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Bed. The king himself is rode to view

their battle. West. Of fighting men they have full

three-score thousand. Exe. There's five to one; besides, they all

are fresh. Sal. God's arm strike with us!’tis a fear

ful odds. God be wi' you, princes all; I'll to my

charge: If we no more meet till we meet in heaven, Then, joyfully, my noble Lord of Bedford, My dear Lord Gloucester, and my good Lord

Exeter, And my kind kinsman, warriors all, adieu! Bed. Farewell, good Salisbury; and good

luck go with thee! Exe. Farewell, kind lord; fight valiantly

today: And yet I do thee wrong to mind thee of it, For thou art framed of the firm truth of valor.

[Erit Salisbury Bed. He is as full of valor as of kind

ness; Princely in both.

Let him depart; his passport shall be made,
And crowns for convoy put into his purse:
We would not die in that man's company,
That fears his fellowship to die with us.
This day is call’d the feast of Crispian:
He that outlives this day, and comes safe

Will stand a tip-toe when this day is named,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
He that shall live this day, and see old age,
Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbors,
And say, "Tomorrow is Saint Crispian”;
Then will he strip his sleeve and show his

scars, And say, “These wounds I had on Crispin's

day.” Old men forget; yet all shall be forgot, But he'll remember with advantages What feats he did that day: then shall our

names, Familiar in his mouth as household words, Harry the king, Bedford and Exeter, Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Glou

cester, Be in their flowing cups freshly remem

ber'd. This story shall the good man teach his son: And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by, From this day to the ending of the world, But we in it shall be remembered ; We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he today that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother: be he ne'er so vile, This day shall gentle his condition; And gentlemen in England now abed Shall think themselves accursed they were

not here, And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any

speaks That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's


Enter the KING West.

O that we now had here But one ten thousand of those men in Eng

land That do no work today! K. Hen.

What's he that wishes so? My cousin Westmoreland ? No, my fair

cousin: If we are mark'd to die, we are enow To do our country loss; and if to live, The fewer men, the greater share of honor. God's will! I pray thee, wish not one man



By Jove, I am not covetous for gold,
Nor care I who doth feed upon my cost;
It yearns me not if men my garments wear;
Such outward things dwell not in my desires :
But if it be a sin to covet honor,
I am the most offending soul alive.
No, faith, my coz, wish not a man from

God's peace! I would not lose so great an

honor As one man more, methinks, would share



from me

For the best hope I have. O, do not wish

one more! Rather proclaim it, Westmoreland, through

my host, That he which hath no stomach to this fight,

Fair stood the wind for France, When we our sails advance; Nor now to prove our chance

Longer will tarry; But putting to the main, At Caux, the mouth of Seine, With all his martial train

Landed King Harry.

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Gloucester, that duke so good,
Next of the royal blood,
For famous England stood

With his brave brother. Clarence, in steel so bright, Though but a maiden knight, Yet in that furious fight,

Scarce such another!

14 Warwick in blood did wade; Oxford, the foe invade, And cruel slaughter made,

Still as they ran up. Suffolk his axe did ply; Beaumont and Willoughby Bare them right doughtily;

Ferrers, and Fanhope.

ing privileges ? who ever saw, before this regiment, an English Ligier in the stately porch of the Grand Signor at Constantinople? who ever found English consuls and agents at Tripolis in Syria, at Aleppo, at Babylon, at Balsara, and which is more, who ever heard of Englishman at Goa before now? what English ships did heretofore ever anchor in the mighty river of Plate ? pass and repass the unpassable (in former opinion) Strait of Magellan, range along the coast of Chili, Peru, and all the backside of Nova Hispania, further than any christian ever passed, traverse the mighty breadth of the South Sea, land upon the Luzones in despite of the enemy, enter into alliance, amity, and traffic with the princes of the Moluccas and the isle of Java, double the famous cape of Bona Speranza, arrive at the isle of St. Helena, and last of all return home most richly laden with the commodities of China, as the subjects of this now flourishing monarchy have done?

15 Upon Saint Crispin's Day Fought was this noble fray; Which Fame did not delay

To England to carry. 0, when shall English men With such acts fill a pen? Or England breed again

Such a King Harry!



1 You brave heroic minds, Worthy your country's name,

That honor still pursue;

Go and subdue! Whilst loitering hinds

Lurk here at home with shame.



2 Britons, you stay too long; Quickly aboard bestow you!

And with a merry gale

Swell your stretched sail, With vows as strong As the winds that blow you!


(From the Voyages, 1589] To harp no longer upon this string, and to speak a word of that just commendation which our nation do indeed deserve: it cannot be denied, but as in all former ages they have been men full of activity, stirrers abroad, and searchers of the remote parts of the world, so in this most famous and peerless government of her most excellent Majesty, her subjects, through the special assistance and blessing of God, in searching the most opposite corners and quarters of the world, and to speak plainly, in compassing the vast globe of the earth more than once, have excelled all the nations and people of the earth. For which of the kings of this land before her Majesty had their banners ever seen in the Caspian sea ? which of them hath ever dealt with the emperor of Persia as her Majesty hath doue, and obtained for her merchants large and lov

Your course securely steer, West-and-by-south forth keep!

Rocks, lee-shores, nor shoals,

When Eolus scowls, You need not fear, So absolute the deep.

4 And, cheerfully at sea, Success you still entice,

To get the pearl and gold;

A poet's brows
To crown, that may sing there.


And ours to hold,
Earth's only Paradise.

5 Where Nature hath in store Fowl, venison, and fish;

And the fruitful'st soil,

Without your toil,
Three harvests more,
All greater than your wish.

6 And the ambitious vine Crowns with his purple mass

The cedar reaching high

To kiss the sky, The cypress, pine, And useful sassafras.

Thy Voyages attend,
Industrious Hakluyt!

Whose reading shall inflama

Men to seek fame;
And much commend
To after times thy wit.



7 To whom, the Golden Age Still Nature's laws doth give:

Nor other cares attend,

But them to defend From winter's rage, That long there doth not live.

8 When as the luscious smell Of that delicious land,

Above the seas that flows,

The clear wind throws, Your hearts to swell, Approaching the dear strand.

9 In kenning of the shore (Thanks to God first given!)

( you, the happiest men,

Be frolic then!
Let cannons roar,
Frightening the wide heaven!

And in regions far,
Such heroes bring ye forth

As those from whom we came!

And plant our name
Under that star
Not known unto our North!

And where in plenty grows
The laurel everywhere,

Apollo's sacred tree
Your days may see

[From A Report of the Fight betwixt the Revenge and an Armada of the

King of Spain, 1591] Because the rumours are diversly spred, as well in Englande as in the lowe countries and els where, of this late encounter between her maiesties ships and the Armada of Spain; and that the Spaniardes according to their usual maner, fill the world with their vaine glorious vaunts, making great apparance of victories: when on the contrary, themselves are most commonly and shamefully beaten and dishonoured; therby hoping to possesse the ignorant multitude by anticipating and forerunning false reports: It is agreeable with all good reason, for manifestation of the truth to overcome falsehood and untruth; that the beginning, continuance, and successe of this late honourable encounter of Syr Richard Grinvile, and other her maiesties Captaines, with the Armada of Spaine; should be truly set downe and published without parcialltie or false imaginations. And it is no marvell that the Spaniard should seeke by false and slandrous Pamphlets, advisoes and Letters, to cover their owne losse, and to derogate from others their due honours especially in this fight beeing performed farre of; seeing they were not ashamed in the yeare 1588, when they purposed the invasion of this land, to publish in sundrie languages in print, great victories in wordes, which they pleaded to have obteined against this Realme, and spredde the same in a most false sort over all partes of France, Italie, and elsewhere. When shortly after it was happily manifested in verie deed to all Nations, how their Navy which they termed invincible, consisting of 240 saile of ships, not onely of their own kingdom, but strengthened with the greatest

Argosies, Portugall Caractes, Florentines, of Horse and foote. In this sort I have a and huge Hulkes of other countries: were little digressed from my first purpose, only by thirtie of her Maiesties' owne shippes of by the necessarie comparison of theirs and warre, and a few of our owne Marchants, by our actions: the one covetous of honor the wise, valiant, and most advantagious without vaunt or ostentation; the other so conduction of the L. Charles Howard, high greedy to purchase the opinion of their own Admirall of England, beaten and shuffeled affaires, and by false rumors to resist the togither, even from the Lizard in Cornwall: blasts of their owne dishonors, as they wil first to Portland, where they shamefully left not only not blush to spread all maner of Don Pedro de Valdes, with his mightie untruthes: but even for the least advantage, shippe: from Portland to Cales, where they be it but for the taking of one poore adlost Hugo de Moncado, with the Gallias of venturer of the English, will celebrate the which he was Captain, and from Cales, victorie with bonefiers in everie town, driven with squibs from their anchors: were alwaies spending more in faggots, then the chased out of the sight of England, round purchase was worth they obtained. When about Scotland and Ireland. Where for the as we never yet thought it worth the consympathie of their barbarous religion, hop- sumption of two billets, when we have taken ing to finde succour and assistance: a great eight or ten of their Indian shippes at one part of them were crusht against the rocks, time, and twentie of the Brasill fleet. and those other that landed, being verie Such is the difference between true valmanie in number, were not withstanding ure, and ostentation: and betweene honbroken, slaine, and taken, and so sent from ourable actions, and frivolous vainevillage to village coupled in halters to be glorious vaunts. But now to returne to shipped into Engla[n]d. Where her Maiestie my first purpose. of her Princely and invincible disposition, The L. Thomas Howard, with sixe of her disdaining to put them to death, and scorn- Maiesties ships, sixe victualers of London, ing either to retaine or entertaine them: the barke Ralegh, and two or three Pinnasses (they] were all sent backe againe to theire riding at anchor nere unto Flores, one of countries, to witnesse and recount the the Westerlie Ilands of the Azores, the last worthy achievements of their invincible and of August in the after noone had intelligence dreadfull Navy. Of which the number of by one Captaine Midleton, of the approach souldiers, the fearefull burthen of their of the Spanish Armada. Which Midleton shippes, the commanders names of everie being in a,verie good Sailer, had kept them squadron, with all other their magasines of companie three daies before, of good purprovision, were put in print, as an Army pose, both to discover their forces the more, and Navy unresistible, and disdaining pre- as also to give advice to my L. Thomas of vention. With all which so great and ter- their approch. He had no sooner delivered

an ostentation, they did not in all their the newes but the Fleet was in sight: manie sailing rounde about England, so much as of our shippes companies were on shore in sinke, or take one ship, Barke, Pinnes, or the Iland; some providing balast for their Cockbote of ours: or ever burnt so much ships; others filling of water and refreshing as one sheep-cote of this land. When as on themselves from the land with such thinges the contrarie, Syr Francis Drake, with only as they coulde either for money, or by force 800 souldiers not long before, landed in

By reason whereof our ships being their Indies, and forced Santiago, Santa all pestered and romaging everie thing out Domingo, Cartagena, and the Fortes of of order, verie light for want of balast. And Florida.

that which was most to our disadvantage, the And after that, Syr Iohn Norris marched one halfe part of the men of every shippe from Peniche in Portugall, with a handfull sicke, and utterly unserviceable. For in the of souldiers, to the gates of Lisbone, being Revenge there were ninetie diseased: in the above 40 English miles. Where the Earle of Bonaventure, not so many in health as could Essex himselfe and other valiant Gentlemen, handle her maine saile. For had not twentie braved the Cittie of Lisbone, encamped at men beene taken out of a Barke of Sir the verie gates; from whence after many George Caryes, his being commanded to be daies abode, finding neither promised partie, sunke, and those appointed to her, she had nor provision to batter: made retrait by hardly ever recovered England. The rest land, in despite of all their Garrisons, both for the most part, were in little better state.


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