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try parsonage; which was Drayton-Beauchamp in Buckinghamshire (not far from Aylesbury, and in the diocess of Lincoln); to which he was presented by John Cheney, Esq. (then patron of it), the 9th of December 1584, where he behaved himself so, as to give no occasion of evil, but (as St. Paul adviseth a minister of God) in much patience, in afflictions, in anguishes, in necessities, in poverty, and no doubt in long-suffering; yet troubling no man with his discontents and wants.
And in this mean condition he continued about a year; in which time his two pupils, Edwin Sandys and George Cranmer, were returned from travel, and took a journey to Drayton to see their tutor; where they found him with a book in his hand it was the Odes of Horace), he being then tending his small allotment of sheep in a common field ; which he told his pupils he was forced to do, for that bis servant was then gone home to dine, and assist his wife to do some necessary household business. When bis servant returned and released him, his two pupils attended him unto his house, where their best entertainment was quiet company, which was presently denied them ; for Richard was called to rock the cradle; and their welcome was so like this, that they stayed but next morning, which was time enough to discover and pity their tutor's condition: and having in that time remembered and paraphrased on many of the innocent recreations of their younger days, and, by other such-like diversions, given him as much present pleasure as their acceptable company and discourse could afford him, they were forced to leave him to the company of his wife, and seek themselves a quieter lodging. But at their parting from him, Mr. Cranmer said “Good tutor, I am sorry your lot is fallen in no better ground, as to your parsonage: and more sorry your wife proves not a more comfortable companion after you have wearied your thoughts in your restless studies." To whom the good man replied, “My dear George, if saints have usually a double share in the miseries of this life, I that am none, ought not to repine at what my wise Creator hath appointed for me; but labour, as indeed I do daily, to submit
to his will, and possess my soul in patience and peace." Made mas
At their return to London, Edwin Sandys acquaints his father ter of the (then bishop of London, and after archbishop of York), with his tuTemple.
tor's sad condition, and solicits for his removal to some benefice that might give him a more comfortable subsistence; which his father did most willingly grant him, when it should next fall into his power. And not long after this time, which was in the year 1585,2 Mr. Alvey (master of the Temple) died, who was a man of a strict life, of great learning, and of so venerable behaviour, as to gain such a degree of love and reverence from all men that knew him,
a He was dead, and the placo void in the month of August, anno 1584. J. S.
that he was generally known by the name of Father Alvey. At the Temple reading, next after the death of this Father Alvey, the Archbishop of York being then at dinner with the judges, the reader and benchers of that society, he met there with a condolement for the death of Father Alvey, a high commendation of his saint-like life, and of his great merit both to God and man; and as they bewailed his death, so they wished for a like pattern of virtue and learning to succeed him. And here came in a fair occasion for the Archbishop to commend Mr. Hooker to Father Alvey's place, which he did with so effectual an earnestness, and that'seconded with so many other testimonies of his worth, that Mr. Hooker was sent for from Drayton-Beauchamp to London, and there the mastership of the Temple proposed unto him by the Bishop, as a greater freedom fronı his country cares, the advantage of a better society, and a more liberal pension than his parsonage did afford him. But these reasons were not powerful enough to incline him to a willing acceptance of it: his wish was rather to gain a better country living, where he might be free from noise (so he expressed the desire of his heart), and eat that bread which he might more properly call his own, in privacy and quietness. But notwithstanding this averseness, he was at last persuaded to accept of the Bishop's proposal ; and was by patent for life made master of the Temple the 17th of March, 1585, he being then in the thirty-fourth year of his age.
[But before any mention was made of Mr. Hooker for this place Endeavours two other divines were nominated to succeed Alvey; whereof Mr. for Travers Walter Travers, a disciplinarian in his judgment and practice, and of the Tempreacher here in the afternoons, was chief, and recommended by ple. J.S. Alvey himself on his death-bed, to be master after him: and no marvel, for Alvey's and Travers's principles did somewhat correspond. And many gentlemen of the house desired him; which desire the Lord Treasurer Burghley was privy to, and by their request, and his own inclination towards him, being a good preacher, he moved the Queen to allow of him ; for the disposal of the place was in her. But Archbishop Whitgift knew the man and his hot temper and principles, from the time he was fellow of Trinity college, and had observed his steps ever after :' he knew how turbulently he had carried himself at the college, how he had disowned the English established church and episcopacy, and went to Geneva, and afterwards to Antwerp to be ordained minister, as he was by Villers and Cartwright, and others the heads of a congregation there ; and so came back again more confirmed for the discipline.
a This you may find in the Temple records. Will. Ermstead was master of the Temple at the dissolution of the priory, and died 2 Eliz. Richard Alvey, bat. divis nity, pat. 13 Feb.. 2 Eliz. Magister sive custos domús et ecclesiæ novi Templi; died 27 Eliz.—Richard Hooker succeeded that year by patent, in terminis, as Alvey had it, and be left it at 33 Eliz.That year Dr, Belgey succeeded Rich. Hooker.
And knowing how much the doctrine and converse of the master to be placed here would influence the gentlemen, and their influence and authority prevail in all parts of the realm where their hą
bitations and estates were, that careful prelate made it his en. Opposed by deavour to stop Travers's coming in; and had a learned man in his
view, and of principles more conformable and agreeable to the bishop.
church, namely, one Dr. Bond, the Queen's chaplain, and well known to her. She well understanding the importance of this place, and knowing by the Archbishop what Travers was, by a letter he timely writ to her Majesty upon the vacancy, gave particular order to the Treasurer to discourse with the Archbishop about it.
The Lord Treasurer hereupon, in a letter, consulted with the said Achbishop, and mentioned Travers to him, as one desired by many of the house. But the Archbishop, in his answer, plainly signified to his Lordship, that he judged him altogether unfit, for the reasons mentioned before; and that he had recommended to the Queen Dr. Bond, as a very fit person But, however, she declined him, fearing his bodily strength to perform the duty of the place, as she did Travers for other causes. And by laying both aside, she avoided giving disgust to either of those great men. This Dr. Bond seems to be that Dr. Nicholas Bond that afterwards was president of Magdalen-college, Oxon, and was much abused by Martin Mar-prelate.
These particulars I have collected from a letter of the Archbishop to the Queen, and other letters that passed between the Archbishop and the Lord Treasurerabout this affair, while the mastership was vacant. The passages whereof, taken verbatim out of their said letters, may deserve here to be specified for the satisfaction of the readers.
And first, in the month of August, upon the death of the former
master, the Archbishop wrote this letter unto the Queen:The Archbi. “ It may please your Majesty to be advertised, that the mastershop to the ship of the Temple is vacant by the death of Mr. Alvey. The living cerning the is not great, yet doth it require a learned, discreet, and wise man, vacancy of in respect of the company there: who, being well directed and the Temple.
taught, may do much good elsewbere in the commonwealth, as otherwise also they may do much harm. And because I hear there is suit made to your Highness for one Mr. Travers, I thought it my duty to signify unto your Majesty, that the said Travers hath been, and is one of the chief and principal authors of dissension in this church, a contemner of the Book of Prayers, and of other orders by authority established; an earnest seeker of innovation; and either in no degree of the ministry at all, or else ordered beyond the seas; not according to the form in this church of England used. Whose placing in that room, especially by your Majesty, would
greatly animate the rest of that faction, and do very much harm in sundry respects.
“ Your Majesty hath a ebaplain of your own, Dr. Bond, a man in my opinion very fit for that office, and willing also to take pains therein, if it shall please your Highness to bestow it upon him. Which I refer to your own most gracious disposition : beseeching Almighty God long to bless, prosper, and preserve your Majesty to his glory, and all our comforts, “ Your Majesty's most faithful Servant and Chaplain
“ Jo. CANTUAR." From Croydon, the day of August, 1584.
Next, in a letter of the Archbishop to the Lord Treasurer, dated from Lambeth, Sept. 14, 1584, he hath these words :
“ I beseech your Lordship to help such a one to the mastership The Archof the Temple, as is known to be conformable to the laws and or
to the Lord ders established ; and a defender, not a depraver, of the present Treasurer. state and government. He that now readeth there is nothing less, as I of mine own knowledge and experience can testify. Dr. Bond is desirous of it, and I know not a fitter man."
The Lord Treasurer, in a letter to the Archbishop, dated from Oatlands (where the Queen now was), Sept. 17, 1584, thus wrote: “ The Queen hath asked me what I thought of Travers to be The Lord
Treasurer master of the Temple. Whereunto I answered, that at the request
to the Archof Dr. Alvey in his sickness, and a number of honest gentlemen of bishop. the Temple, I had yielded my allowance of him to the place, so as he would shew himself conformable to the orders of the church. Whereunto I was informed, that he would so be. But her Majesty told me that
your Grace did not so allow of him. Which, I said, might be for some things supposed to be written by him (in a book) entituled, De Disciplina Ecclesiastica. Whereupon her Majesty commanded me to write to your Grace, to know your opinion, which 1. pray your Grace to signify unto her, as God shall move you. Surely it were great pity, that any impediment should be occasion to the contrary; for he is well learned, very honest, and well allowed, and loved of the generality of that house. Mr. Bond told me, that your Grace liked well of him ; and so do I also, as of one well learned and honest; but, as I told him, if he came not to the place with some applause of the company, he shall be weary thereof. And yet I commended him unto her Majesty, if Travers should not have it.
“But her Majesty thinks him not fit for that place, because of his infirmities. Thus wishing your Grace assistance of God's Spirit to govern your charge unblameable.
“ Your Grace's to command,
« WILL, BURGHLEY." From the Court at Oatlands, the 27th Sept. 1584.
Part of the Archbishop's letter in answer to this was to this
tenor :The Arch- “ Mr. Travers, whom your Lordship names in your letter, is to no bishop in answer to
man better known, I think, than to myself; I did elect him fellow the letter of of Trinity-college, being before rejected by Dr. Beaumont for his the Lord
intolerable stomach: whereof I had also afterwards such expeTreasurer.
rience, that I was forced by due punishment so to weary him, till he was fain to travel, and depart from the college to Geneva, otherwise he should have been expelled for want of conformity towards the orders of the house, and for this pertinancy. Neither was there ever any under our government, in whom I found less submission and humility than in him. Nevertheless, if time and years have now altered that disposition (which I cannot believe, seeing yet no token thereof, but rather the coutrary), I will be as ready to do him good as any friend he hath. Otherwise I cannot in duty but do my endeavour to keep him from that place, where he may do so much harm, and do little or no good at all. For howsoever some commend him to your Lordship and others, yet I think that the greater and better number of both the Temples have not so good an opinion of him. Sure I am, that divers grave, and of the best affected of them, have shewed their misliking of him to me; not only out of respect of his disorderliness in the manner of the communion, and contempt of the prayers, but also of his negligence in reading. Whose lectures, by their report, are so barren of matter, that his hearers take no commodity thereby.
“ The book De Disciplina Ecclesiastica, by common opinion, hath been reputed of his penning, since the first publishing of it. And by divers arguments I am moved to make no doubt thereof. The drift of which book is wholly against the state and government. Wherein also, among other things, he condemneth the taking and paying of first-fruits, tenths, &c. And therefore, unless he will testify his conformity by subscription, as all others do which now enter into ecclesiastical livings, and make proof unto me, that he is a minister ordered according to the laws of this church of England, as I verily believe he is not, because he forsook his place in the college upon that account, I can by no means yield my consent to the placing him there or elsewhere, in any function of this church.] And here I shall make a stop; and, that the reader
the better judge of what follows, give him a character of the times, and temper of the people of this nation, when Mr. Hooker had his admission into this place : a place which he accepted, rather than desired ; and yet here he promised himself a virtuous quietness: that blessed tranquillity which he always prayed and laboured for ; that so he might in peace bring forth the fruits of peace, and glorify God by uninterrupted prayers and praises: for this he always