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A filly man, in simple weeds forworne,

And foild with dust of the long dried way;
His sandales were with toilfome travell torne,
And face all tand with scorching funny ray,
As he had traveild many a fommers day
Through boyling sands of Arabie and Ynde;
And in his hand a Iacobs staffe, to stay

XXXV. 1. A filly man, in simple weeds] Perhaps he wrote as Chaucer, “ A feely man.” We have seen above how the common enemy, disguised as a hermit, deluded the Chriftians, F. Q. i. i. 29. He now appears as a pilgrim. A Protestant reader will be apt to think our poet had his eye on the Roinith churches, where hypocrites frequently act in such disguises.

UPTON. Poetry, as I have formerly observed in a Note on the Origin of Paradise Regained, has often painted the grand diffembler in colours of this kind. I may now add, that, in Bale's comedy of The Three Laws, 12mo. printed in 1538, where the Vices are apparelled, “ Falfe Doctrine" is to be decked “ lyke a popyth doctour, and Ilypocrefy scorresponding with Spenser's Archimago,] lyke a gray fryre, Sign. G. i. A dramatist of later times thus also makes Fauftus address the Devil, in the Trag. Hift. of Dr. Faustus, 1616.

“ Goe, and returne an old Franciscan frier ;

“ That holy shape becomes a Deuill beft !” I must not close this note, without observing that seely; proposed by Mr. Church and Mr. Upton, is unneceffary. Silly, is a Northern or Scottish term for simple, without guile. It occurs in the old ballad of The Gaberlunzie Man, ver. 4. “ Will zee ludge a hilly poor old man.” On which word see the note by the very learned editor of that poem, John Callender, Esq., in Two Ancient Scottish Poems, &c. 8vo. 1782, p. 25. Todd.

XXXV.7. In his hand &c.] In his hand he has a Jacob's. staff, a pilgrim's staff; fo called because they used fuch in their pilgrimages to St. Jacob's or St. James's shrine, P. Ploreman, i. 2.

« Pilgrimes and palmers plight them together
" For to feke S. James and Saints at Rome,”


His weary limbs upon ; and eke behind His fcrip did hang, in which his needments he did bind.

The Knight, approching nigh, of him inquerd

Tidings of warre, and of adventures new;
But warres, nor new adventures, none he herd.
Then Una gan to aske, if ought he knew
Or heard abroad of that her Champion trew,
That in his armour bare a croflet red.
“ Ay me ! deare Dame,” quoth he, “ well

may I rew To tell the fad fight which mine eies have red; These eies did see that Knight both living and eke ded.”

XXXVII. That cruell word her tender hart fo thrild, That suddein cold did ronne through every

vaine, And ftony horrour all her fences fild With dying fitt, that downe she fell for paine. The Knight her lightly reared up againe, And comforted with curteous kind reliefe : Then, wonne from death, she bad him tellen


Pilgrims were those who were going their pilgrimages; Palmers, those who returned from their pilgrimages, and carried a staff or bough of a palm-tree, in token of their having performed their vows. But this distinction is not always observed.


The further proceffe of her hidden griefe: The lefser pangs can beare, who hath endur'd the chief.

Then gan the Pilgrim thus; “ I chaunst this day,

This fatall day, that shall I ever rew,
To see two Knights, in travell on my way,
(A fory light,) arraung'd in batteill new,
Both breathing vengeaunce, both of wrathfull

hew :
My feareful Aesh did tremble at their strife,
To see their blades so greedily imbrew,
That, dronke with blood, yet thrifted after

life: What more? the Redcroffe Knight was slain with Paynim knife.”

XXXIX. “ Ah! dearest Lord,” quoth she, “ how might

that bee, XXXVIII. 2.

that shall I ever reæ,] This is the reading of both Spenser's own editions, which Mr. Upton and the edition of 1751 preserve. The folio of 1611 roads “ that I shall ever rew,” which is adopted in the folio of 1679, in Hughes's editions, in Tonson's edition of 1758, and in Church's. TODD.

XXXVIII. 6. My feareful flesh did tremble] So Psal. cxix. 20. “ My flesh trembleth for fear of thee." Church.

XXXVIII. 8. -- dronke with blood,] A fcriptural phrase, Deut. xxxii. 42. “I will make mine arrows drunk with blood.And Jerem. xlvi. 10, “ The sword shall be made drunk with their blood.Thus, metaphorically, Homer calls the skin of a bull drunk with fat, pebúscav árosoñ. Il. g. 390. UPTON.

XXXIX. 1. Ah ! deareft Lord, quoth me,] One would imagine that Una never would have addrett this poor pilgrim



And he the stouteft Knight, that ever wonne?” “ Ah! dearest Dame," quoth he,“ how

might I see The thing, that might not be, and yet was

donne ?” “ Where is,” said Satyrane, “ that Paynims

i fonne, That him of life, and us of ioy, hath refte ?" “ Not far away,” quoth he, “ he hence doth

Foreby a fountaine, where I late him left


with, dearest Lord. I have not altered the pointing ; but fup." posing one should alter it, and think tịat Una, listing her eyes to heaven, should in a kind of exclamation fay, Ah ! dearest Lord ! Good God, how might that be? The wicked Archimago, with malicious wit, takes it to himself, and sarcastically replies, Ah ! dearest Dame-Is not all this decorum, and agreeable to the characters of both ? UPTON.

XXXIX. 1. - - how might that bee,] That is, how should that be; and, in the fourth line, if that might not," that Mould not, have been. Spenser uses might for should, as he elsewhere uses may for can. CHURCH. XXXIX. 2.

that ever wonne ?] Here wonne means that ever conquered battle. The word, rhyming to it, means doth dwell. Germ. wonnen, habitare. Chaucer uses it, and Milton has also admitted it into his Paradise Lost, B. vii. 457, UPTON

Of the first won, which is used as a neuter verb, Milton also affords examples in Par. Loft, B. vi. 122.

"He, who in debate of truth hath won, - " Should win in arms" See also Par. Reg. B. i. 426. TODD.

XXXIX. 8. Foreby] In the sense of by, signifying near to. Again, F. Q. i. vii. 2." Foreby a fountain fide." But in the more common sense of by, F. Q. v. xi. 17. “ He tooke her up forby the lilly hand." To which word the poet himself affords the interpretation, F.Q. iv. x. 53. “ Aud By the lilly hand her labourd up to rear." TODD.



Washing his bloody wounds, that through the

steele were cleft.” . : ." Therewith the Knight then marched forth in

Whiles Una, with huge heavinesse opprest,
Could not for forrow follow him so fast;
And soone he came, as he the place had gheft,
Whereas that Pagan proud himselfe did rest
In secret shadow by a fountaine side;
Even be it was, that earst would have supprest

Faire Una; whom when Satyrane efpide, With foule reprochfull words he boldly him

defide; And said ; " Arise, thou cursed miscreaunt, That hast with knightlesse guile, and treche

rous train, Faire knighthood fowly shamed, and doest

That good Knight of the Redcroffe to have

flain :
Arise, and with like treason now maintain


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. XLI. 3. Faire knighthood fowly shamed, and doest vaunt] If we suppose a word to be left out here either in hafty writing, or by the printer; with much greater spirit, and with better metre, we may thus read,

" That hast with knightlefle and tracherous train,
“ Fạire knighthood fowly Mamd. And dost thou vaunt
“ That good Knight of the Redcrosse to have Nain ?"


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