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vingt-cinq,
vingt-sir,
vingt-sept,
vingt-huit,
vingt-neuf,
trente,
trente-un, or
{trente-et-un, S

trente-deur, &c.
quarante,
quarante-et-un,
quarante-deur,
cinquante,
cinquante-et-un,
soixante,
soixante-et-un,
soirante-deur,
soixante-trois,
soixante-quatre,
soixante-cinq,
soixante-six,
soixante-sept,
soirante-huit,
soixante-neuf,
soixante-dir,
soixante-onze,
soixante-douze,
soixante-treize,
soixante-quatorze,
soirante-quinze,
soixante-seize,
soixante-dix-sept,
soixante-dix-huit,
soirante-dix-neuf,
quatre-vingt,
quatre-vingt-un,
quatre-vingt-deux,
quatre-vingt-trois,
quatre-vingt-quatre,
quatre-vingt-cing,
quatre-vingt-six,
quatre-vingt-sept,
quatre-vingt-huit,
quatre-vingt-neuf,
quatre-vingt-dix,
quatre-vingt-onze,

twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-nine, thirty, thirty-one, thirty-two, &c. forty, forty-one, forty-two, fifty, fifty-one, sixty, sixty-one, sixty-two, sixty-three, sixty-four, sixty-five, sixty-six, sixty-seven, sixty-eight, sixty-nine, seventy, seventy-one, seventy-two, seventy-three, seventy-four, seventy-five, seventy-six, seventy-seven, seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eighty-three, eighty-four, eighty-five, eighty-six, eighty-seven, eighty-eight, eighty-nine, ninety, ninety-one,

XXV.
XXVI.
XXVII.
XXVIII.
XXIX.
XXX.
XXXI.
XXXII.
XL.
XLI.
XLII.
L.
LI.
LX.
LXI.
LXII.
LXIII.
LXIV.
LXV.
LXVI.
LXVII.
LXVIII.
LXIX.
LXX.
LXXI.
LXXII.
LXXIII.
LXXIV.
LXXV.
LXXVI.
LXXVII.
LXXVIII.
LXXIX.
LXXX.
LXXXI.
LXXXII.
LXXXIII.
LXXXIV.
LXXXV.
LXXXVI.
LXXXVII.
LXXXVIII.
LXXXIX.
XC.
XCI

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92, quatre-vingt-douze, ninety-two,

XCII. 93, quatre-vingt-treize, ninety-three, XCIII. 94, quatre-vingt quatorze ninety-four,

XCIV. 95, quatre-vingt-quinze, ninety-five,

ХСу. 96, quatre-vingt-seize, ninety-six,

XCVI. 97, quatre-vingt-dix-sept, ninety-seven, XCVII. 98, quatre-vingt-dix-huit, ninety-eight, XCVIII. 99, quatre-vingt-dix-neuf, ninety-nine, XCIX. 100, cent*,

a hundred,

C. 101, cent-un, fc.

a hundred and one, CI. 200, deux cents,

two hundred, CC. 300, trois cents, &c. three hundred, CCC. 1000, mille, mil t,

a thousand,

M. 2000, deux mille,

two thousand, MM. 3000, trois mille,

three thousand, MMM. 1,000,000, un million,

a million.

ORDINAL NUMBERS.

} Ist, first.
}2d, second.

ler, premier, m. première, f. or

unième I, 2d, second, m. seconde, f. or

deuxième I, 3e, troisième, 4e, quatrième, 5e, cinquième, 6e, sixième, 7e, septième, 8e, huitième, 9e, neuvième, 10e, dixième, lle, onzième, 12e, douzième, 13e, treizième,

3d, third.
4th, fourth.
5th, fifth.
6th, sixth.
7th, seventh.
8th, eighth.
9th, ninth.
10th, tenth.
Ilth, eleventh.
12th, twelfth.
13th, thirteenth.

* In one hundred, except speaking of things that may be sold by the hundred, one is not to be translated; therefore we say cent hormes, one hundred men; un cent de pommes, one (or, a) hundred apples. In one thousand, mille, one is never translated. + See Rule 6, p. 46.

Unième is only used after pingt, trente, quarante, cinquante; soixante, quatre-vingt, cent, and mille; and deuxième is always used instead of second after these same numbers. We therefore say, vingtunième, vingt-deuxième ; cinquante-unième, cinquante-deuxième, &c. Yet the use of deuxième is not, like that of unième, confined to the formation of these compound numbers.

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14e, quatorzième, 15e, quinzième, 16e, seizième, 17e, dir-septième, 18e, dir-huitième, 19e, dix-neuvième, 29e, vingtième, 2le, vingt-uničme, or vingt-} 22e, vingt-deuxième, 30e, trentième, 3le, trente-unième, &c. 40e, quarantième, 4le, quarante-unième, fc. 50e, cinquantième, 5le, cinquante-unième, &c. 60e, soicantième, fc. 69e, soixante-neuviènie, 70e, soixante-dixième, 7le, soixante-onzième, 80e, quatre-vingtième, 8le, quatre-vingt-unième, 8c. 89e, quatre-vingt-neuvième, 90e, quatre-vingt-dixième, 9le, quatre-vingt-onzième, 100e, centième, 10le, cent-unième, 102e, cent-deuxième, 200e, deux-centième, 1000e, millième,

14th, fourteenth.
15th, fifteenth.
16th, sixteenth.
17th, seventeenth.
18th, eighteenth.
19th, nineteenth.
20th, twentieth.
21st, twenty-first.
22d, twenty-second.
30th, thirtieth.
31st, thirty-first.
40th, fortieth.
41st, forty-first.
50th, fiftieth.
5lst, fifty-first.
60th, sixtieth.
69th, sixty-ninth.
70th, seventieth.
71st, seventy-first.
80th, eightieth.
8lst, eighty-first.
89th, eighty-ninth.
90th, ninetieth.

9lst, ninety-first.
100th, hundredth.
101st, hundred and first.
102d, hundred and second.
200th, two hundredth.
1000th, thousandth.

RULES ON THE NUMERAL ADJECTIVES.

1. Of the cardinal numbers, un, one, alone varies to agree in gender with the substantive which it precedes, or which may come after it. Ex. Un homme, one man; vingt-et-une maisons, twenty-one houses.

2. Cent, when plural, as deux cents, trois cents, &c., and quatre-vingt (eighty), take an s when followed by a substantive; as deux cents hommes, two hundred men; quatre-VINGTs chevaux, eighty horses.

3. They likewise take the s if the substantive be understood after them; as, Combien de livres avez-vous ? how many books have you ? J'en ai neuf CENTS, I have nine hundred (books).

men.

4. But cent and quatre-vingt never take the s when followed by another numeral adjective ; as, deux cent cinquante personnes, two hundred and fifty persons ; quatreVINGT dix-sept maisons, ninety-seven houses.

5. Before onze, and the ordinal number onzième, the definite article is written, as though these words began with a consonant, and we say le onze, the eleventh; du onzième, of the eleventh; instead of l'onze, de l'onzième, which are never used.

6. When speaking of dates, mille, thousand, is changed into mil; as, dans l'année mil huit cent trente, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty. In all other instances we write mille; as, deux mille hommes, two thousand

When, however, mille means a mile, it follows the rule of other substantives, and takes an s in the plural.

7. When two cardinal numbers are joined, the highest number is placed first, and the English conjunction and is not rendered in French ; thus we say trente-deux, and not deux et trente, two and thirty, &c.

8. But from twenty to eighty the conjunction et is used before un; as, quarante-ET-Un jours, one and forty days.

9. When any of the cardinal numbers precede a participle past, they are accompanied by the preposition de. Ex. Il y en eut vingt d’absous et cinq de condamnés, twenty of them were acquitted and five were condemned.

10. The cardinal numbers, instead of the ordinal, must be used in French when speaking of the days of the month, except the first. Ex. Le trois

de Novembre, the third of November; le PREMIER de Mai, the first of May.

11. The preposition on, which in English precedes a date, must not be rendered in French : as, he died on the eleventh of November, il mourut le onze de Novembre, and not sur le onze, &c.

12. In speaking of sovereigns the cardinal number is used in French instead of the ordinal, and the article is omitted : as, George the Third, George TROIS; Henry the Fourth, Henri QUATRE. But the two first ordinal numbers are an exception to this rule, and we say, still omitting the article, François PREMIER, Francis the First; Charles SECOND, Charles the Second.

13. In speaking of the Emperor Charles the Fifth, and of the Pope Sixtus the Fifth, we say, Charles Quint and Sixte Quint, quint being a contraction of the Latin word quintus, fifth.

14. Besides the numeral adjectives, or nouns of number, above mentioned, there are other substantives expressive of number, such as the collective, which express a collected number; as, une douzaine, a dozen ; une vingtaine, twenty, &c. ; the distributive, which express a part of a number; as, la moitié, the half; le quart, the fourth, &c. . and the proportional, which express a multiplication of the number; as, le double, the double ; le triple, the triple, &c.

QUESTIONS FOR EXAMINATION.

ON THE NUMERAL ADJECTIVES.

What is meant by cardinal and ordinal numbers ?
When do cent and quatre-vingt take an s in the plural ?
How is the definite article used before onze and onzième ?
Does the numeral adjective mille undergo any change ?

When two cardinal numbers occur together, how are they rendered in French ?

What occurs if a cardinal number precedes a participle ?

Are the cardinal or the ordinal numbers used in French when speaking of the day of the month?

Should the preposition on, which precedes a date in English, be rendered in French ?

Is the cardinal or the ordinal number used in French when speaking of sovereigns ?

How are Charles the Fifth and Sixtus the Fifth rendered in French ?

What other words expressive of number are there?

EXERCISES ON NUMERAL ADJECTIVES.

1. EXERCISE ON RULES 1-9, P. 45, 46. I was in the

company of eleven gentlemen and compagnie, f.

messieurs nine ladies.—He has spoken to three officers and two

parlé

officiers

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