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AFTER the death of queen Elizabeth, the A council proclamed James the Sixth of Scotland king, and sent a message to him to notify his accession to the English throne, which as soon as he had advice of, he prepared to set out for London, in the interim confirming the lord keeper and all the great officers of the crown in their places during pleasure. He was received with the loudest acclamations by the people as soon as he entered England, and was surrounded by crowds of them, who poured forth ejaculations for his health, and the prosperiry of his reign.

James, who was proud of being descended from the ancientScottish kings of Irish race,was not a little



proud of that circumstance, which gave him a double claim to the kingdom of Ireland, and indeed rendered the Irish more blameable whenever they opposed his government,'

Yet this they began to do virtually, as foon as his succession was notified to them, which Cox attributes to the determination the university of Va. ladolid sent over of the question, Whether an Irish papist ought to obey or aflift a protestant king ? And which they are said to have given in the negative. However that be, not to detain the reader with tedious protestations, he must understand that it was not without difficulty that king James was even proclaimed in Ireland ;--and notwithstanding the absolute submission of Tyrone, Cork, Waterford, Wexford, Limerick, and many other cities, restored the catholic religion by force. Indeed the behaviour of the firit of these was such as might give cause to suspect they meant to set up for themselves; for they refused to pro. claim the king, and would not suffer any body else to do so, intercepting his majesty's stores, and committing open 'hostilities against his servants ; Nighting both the kindness and menaces of the lord deputy, Montjoy, (whom James had continued in his office) and making as if they would be willing to join in a confederacy to shake off his authority.--In short, their obftinancy at last obliged the lord deputy to enter their city in a hostile manner, and to execute a few of the most feditious among them; which being done, he put sufficient garrisons, both into Cork and Waterford, and forced the inhabitants to take the oath of allegiance, and to renounce all foreign dependen, cies, Then he issued a proclamation of indemnity and oblivion.----- After this being made a privy counsellor in England, he left the country, taking with him the earl of Tyrone and Rory O'Don.

pel, nel, both of whom were well received and even highly honoured at the English court..

The latter being created eart of Tyrconnel; Neal Garuffe, his competitor, who had done some services to the English, but was a inan of a savage and insolent disposition, was highly offended with the English for the honour done to his adversaries; but whatever he, had done for the government, yet it does not seem that at this period they stood much in fear of what he could do against them. i

Montjoy being departed to England, Sir Arthur Chichester was sworn lord deputy, who found enough to do to trim the balance between the bis gotted Catholics. and their violent opposers. The credit of the former, however, suffered both in England and Ireland, more from that unaccountable plot of the fifth of November, than from any of the enormities which they had been fairly convicted of in either of those kingdoms.It is the nature of man to be pleased with any thing astonishing; and things which are astonishingly dreadful for that reason seldom fail to have a number of: believers. But whether this strange plot were a real one or not, it is certain that some suffered for it in their lives and goods, but infinitely a greater number in their character and reputation.

But there were those who alike deserved to suffer in all these; for notwithstanding the king had published a commission of grace to establith the Irish in the quiet poffefsion of their estates against any claims of the crown &c, yet he was soon after informed that there was a conspiracy on foot between the earls of Tyrone, Tyrconnel, &c. to surprise the castle of Dublin, and destroy the lord deputy.

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