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his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.

And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, 29 they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever; and 30 anon they tell him of her. And he came and took her by the 31 hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them. And at even, when the sun did 32 set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils. And all the city was gathered to 33 gether at the door. And he healed many that were sick of 34 divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him. - And in the morn- 35 ing, rising up a great while before day, he went out and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed. And Simon, 36 and they that were with him, followed after him. And when 37they had found him, they said unto him, All men seek for thee. And he said unto them, Let us go into the next towns, that I 38 may preach there also: for therefore came I forth. And he 39 cated to them have never ceased to his Messiahship to be proclaimed. vibrate on the human soul. Jesus To set up such a claim now, would has vindicated his right to teach and equally embarrass his ministry, with command us, by doing the works the officiousness of aspiring friends, which no man could do, except God and the hate of exasperated enewere with him, as well as by speak- mies. ing the words of the Father.

35–38. Departed into a solitary 29-34. See on Mat. viii. 14-17. place, and there prayed. Luke iv. 42, 32. At even, when the sun did set. 13. We have a glimpse here into Was set. It was the Sabbath, verse the more retired hours of our blessed 21. The Jewish day ended at sunset, Saviour, when the crowds had withand accordingly after that hour, they drawn, and diseases no longer vanwould not be guilty of violating ished at his touch. While his habits the Sabbath by bringing the sick. — of private devotion reveal to us the Devils, in this connexion, should al- lustre of his piety, they indirectly ways be rendered demons. No Jew recommend to us the imitation of his supposed any one was possessed with delightful example. If his pure spirit devils, in our sense of that word, but required prayer, and thirsted for comwith demons, the spirits of bad men munion with God, can it be viewed a superstition which corresponds to as any thing short of folly or madness the belief in witchcraft and ghosts in us, so imperfect and sinful as we of modern times.

are, to reject the high exercises of 34. To speak, because they knew devotion, and never, or but rarely, him. Margin reads, to say that they address our Father in heaven? knew him. It was not yet time for For therefore came I forth. The object

preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast

out devils. 40 And there came a leper to him, beseeching him, and kneeling

down to him, and saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst 41 make me clean. And Jesus, moved with compassion, put forth

his hand, and touched him, and saith unto him, I will; be thou 42 clean. And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy 43 departed from him, and he was cleansed. And he straitly 44 charged him, and forthwith sent him away; and saith unto him,

See thou say nothing to any man; but go thy way, show thyself

to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which 45 Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them. But he went

out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, insomuch that Jesus could no more openly enter into the city, but was without in desert places: and they came to him from every quarter.


The Paralytic. Conversations of Jesus. AND again he entered into Capernaum, after some days; and 2 it was noised that he was in the house. And straightway many

were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to

receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached 3 the word unto them. And they come unto him, bringing one4 sick of the palsy, which was borne of four. And when they

could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let

of his coming was to proclaim every popular excitement were produced, where his glad tidings.

the seditious spirit of the Jewish 39. Compare Mat. iv. 23. Cast people, or the quick jealousy of the out devils, i. e. cured diseases and priests and Romans, might be arousinsanity, attributed to demons. ed, and the gospel perish in its

40-45. See Mat. viii. 1-4. The embryo state. miracle here recorded occurred after the Sermon on the Mount, which

CHAPTER II. Mark has entirely omitted. — Jesus 1-14. Compare Mat. ix, 1-9, could no more openly enter into the and the comments thereupon. city. The healed leper, contrary to 4. The press. The dense crowd. the strictest Charge from Jesus, bla- Uncovered the roof broken it up. zoned his cure abroad so as to em A knowledge of the construction of barrass his benefactor. If too great houses in Judea is here necessary.


down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay. When Jesus 5 saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. But there were certain of the scribes sitting 6 there, and reasoning in their hearts, Why doth this man thus 7 speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only? And 8 immediately, when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts? Whether is it easier to say to the 9 sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk ? But that ye may know that the 10 Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, 11 and go thy way into thy house. And immediately he arose, took

up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.

And he went forth again by the sea-side; and all the multi- 13 tude resorted unto him, and he taught them. And as he passed 14 by, he saw Levi the son of Alpheus, sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him. And it came to pass, that as Jesus sat at meat in 15 his house, many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples; for there were many, and they followed him. And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with 16 publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners? When 17 Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole, have

They brought the sick man on a lit- confidence in his healing power ter, and, finding it impossible to ap was thus most strikingly manifestproach Jesus below, they went up by ed. the stairs, usually placed in the gate 10. Power on earth to forgive sins. way of the house, to the flat roof. The same power which God had They then rolled back the awning, delegated to his Son, was also given which was spread over the court, and to the apostles. Mat. xvi. 19, xviii. which is called the roof in the text, 18; John xx. 23. and broke up, or removed, a part of 14. Levi, supposed to be the same the balustrade, or parapet, and let as Matthew, for two names were not down the couch, by the tiling, directly uncommon among the Jews. into the midst of the place where 15-22. See notes on Mat. ix. 10 Jesus was teaching. Their perfect - 17.

no need of the physician, but they that are sick : I came not to

call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance. 18 And the disciples of John, and of the Pharisees, used to fast :

and they come and say unto him, Why do the disciples of John, 19 and of the Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not? And Jesus

said unto them, Can the children of the bride-chamber fast, while

the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom 20 with them, they cannot fast. But the days will come, when the

bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they 21 fast in those days. No man also seweth a piece of new cloth on an old garment: else the new piece that filled it


taketh away from 22 the old, and the rent is made worse. And no man putteth new

wine into old bottles : else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new

wine must be put into new bottles. 23 And it came to pass, that he went through the cornfields on

the Sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck 24 the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, 25 why do they on the Sabbath day that which is not lawful ? And

he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when

he had need, and was a hungered, he and they that were with 26 him? how he went into the house of God, in the days of Abiathar

the high-priest, and did eat the show-bread, which is not lawful

to eat, but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with 27 him? And he said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, 28 and not man for the Sabbath : therefore, the Son of man is Lord

also of the Sabbath.

17. To repentance. These words father, Ahimelech. Various modes are generally regarded as spurious. have been resorted to for the expla

21, 22. New cloth on an old gar- nation of this difficulty. It is suffiment - new wine into old bottles. cient to say, that the event in question Expressions to denote great incon- did in fact occur in the days of Abigruity and unfitness.

athar, who was afterwards, if he was 23-28. See Mat. xii. 1-8, and not then, high-priest; and that his the notes.

name may have been mentioned 23. The ears of corn. The heads rather than that of Ahimelech, as of grain.

being more famous. 1 Sam. xxii. 26. In the days of Abiathar the high 20, 21,

22, xxiii. 6. priest. From 1 Sam. xxi. 1, 2, 8, we 27. The Sabbath was made for man, infer, that the chief actor in the scene and not man for the Sabbath. The with David was not Abiathar, but his institutions, and means, and influ


Miracles of Jesus, and his Choice of the Twelve. AND he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand. And they watched him, 2 whether he would heal him on the Sabbath day; that they might accuse him. And he saith unto the man which had the withered 3 hand, Stand forth. And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do 4 good on the Sabbath days, or to do evil ? to save life, or to kill ? But they held their peace.

And when he had looked round 5 about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand.

ences, of religion were given for the speakable blessing it is to us! The benefit of man. The Sabbath fol- weary find repose, the young instruclows the general rule. Man is not tion, the erring the way of peace, the a secondary appendage to this sys- indifferent the needed rebuke, and tem of things, but its centre and the sad consolations to reach their prime object. He is the lord of inmost griefs. The judicious obserthis lower world, and heir of God. vance of this institution is the pillar Not simply the sweet and hallowed of morality and religion. Every rerest and devotion of the Sabbath were turning Sabbath sun

beholds a wider, prepared for him, but all Nature, purer worship of the Almighty FaProvidence, and Grace, are tasked for ther, a closer knitting of the ties of his good. What a wretch must he human brotherhood, and a fleeing be, if no throbbings of gratitude, no away of the darkness of sin and sortears of contrition, no breathings of row before the spreading light of the devotion, no efforts of obedience, no gospel of Jesus Christ. cheerful surrender of himself into the “The Sabbath — the jubilee of hands of his mighty Father, ever tes- the whole world; whose light dawns tify that he recognizes and praises welcome alike into the closet of the this blessed nurture of Heaven! God philosopher, into the garret of toil, forgive us, that we are so slow to and into prison cells, and every appreciate, and so cold to feel, his where suggests, even to the vile, a infinite kindness! The Sabbath was thought of the dignity of spiritual made for man. Man did not make it being. Let it stand, forevermore, a himself. He is so blind to his high- temple, which new love, new faith, est, spiritual interest, and so bound new sight, shall restore to more than up in his earthly cares, that he never its first splendor to mankind.” would have devised for himself such an institution. Its nature and object

CHAPTER III. carry with them intrinsic marks of a 1-12. See on Mat. xii. 9-16. divine origin, apart from the proofs 5. Few descriptions can be found of Scripture. God made it for his more graphic than this. As Jesus child in his twofold condition of asked his questions, and paused for laborer and sinner, that he might a reply, he looked round upon the have rest from toil, and victory over circle of hollow-hearted, cautious sin. And in both lights, what an un- religionists, with strong indignation,

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