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first volume, but he has also endeavored to make such improvements in its arrangement, and such additions to its general plan, as would still further increase the usefulness of the work and make it a valuable manual of reference to every resident of the State. The list of the officers and the data of operations of the different branches of Government, Federal and State, have been prepared with care and will be found very complete and reliable. The abstract of the general laws of the State, one of the new features of the present volume, is a useful source of information for every resident of the State. In the department of the Resources of California, a reliable abstract is presented of the progress and present condition of the different branches of our home industry, together with a variety of useful facts connected therewith. With this brief explanation, the editor again submits the "results of his labors to the attention and consideration of the public, and only asks that indulgence for any defects existing therein, that is reasonable upon due appreciation of the numerous difficulties usually attendant at the commencement of similar undertakings.”

The thanks of the editor are respectfully tendered to the officers of State and the heads of departments, Federal and State, to the different county officers, and to his numerous contributors and correspondents throughout the State, for important and valuable information. He would express his obligations particularly to Hon. F. Forman, Hon. A. J. Moulder, G. W. Whitman, Esq., B. F. Washington, Esq., T. J. Henley, Esq., C. L. Weller, Esq., Charles · Forman, Esq., A. A. Sargent, Esq., A. B. Paul, Esq., J. S. Skinner, M. D., J. J. Warner, Esq, H. H. Moore and C. Ferguson, Esqs. To H. Gibbons, M. D., for his valuable series of meteorological tables on the climate of San Francisco, and to Thomas M. Logan, M. D., of Sacramento, for an important article on the climatology of California. He would also again express his thanks to Messrs. Valentine & Co., to whom the typographical department was intrusted and to whom the work is much indebted for the exceedingly attractive appearance which it presents.

The editor of the STATE REGISTER hereby invites the correspondence of those who may be friendly disposed towards the enterprise in which he is engaged. Their correspondence shall at all times receive his most respectful attention, and any suggestions which they may deem it necessary to make, relative to this or future volumes of the work, will be promptly considered. Communications to be addressed “Editor of the STATE REGISTER, San Francisco, Cal.” The REGISTER for 1860 will be issued early in January of that year, if sufficient encouragement be extended to the present work to warrant its publication.

SAN FRANCISCO, December 15, 1858.

CONTENTS.

85

.... 107

........ 110

PART IV.

STATISTICS - FINANCES, PUBLIC LANDS, ETC.

1. Finances of the U. S.......

103 Census of Children and Apportion-

Public Debt....

105

ment of School Fund...

129

2. Finances of California...

105

6. Public Lands and Operations of the

Taxation and Revenue ...

105 United States Surveyor-General's

Indebtedness of the State........... 107

Office, California

130

War Debt...

7. Indian Department.........

133

Bonds and Interest thereon......... 108 Population.......

133

Receipts and Expenditures......... 108 Reservations....

134

Real and Personal Property........ 109 8. U. S. Branch Mint..........

136

Receipts into State Treasury.....

Law regulating Operations, Etc... 136

Expenditures, State Treasury...... 111

Operations, 1854-1858...

136

Finances of the several Counties.. 112 Deposits of Gold and Silver........, 136

Finances of Incorporated Cities... 113 Coinage of Gold and Silver......... 137

Aggregate of State, County and

Table of Foreign Coins........... 138

Municipal Debt......

113 9. U. S. Coast Survey.........

139

Shipments of Treasure............... 113 10. Light-House Establishment............ 139

Population of States, State Debts, 11. War Department...........

147

Etc............

114 Department of the Pacific............ 147

Duties received at San Francisco... 114 Military Posts and the Commands

Receipts, etc., of Customs............ 115

thereat.....

147

Valuation of Imports.....

115

Fortifications of San Francisco

Shipments of California Produce.. 116

Harbor...........

147

Exports of California Produce ..... 116 Military System of the State........ 147

Tunnage of the Port of San Fran- 12. Navy Department.........

149

117

Naval Establishment of Pacific

Prices of Flour and Grain............ 118

Coast.......

149

Tunnage of the principal Cities... 118 Vessels of War of U. S. Navy...... 150

3. Population of California...

119 13. Post-Office Department.......

152

Census and Vote of 1852, and Vote

Mail Service and Operations in

of 1856....

120

California...

152

Population of U. S., 1790–1850...... 121 Rates of Postage to Foreign Coun-

Slaves in U.S., 1790-1850... 121

tries..........

152

Arrivals of Passengers, 1849–1857 122 Law and Regulations................. 153
Comparative View of Arrivals and 14. Overland Mails.....

Departures, 1852–1857............. 122 15. Prison System of the State............ 158

4. Religious Denominations in State... 123 16. Hospitals.........

158

5. School System of the State........... 123

System of the State...

158

School Lands, Revenue, Etc........ 123 Insane Asylum.......

158

University Lands......

124 U. S. Marine Hospital..

160

School Lands, Townships, Etc...... 124 17. Railroads.

160

Schools and Organization thereof.. 125 Sacramento Valley Railroad ........ 160

Page.

Page.

San Francisco and Marysville 25. Newspaper and Periodical Press..... 177

Railroad .....................

List of Publications......... 177

Surveyed Routes for Overland 26. Merchant Marine of the Pacific...... 178

Railroads .........

161 27. Judiciary.....

181

18. Wagon Roads.....

162

U.S. District Courts................... 181

19. Telegraph Lines.....

162

U.S. Circuit Courts...

181

20. Fraternity of Free and Accepted

Supreme Court of California........ 181

Masons

................

163 28. Governments of North and South

Grand Lodge

America........

Lodges, Locations, Etc............... 164 North American Republics......... 182

Grand Chapter..

166 Central American Republics........ 182

List of Chapters.....

167

British North American Posses-

Grand Commandery

167

sions .....

182

21. Independent Order of Odd Fellows.. 168 South American Republics......... 182
Right Worthy Grand Lodge......... 168 West India Islands...

182

Right Worthy Grand Encamp-

29. Election Returns.........

183

ment....

168 Popular Vote, U. S., 1814–1856...... 183

Subordinate Lodges.........

169 Election Returns, California, 1849

22. Sons of Temperance....

170

to 1858...

184

Grand Temple of Honor............. 170

Election Returns, State Election,

23. Societies and Associations.............. 170

186

State Agricultural Society.. 170 Election Returns, State Election,

State Horticultural Society 171

1858.......

188

State Medical Society.

171 Seats of Governments, Governors,

Mechanics’ Institute, San Fran-

Legislatures, Elections, Etc., of

171

the different States.....

189

Society of Natural History......... 172 30. Constitutional Convention.............. 190

Academy of Natural Sciences...... 172 Members of the Convention......... 191

24. Libraries of the State..................... 173 31. State Officers, 1849–1859....

192

State Library......

Judges of Supreme Court, 1849–59 192

Mercantile Library, San Fran- 32. Legislature of California and the

cisco ........

174

Sessions thereof....................... 193

Santa Clara College......

Officers of the Legislature, 1849

Odd Fellows', San Francisco......... 175

to 1858...

194

Library Association, Sacramento.. 176 Members of the Legislature, 1849

California Pioneers.....

176

to 1858....

cisco .........

....... 174

175

... 195

234 Mining and the Varieties thereof.. 253

Productions and Crop of 1858..... 235 Quartz Mining......

255

Fruit and Fruit Trees, 1857 ......... 240 Quartz Mills......

256

Cultivation of the Grape.

Gold of California and Australia.. 264

............ 242

........ 273
.......... 274

.......... 286

............. 360

......... 364

384

388

10. Fresno.....

328 33. Shasta...

390

11. Humboldt....

329 34. Sierra...

392

12. Klamath

331 | 35. Siskiyou

393

13. Los Angeles...........

333 36. Solano

395

14. Marin

336 37. Sonoma

397

15. Mariposa

338 38. Stanislaus ......

398

16. Mendocino

340 39. Sutter

400

17. Merced.....

341 40. Tehama

401

18. Monterey...

342 41. Trinity

403

19. Napa.........

346 42. Tulare

404

20. Nevada.......

348 43. Tuolumne......

406

21. Placer....

............ 350 44. Yolo ...

408

22. Plumas

.............. 353 45. Yuba......

410

23. Sacramento .................................. 355

Additions and Alterations........... 413

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