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Arts and Sciences.

[February 7, 1818. T“ I have succeeded in producing a Dr Brewster, of Edinburgh, when causes contribute to the effect in queslight perfectly safe and economical, examining the optical properties of ice, tion. which is most brilliant in atmospheres has found that even large masses, two in which the flame of the safety lamp or three inches thick, formed upon

the It is well known that during the prois extinguished, and which burns in surface of standing water, are as per. cess of malting, a sweet matter is geevery mixture of carburetted hydrogen fectly crystallized as rock crystal, or nerated in grain. When barley-meal gas that is respirable. It consists of a calcareous spar, all the axes of the ele is infused in hot water, and kept in that slender metallic tissue of platinum, mentary crystals corresponding with the state for some time, the same saccharine which is hung in the top of the inte axis of the hexaedral prisms, being ex- matter, as is well known, is formed. No rior of the common lamp of wire gauze, actly parallel to each other, and per- light (says Dr Thomson) has hitherto or in that of the twilled lamp. It costs pendicular to the horizontal surface. been thrown upon this process, though from 6d. to 1s. and is imperishable. This unexpected result was obtained by it is essential towards the theory of This tissue, when the common lamp is transmitting polarised light through a brewing and distillation. But Kirchoff, introduced into an explosive atmo- plate of ice, in a direction perpendicu- whose views were naturally turned tosphere, becomes red hot, and continues lar to its surface. A series of beauti- wards this subject, by his discovery of to burn the gas in contact with it as ful concentric coloured rings, with a the method of converting starch into long as the air is respirable; when the dark rectangular cross passing through sugar by means of acids, has lately pub: atmosphere again becomes explosive, their centre, were thus exhibited, and lished an experiment, which constitutes the flame is relighted. I can now burn were of the opposite nature to those an sential and important step in the any

inflammable vapour, either with or which Dr Brewster had some years ago theory of fermentation. Barley-meal without fame, at pleasure, and make discovered in beryl, the ruby, and other contains both gluten and starch. If the wire consume it with either red or minerals. The polarising force of ice pure starch be infused in hot water, it white heat. I was led to this result, was found, from many experiments, to is not converted into sugar. Neither by discovering slow combustions with be it, that of rock crystal being 366. does gluten become saccharine matter out flame; and at last I found a metal

when treated in the same way. But, if which made these harmless combustions SIG. CONTE VOLTA has published a mixture of pure dried pulverized wheat visible.”

observations on the periodical returns gluten and potato-starch be infused in

of thunder-storms, and the very cold hot water, the starch is converted into NORTH-West PASSAGE.- Vessels and dry wind generally prevailing after sugar. During the process an acid is are fitting out by government for the them, when there has been a consider- evolved; yet the glutten is little alterpurpose of attempting again the north- able fall of hail; he undertakes to ex- ed; and, if the liquid be filtered, most west passage, the season being consi- plain a phenomenon relative to thunder- of it remains upon the filter. But it dered as peculiarly favourable to such storms, in their tendency to re-appear does not answer when employed a sean expedition. Larger masses of ice for several consecutive days, at the cond time to convert starch into sugar.than ever were before known, have this same hour, and over the same tract of It appears, then, that it is the gluten year been seen floating in the Atlantic, country, which the inhabitants of the which acts upon the starch, and converts and from their magnitude and solidity, mountainous districts in Italy never fail it into sugar. By malting, the gluten reached even the 10th latitude before to observe in the course of the spring undergoes a change, which enables it they were melted into a fluid state. and summer. This is particularly the to act more powerfully in turning the From an examination of the Greenland case in the neighbourhood of the Italian starch of raw grain into sugar. captains it has been found, that owing lakes and throughout Lombardy. If a to some convulsions of nature, the sea thunder-storm makes its appearance A remarkable phenomenon took place was more open and more free from com- over a certain valley, or some profound at Gerace in Calabria, on the 13th of pact ice than in any former voyage they opening in the ridge of mountains sur- March 1813. The circumstance is reever made; that several ships actually rounding the lake, at the hour of twelve, lated by Professor Sementini of Naples. reached the 84th degree of latitude, in and if the atmosphere clears towards The wind was westerly, and heavy which no ice whatever was found; that the evening after a shower of hail, an- clouds over the sea were approaching for the first time for 400 years, vessels other thunder storm will occur the next the land. About two hours after noon penetrated to the west coast of Green- day, and for several succeeding days, the wind fell, and the sky became quite sand, and that they apprehended no ob- at the same hour, and over the same dark. The clouds assumed a red and stacle to their even reaching the pole, place, without any deviation. He first threatening appearance, thunder folif it had consisted with their duty to supposes, that where a thunder-storm lowed, and rain fell, which had a red their employers to make the attempt. arises in serene weather succeeding a colour from a mixture of red dust. The This curious and important information thunder-storm of the preceding day, inhabitants were alarmed, and focked has induced the Royal Society to apply such a repetition must be owing to some to the churches, conceiving that the to ministers to renew the attempt of ex- particular modification imparted to the end of the world was come.

The red ploring a north-west passage, as well as column of air in which the phenomenon dust was very fine. It became black to give encouragement to fishing vessels takes place, by the first thunder storm, when exposed to a red heat, and efferto try how far northward they can reach, either by a peculiar or permanent elec- vesced when treated with acids. Its by dividing the bounty to be given, on tric state communicated to the said co- constituents were silica, carbonate of the actual discovery, into portions, as a lumns of air, or a considerable and equal- lime, alumina, iron, and chromium. reward for every degree beyond 84 that ly permanent change in its temperature; What renders this rain the more rethey shall penetrate.

and Volta believes that both these markable is, that the constituents of

February 7, 1818.]
Arts and Sciences.

299 this red dust are the same nearly with a singular nature were put on board at diately began to utter the most piercing one of the meteoric stones.

Batavia, for a passage to England; the and distressing cries, butting instinc

one a snake of that species called Boa tively, at the same time, with its head It having occurred to Mr Stevenson, Constrictor, the other an Ourang Out- towards the serpent, in self-defence. that the waters of the surface of the sea ang. The former (which only we shall The snake, which appeared at first must have less of the saline particles notice,) was somewhat small of his kind, scarcely to notice the poor animal, soon than the waters of the bottom, he lift- being only about 16 feet long, and 18 began to stir a little, and, turning his ed water from the surface at the an- inches in circumference, but his stomach head in the direction of the goat, it at chorage off Fort. William, and found it was rather disproportinate to his size, length fixed a deadly and malignant to be 1008.2; at the depth of nine fa. as will presently appear. He was a na eye on the trembling victim, whose athoms, 1025.5; at the depth of thirty tive of Borneo, and was the property of gony and terror seemed to increase; fathoms, in the central parts of the loch, a gentleman, (now in England,) who for, previous to the snake seizing its it was 1027.2.; indicating the greater had two of the same sort, but in the prey, it shook in every limb, but still specific gravity, and consequently more passage up to Bataria, one of them continuing its unavailing show of attack, of the saline particles as the depth of broke loose from his confinement, and by butting at the serpent, who now bethe water is increased.

very soon cleared the decks, as every came sufficiently animated to prepare for

body very civilly made way for him. the banquet. The first operation was, Professor Berzeilus of Stockholm Not being used to a ship, however, or that of darting out his forked tongue, and states, that small quantities of titanium taking, perhaps, the sea for a green at the same time rearing a little his head; are occasionally met with in sulphuric field, he sprawled overboard, and was then suddenly seizing the goat by the acid of English manufacture; and that drowned. He is said not to have sunk fore leg with his mouth, and throwing in sulphuric acid from a manufactory immediately, but to have reared his head him down, he was encircled in an inat Stockholm minute portions of tel. several times, and with it a considerable stant in his horrid folds. So quick, and Turium, in the state of sulphuret, have portion of his body, out of the sea. His so instantaneous was the act, that it been found mixed with urburned sul companion, lately our shipınate, was was impossible for the eye to follow the phur. The sulphur employed in the brought safely on shore, and lodged in rapid convolution of his elongated body. latter manufactory is obtained from py- the court yard of Mr Davidson's house It was not a regular screw-like turn that rites found in the mine of Fahlun, in at Ryswick, where he remained for was formed, but resembling rather a which no traces of tellurium have yet some months, waiting an opportunity of knot, one part of the body overlaying been discovered.

being conveyed home in some commo- the other, as if to add weight to the

dious ship sailing directly for England, muscular pressure, the more effectually On the morning of the 3d Novem- and where he was likely to be carefully to crush his object. During this time ber an aerolite of considerable size fell attended to. This opportunity offered he continued to grasp with his mouth, in the Rue de Richelieu at Paris, with in the Cæsar, and he was accordingly though it appeared an unnecessary presuch force as to displace part of the embarked on board of that ship with the caution, that part of the animal which pavement, and to sink to some depth rest of her numerous passengers. Dur- he had first seized. The poor goat, in into the earth. It was accompanied by ing his stay at Ryswick he is said to the meantime, continued its feeble and a sulphureous smell, and seemed to have been usually entertained with a half-stifled cries for some minutes, but have been recently in a state of igni- goat for dinner once in every three or they soon became more and more faint, tion or combustion.

four weeks, with occasionally a duck and at last it expired. The snake, how

or a fowl,, by way of a desert. He was ever, retained it for a considerable time Mrs Agnes Ibbetson, whose curious brought on board shut up in a wooden in its grasp, after it was apparently mobotanical researches have been prose- crib or cage, the bars of which were tionless. He then began slowly and cuted with equal perseverance and suc- sufficiently close to prevent his escape ; cautiously to unfold himself, till the cess, has thoroughly examined, for the and it had a sliding door, for the pur- goat fell dead from his monstrous emthird time what is termed the perspira- pose of admitting the articles on which brace, when he began to prepare himtion found now and then on a few trees. he was to subsist; the dimensions of self for the feast. Placing his mouth in This is no other than the transparent the crib were about four feet high, and front of the head of the dead animal, eggs of a small insect feeding at the time about five feet square, a space sufficient- he commenced by lubricating with his under the leaf, while the eggs are left ly large to allow him to coil himself saliva that part of the goat; and then on the upper surface. A singular phæ- round with ease. The live stock for his taking its muzzle into his mouth, which nomenon is exhibited by these eggs, use, during the passage, consisting of had, and indeed always has, the appearwhich sometimes run round with great six goats of the ordinary size, were sentance of a raw lacerated wound, he suckvelocity, when the mother insect is not with him on board, five being consider- ed it in, as far as the horns would als near them, for above a minute at a time. ed as a fair allowance for as many low. These protuberances opposed

months. At an early period of the voy- some little difficulty, not so much from The Boa Constrictor.

age we had an exhibition of his talent their extent as from their points; how

in the way of eating, which was publicly ever, they also in a very short time disapThe following interesting fact in na performed on the quarter-deck, on which peared ; that is to say, externally, but their tural history, respecting this immense he was brought. The sliding door be- progress was still to'be traced very discreature, is extracted from M.Leod's ing opened, one of the goats was thrust tinctly on the outside, threatening every Narrative of a Voyage to the Yellow sea: in, and the door of the cage shut. The moment to protrude through the skin.

** Notwithstanding the crowded state poor goat, as if'instantly aware of all the The victim had now descended as far as of the Cæsar, two passengers of rather horrors of its perilous situation, imme. the shoulders, and it was an astonishing



Fine Arts.

[February 7, 1818, sight to observe the extraordinary ac- field and his household, of whom, if we letter, so honourable to Mr Haydon, tion of the snake's muscles when stretch recollect aright, each individual looked by hoping that the correspondence thus ed to such an unnatural extent--an ex- stately forth in the solitude of his own begun, will not end, and that“ Mr Haytent which must have destroyed all mus. imagination. This little piece, though don will continue it for the benefit of cular power in any animal that was not, it does not tell a tale, comprises a very the arts in Russia." like itself, endowed with very peculiar pleasing and interesting groupe. The faculties of expansion and action at the bard himself is seated in a familiar attisame time. When his head and neck tude on a bank, in the exact costume

Equestrian Statue of Henry IV. had no other appearance than that of a in which he perambulates the hills and

PARIS will soon exhibit a new moserpent's skin stuffed almost to burst- dales of his estate, viz. a short jacket, nument in honour of Henry IV. The ing, still the workings of the muscles leather gaiters, and large white hat, ancient equestrian statue of that monwere evident; and his power of suction, with a dog-whistle suspended round his arch is shortly to be replaced on the as it is erroneously called, unabated; neck, and a huge oaken towel in his Pont Neuf. Some anecdotes relative it was, in fact the effect of a contractile hand. Behind him, on the right, are

to this statue and its history, may not muscular power, assisted by two rows seen Mrs Scott, as a cottage matron, be uninteresting to our readers. This of strong hooked teeth. With all this and her daughters, two young ladies monument was the first of the kind he must be so formed as to be able to rising into the bloom of life, attired as erected to the memory of the kings of suspend, for a time, his respiration ; for ewe-milkers; on the left is an admira- France. Its foundation was laid by it is impossible to conceive that the pro- ble groupe, consisting of Captain Fer- Marie de Medicis, as a token of love to cess of breathing could be carried on guson, an early and valued friend of her illustrious consort in the year in while the mouth and throat were so Mr Scott's; Mr Walter and Mr Charles which Louis XIII. her son, came of completely stuffed and expanded by the Scott, his sons, and a fine old rosy pea- age.

That princess destined for the body of the goat, and the lungs them- sant, an appendage of the family. Mr monument a superb horse executed in selves (admitting the trachea to be ever Scott's gigantic stag greyhound Maida bronze, which had been presented to so hard) compressed, as they must have occupies the foreground, with some less her by Cosmo II. de Medicis, her fabeen, by its passage downwards. The important figures.

ther. This horse was executed by whole operation of completely gorging

order of Ferdinand, Grand-duke of the goat occupied about two hours and

Tuscany, who intended to have had twenty minutes : at the end of which

The superior talents of a young

Rotime, the tumefaction was confined to

his own statue placed upon it. He had man painter called Agricola, are so commissioned Giovanni di Bologna, a the middle part of the body, or stomach, much admired, that he is assigned a pupil of Michael Angelo, to exethe superior parts, which had been so place, by connoisseurs, between Ra- cute the work ; but the prince and much distended, having resumed their phael and Leonardo de Vinci

. A pic- the artist dying before the statue natural dimensions. He now coiled ture, representing Petrarch and Laura,

was completed, Cosmo II. his suchimself up again, and lay quietly in has carried the reputation of this artist cessor, had it finished by Pietro de his usual torpid state for about three to the highest pitch.

Taca, the most celebrated sculptor of weeks or a month, when, his last meal

his time. He afterwards gave it to his appearing to be completely digested The splendid picture by David, of daughter, who was regent of the and dissolved, he was presented with Bonaparte scaling the Alps, which was kingdom, and appointed the Cheanother goat, which he devoured with long in the hall of statues at Paris, and valier Pascholini to present it to her. equal facility. It would appear that al- concealed from public view by a co- These details have been chiefly collectmost all he swallows is converted into vering of green cloth, has been pur

ed from a parchment manuscript, which nutrition, for a small quantity of cal- chased, it is said, by the King of Prus- was enclosed in a leaden case, and careous matter, (and that, perhaps, not sia, and is now in the palace at Berlin. placed under the pedestal of the statue, a tenth part of the bones of the animal)

and a copy of which has been faithfully with occasionally some of the hairs,

preserved by historians.

It is there seemed to compose his general fæces;

Casts from the Elgin Marbles.

stated, that the first stone was laid on and this may account for these animals A set of casts from the Elgin marbles the 23d of August, 1614 ; that the king being able to remain so long without a are to be immediately prepared for the was present at the ceremony, accomsupply of food. He had more difficul. Imperial Academy of Arts at Peters- panied by all his court, by M. de Lainty in killing a fowl than a larger ani- burgh, under the direction and super-court, governor of Paris, by the Prevot mal, the former being too small for his intendence of Mr Haydon, to whom des Merchands, and the Echerins. The grasp.

M. M. Olenin, the preident, has written horse was shipped at Leghorn in 1613,
in the most flattering terms for that on board a frigate, which was wrecked

purpose. M. Olenin has also, as a mark on the coast of Sardinia. The vessel

of his estimation for Mr Haydon's ta- and the crew perished, and the horse

lents, presented him, for his own private remained nearly a year in the sea. It Mr Wilkie, the celebrated artist, study, with some casts from the impe- was afterwards drawn out, and conveyed has lately made a finished sketch of Mr rial collection of a bust of Achilles, a to Havre, where it arrived in the beWalter Scott and his family. The ar- beautiful statue of Venus, and one of ginning of May 1614, and reached Parangement of the figures can hardly be Silenus, which are considered as the ris, by the Seine, on the 13th of August said to compose a story; neither is it finest things in the collection of the following. The statue was executed like that of the worthy Vicar of Wake- emperor. M. M. Olenin, concludes his by Dupre, the master of the famous

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February 7, 1818.]
Fine Arts

235 Varin. Girardon, who himself took tion were placed above the inscriptions | tial darts with a mixed feeling of savage the dimensions of this statue, informs on the pedestal, which expressed the triumph and determined ferocity. The us, that the figure of the king was ten most ardent wishes for the prosperity sable garment which enfolds one arm, feét ten inches high, and that the horse of France. Finally on the 11th of Au- and the serpent which entwines the omeasured eleven feet four inches from gust, 1792, the statue of Henry IV. ther, are excellently conceived and exthe front of the head to the extreme fell with the throne of Louis XVI, and ecuted. The horse, although painted point of the tail. The ornaments of the cannon of alarm was planted on the in an unusual colour, is too substantial the pedestal were executed by Franche- spot where the image of the saviour of for its rider: there is nothing but the ville, first sculptor to the king, who Paris had been adorned for the space blue flame which he emits that marks it copied the designs of Civoli for the of two centuries.

as unearthly : there is a want of assimifigures at the four corners. The in

lation between him and his rider, which scriptions on this monument have been

Mr West's Picture of Death on the

we perceive with regret, but feel it difthe subject of much literary disquisi

Pale Horse.

ficult to express. The Rider on the tion. The queen first of all appointed

Red, who is moving in a direction with Father Cotton, a jesuit, to compose The artist has every claim to our es- him on the White Horse, does not apthem in French. But he died before timation : he is now of a patriarchal pear to us invested with those terrific this task was completed, and it accor- age, and claims from our younger and and martial qualities which belong to dingly devolved on Gilbert Gaulmin, less practised understandings deference him in the original. He is little more sieur of Montgeorget, intendant of the rather than censure. It is, however, a than an ancient warrior mounted on a Nivernais, and one of the most learned necessary, though unpleasing task, to modern charger. The Rider on the men of the age in which he lived. investigate with equal impartiality the Black Horse is finely placed, and alGaulmin was distinguished for an ex- productions of all artists ; and the em- though the head is a favourite one of cellent Latin ; but Charpentier, in his ployment of a critic is peculiarly re- the artist's, and may be traced in his owork on the Excellence of the French volting, when he is compelled to ban ther pictures, it is imposing and expresLanguage, accuses him of preferring ish from his recollection the private vir- sive. The principal episode is the conLatin to French, and of having laid tues and the venerable age of sueh a flict of men and beasts, and it has afthe ideas of several Latin authors un. man as West, in order to dwell on im- forded a fine scope for the vigorous and der contribution. Some historians perfections which are inseparably allied correct pencil of Mr West. The unhave erroneously attributed these in- to all human undertakings. The fact daunted courage of the man attacking scriptions to Benigne Millotel, advo- is, that although Mr West's power of the lion is uncommonly well exprescate-general to the parliament of Dijon. mind and pencil are preserved to him sed. The reviving action of the figure Twenty-one years were allotted for the in an unusual degree, yet it cannot be whose back is placed to the spectacompletion of this statute, which was said of him as of the prophet of old : tor is also excellent. Of the intronot entirely finished until the year 1635.“ His eye was not dim, nor his natural duction of the Saracenic army opposSince that period the equestrian statue force abated.We do not like this pic- ed by crusaders, &c. and the story of of Henry IV. has ever been an object ture as well as we do his last, nor do we the youth struck with lightening, we of veneration to the Parisians. At the admire that as much as many of his per- cannot much approve; the subject paintfoot of that monument the people have formances which preceded it, particu- ed is visionary, and we conceive that the always assembled to express their joy larly an early sketch of the present sub- principal action ought to be undisturbed: and their sorrows. The victory of De-ject, which has been the theme of uni- we here require some of that indistinctvain was celebrated on the same spot versal admiration. Parts of this pic-ness which the author of the description where tears were shed for the indispo- ture are extremely beautiful, but as a seems to consider inapplicable to paint. sition with which Louis XV. was at- whole we do not think it is entitled to ing, although of such important advantacked at Metz, and where acclama- much admiration. The principal figure tage in the sister art of poetry. It is tions of joy were afterwards raised for in the action is confessedly the Rider of in this particular that we so highly adthe battle of Fontenoy. By this kind the White Horse ; but instead of being mire the pictures of Mr Fuseli

, on suof worship, the French people proved foremost in the picture, he is obvious- pernatural or mystic subjects; his cantheir love for the family of the Bour-ly subordinate, and he appears rather vas is the faithful transcript of visionary bons ; but the same course was likewise making way for the advance of the King appearances. We suppose the mind on adopted by the instigators of the re- of Terrors, than preceding him in his such occasions to be so forcibly on the "volution ; at every seditious movement disastrous course. The expression of stretch as to be unable to observe any they led the populace to the Pont-Neuf, the head, too, of this figure does not, but the priocipal action, the remainder where they endeavoured to disguise to us, indicate those attributes which is involved in gloom, or if amid the their intentions by the respect they are so eloquently ascribed to it in the chaos any secondary form appears, it is affected to entertain for a king, the idol description before quoted. The prin- indefinite and faint. Of the family in of the French people. The statue of cipal and commanding figure is Death the front of the picture, the immediate Bearvais was not protected from re- ON. THE PALE HORSE ; and it is un- victims of the inexorable King of Tervolutionary outrages. After the 14th doubtedly the best. The sepulchral rors, we have not yet spoken, because of July, 1789, the forehead, which was and supernatural colour of the head is we would fain conclude in admiration. shaded by the plume of ivy, was pro- excellent : the livid lip seems yet howl. Nothing can be conceived more touchfaned by the cockade of rebellion. During the last sentence of a bitter curse : ing or more natural than the agony of ing the scandalous scenes of 1790 and the eye balls flash with fire, and the the husband deploring the beloved part1791, portraits of the apostles of sedi- grasped hands dispense their pestilen. ner of his joys, who, with her infant,

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[February 7, 1818. have just fallen beneath the fatal and tion, concluded his lecture by expressed of very general interest, we have no hesita desolating shafts of Death. The freshing his intention of publishing, at some

tion in pronouncing this statistical and historical colour of the daughter, who throws future period, a more full and minute view of Britain a model of perspicuous arrange

ment and judicious compression. It is divided herself across the lifeless trunk of her explanation of the principles he had into two parts. The first comprehends a rapid mother, is also admirably pourtrayed. thus slightly indicated.”

sketch of the whole island, under the general The subordinate parts of the picture are

title Statistics; and, including the boundaries, finely painted. The dæmon grasping his

extent, &c. aspect, natural history, soil and evictim with one hand, and clenching


griculture, inhabitants, manufactures, &c. civil

and ecclesiastical constitution. The second part, with the other his impatient dagger, is

necessarily of much greater length, presents an a most vigorous and well imazined be


excellent abridgement of the civil history of the ing-New M. May.

ENCYCLOPÆDIA Edinensis, or DicTIONARY kingdom, in three chapters; the first of which
OF ARTS, SCIENCES, &c. in six Volumes 4to.

treats of the history of England; the second of
by James Miller, M.D. fc. Vol. II. Part I. the history of Scotí nd; and the last of that of
Royal Academy.
Edinburgh. Hill and Co.

Britain. The whole of this treatise, it is suffi

In a short notice of this work in our first num- ciently obvious, is an original composition; for Mr W'est lately delivered a lecture ber, we expressed some apprehension that more no other work conta'ns so much within the same to the students of the Royal Academy, was held out in the prospectus than it seemed space. The history is brought down to the do of which the following account has ap- bility of compressing within six volumes what is suggest to the proprietors, whether a separate

We allude to the practica-parture of Bonaparte to St Helena. We would peared.

usually expected in a Dictionary of Arts, Scien- | publication of the treatise on Britain would not “ It consisted of observations on the ces, and Miscellaneous Literature. This esti be useful as a school-book. principles of colour, and on the appli- mate was formed, perhaps

, on a comparison with The Engravings accompanying this Part are cation of those principles to the art of similar publications of far, greater extent, with beautifully executed by Lizars. The Boring

out considering what might be omitted without Apparatus is of the most approved construction; painting. Mr West began by observo disadvantage to the general reader. But a closer of the three plates on Botany, two of them have ing, that light is the source of colour, examination and comparison of what has appear- much interest. One of them contains a fine and that the colours of the rainbow are ed of this Dictionary, with the corresponding groupe of the most elegant tribes of plants--- the to be considered as a rule for the dis parts of larger works of the same description, palms; and the other presents a view of the tribution of colours in a picture. In convince us of the incorrectness of our first views. Banyan tree, one of the most singular vegetable order more clearly to express his idea, Part now before us, which begins nearly with the venerable president exhibited a BREWING, and comes down as far as the bio- | CHEMICAL AMUSEMENTS, by Frederick Accum. painting which he had executed for the graphical sketch of Buchanan, including, with

Pp. 191. London, 1817. 7s.

As far as the author is concerned, he has sent occasion, containing the representation in these limits, a very comprehensive, and, it his book into the world under a misnomer; for it of two globes, one of which was co

may be added, a very satisfactory view of every ought to have been entitled Alchemical Amuse

thing relating to BRITAIN. lourless, and the other tinted with the

The treatise on Brewing is divided into two ments, since he makes a demand of seven sbilprismatic colours. On the former he parts. The first unfolds the principles of the lings from the pockets of the purchasers, and pointed out the existence of central art; and the second exhibits a general view of puts very little in its place. This remark refers, light, shade, and reflection, of which the practice. We have taken the trouble to first, to the quantity of the matter, which is at all natural objects partake, as they are compare this treatise with one on the same sub- the rate of about two pages for a penny; but it all in some degree round. By the se in the Supplement to the Encyclopædia Bri- is a mere compilation from his own system of cond, he explained how the colours of tannica; and if the practical brewer can carry chemistry, which, again, is itself a pretty correct the rainbow expressed the different de- with him into his malting and mashing proces- treatises, in which a detail of illustrative experigrees of light, half-tint, and reflection; that is, if he can weigh and measure the ulti- ments is given. But some of the experiments and showed how perfectly well the ar

mate particles of carbone, and hydrogen, and rangement of these colours was adapted oxygen, we recommend to him to study the lat- minating silver unattended with danger ? Or to the purposes of painting. Considered ter treatise, which may probably teach him to

will Mr Accum say, that the quantity of hyperin this light, he maintained that the become an excellent chemical brewer, yet, per- oxymuriate of potash, which he recommends in

some experiments, ought to be tried by an inexCartoons of Raphael are among the haps, he may not be able, by his refined procesfinest specimens of composition of co. is palatable to ordinary tastes. ses, to produce a single glass of small beer that

perienced chemist?

But if he wish ANECDOTES of the Life of RICHARD WATSON, lour, and referred particularly to the to be guided by the more palpable principles of Bishop of Landaff, written by himself at difCharge to Peter, Paul preaching at chemistry, we should certainly advise him to ferent intervals, and revised in 1814, 4to. Athens, and Elymas struck blind, as make himself acquainted with the treatise in the This work conveys a melancholy picture of proofs of that painter's attention to the smaller work. The principles are laid down much frailty, united with great ability;

is wholly with great perspicuity and conciseness, and, we revised, and perhaps chiefly written at the age of principles of colour, which he had here should think, would be highly useful to the pri- 75. It is lamentable to bhink, that the soundsaid down. Titian did not understand vate brewer.

ness of more vigorous years has not been exerthe true arrangement of colour until he Every other kind of fermented liquor is no- cised in correcting the errors of garrulous servivisited Rome in an advanced period of ticed in this treatise; and we have little doubt lity. The mainspring of Dr Watson's actions, his life, and after Raphael had fixed it of home-made wines, will derive much advan- ) appears

, on his own shewing, to have been the that those who are engaged in the manufacture and the bar to his more prosperous fortunes, on unerring principles.

tage from perusing it, and following the direc- most inordinate opinion of his own genius and • Mr West then reminded the stu- tions which are so distinctly detailed.

importance. This volume compels us to acknow. dents of the great advantages they pos- BRITAIN occupies the larger portion of the ledge, that the highest gifts may be perverted by sessed in the Elgin marbles and the Part, and extends to about 120 pages; but with overweening egotism, and the blessings of nature Cartoons of Raphael ; and after ad- in these limits it includes a greater quantity of turned into barrenness by that single feebleness of

matter than any work with which we are ac humanity, which we imagine is strength, and call vising them to attend to the cultivation quainted; and, with he exception of some de- pride. Read, and learn that the strongest mind of their minds as much as to the attails relative to the early history of England, is not exempt from the most contemptible weaktainment of facility in manual execu- / which are surely too minute, and are not possess - nesses.

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