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REJECTED CASES-Continued. 2. PRACTICE-Final rejection should not be given until all matters of form art

settled. Er parte Klaus, 87. 3. SAME-AMENDMENTS—Where a claim was finally rejected and at the same time

the statement of invention was criticised as being too broad, the final rejection was premature and an amendment touching the merits may prop

erly be admitted thereafter. Id. 4. APPLICATION-REJECTION—OBJECTION—Where an application was rejected on

a previously allowed application taken cumnlatively with a patent and the applicant petitioned the Commissioner for relief from such action, Held, that the question involved was appealable to the Board of Examiners-in

Chief. Ex parte Scymour, 127. REJECTED CLAIMS. Seo Amendments, 2; Construction of Specifications and Patents,

19, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53. REOPENING OF CASES. See Interference, 21. RESERVATION FOR SUBSEQUENT PATENTS. See Subsequent Patents, 2. RESIDENCE. See Jurisdiction of Federal Courts. RESULTS. See Construction of Specifications and Patents, 7; Infringement, 12; Inren

tion, 1. REVIVAL OF ABANDONED APPLICATIONS. See Abandoned Applications, 1. ABANDONED APPLICATION-REVIVAL-In order to revive an abandoned applica

tion, unavoidable delay in the prosecution thereof innst be shown, and such

showing must cover the entire period of delay. Ex parte Heine, 106. REVOCATION OF POWER OF ATTORNEY. See Attorney. SALE OF PATENTED ARTICLES. Seo Injunction, 10, 11; Use and sale of pat

ented articles. SCOPE OF PATENT. See Construction of Specifications and Patents, 11, 12. SEAL OF CORPORATIONS. See Trade-Marks, 2. SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR. See Appeal to the Secretary of Interior;

Assignments, 10. SIGNATURE OF APPLICANT. See Witnesses to Applications. SPECIFICATIONS. See Construction of Specifications and Patents, 32. STATE AS A CORPORATION. See Trade-Mark8, 29. STATE COURTS. See Suite for Infringement, 11. STATE OF THE ART. See Construction of Specifications and Patents, 19, 28, 29;

Priority of Inrention, 2. STATE STATUTES. See Trade Marke, 39. STATUTES OF LIMITATION. See Delay in Bringing Suit, 1; Marking Unpatented

Articles Patented." SUBPENAS. WITNESS-SUBPENA DUCES TECUM-AUTHORITY OF CLERK-PATENT OFFICE

INTERFERENCE PROCEEDINGS-Sec. 1906, Reviseil Statutes, providing that, on the application of any party to a contested case pending in the Patent Office, the clerk of any Federal court shall issue a subpoena for a witness commanding him “to appear and testify," does not include an authority to

issue a subpæna duces tecnin. * Ex parte Moses, 253. SUBSEQUENT PATENTS. See Priority of Invention, 2. 1. MECHANICAL SKILL-SUBSEQUENT PATENT FOR MERE CHANGE IN MODE OF

OPERATION SHOULD BE DENIED—Where the inventor of a machine for coupling the links of drive-chains simultaneously tiled two applications for patents, one for a machine for an endwise and the other for a macbine for a sidewise thrust of the coupling-bar, and had a patent issued on the first machine, Held that he was not afterward entitled to a patent on the second SUBSEQUENT PATENTS—Continued.

machine, as it was only a matter of mechanical skill, and not invention, to adapt the endwise to the sidewise thrust. *Fassett v. Ewart Manufacturing

Company. 434. 2. RESERVATION FOR SUBSEQUENT PATENT—Where, in the case above, the

patent on the endwise-thrust machine contained a reservation saying that “ the feed-chute, gnideway, and means for pushing the assembled links forward, a velivery wheel or device, the fulcrum plate or corner, operating mechanisio, and such details of construction as are not herein broadly claimed form the subject of a separate application,” Held that such resorvation meant that the invention was broadly claimed in the patent, and that the patentee meant to reserve only the right to claim the elements specifically in his separate application, and that a patent on such separate application, claiming the features mentioned in the reservation broadly

and generically, conld not be sustained as covered by the reservation. "Id. SUITS FOR INFRINGEMENT. See Construction of Specifications and Patents, 45,

46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53; Damages and Profita ; Demurrer; Disclaimers ; Evidence; Infringement, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 18, 22; Injunction; Subpænas; Parties to

Suit. 1. INFRINGEMENT-OPINION-EVIDENCE-DRYING APPARATUS—In an action for

infringement of a patent for improvements in fruit-driers, tho patentee, after stating that he had been engaged in mechanical pursuits, had seen many different driers, and bad suficient knowledge of mechanics to permit him to give an intelligent opivion as to the cost of a piece of machinery when he saw it, was asked wbich in his judgment would be the cheaper to construct, bis or the alleged infringing drier. Held that the question was not objectionable, on the ground that the witness had said he did not kuow the cost

of the infringing drier. * Hunt Bros. Fruit Packing Company v. Cassidy, 262. 2. SAME_INVENTION-BURDEX OF ProoF-DIRECTING VERDICT—The existence of

Letters Patent issued in due form constitutes prima facie evidence of the validity of the patent, and where, in an action at law for infringement, such letters are introduced an alleged want of invention is matter of defense, tho hurden of showing which is on defendant, and the court cannot direct a judgment for defendant, even thongli the patentee on cross-examination bas given evidence that may tend to show a prior state of the art excluding

invention on his part. Id. 3. SAME-INSTRICTIONS-QUESTions for Jury-Whether there was invention in

the patent, whether plaintiff was the first inventor, and whether the nse of gravity-catches as mechanical equivalents of spring-catches was known at

the time of plaintiff's application were questions of fact for the jury. * Id. 4. TRIAL-INSTRUCTIONS—WAIVER OF OBJECTIONS- An exception to the court's

refusal to direct a verdict for defendant at the close of plaintiff's evidence is waived by proceeding in the cause and introducing evidence for the defense. (Railway Co v. Cummings, 1 Sup. Ct. Rep., 193, 106 U. S., 700, and

Insurance Co. v. Crandall, 7 Sup. Ct. Rep., 685, 120 U. S., 527 followed.) *ld. 5. PLEADING-DEMURRER FOR WANT OF INVENTION-In a suit for infringement

of a patent the bill may be inet by a demurrer when it makes profert of the patent and the same appears on its face to be in valid for want of patentable invention. (Post v. Hardware Co., C. D., 1886, 217; 35 0. G., 1226; 26 Fed. Rep., 618, followed.) * United States Credit System Company v. American

Credit Iudlemnity Company, 292. 6. APPEAL-OBJECTIONS Not RAISED BELOW-EVIDENCE-CERTIFIED Cory or

ASSIGNMENT-In a suit for the infringement of a patent, when the defenso is that complainant had parted with all his interest therein by assignment before filing his bill, and a copy of the record of such assignment in the

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SUITS FOR INFRINGEMENT--Continued.

Patent Office is introduced in support thereof, while, perhaps, such copy, if standing alone and seasonably and properly objected to, would be inad. missible, yet the objection that no foundation was laid for the introdnction of secondary evidence will not be considered on appeal when it was not

raised below. Paine v. Trask, 558. 7. PRIOR ADJUDICATIONS—In a suit for infringement of a patent, where it appears

that the courts of other circuits have already sustaiued the validity of the patent as against all the defenses now made, save that of anticipation by reason of certain patents not before in evidence, and have also fonnd that defendants infringed, the court will accept those decisions and examine only the anticipation alleged. * National Folding Box and Paper Company v.

Phænix Paper Company, Limited, et al., 588. 8. FEDERAL COURTS--JURISDICTIOX-TERRITORIAL LIMITS-SUITS AGAINST COR

PORATIONS-A corporation cannot be sued in the Federal courts of a district other than in the State of its incorporation. *National Typewriter Company

v. Pope Manufacturing Company, 595. 9. ACTION AT LAW FOR INFRINGEMENT-PLEADING-In an action at law for

infringement of a patent defendants, although they plead the general issue, may also maiutain a special plea that tho combination covered by the patent was not an invention, and also a further plea that the combination covered by the patent required for its production nothing but mechanical skill, iu view of the prior state of the art. *Brickill et al. v. City of Hartford

et al., 601. 10. DEMURRER-In an action at law for infringement of a patent defenses which

have been raised by demurrer to the complaint and overruled caunot be

part of the answer without leave of court. *Id. 11. SAME_WRIT OF ERROR—But in Connecticut the court will allow such

defenses to be set up by plea for the purposes of saving a right to review on writ of error to the Circuit Court of Appeals, it being uncertain whether, under the code pleading, an assignment of error in the ruling on the demur. rer is sufficient to secure such right when the demurrant docs not allow final

judgment to go against him upon it. * Id. 12. ANTICIPATION-DEFENSE UNDER—A plea alleging want of novelty because the

alleged invention bad been previously patented, on specified dates, to other parties is insufficient, for Revised Statutes, section 1920, requires an allegation that the invention had been patented or describel in some printed publica

tion before the time of the supposed invention. * Id. 13. PRINTED RECORD, UNNECESSARY Parts-COSIS-APPLICATION OF RULE 10,

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES-Where a party to a suit encuinbers the printed record with copies of some fifty immaterial patents, Held it is a proper case for the application of the tenth rule, which authorizes the court (paragraph 9) to impose costs upon the party so guilty. (Railway Co. v. Stewart, 95 U. S., 279, 281.) *Ball and Socket Fastener Company v. TECHNICAL TERMS. See Infringement, 1; Jurisdiction of Federal Courts; Limita

kraetzer. 646. SUITS UNDER SECTION 4915, REVISED STATUTES. See Interference, 9. JURISDICTION-CLAIM THAT THIRD PARTY WAS INVENTOR-Under Revised Stat

utes, section 4915, the only question the Court can consider, is whether the complainant is the first inventor of a patentable device. Whether respondent or a third party was the inventor of the device for which respondent has received a patent should not be inquired iuto either by the Court or by the Commissioner in interference proceedings between the same parties.

*Christie v. Scybold, 515. SUPREME COURT OF DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Soe Injunction, 8. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. See Decree; Injunction, 7; Prac

tice in the Courts, 1.

tion of United States Patent by Foreign Patent Previously Granted, 13. TERM OF PATENT. See Limitation of United States Patent by Foreign Patent Pre

viously Granted; Particular Patents, 28. TESTIMONY. See Burden of Proof; Injunction, 18; Interference, 3, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13,

14, 15; Rehearing, 1. TESTIMONY-WEIGHT AND CONSTRUCTION OF — Testimony must be construed

with reference to "the ordinary laws that govern human conduct.” (Quoting and discussing Atlantic Works v. Brady, C. D., 1888, 214; 23 0. G., 1330; 107 U. S., 192, and The Telephone Cases, C. D., 1883, 321; 43 O. G., 377; 126

U. 8., 1.) Brungger v. Smith, 32. TESTIMONY TAKEN IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES. See Diligence, 1; Interference, 14. TESTIMONY IN FOREIGN COUNTRY-REQUISITES OF PUBLICATION AS FOUNDATION

FOR-In order to constitute a proper foundation for taking testimony in a foreign country; a publication must disclose the invention in controversy and must disclose it as the invention of the party seeking to take such testi

mony. Parker and Wright v. Jenne88, 64. TITLE OF INVENTION. 1. TITLE OF INVENTION-REQUISITES OF-If the title of an application is short

and correctly indicates the nature and design of the invention, the appli. cant should be allowed, within reasonable limits, to say what it shall be.

Ex parte Becker, 95. 2. EXAMINER Has No RighT TO ARBITRARILY SELECT-If the title given by tho

applicant is not satisfactory to the Examiner, objection should be made; but

the Examiner himself should not arbitrarily select such title. Id. TITLE TO PATENT. See Assignments, 2, 3, 4; Mortgage of Patent. TRADE-MARKS. See Appeal to the Secretary of the Interior; Interference, 26. 1. TRADE-MARK-WORD AND PICTURE-A word and a picture which are true

alternatives and invariably express the same idea may be covered by one Trade-Mark registration; but the rule will not cover the case of a word and a picture capable of such a variety of modifications that two of them might appear as substantially different things to an ordinary purchaser. Ex parte

Adam Roth Grocery Company, 6. 2. CoxcEsSION OF PRIORITY BY CORPORATION-USE OF SEAL-Where the Exam

iner of Interferences refused to recognize a concession of priority of TradeMark adoption executed by an officer of a corporation without the corporate Beal, Held that a concession of priority is not such an instrument as requires thu use of a seal by corporation or individual, and that, it satisfactorily appearing on the record that the officer was empowered to execute tho papor, the Office will accept it. Jersey City Packing Company v. Jacob Dold Packing

Company, 10. 3. WORD “Magico”—The word “Magico” Held not anticipated by tho word

“Magic" already registered for use on a similar class of goods. Ex parte TRADE-MARKS—Continued. 7. INFRINGEMENT—“One Night CureHeld not infringed by the words “Beshoro

American Chemical Company, 16. 4. Word “FAMOUS" Not PROPER SUBJECT OF-The word “Famous" is merely

descriptive in its nature and not registrable as a Trade-Mark. Ex parte

Brand Stove Company, (Limited,) 17. õ. THE REPRESENTATION OF A PORTION OF A GLOVE-A" representation of a band

with eyelets therein and cross-lacings connecting the eyelets” Held not registrable as a Trade-Mark, since its function is purely decorative in the

connection in which it is intended for use. Ex parte Peyser of Co., 18. 6. SAME—The primary function of a Trade-Mark is to denote the origin of the

article which bears it. A “representation” which upon its face appears
clearly to have another purpose, such as decoration, and which by reason of
that decorative character creates no suspicion that it is intended as a Trade-
Mark, is not registrable as such. Id.
13182 PAT- 48

One Night Cough Cure.” * Kohler Manufacturing Company v. Beshore, 179. 8. CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION CONCLUSIVE AS TO MARK-A certificate of reg

istration Held conclusive as to description of plaintiff's mark where he sought

to enlarge its terms on a suit for infringement. *Id. 9. MERE ADOPTION CARRIES NO RIGHTS WHERE CONTINUOUS USE DOES NOT

CONCUR-A mere adoption of a mark carries no rights unless thore concur a continuous use of it and public familiarity with it. To establish a proprietary right in such a mark, it is necessary that the public understanding

respecting the purpose of its use shall be fully proved. "Id. 10. The Suit BETWEEN THE PARTIES—WHAT IT 18—The controversy between

the parties is the single qnestion whether, comparing the two designs upon the upper ends of the spools, there is such resemblance between them as to indicate an intent on the part of defendants to put off their thread upon the public as that of plaintiffs', and thus to trade upon their reputation.

* Coats et al. v. Merrick Thread Compuny et al., 373. 11. Goons PREPARED TO DECEIVE A PURCHASER-Irrespective of the technical

question of trade-mark, the defendants have no right to dress their goods op in such manner as to deceive an intending purchaser and induce him to

believe he is buying those of the plaintiffs. "Id. 12. SAME—The plaintiffs' and defendants’ devices examined and compared with

each other and found to be hardly possible to mistake one for the other. Held, consequently, that the defendants' had clearly disproved any intention

to mislead purchasers. "Id. 13. SAME-DESIGN PATENT_EXPIRATION OF-The history of plaintiffs' and defend

ants' labels inquired into, and Held that after the expiration of plaintiffs' design patent in 1877 for embossing the ends of sowing-thread spools the

public had the right to use it. * Id. 14. SYRUP OF Firs—The laxative medical compound manufactured by the Cali

fornia Fig Syrup Company under the name “Syrap of Figs” is a preparation which :court of equity will look upon with favor as entitled to protection under the Trade-Mark laws. *Improved Fig Syrup Company et al. v. California

Fig Syrup Company, 416. 15. SAME-STATEMENTS ON BOTTLES AND PACKAGES—The representations and

staternents on the bottles and packages of the California Fig Syrup Company's medical compound “Syrup of Figs” are not such as will deprive the California Fig Syrup Company of standing in a couit of equity in respect

to infringement of its Trade-Mark or trade-namo. * Id. 16. SANE-Not DESCRIITIVE, BUT INDICATIVE OF ORIGIN AND OWNERSHIP_The

name “Syrup of Figs” is a good Trade Mark or trade-name, and one to which the California Fig Syrup Company has an exclusivo right as applied to a laxativo compounı, and as such is not merely descriptive of its preparation, but indicates the origin and ownership of this medical compound, and the California Fig Syrup Company was the first to apply this name to a laxative

componud. *Id. 17. Sava-Nor GENERIC— The name or phrase "Syrup of Figs” is in no sense a

generic one. It is not a name of a natural product or of a class of natural proclnets. It is merely a name coined and first applied to designate the las.

ative compound of the California Fig Syrup Company. * Id. 18. SAME--INFRINGEMENT—Defendants intringe the Trade-Mark rights of the Cali

fornia Fig Syrup Company when they apply to their laxative compound the name "Syrup of Figs” or any colorable imitation of that name, as such a name does not describe defendants' compound, but merely serves to induce the public to believe that the goods madle and sold by them are those manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Company. "Id.

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