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And foild with dust of the long dried way;
XXXV. 1. A filly man, in simple weeds] Perhaps he wrote as Chaucer, “ A feely man.” We have seen above how the common enemy, disguised as a hermit, deluded the Chriftians, F. Q. i. i. 29. He now appears as a pilgrim. A Protestant reader will be apt to think our poet had his eye on the Roinith churches, where hypocrites frequently act in such disguises.
UPTON. Poetry, as I have formerly observed in a Note on the Origin of Paradise Regained, has often painted the grand diffembler in colours of this kind. I may now add, that, in Bale's comedy of The Three Laws, 12mo. printed in 1538, where the Vices are apparelled, “ Falfe Doctrine" is to be decked “ lyke a popyth doctour, and Ilypocrefy scorresponding with Spenser's Archimago,] lyke a gray fryre, Sign. G. i. A dramatist of later times thus also makes Fauftus address the Devil, in the Trag. Hift. of Dr. Faustus, 1616.
“ Goe, and returne an old Franciscan frier ;
“ That holy shape becomes a Deuill beft !” I must not close this note, without observing that seely; proposed by Mr. Church and Mr. Upton, is unneceffary. Silly, is a Northern or Scottish term for simple, without guile. It occurs in the old ballad of The Gaberlunzie Man, ver. 4. “ Will zee ludge a hilly poor old man.” On which word see the note by the very learned editor of that poem, John Callender, Esq., in Two Ancient Scottish Poems, &c. 8vo. 1782, p. 25. Todd.
XXXV.7. In his hand &c.] In his hand he has a Jacob's. staff, a pilgrim's staff; fo called because they used fuch in their pilgrimages to St. Jacob's or St. James's shrine, P. Ploreman, i. 2.
« Pilgrimes and palmers plight them together
His weary limbs upon ; and eke behind His fcrip did hang, in which his needments he did bind.
Tidings of warre, and of adventures new;
may I rew To tell the fad fight which mine eies have red; These eies did see that Knight both living and eke ded.”
XXXVII. That cruell word her tender hart fo thrild, That suddein cold did ronne through every
vaine, And ftony horrour all her fences fild With dying fitt, that downe she fell for paine. The Knight her lightly reared up againe, And comforted with curteous kind reliefe : Then, wonne from death, she bad him tellen
Pilgrims were those who were going their pilgrimages; Palmers, those who returned from their pilgrimages, and carried a staff or bough of a palm-tree, in token of their having performed their vows. But this distinction is not always observed.
The further proceffe of her hidden griefe: The lefser pangs can beare, who hath endur'd the chief.
This fatall day, that shall I ever rew,
life: What more? the Redcroffe Knight was slain with Paynim knife.”
XXXIX. “ Ah! dearest Lord,” quoth she, “ how might
that bee, XXXVIII. 2.
that shall I ever reæ,] This is the reading of both Spenser's own editions, which Mr. Upton and the edition of 1751 preserve. The folio of 1611 roads “ that I shall ever rew,” which is adopted in the folio of 1679, in Hughes's editions, in Tonson's edition of 1758, and in Church's. TODD.
XXXVIII. 6. My feareful flesh did tremble] So Psal. cxix. 20. “ My flesh trembleth for fear of thee." Church.
XXXVIII. 8. -- dronke with blood,] A fcriptural phrase, Deut. xxxii. 42. “I will make mine arrows drunk with blood.” And Jerem. xlvi. 10, “ The sword shall be made drunk with their blood.” Thus, metaphorically, Homer calls the skin of a bull drunk with fat, pebúscav árosoñ. Il. g. 390. UPTON.
XXXIX. 1. Ah ! deareft Lord, quoth me,] One would imagine that Una never would have addrett this poor pilgrim
And he the stouteft Knight, that ever wonne?” “ Ah! dearest Dame," quoth he,“ how
might I see The thing, that might not be, and yet was
donne ?” “ Where is,” said Satyrane, “ that Paynims
i fonne, That him of life, and us of ioy, hath refte ?" “ Not far away,” quoth he, “ he hence doth
with, dearest Lord. I have not altered the pointing ; but fup." posing one should alter it, and think tịat Una, listing her eyes to heaven, should in a kind of exclamation fay, Ah ! dearest Lord ! Good God, how might that be? The wicked Archimago, with malicious wit, takes it to himself, and sarcastically replies, Ah ! dearest Dame-Is not all this decorum, and agreeable to the characters of both ? UPTON.
XXXIX. 1. - - how might that bee,] That is, how should that be; and, in the fourth line, if that might not," that Mould not, have been. Spenser uses might for should, as he elsewhere uses may for can. CHURCH. XXXIX. 2.
that ever wonne ?] Here wonne means that ever conquered iņ battle. The word, rhyming to it, means doth dwell. Germ. wonnen, habitare. Chaucer uses it, and Milton has also admitted it into his Paradise Lost, B. vii. 457, UPTON
Of the first won, which is used as a neuter verb, Milton also affords examples in Par. Loft, B. vi. 122.
"He, who in debate of truth hath won, - " Should win in arms" See also Par. Reg. B. i. 426. TODD.
XXXIX. 8. Foreby] In the sense of by, signifying near to. Again, F. Q. i. vii. 2." Foreby a fountain fide." But in the more common sense of by, F. Q. v. xi. 17. “ He tooke her up forby the lilly hand." To which word the poet himself affords the interpretation, F.Q. iv. x. 53. “ Aud By the lilly hand her labourd up to rear." TODD.
Washing his bloody wounds, that through the
steele were cleft.” . : ." Therewith the Knight then marched forth in
Faire Una; whom when Satyrane efpide, With foule reprochfull words he boldly him
defide; And said ; " Arise, thou cursed miscreaunt, That hast with knightlesse guile, and treche
rous train, Faire knighthood fowly shamed, and doest
. XLI. 3. Faire knighthood fowly shamed, and doest vaunt] If we suppose a word to be left out here either in hafty writing, or by the printer; with much greater spirit, and with better metre, we may thus read,
" That hast with knightlefle and tracherous train,