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eighteen years, 33. 12. Penalty for above offences, 34.
13. Agents may be fined in certain cases in lieu of owners, 34.
14. Penalty on parents, &c., misrepresenting age, 34. 15. Males
under twelve years of age not to be employed in mines, &c.,
except in certain cases, 35. 16. Exception for boys between
ten and twelve who have certificates as to education and school
attendance, 36. 17. Penalty on grant of false certificates, 37.
18. Penalty for any other of the above offences, 37. 19. Agents
may be fined in certain cases, 37. 20. Penalty on parents, &c.,
misrepresenting ages, 38. 21. Steam engines in certain cases
not to be under charge of males less than eighteen years of
age, 38. 22. Who deemed in charge of horse windlass, 39.
23. The foregoing provisions extend to all mines in Great
Britain, 40. 24. Hiring by pit or colliery bond, 40.
25. Colliers or miners working contrary to contract or fraudu-
lently stacking coal, 53. 26. Accidents in mines, 57. 27. Com-
pensation to families of persons killed by accident

63

CHAPTER V.

ON THE ABOLITION OF TRUCK, AND LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS AS TO

THE PAYMENT OF MINERS.

1. Abolition of Truck, 65. 2. Proprietors of mines, &c., not to pay

wages at public-houses, &c., 69. 3. Wages so paid recoverable
as if not paid, 70. 4. Penalty for wages paid at public-
houses, 70. 5. Agents may be fined for violating the above
provisions, 70. 6. Wages of persons employed in mines to be
paid in money, 71. 7. When payment of persons employed in
mines is by weight, an account may be taken .

71

CHAPTER VI.

ON THE ENFORCEMENT AND RECOVERY OF THE STATUTORY PENALTIES.

PENALTIES UNDER Stat. 1 & 2 WILL. 4, c. 37. 1. Penalties under 1 & 2 Will. 4, c. 37

73 PENALTIES UNDER STAT. 5 & 6 VICT. C. 99.

PAGE

2. Penalty for offences against 1, 2, 3, & 4 sections, 73. 3. Agents

may be fined in certain cases for violating the above provi-
sions, 74. 4. Definition of terms "owner, agent, &c.74.
5. Summons, &c., need not set forth names of all the pro-
prietors in cases of partnership, 75. 6. Service of summons
on agent, &c., good, 75. 7. Recovery and application of penal-
ties, 75. 8. On nonpayment of penalties, imprisonment, 76.
9. Inhabitants of parishes not incompetent as witnesses, 77.
10. Distress not unlawful for want of form, 77. 11. Appeal
to quarter sessions, 78. 12. Convictions not removeable by
certiorari

79

PENALTIES UNDER STAT. 23 & 24 VICT. 0. 151.

13. Interpretation clause, 80. 14. Penalty for not assisting inspec

tor's entry, examination, &c., 80. 15. Penalty for defacing
notices, 81. 16. Penalty for offences under 23 & 24 Vict.,
c. 151, not otherwise provided for, 81. 17. Penalties how re-
coverable

81

APPENDIX.

OF THE STATUTES RELATING TO MINE LABOUR AND MINE INSPECTION.

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Statute 1 & 2 Will. 4. c 37

5 & 6 Vict. c. 99. 13 & 14 Vict. c. 100 18 & 19 Vict. c. 108

xxxii

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23 & 24 Vict. c. 151

xxxiii

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R. v. All Saints, Worcester 43 R. v. Brown

16 R. v. Byker, 42, 43, 46, 49, 50, 52 R. v. Chillesworth (Inhabs.) 40 R. v. Cowper (Inhabs.) 45, 46, 47,

49, 50, 52 R. v. Gateshead

43, 45 R. v. Herstmonceaux

43 R. v. Houghton le Spring 42 R. v. Lord

41 R. v. St. Helen's, Auckland, 42, 43,

46, 47, 50 R. v. Walbottle, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50),

51, 52 R. v. Webb.

55 Riley v. Warden i. ii. iv. xii. xiii. Roberts v. Smith

57, 59

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I.

Ingram v. Barnes

Senior v. Ward

18, 24 Sharman v. Saunders i. ii. xii. xvi

65, ii. xiii

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W.

PAGE Waite v. North East Railway 59 Weaver v. Floyd

i. xii Wiggett v. Fox

59 Williamson v. Taylor 41, 46, 47,

50, 53 Wood v. Fenwick 40, 41, 46, 47,

50, 51, 52, 53

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AN

EXPOSITION OF THE STATUTES

5 & 6 VICT. CAP. 99, & 23 & 24 VICT. CAP. 151.

&c. &c. &c.

CHAPTER I.

A SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE MINE

INSPECTION.

In consequence of the Reports of the Commissioners on the Employment of Children and Young Persons in Mines and Collieries, which were published during the year 1841, the Legislature, in the following session of Parliament (10th August, 1842), passed the statute 5 & 6 Vict. c. 99 (a), whereby the employment of women in mines and collieries was prohibited. The same Act also contained provisions regulating the employment of boys and apprentices therein ; and also authorised and empowered any one of Her Majesty's principal secretaries of state to appoint, whenever he sbould think fit, a proper person to visit and inspect any mine or colliery of what nature or kind soever.

(a) See stat. Appendix, post, p. xxii.

B

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