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tion. It is necessitated by the reason and demanded by the wants of the heart; whatever there is in this discourse which is valid for the purpose of it, proceeds upon the implication of this; and wherever this truth is not recognised as implied in the very idea of a God, it will not be likely to be admitted as the result of a process of argumentation.
32. IVonders of Geology, with numerous plates and wood cuts.
Gideon Mantell, LL. D., F. R. S., etc. Being the substance of lectures delivered at Brighton, from notes taken by A. F. RICHARDSON. London: 1838. 2 vols. 12mo.
The perusal of these two small volumes has convinced us, that in this work, science has gained another excellent elementary book, and we doubt not that all who may be induced by our recommendation to give it their attention, will be obliged to us for making it known to them. The title is a great deal too modest for the work; it might mislead, and but for the high reputation of the author, induce a belief that it belonged to that class of publications compiled by ignorance, without order and without system, which sell only by the aid of a deceptive name. It is, on the other hand, a work which may be read not less advantageously by those who wish to study the science, than by those who seek only the gratification of a momentary curiosity. We know of no elementary work which unites in so small a compass, and in so complete a manner, the preparatory knowledge requisite for reading the writing which nature has traced upon her subterranean volume. It was not originally intended for publication; it is the substance of a course of lectures given to an audience composed, as it appears, for the most part, of ladies. The author was therefore careful to free his subject from all discussions, and to state his facts with the greatest order and exactness. Instead of supposing his hearers acquainted with the other departments of natural history, he takes care to furnish them himself with all the knowledge necessary for the understanding of the geological or paleontological facts. In like manner, in speaking of fossil vertebral animals, he makes a digression into the domain of osteology, and gives his hearers a clear idea how a Cuvier, by the aid of a single bone, could reconstruct an animal no longer existing upon the earth. He proceeds in the same manner, when in the more ancient formations he has occasion to speak of zoophytes, of crustacea, of testacea, of plants, etc. In a word, the object of the author seems to have been to explain what geology is, and how it made the discovery of the numerous facts which authorize the title of this work. This object he completely attains, and at the same time creates a decided taste for the study of the science. Numerous fossils are represented with great accuracy in the beautifully colored wood cuts which accompany the work. The reading of his book is attended with but one regret — that is, of not baving enjoyed an opportunity of hearing his eloquent lectures.
33. A Baccalaureate Address, delivered at the Annual Commence
ment of Genera College. By BENJAMIN Hale, D. D., President. Geneva : 1838. pp. 30.
It is impossible within our narrow limits to do any thing like justice to our sense of the peculiar merits of this admirable discourse. At a time when such low and falsely utilitarian potions of education are prevalent, and when we have so much reason to fear lest the awakening interest of the public mind should fall under the direction of a narrow and selfish charlatanism, we think it matter of devout thankfulness that such a man as President Hale is to be found in the high places of educ:ition, and that he has
spoken out in the manner he has in this sound and most impressive address. His topic is, “ Education in its relation to the full and free development of the reason and the understanding, and their attain. ment of the highest power of sound and safe action in the management of affairs.” He insists upon a high degree of intellectual culture, as a thing more absolutely necessary for this country than for any other — as being “to a republic, almost a condition of its existence.” With great force he exposes the mischiefs of “ that superficial judgment of the useful,” which, where it prevails, “puts an end to all thorough teaching" - which“ aims at tangible results, and knows nothing, and cares nothing about that discipline, which, by an imperceptible, but sure process, brings the mind to the perfection of its powers."
But it is absolutely out of our power to follow President Hale in the development of his subject. We hope to recur to him again; and we now commend his pamphlet to the profound consideration of all who would rightly understand the wants and the dangers of the age.
34. Notices of Men and Events connected with the Early History of
Oneida County. Two Lectures delivered before the Young Men's Association of the City of Utica. By William Tracy. Utica : 1838. R. Northway. Svo. pp. 45.
These lectures embody a great deal of information in relation to the early history of Oneida county, from the first establishment of the late venerable Samuel Kirkland as a missionary among the Oneida Indians in 1766, to the beginning of the present century. Mr. Tracy has given us some interesting sketches of the characters and important services of Mr. Kirkland, Judge Dean, Judge Staring, and Judge White, the pioneers in the settlement of that portion of the country, with traits of Indian life, and incidents of The revolutionary war. We are glad to observe the zeal displayed in many of the newer portions of our country, in gathering up the materials of their history. At a future period, such labors will be highly estimated. The present contribution of Mr. Tracy is creditable to him, and will, we hope, have its influence as an example.
35. The Far West, or a Tour beyond the Mountains. New York:
1838. 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 263 and 241.
The most remarkable feature in these volumes, is the author's improvement in the art of composition, between beginning the first and ending the second volume. In the former, the style is too affected and too fustian to be tolerated; the latter, with the exception of the two concluding pages, is an approach to sober writing. The author, therefore, has derived no small benefit from writing his book, and he must be satisfied with that reward -- it will be of no service to any one else, nor confer any glory upon himself. Its worst defect is inanity; there is exceedingly little in it, and that little is not about the Far West, and has been better told by others. The writer is too ambitious of display of every kind, to have seen himself often in print; it is therefore fair to consider him as a young author. He shows us, that he has been in college, but probably left in his sophomore year -- that he remembers something of his Latin, and can quote a passage from his “sweet bard of Mantua" - that he knows a little French, and but a little — that he carries with him a copy of the beauties of English poetry, in which a couplet is credited to Kirk White that belongs to Southey - and that he has learnt enough of botanical, mineralogical, and geologi
NO. VII.-VOL. IV.
cal nomenclature, to exhibit a sprinkling of its terms throughout his volumes. This may appear harsh criticism, and we must justify it by an appeal to the work. It is full of such affectations as, "I remember me," "silvery cloudlets,” “mantle of eld,” “thridded," “ rifest fancy,” “ forfend,” and divers other like expressions - and it is full of such passages as the following:
“Such moments are the crystal fount of the oasis, girt, indeed, by the sands and barrenness of the desert; yet laughing forth in tinkling melody, amid its sprinkled evergreens, in all the sparkling freshness of mimic life, to bathe the languid lip of the weary one."
" It is a season soft as the memorial of buried affection, mild as the melody of departed years, pure as the prayer of feebleness from the lip of childhood, beautiful as yon floating islet sleeping in sunset radiance on the Llue evening wave.”
" It was a glorious day. Silvery cloudlets were floating along the upper sky like spiritual creations, and a fresh breeze was rippling the waters; along the banks stood out the hu ze spectral Titans of the forest, bearing aloft their naked limbs like monuments of time departed."
“ The rich purple of departing day was dying the western heavens; the light gauzy haze of iwilight was unfolding itself like a veil over the forest tops; Maro's shepherd star was stealing timidly forth upon the brow of night.”
" I remember me, when once a resident of the courtly city of L- to have been awakened before the dawn by a strain of distant music, which swelling and rising upon the still night air, came floating like a spirit through the open windows and long galleries of the building. I arose; all was calm, and silent, and deserted, through the dim, lengthened streets of the city. Not a light gleamed from a casement, not a footfall echoed from the pavement, not a breath broke the stillness save the crowing of the far-off cock proclaiming the morn, and the loud rumble of the market-man's wagon, and then swelling upon the night wind came up that beautiful gush of melody, wave upon wave, surge after surge, billow upon billow, winding itself into the innermosi cells of the soul.” * Around them time has indeed flung the silvery mantle of eld.” And better than all : " The buoyant bark bounded beautifully over the blue breasted billow."
The history of the work is fully explained in the preface ; it is made up of hasty sketches, originally written for the columns of a newspaper, which gained the writer such flattering commenda
from his kind friends, that he was doubtless fully convinced it would be a serious injustice to his country and age, not to rescue them from the possibility of oblivion.
36. Hear the Church : A Sermon preached in the Chapel Royal,
St. James's Palace, etc. By Walter FARQUAR Hook, D. D. London: printed. Burlington, reprinted : 1838. J. L. Powell. 8vo. pp. 26.
Tuis sermon, republished under the auspices of the Bishop of New Jersey, is a learned and able vindication of the Church of England (and consequently of our own) from the charge of dissent and schism preferred by the Romanists. Its object is, to prove that
"The present Church of England is the old catholic church of England, reformed in the reigns of Henry, Edward, and Elizabeth, of certain superstitious errors; it is the same Church which came down from our British and Saxon ancestors, and, as such, it possesses its original endowments, which were never, as ignorant persons foolishly suppose, taken from one church and given to another. The Church remained the same after it was reformed as it was before, just as a man remains the same man afier he has washed his face as he was before; just as Naaman, the leper, remained the same Naaman after he was cured of his leprosy as he was before. And so regularly, so canonically, was the reformation conducted, that even those who thought no reformation requisite still remained for a time in the Church; they did not consider what was done (though they did not approve of it) sufficient to drive them into a schism. It was not till the twelfth year of Queen Elizabeth's reign, that, listening to the exhortations of the pope, they quitted the Church, and formed a new sect, from which the present Roman dissenters have descended, and in which were retained all those errors in opinion and practice, all that rubbish which the catholic church in England had at ihe reformation corrected and swept away. Let it always be remembered that the English Romanists separated from us, not we from them; we did not go out from them, but they from us. slightest acquaintance with that neglected branch of learning, ecclesiastical history, will convince us of this. They left the Church of England, to which they originally belonged, because they thought their bishops had reformed too much, had become too protestant: just as protestant dissenters left us, because they thought we had not reformed enough; that we were, as they still style us, too popish. The one party left us because they wanted no reform; the other, because, instead of a reformation, they wished a religious revolution: the reformers of the Church of Eng. land carefully preserved the middle path. The Church of England, then, that Church to which we belong, is the old catholic church which was originally planted in this country.” pp. 14, 15.
The right of reformation - the fact that the reformation of the English Church was not a revolution or overthrow of the old Church — and that the changes wrought by the English reformers were not heretical or schismatical, and furnished no ground for separation and schism - are clearly and ably set out. Some of the views will be considered new — they are certainly striking and valuable.
37. Caii Crispi Sallustii de Catilina Conjuratione belloque Jugur
thino Historia. Sallust's Histories of the Conspiracy of Catiline and the Jugurthan War. From the text of Gerlach. With English notes. Edited by HENRY R. CLEVELAND, A. M. Boston : 1838. Charles C. Little and James Brown. pp. 198.
IF, as Goethe says, the knowledge of other tongues reinforces the knowledge of our own, this edition of the Roman historian will be of great use to the young student. The notes appended to it give him those notions of aptness of expression, which a comparatively imperfect acquaintance with the spirit and elegances of his own