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and, we think, with very good reason. It does not belong appropriately to this age of the world; it might have done better for ibe aye of cloisters and convents; and it is inflictiny incalculable injury upon the cause of our Master. The combatants in this arena of petty strife, do not see, perhaps, the injury which they are inflicting upon the cause of vital religion ; but they are doing it an irreparable injury, and others see it, if they do not. We ought, perhaps, to say here, it is not discussion, that we are condemning; it is not the examination of each other's supposed errors, however thorough and unsparing such an examination may be; on the contrary, we are the open advocates of the utmost freedom of discussion, on any and all subjects important enough to demand it.

But what we protest against, is, a needless separation between brethren, and such a carrying on of the theological warfare, as yoes to the sundering of the bands of confidence that ought to bind them together, and to the weakening of their hands against the common foe. Now, after throwing in this caution to the reader, lest we should be misunderstood, we must say, that we do love and venerate the nian, who can so far merge in that charity which hopeth all things, the peculiarities of bis christian brethren, (always supposing that these peculiarities do not touch any vital points of faith or practice,) as to extend to him the right hand of fellowship, and feel that be is still a brother in Christ, and refuse to let coldness and distrust spring up in his heart toward bim. The spirit of the excellent man whose life we are here reviewing, was of this kind. He was a decided Presbyterian, born and brought up in the “old dominion” of Virginia, warmly altached to bis native state, and to the form of society and of ecclesiastical maiters to which he had been accustomed there, the early companion and bosorn friend of Dr. Alexander, of Princeton, and as much afraid of innovations in religion, as a good man, under any latitude of our country, higher or lower, ought to be, probably. Yet it is well known, that in the feelings of his beart he syınpathized warmly with New-England ministers and NewEngland revivals, and rejoiced most heartily in all the success and honor with which a gracious Providence crowned the efforts of his people in building up bis kingdom in this section of our land. Repeatedly did he visit New-England, and has left on record the grateful emotions which he felt at baving the privilege of associating with his brethren here, both in the meetings of public bodies, and in the way of more private intercourse with them. Dr. Woods, we have already seen, was ainong bis chosen friends, and for many years (until the time of his death) one of bis correspondents. Of Dr. Milnor, too, of the Episcopal church, he speaks, on one occasion, in terms of the warmest commendation. The same might be shown in relation to other distinguished theologians and philanthropists ; he felt toward them the spirit of a brother, because he saw in them the likeness of his Master, because he saw them pursuing substantially the same great objects which fired his own soul, not because he agreed with them in all minor points. How lovely is true christian charity! how great and magnanimous too!

He was distinguished for the uprightness and purity of his motives. There was nothing in his character and conduct which looked like double-dealing to gain a point. His apparent object seems always to have been his real one,-always open and always honorable. No one who knew him, probably, ever suspected him of disingenuousness, or of having a secret selfish nature at the bottom. Forced as he was to come in contact with a wide diversity of human character, in his excursions through the country, and his numerous solicitations for aid in the object dearest to his heart, that of erecting a prosperous and well-endowed theological seminary for the south, his ingenuousness and purity of intention were never, we should think, called in question. You saw his whole heart and soul at once ; he wanted help for his infant seminary, struggling into being through many difficulties, not eclat for himself; and you saw at once, and every body saw at once, that this was his object,—this and no other. And so in regard to the general tenor of his life; in whatever he engaged, his heart was open and undisguised, his motives were as transparent as the light, and as pure, at least, from all the ordinary forms of selfishness. He labored and wore himself out for bis favorite seminary ; and yet he had no other personal and private interest in its prosperity than any other good man had. He had nothing to gain from it for hiinself or his family. On the contrary, he sacrificed much when he consented to take the charge of it. He was then pleasantly setiled over a large and growing congregation in Richmond, and had in the christian Aock under his care many who were peculiarly attached to him. His reputation as a preacher at this time, was deservedly high; and it was with extreme reluctance that his people gave him up, and acquiesced in bis being separated from theni ; and when he did leave iliein, to go and take charge of the new institution to which he had been appointed, it was still their desire, (apd such was the fact,) that his pastoral relation to them should in form continue, and not be dissolved. At the same time, he was offered the presidency of the college in New-Jersey, by a unanimous vote of the trustees; which offer, fron) motives of the utmost apparent purity and disinterestedness, he steadfastly declined. He says, too, in one of his letters, that he bad ofien been inquired of, whether he would accept of any appointment to become the head of a college, and as uniformly signified bis unwillingness to do so. Now in all this, whatever may be thought of the plan of his favorite seminary, as it respects the need or desirableness of such an institution, ihe purity of bis intentions, and the disinterestedness of his conduci, will at least be adınitted. The same thing might be evinced by a recurrence to his previous labors in the ministry, for several years, (before he went to Richmond,) preaching, as he then did, to a very scattered population, and probably to small congregations, at three different places alternately; although in the mean time he was obliged to support himself, in part, by teaching a private school. He chose to l'emain there, under these self-denying circumstances, rather than to break away from his people, and seek employinent elsewhere. In his friendships he was sincere and ardent.

His heart was evidently formed for pure and strong attachments. He did not, we are told, contract intimacies easily or lightly, but wherever he did forın friendships and receive persons into his confidence, he “grappled them to bim with hooks of steel." His own attachments being strong, they naturally invited and secured from others similar feelings in return. Among his most intimate and valued friends, beyond the circle of his family connections, were the professors at Princeton and Andover; William Wirt, late attorneygeneral of the United States, and author of the British Spy, and some other works of taste and merit ; William Maxwell, of Norfolk, Virginia, bis biographer, and the Rev. Dr. Speece, of Augusta, Georgia. In addition to these, we find among bis corespondents several members of the Randolph family in Virginia, and two or three letters from the late John Randolph of Roanoke; the late Dr. Wisner, of Boston, one of the secretaries of the American Board of Cominissioners for Foreign Missions ; Knowles Taylor, of New York, whose brother, the late James B. Taylor, died at Dr. Rice's residence a sew years since, on a journey for his health ; Dr. Chalıners, of Scotland ; and several others. The spirit of his letters, especially to his more intimate friends, is marked by a peculiar warmth of attachment, a strong interest in their welfare, and grateful recollections of former bappy hours enjoyed in their society. It is impossible to read some of his letters without baving the affectionateness of bis disposition strongly suygested to us, and without feeling that this was one of the most striking traits, as well as interesting attractions, in his character.

He took large and comprehensive views of things. His nind was fitted less to dwell among the ininuter objects and relations of a small circle of vision, than it was to expatiate over a larger field, and take in a wider range of objects ; not so much because his powers of mind were not adapted 10 close and careful investigation, as because his inclinations led him to put forth bis powers in another direction. He looked to see what could be done for

others, besides his own parish or state, and beyond the present passing generation of men. He saw the deplorable destitution of ministers which there was, not only immediately around him, in Richmond and the vicinity, but in all the southern country. And he rightly judged, that the tone of moral and religious feeling in that great and important portion of our country, could rever be elevated to what it should be, without a greater number of wellqualified heralds of the cross. He thought, also, that young men trained for the christian ministry at the northern institutions, would, on many accounts, be less likely to suit the people at the south, and be useful among them, even could they be procured, than yonng men born and educated on the spot; and whose habits and feelings should be congenial with those of the population among whom they were to labor in winning souls to Cbrist. Wbile, therefore, it was bris plan for the present, to procure all the properly qualified young men from the north that be could, to go down and labor among the people of the south as missionaries, bis ulterior object was, to prepare the way as soon as possible, to raise up young men among themselves and qualify them for this work. This was the leading and favorite object of his life. For this object, peculiarly, he sacrificed bis ease, expended bis property, impaired his health, and probably shortened bis days on earth. But he lived to see it in some good degree accomplished. Another proof of the large and comprehensive views which he was accustomed to take, is to be seen in his efforts to promote the interests of general education among the young. He not only taught a scbool himsell, and instructed as a tutor in college for a time; but he felt so much on this subject, that he prepared and published a careful statistical view of the wants of the people, in respect to a system of general education among them; estimating the number in a given district of country around him, who were supposed to grow up almost without any instruction, and showing what would, in the course of time, be the necessary consequences of this state of things, should it continue. He also, from similar motives, established and conducted for several years a monthly magazine, (as we have already stated,) devoted to the great interesis of literature and religion. This work he carried forward at great expense of time, and care, and toil, and money too, for the public good. His design was, to gain access in this way, to those whom he could reach in no other way, and to improve both their understandings and their hearts, and thus to prepare the way for the gospel to take deeper root and exert a wider influence among the people. Thus, instead of wasting his energies on little evanescent schemes, which, however successful, would bave accomplished but little good, be laid his plans of usefulness broad, looked round over a wider compass, and forward into futurity, and planned and labored for generations yet to come; Vol. VIII.


and now, having rested from his labors, his works, we doubt not, in a long succession of blessings down through far distant periods, are destined to follow him.

He possessed very great decision and energy of character. It is a happy circumstance in the intellectual bistory of any man, possessed originally of strong powers of mind, when it so happens, that at an early stage of his career, his mind becomes decidedly fixed on the attainment of soine one object, provided that object be a worthy one. There is, then, not only the requisite excitement supplied to secure vigorous action, but there is also a concentration of the mental forces to a single point ; so that the mind's action will be at once vigorous and steady, powerful and determined ; its highest efforts not only called forth, but called forth in one direction, and collected (like the solar rays falling on the vitreous medium prepared for the purpose) and poured together into one burning focus. This, by the way, is the great secret (under God) of distinguished success in all the pursuits of life, where any considerable mental energy is required. It is the determination of the mental powers to one point, an untiring, unrelaxing effort to gain that point, wbich has accomplished in letters, in science, in the arts, and the common business of life, almost all the great results that have ever been accomplished in our world. There is, undoubtedly, an original difference in men's minds in regard to the susceptibility or capacity of vigorous action; some minds being in this sense much stronger than others. But, over and above this original difference, there is also a decision and an energy of character wbich is wholly acquired, and acquired in the way we have pointed out. Frequently, some incidental, and so far as the mind itself is concerned, purely fortuitous or undesigned occurrence, is the occasion of giving to the mind a particular determination; it is turned with the main current of its desires toward some one specific object, and this object becomes benceforth the absorbing object of pursuit : like the goal at the end of the race, to those who contended in that exercise, it is the only object upon which the eye of the mind rests steadily, amidst a thousand oiber objects which might have been chosen instead of it, and the only object which the feelings of the heart are strongly interested to obtain. Now in consequence of this concentration of thought and desire upon

this one object of pursuit, it surely can be no wonder, that there should be a higher tone of decision and energy in that mind, and that ordinary hinderances in the way of its obtaining iis object should be fearlessly met and easily surmounted, when in other circumstances the obstacles would have seemed insuperable, and the object wholly out of reach. To apply these remarks to the case before us. In the mind of young Rice, there were originally the elements of mental decision and vigor. This

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