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Freface to

Correfpon. bounded.

dence, vol. III. p. 204.

Pope's enough, that “ for Radcliffe to leave a library, was as if
Vol. VII.

an Eunuch should found a Seraglio.' A most curious but ungracious portrait is given of him by Dr. Mandeville, in his Essay on Charity-Schools,” fubjoined to his “ Fable of the Bees :" it is too long to be inserted here.

What, however, the late Dr. Mead has recorded of him, his « Trea. is no small testimony in his favour; namely, that “ he « vise on the “ was deservedly at the head of his profession, on account « Small

" of his great medical penetration and experience. 6 Pox.”

Some remarkable traits in his character may be dis

covered in the following detached remarks and extracts : Atterbury's

His caprice in his profession seems to have been unEpistolary

When the Lady of Sir John Trevor the Master of the Rolls was dying, in the summer of 1704, she was given over by Radcliffe as incurable. The Master, thinking it a compliment to Radcliffe not to join any of the London physicians with him, sent to Oxford 'for Dr.

Breach, an old crony, to consult on that occafion; which Ibid. p. 205. made such a breach with Radcliffe, that he set out in a

few days for Bath; where he is represented "as delightIbid. p. 2146 6+ ing scarce in any other company but that of Papifts.” Swift's

The lady of Sir John Holt he attended, in a bad illvol. XIX. ness, with unusual diligence, out of pique to the husband,

who was supposed not to be over-fond of her.

When Mr. Harley was stabbed by Guiscard, Swift comIbid. vol.

plains, that, by the caprice of Radcliffe, who would admit

none but his own surgeon, he had “ not been well looked Ibid.p. 291.66 after ;” and adds, in another place, “ Mr. Harley has

or had an ill surgeon, by the caprice of that puppy

Dr. Radcliffe ; which has kept him back so long. Atterbury's

May 26, 1704, he carried some cause against an apotheEpiftolary Correspon- cary, by the aid of the solicitor-general Harcourt; and, dence, vol. “ two days before,” Atterbury says, “ a play was acted, 111. p. 186.- wherein the Doctor was extremely ridiculed upon that * What - hcad of his quarrel with the apothecary *. A great nunplay?

“ ber of persons of quality were present; among the is reft, the Dutchess of Marlborough and the maids of 66 honour. The passages where the Doctor was aífronted

were received with the utmost applause."

In 1709, he was ridiculed by Steele, in the “ Tatler," under the title of “ the Mourning Æsculapius, the lan

guishing hopeless lover of the divine Hebe, emblem of “ youth and beauty.” After curing the lady of a severe fever, he fell violently in love with her ; but was rejected. The story to ulus related in the “ Biographia Britannica ;"



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* The Lady, who made the Doctor at this advanced

age stand in need of a physician himfelf, was, it is said, " of great beauty, wealth, and quality; and too attractive

not to inspire the coldest heart with the warmest fenis timents. Aft:r he had made a cure of her, he could not * but imagine, as naturally he might, that her ladyship “ would entertain a favourable opinion of him. But ki the lady, however grateful she might be for the care

he had taken of her health, divulged the secret, and is one of her confidents revealed it to Steele, who, on " account of party, was so ill-natured as to write the is ridicule of it in the Tatler: The Doctor had a fort See above; “ of antipathy to women; and, being unfortunate in his p. 12. ** only attempt to marry, he grew to a degree of insen

fibility for the sex; and often declared that he wilhed "s fór an act of parliament, whereby nurses only 1hould be

entitled to prescribe to them.”

This article shall be closed with an extract from the Richardsoniana : • Dr. Radcliffe told Dr. Mead, " Mead, I love you, and now I will tell you a sure * secret to make your fortune; use all mankind ill.' * And it certainly was his own practice. He owned he

was avaricious, even to spunging, whenever he any way could, at a tavern reckoning, a sixpence or shilling, among the rest of the company, under pretence of

háting (as he ever did) to change a guinea, because (said he) it slips away so fast.' He could never be 3brought to pay bills without much following and im" portunity ; nor then if there appeared any chance of * wearying them out.---A paviour, after long and fruit“ less attempts, caught him just getting out of his chariot

at his own door, in Bloomsbury-square, and set upon ss him. Why, you rascal,' said the Doctor, you “ pretend to be paid for such a piece of work? why you " have spoiled my pavement, and then covered it over ** with earth to hide your bad work.'. Doctor,' said “ the paviour, ' mine is not the only bad work that the $ earth hides ! " You dog you,' said the Doctor, are " you a wit? you must be poor, come in ;' and paid “ him. Nobody,” adds Mr. Richardson, “ever practised " this rule, of using all mankind ill,' less than Dr. 5 Mead (who told me himself the story, and) who, as “ I have been informed by great physicians, got as much again by his practice as Dr. Radcliffe did,


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RAINOLDS (John), an eminent English divine,

was born at Pinto in Devonshire in 1549, and sent to Prince's Merton-college, Oxford, in 1562. He removed to CorDevonshire. pus Christi-college, of which he became first scholar, and -Athen. then fellow. He took both the degrees in arts and di

vinity. In 1599, he was made dean of Lincoln ; but, being unwilling to quit an academical life, he exchanged his deanery the year following, for the presidentship of Corpus Christi-college. Queen Elizabeth offered him a bishopric; but he modestly refused it, and said Nolo Epifcopari in good earnest. He died in 1607, after having published a great number of books. The learned have

bestowed moft uncommon praises upon this divine. Epiftle 7. Bishop Hall, a very competent judge, observes, that “ he

“ alone was a well-furnished library, full of all faculties, 66 of all studies, of all learning. The memory, the read

ing of that man, were to a miracle.” Dr. CrakanDefens. Ec- thorp says, that “ for virtue, probity, integrity, and piety, clef.Anglie. ss he was so eminent, that, as Nazianzen speaks of Athac. 63.

nasius, to name him is to commend virtue itself.” He had a hand in translating part of the Old Testament, by command of James I. He was inclined to Puritanisi, but with such moderation, that he continued a conformist to the church of England. He was thought to shorten his life by too severe application to his studies; but, when his friends urged him to defift, he used to reply, that he would " not lofe the end of living for the sake of life ; non propter vitam vivendi perdere caufas.

Decad. 1.


RALPH (JAMES), a writer in poetry, politicks, and history, was born we know not where, nor of what family. His descent was mean ; but he raised himself from obscurity by his merit. He was a schoolmaster at Philadelphia in North America ; which remote situation not suiting his active mind, he came to England about the beginning of the reign of George II. and by his attendance and abilities recommended himself to the patronage of some great men. He published a poem, intituled “ Night, ”: of which Pope thus takes notice in the Dunciad:

Silence, ye wolves ! while Ralph to Cynthia howls,

And makes night liidcous--answer liim, ye owls ! He wrote some pieces for the stage, of which an account may be seen in the “ Biographia Dramatica.” Though he did not fucceed as a poet, he was a very ingenious profe writer. His “ History of England," commencing with



the reign of the Stuarts, is much esteemed, as were his political pamphlets ; some of which were looked upon as master-pieces. He was concerned in writing citays in several periodical papers, particularly “Old England; or,

Jeffery Broadbottom's Journal,” and “ The Remem“ brancer." His laft publication, intituled, “ The Case of “ Authors by Profession,” is esteemed an excellent and entertaining performance. He loft all hopes of preferment by the death of Frederic prince of Wales; and died at Clifwick, after a long suffering froin the gout, Jan. 24, 1762.

RAMAZZINI (BERNARDIN), an Italian physician, was born of a good family at Carpi near Modena, in 1633. When he had laid a foundation in grammar and Niceron, classical literature in his own country, he went to Parma tum). wię to study philosophy; and, afterwards applying himself to phyfic, took a doétor's degree there in 1659. Then he went to Rome, for the sake of penetrating till further into his art; and afterwards settled in the duchy of Cal

After some time, ill health obliged him to return to Carpi for his native air, where he married a wife, and followed the business of his profeffion ; but in 1671, at the advice of some friends, he removed to Modena. His. brethren of the faculty here conceived at first but meaniy of his learning and abilities; but, when he had undeceive ed them by publications, their contempt, as is natural, was changed into jealousy. In 1682, he was made profeffor of physic in the university of Modena, which was just founded by duke Francis II.; and he filled this office for eighteen years, attending in the inean time tɔ practice, and not neglecting polite literature, of which he was always fond. In 1700, he went to Padua upon invitation, to be a professor there : but the infirmities of age began now to come upon him. He loft his fight, and was forced to read and write with other people's eves and hands. Nevertheless, the fenate of Venice inade him rector of the college in 1708, and also raised him from the second professorship in physic to the first. He would have refused these honourable pofs; but, being overruled, performed all the functions of them very diligently to the time of his death. He died in 1714 upon his birthday, Nov. 5, aged 81." He composed' many works upon medical and philosophical subjects : 'his book “ De morbis artificum” will always be useful. His works were collected and published at London, 1916, in 4t0; which is

a better

C 3

a better edition than that of Geneva the year after, because more correct.

RAMEAU (John PHILIP), an illustrious musician,

styled by the French the Newcon of harmony, was born Hawkins's at Dijon, Sept. 25, 1683. After having learned the ruHistory of diments of music, he left his native country, and wanMufic, V. 384.

dered about with the performers of a strolling opera. At cighteen, he composed a musical entertainment, which was represented at Avignon : afterwards, travelling through part of France and Italy, he corrected his ideas of music by the practice of the harpsicord; and then went to Paris, where he perfecied himself under John Lewis Marchand, a famous organist. He became organist of the cathedral church of Clermont in Auvergne, and in this retirement ftudied the theory of his art with the utmost alliduity. His application gave birth to his “ Traité de “ l'Harmonie, Paris, 1722,” and to his “ Nouveau Syf“ tême de Musique Theorique, Paris, 1726.” But the work, for which he is most celebrated, is his “ Demon* ftration du Principe de l' Harmonie, Paris, 1750;" in which, as his countrymen fay, he has thewn, that the whole depends upon one single and clear principle, viz. the fundamental bass: and it is in this respect that he is by them compared to Newton, who, by the single principle of gravitation, explained the phænomena of the Physical World.

With such extraordinary talents as these, and a fupreme style in musical composition, it had been a national reproach, had Rameau been suffered to remain organist of a country cathedral. He was called to Paris, and appointed to the management of the opera : his music was of an original cast, and the performers complained at first that it could not be excused; but he asserted the contrary, and evinced it by experiment. By practice he acquired a great facility in composing, so that he was never at a loss to adapt sounds to sentiments. It was a faying of Quinault, that “ the Poet was the Musician's servant ;' but Rameau would say, "Give me but a Holland Gazette, and I will co set it to music:” and we are alınost ready to concur with him, inasinuch as we have known the London Cries of “ The last dying speech of the malefactors who were * executed this morning at Tyburn,” &c. to be set and fung moft harmoniously. The king, to reward his extraordinary merit, conferred upon him the ribband of the


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