fluence. This was a severe and unexpected disappoint-
ment; and but little alleviated afterwards by the doctor's
apology, that it was a pity that a gentleman of Mr. Stil-
lingfleet's parts should be buried within the walls of a
college. Perhaps, however, this ingratitude of Dr. Bent-
ley was not of any real disservice to Mr. Stillingflect. He
travelled into Italy; and, by being thrown into the world,
formed many honourable and valuable connexions. The
prefent lord Barrington gave him, in a very polite manner,
the place of master of the barracks at Kensington ; a fa-
vour to which Mr. Stillingfieet, in the dedication of his
" Calendar of Flora” to that nobleman, 1761, alludes
with great politeness, as well as the warmest grati-
tude. His 6 Calendar” was fromed at Stratton in Nor-
folk, in 1755, at the hospitable seat of Mr. Marsham,
who had made several remarks of that kind, and had com-
municated to the public his curious “ Observations on the
66 Growth of Trees.” But it was to Mr. Wyndham, of
Felbrig in Norfolk, that he appears to have had the great-
est obligations. He travelled abroad with him; spent
much of his time at his house; and was appointed one of
his exccutors; with a considerablc addition to an annuity
which that gentleman had settled upon him in his life-
time. Mr. Stilingfleet's genius led him principally to the
ftudy of hiitory, which he prosecuted as an ingenious phi-
losopher, an useful citizen, and a good man. Mr. Gray
makes the following favourable mention of him, in one
of his letters, dated from London, in 1761: "I have

lately roade an acquaintance with this philosopher, " who lives in a garret in the winter, that he may fup

port Come near relations who depend upon him. Fle “ is always employed, consequently (according to my old " maxim) always happy, always chcarful, and seems to

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me a worthy honest man. His present scheme is to “ send some persons, properly qualified, to reside a year " or two in Attica, to make themselves acquainted with “ the climate, productions, and natural history of the

country, that we may understand Aristotle, Theo

phrastus, &c. who have been Heathen Greek to us for so many ages; and this he has got proposed to lord “ Bute, no unlikely person to put it in execution, as he " is himself a botanist.” An epistle by Mr. Stillingfleet,

1723, is printed in the “ Poetical Magazine, 1764, p. 224. He published, about 1733, an anonymous pamphlet, intituled, “ Some Thoughts concerning Happi

ness ;” and in 1759 appeared a volume of « Miscel“ Janeous Tracts,” chiefly translated from efsays in the “ Amoenitates Academicæ," published by Linnæus, interspersed with some obfervations and additions of his own. In this volume he fhews a taste for classical learning, and entertains us with some elegant poetical effusions. He annexed to it fome valuable " Observations on Graffes," and dedicated the whole to George Lord Lyttelton. A second edition of it appeared in 1762 ; a third in 1775. Mr. Stillingfiect likewise published “ Some Thoughts oc• cafioned by the late Earthquakes, 1750," a poem in 4t0; " Paradise Loft," an Oratorio, lét to Music by Stanley, 1760, 4to; “ The Honour and Dishonour of “ Agriculture, translated from the Spanish, 1760,” 8v0; and “ Principles and Powers of Harmony, 1771,” 4to, a very

learned work, built on Tartini's “ Trattato di Musica “ fecondo la vera scienza dell' Armonia." There, and his “ Effay on Conversation, 1757," in the first volume of Dodsley's Collection of Poems, entitle hin to no small degree of rank among our English polite writers. The

Effay” is addressed ta Mr. Wyndham with all that warmth of friendship which distinguishes the author. As it is chiefly didactic, it does not admit of to many ornaments as some compositions of other kinds. However, it contains much good sense, Thews a considerable knowledge of mankind, and has several passages that, in point of harmony and easy versification, would not disgrace the writings of our most admired pocts. Here more than once Mr. Stillingfieet thews himself still fore froin Dr. Bentley's cruel treatment of him; and towards the beautiful and moral close of this poem (where lie gives us a sketch of himself) seems to hint at a mortification of a more delicate nature, which he is faid to have suffered


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from the other sex. This too may perhaps account for
the asperity with which he treats the ladies in the “ Verles"
printed in the sixth volume of the “ Select Collection of
és Poenis, 1781.” To ihese disappointments it was per-
haps owing that Mr. Stillingficet neither married, nor went
into orders. His London residence was at fadler's in
Piccadilly, where he died a bachelor, Dec. 15, 1771, aged
69, leaving several valuable papers behind him. "To these
Mr. Pennant alludes in a beautiful elogium on him, pre-
fixed to the fourth volume of the “ British Zoology,
when he says, “I received the unfinished tokens of his
“ regard by virtue of his promise ; the only papers that
“ were rescued from the flames to which his modefty had
• devoted all the rest.” He was buried in St. James's
church, without any monument. A good portrait [A]
of him has been engraved by Val. Green, from an
original by Zoffanij in the poffeffion of Mr. Torriano.
Mr. Stillingfleet's eldest fifter, Elizabeth, was married to
Mr. Locker, of whom we have already given fome me-
moirs. Mr. Stillingfleet had ordered all his papers to
be destroyed at his deatlı, possibly not chusing any thing
of his might be published afterwards. He had, howa
ever, printed in 8vo. 18 copies of the following Ora-
torios: 1. “ Jofeph.” This drama, he observes, ap-
pearing to be unfit for the stage, was not filled up with
the number of songs necessary to give it a proper length
of time for performing. 2.“ Moses and Zipporah.”
The plan of this drama was first thought of and laid
Feb. 9, 1760, at night; and the recitative was finished
on Thursday 14th following, at !I at night. The
songs were begun Monday 18th foilowing, and finished
on the Thursday following, all but the first song in
the third act. 3. “ Dayid and Bathsheba.” The first
sketch was begun Jan. 9, 1758; ended Jan. 12, songs and
all: and not much altered afterwards. Finished June 6,
1758. 4. “ Medea.” Begun March 8, at 10 at night;
finished March 20, at 10 in the morning, the same year,
songs and all; nearly the same as in this (printed] book.
Without songs it was finished March ... at 11 in the
morning. These memoranda are from his own hand-wri-
ting; as is the following new long, intended to take place
of one before written for “ Medea :"

• To revive in their memories the image of so worthy a man,
many of these Prints have been distributed among his Friends.
*. 11:sitis ille bonis flebilis occidit.


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Difmal fate of womankind!
66 Destin'd from their birth to ill!
“ Slave in body and in mind,
“ Subject to some some tyrant's will.

Young, to wilful man a prey;

“ Old, despis'd and caft away. Fabric,Bibl.

STOBÆUS (JOANNES), an ancient Greek writer, Græc. V. viii. lived in the fifth century, as is generally supposed; for

nothing certain is known, and therefore nothing can be affirmed, of him. What remains of him is a collection of extracts from ancient poets and philosophers: yet this collection is not come down to us entire; and even what we have of it appears to be intermixed with the additions of those who lived after him. These extracts, though they give us no greater idca of Stolæus than that of a common-place transcriber, are yet curious and useful, as they present us with many things of various kinds, which are to be found no where else; and, as such, have always been highly valued by the learned. It appears beyond dispute, in Fabricius's opinion, that Stobæus was not a Christian, because he never meddled with Christian writers, nor made the least use of them, in any of his collections. The “ Excerpta of Sto“ bæus" were first published in Greck at Venice in 1536, and dedicated to Bembus, who was then the curator of St. Mark's library there, and furnished the manuscript : bat they have been often published since from better manufcripts, with Latin versions and notes by Gesner, Grotius, and other learned men ; particularly at Paris 1623, in 4to.

STONE (John) an English painter, was an extraordinary copier in the reigns of Charles I, and II. He was bred up under Cross; and took several admirable copies, after many good pictures in England. His copies were reckoned the finest of any that had been then done in this nation. He did also some imitations after such malters as he more particularly fancied; which performances of his were in good repute, and received into the best collections. He spent thirty-seven years abroad in the study of his art, where he improved himfelf in several languages, being besides a man of some learning. He died in London Aug. 24, 1653.

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