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ECLECTIC EDUCATIONAL SERIES,
Descriptive Circulars and Price List on
application to the Publishers.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865,
BY SARGENT, WILSON & HINKLE, In the Clerk's office of the District Court of the United States, for the
Southern District of Ohio.
In remodeling this work, it has been attempted, first, to introduce as many primitive words as the space would allow, and then, in subsequent lessons, to illustrate, by examples and rules, the formation of the more important derivatives.
To the latter subject about thirty lessons are exclusively devoted, and, on this point, this book is believed to be more copious and particular than any other Spelling-book in common use. As these rules and illustrations are so full, many words of this class have been deemed unnecessary.
In spelling and pronunciation, the authority of Dr. Webster, as presented in the late revised editions of his works, has been followed.
In syllabication, the chief object has been to divide words in such a way as to indicate most clearly their pronunciation. When, in addition to this, the formation of a word from its root can be shown by the division of its syllables, this also has been done.
Much space has been appropriated to DictatION EXERCISES. Pupils frequently misspell, in composition, the words they spell correctly, orally. Therefore, to secure an accurate knowledge of the subject, oral and written spelling should be combined.
Classes should be required to write, upon their slates, the exercises as dictated by the teacher. Frequent drills in word-writing will tend to the formation of habits of care and accuracy in spelling.
The classification of words according to the pronunciation of the accented syllable, will be found a material assistance to the pupil and the teacher.
On the last page, rules for derivatives have been generalized and extended so as to include all the more important classes of words.
It is hoped this work, in its present form, may receive that favor 80 extensively given to the other volumes of the Eclectic Series.
The English Alphabet consists of twenty-six letters ; viz., a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, 0,
20, x, y, Letters are divided into VOWELS and CONSONANTS.
OF THE VOWELS.
The Vowels are those letters which can be perfeetly sounded without the aid of any other letter. The vowels are
a, e, i, o, u, 20, The vowel sounds of w and y are the same as those of u and i
A, e, and o, are always vowels.
A DIPHTHONG is the union of two vowels in one sound.
When both vowels are sounded, the DIPHTHONG is called PROPER, because then it is really a diphthong, or double sound, that is, the sounds of the vowels unite; as,
oi in oil; ou in sound When only one of the vowels is sounded, the DIPHCHONG is called IMPROPER, because then, as one of the vowels is silent, it is not properly a diphthong, though it takes that name; as,
oa in boat, ui in suit, where a and i are silent. An improper diphthong is sometimes called a DIGRAPI, or the union of two letters. The following diphthongs are in common use; viz., oi, oy, ou, ow, ae, ai, ai, aw, ay, ea, ei, eu, ew, ey,
ia, ie, oa, oe, ua, ue, ui; as in toil, toy, round, plow, seal, coal, head, sail, say, autumn, yeoman, etc. Of these, oi, oy, ou,
ow, are generally proper diphthongs; though sometimes ou and ow are improper, as in famous, where o is silent, and in slow, where w is silent.
The others are generally improper diphthongs.
A TRIPHTHONG is the union of three vowels in one syl
eau in beau, iew in view. The triphthong is properly a union of letters, not sounds.
OF THE VOWEL SOUNDS. Each of the vowels has several sounds.
In this book, these sounds are indicated by numerals. A has five sounds, denoted thus : fåte, fåt, får, fåll
, E has three principal sounds; as in me, met, her. I has three principal sounds; as in pine, pin, sir. O has six sounds; as in no, not, nor, wolf, move, dove. U has four principal sounds; as in tube, tub, fur, full.