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THE NEW INTERNATIONAL

YEAR BOOK

A COMPENDIUM OF THE WORLD'S

PROGRESS

FOR THE YEAR

1920

EDITOR

FRANK MOORE COLBY, M.A.

NEW YORK

DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY

1921

COPYRIGHT, 1921, BY
DODD, MEAD & CO, Inc.
PREFACE

Among the leading topics in the present volume—the nineteenth since the work began in 1898 and the fourteenth in the new series beginning in 1907—may be mentioned the following: The Presidential Election (article UNITED STATES), including summaries of the debates on the Treaty and other points at issue and the main features of the campaign; the League of Nations whose history during the first year of its existence is outlined under WAR OF THE NATIONS; and the long list of international quarrels, controversies, and partial settlements covered under WAR OF THE NATIONS and under the titles of the countries concerned, including the friction between France and England, the questions of German disarmament and reparations, the divergence of policy in respect to resumption of trade with Russia, Poland's war with the Soviet government, conflict among the Allies in respect to Poland, problems of Lithuania and the new Baltic states, Danzig, the Wrangel movement, Upper Silesia, the Adriatic Question and the Treaty of Rapallo, Armenia and the new Armenian Republic, the Turkish Treaty, the return of King Constantine to Greece, the Sinn Fein movement (article GREAT BRITAIN), spread of Bolshevism among Socialists (article SOCIALISM), difficulty between the United States and Japan, etc. Outside the political field the groups of articles dealing with labor subjects, agriculture, industries, and applied science are of especial importance, including AERONAUTICS; AGRICULTURE; CHEMISTRY, INDUSTRIAL; topics in ENGINEERING; MEDICAL PROGRESS; MILITARY PROGRESS (with an account of the military reorganization act); NAVAL PROGRESS; SHIPPING and SHIPBUILDING; the articles on the respective industries and products, etc. The death roll, including the Empress Eugénie, Wundt, Howells, and many other famous names, is unusually long.

FRANK MOORE COLBY.

02131

EDITOR

FRANK MOORE COLBY, M.A.

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES
MILO B. HILLEGAS, PH.D.,
FORMERLY COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION OF
VERMONT.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SUBJECTS

REGINALD GORDON,

ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF Industrial Vanagement. EXPLORATION; POLAR RESEARCH;

ALASKA
A. W. GREELY, PH.D.,
MAJOR GENERAL, UNITED STATES ARMY: CON-
MANDER GREELY POLAR EXPEDITION.

AGRICULTURE, BOTANY, FOOD, FOR-
ESTRY, HORTICULTURE, IRRIGATION,
ETC.
EDWIN WEST ALLEN, PH.D.,
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
AND
ALFRED CHARLES TRUE, PH.D.,
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ;
E. H. SHINN (AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION) :
WALTER H. EVANS, PH.D. ( BOTANY AND
PLAXT DISEASES); JOHN I. SCHULTE (CROP
PRODUCTION); CARL W. LARSON (DAIRY-
ING); WALTER H. BEAL (FERTILIZERS AND
SOILS); HOWARD L. KNIGHT (FOOD AND
NUTRITION: AGRICULTURAL LEGISLATION);
EDWIN J. GLASSON (HORTICULTURE AND
FORESTRY); RAY P. TEELE (RECLAMATION);
GEORGE M ROMMEL (STOCK RAISING) ; AND
WILLIAM A. HOOKER (VETERINARY MED-

ICIXE).
ANTHROPOLOGY (WITH ETHNOLOGY)

ROBERT H. LOWIE, PH.D.,
AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HIISTORY,
AND
CLARK WISSLER, PH.D.,
AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.

FINANCIAL REVIEW

0. C. LOCKHART, PH.D.,

NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE, NEW YORK CITY. FRENCH LITERATURE

ALBERT SCHINZ, PH.D.,
PROFESSOR OF FRENCH LITERATU'RE,

SMITH COLLEGE.

GEOLOGY; MINERALOGY

CHARLES P. BERKEY,
PROFESSOR OF GEOLOGY, COLU'MBIA UNIVERSITY.

ARCHAEOLOGY

OLIVER SAMUEL TONKS., PH.D., PROFESSOR OF ART, VASSAR COLLEGE.

GERMAN LITERATURE

AMELIA VON ENDE.
INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND ARBI-

TRATION
CLINTON ROGERS WOODRUFF, LL.B.,
SECRETARY OF THE NATIONAL MUNICIPAL
LEAGUE AND MEMBER OF THE MOHOXK CONFER-
ENCE; FORMERLY PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD OF
PERSONAL REGISTRATION, PHILADELPHIA.

ARCHITECTURE

(, MATLACK PRICE, FORMERLY EDITOR OF THE Architectural Record.

ASTRONOMY, METEOROLOGY
C. FITZHUGH TALMAN,
UNITED STATES WEATHER BUREAU.

LITERATURE, ENGLISH AND AMERI

CAN
DAVID LAMBUTH, A.M.,
PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH, DARTMOUTH (OLI EGC.

CHEMISTRY; EXPOSITIONS; CELEBRA-
TIONS
MARCUS BENJAMIN, PH.D., Sc.D., LL.D.,

SEE

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LITERATURE (CONTINENTAL): FRENCH LITERATURE; GERMAN LITERATURE; ETC.

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