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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

Discovery of North America-Causes of Emigrating to America-

Character and Adventures of the Plymouth Pilgrims—Claim to

America by Kings of England-Patents and Grants—The Native

Indians-Civil Compact at Cape Cod-Settlement of Wessaguscus
and Mount Wollaston-Morton, Lyford, Oldham, Conant, Blaxton,

Cape Ann, Salem, Endicott, Charlestown, Sprague- Arrivals in 1629

-Higginson, Skelton-Salem Church-Opinions of the Errors of

Church of England-Buildings at Salem-State and Number of In-

dians-Arrival of Winthrop and Company at Charlestown, Johnson

at Boston, Saltonstal at Watertown, Pynchon at Roxbury, Wilson

and Phillips, Warham and Maverick-Settlement of Boston—Tax on

the several Plantations-Death of Johnson-Eminent Females-

Friendly Connexion with Plymouth—Patent, Formation of Company

in England–First Court of Governor and Assistants at Charlestown

-Church Government–Purchases of Indians-Fortified Town

Early Sickness in the Colony-Execution for Murder in Plymouth--.

Power and Influence of Clergy, of Assistants and Freemen-First

Vessel built by Gov. Winthrop—Tax on the Colony and Committees,

or Deputies—'Watertown objects—Dudley Governor—A few Disaf-

fected-Character of First Settlers, and love of Liberty.

13

CHAPTER II.

Opposers of the Colony-Complaints against it, and threatened with

loss of Charter-Intolerance-Roger Williams-Eminent men who

arrived after the first settlement-Connecticut settled-Militia-Forts

Taxes—Haynes Governor-Elections by the People and Deputies,

Bellingham-Dutch on Connecticut River-Disputes with R. Wil-

liams-His Banishment-Increase of Plymouth-Sir H. Vane arrives,

and is chosen Governor-Governor Winthrop-Pequot War-Reli-

gious Disputes—Mrs. Hutchinson-First Settlers the Friends of Hu-

man Learning-Many of them Learned Men-Artillery Company

and Militia- Charter recalled-Claims of Colony to Political Power

-Printing Press-Distribution of the Powers of Government-

Standing Council-Dudley Governor–His Character-Prosperity of

the Colony-Bellingham Governor-Trade-North Line of Patent-

Assembly of Divines at Westminster, England-Union of the four

New England Colonies.

32

CHAPTER III.

Treatment of the Indians—Gorton-Episcopalians—French in Acadie

-Shipping—Militia—Slavery-Baptists and Quakers persecuted-

Iron Works—Magistrates direct in Religion- Economy and Sobriety

- Troubles in England-Synod-Publication of Laws_Witchcraft-

Death of Gov. Winthrop-Maine-State of Plymouth Colony-Great

Powers exercised by the Colony-Dispute with Connecticut about

duties—Canada proposes an Alliance-Disputes in Great Britain-

Gov. Winslow Agent-Dutch at New York troublesome-Mrs. Hib-

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CHAPTER VII.

Governor Burnet-His Character-Dispute with General Court, about

his salary-Gov. Belcher–His Character-At first very popular,

Paper Money depreciated-Occasion of long embarrassments-Par-

ties—Opposition to Gov. Belcher-Naval Officer removed by the

King, and not by the Governor-Expedition to the West Indies-

Line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire run-Line run be-

tween Rhode Island-Governor Shirley–His Character-War be-

tween England and France-Disputes and contests with Eastern

Indians - Expedition to Louisburg-Successful - New England

threatened by the French-Plans against Canada, and Nova Scotia—

Peace, and Troops recalled from Nova Scotia-Impressments in Bos-

ton, and Riots-Plan for Bishops in America-Paper Money redeem-

ed, and discontinued-Reimbursements from England-Society for

Industry and Economy-Clergy-Eastern Indians-British prohibi-

tions on Trade-Agent in England-Heavy Taxes-Commerce. 102

CHAPTER VIII.

Gov. Shirley returns-Lt. Gov. Phipps—Indians hostile–Forts built on

Kennebec—Treaty with six nations-Proposal of a union of the Colo-

nies—Heavy taxes-Excise proposed-Printer imprisoned for a libel---

Further preparations for war-Èxpedition to Nova Scotia and against

Canada unsuccessful-Opposers of Shirley—Expedition to Oswego,

and to Crown Point-Earthquake-New Campaign-Gov. Shirley

made Commander-in-Chief-Gen. Winslow-Shirley superseded by

Gen. Abercrombie, and returned to England-Campaign of 1756 un-

successful, Great expenses to the Province-Rogers’ Rangers.

118

CHAPTER IX.

Military Plans for 1757–Lord Loudon-Nova Scotia, Louisburg, and

Crown Point-Governor Pownall-Failure of Expedition--Massachu-

setts lost many Troops—Character of Pownall-Dispute about quar-

tering Troops-House contend for the authority of the Province-

Duties on Trade—Complaints against it-Campaign of 1757–Mr.

Pitt—Gen. Amherst-Efforts of Massachusetts-Failure of Expedi-

tion to Crown Point-Lord Howe slain-Louisburg taken-Quebec

taken-Wolfe slain-Major Rogers--Complaints of Provincial Troops

-Great Expenses of War-Insolvent law-Gov. Bernard—Lt. Gov.

Hutchinson-Campaign of 1760—Montreal taken.

130

CHAPTER X.

Dispute between the House and Council—Expenses of War and loss of

lives—Schools and Colleges-New Troops raised-Dispute with

Governor-Claims of House and of the Governor-Customs-Col.

lector sued-Mr. Otis–Mr. Hutchinson-Writs of Assistance-Ex-

citement on the occasion-Gold Coin-Wilkes-Whig and Tory-

State of the province at the Peace of 1763-—Views of Ministers

Census—Plan to tax the Province-Controversy on Episcopacy.

142

CHAPTER XI.

British propose to raise a revenue in the Colonies-Sugar Act-Op-

posed-Resolves as to right of Taxing-Otis' Pamphlet-Its doc-

trines—Views of British Ministry-Petition to Parliament-Differ-

ence on its tenor-Letter to Agent—Answer to Governor's Speech

-Opinions of Trade-Representatives in Parliament from Colonies

proposed-Stamp Act-Convention at New York-Riots and Mobs

at Stamp Office, and elsewere-Opinions on public rights and duties

of Governor and Representatives—Stamps sent into Province

Distributor of them resigns-House declines to interfere.

156

CHAPTER XII.

Judicial Courts suspended, on account of Stamps Opinion of Repre,

sentatives, and of the Council thereon-Dispute with Governor and

Council on drawing Money from the Treasury-Extracts from Gov-

ernor's Speeches, and Answers of the House--Stamp Act repealed,

and assertion of the right of Parliament to make laws for the Colo-

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to establish Epis-

copacy--Gov. Bernard misrepresents the General Court-Complains

that he is attacked in the public prints—Plays prohibited—Slave

trade condemned by General Court—Town Meeting, in Boston;

Resolutions passed-Petition of House to the King, and Circular to

other Colonies—Refuse to rescind Circulars-Governor dissolves the

Assembly-Complaints of the People-Convention in Boston-Brit-

ish Troops stationed in Boston-Conduct of Colonel of Troops-

Gen. Gage in Boston-General Court convened-Gov. Bernard un-

popular-Firmness of the Council-Dispute between Governor and

House.

185

CHAPTER XIV.

British Troops remain in Boston—General Court adjourned a long time

-Statement and Protest of the Citizens of Boston-Massacre in Bos.

ton, March, 1770—General Court held in Cambridge-House remon-

strate against it-Riot at Gloucester-Ministerial Instructions-Gov.

Hutchinson's political views—Dispute continued, on holding the

General Court out of Boston-Governor's salary paid from England

-Courts—Mr. Hancock-Public finances-Samuel Adams—Con-

troversy on salary of Governor and Judges-John Adams—Proceed-

ings of Boston-Their statement and circular.

206

CHAPTER XV.

Governor Hutchinson's opinion and speech on the supremacy of Par-

liament-Opinion of General Court, and dispute with Governor on

the subject-Governor's letters published, and added to his unpopu-

larity-- He is called to England by the King-Correspondence of
General Court with Virginia—Tea imported and destroyed—Dispute

about Salaries of the Judges-Declaration of Ministers and others in

England–The Charter altered, and the rights of the Province in-

fringed-Boston Port Bill-Jurors refuse to take the oath and to act

-Governor Hutchinson sails for England-Gen. Gage succeeds-

Negatives several Counsellors-Adjourns the General Court to Salem

-Delegates chosen for a Continental Congress—Gov. Gage dis-

solves the Court-Military Companies.

228

CHAPTER XVI.

Objections to the Judges--Jurors refuse to act—Col. Hancock dismissed

from command of the Cadets—Gov. Gage erects fortifications in and

near Boston, and collects military stores-Conventions in Suffolk and

Essex-Governor forbids meetings of the People—Resolutions of

Convention-Provincial Congress-Its proceedings—Measures of

the Continental Congress-Committee of Safety-Delegates to sec-

ond General Congress-Clergy-New Provincial Congress, 1775—

General Warren Chairman of Committee of Safety-British Troops

sent to Salem to seize military stores.

213

CHAPTER XVII.

Third Provincial Congress, March, 1775--Its advice and orders-

More British Troops arrive-War or submission-British Patriots-

Affair at Lexington and Concord— Meeting of Provincial Congress-

More men raised-Gov. Gage denounced as an enemy to the Pro-

vince_Militia collect at Cambridge and Roxbury, and from Massa-

chusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island-Advice

of General Congress desired, as to civil government—Measures of

defence-Battle of Bunker Hill-Great slaughter-Death of General

Warren-Cause of its Failure-Gen. Washington appointed Com-

mander-in-Chief-Measures adopted to augment the Army.

250

CHAPTER XVIII.

Representives meet, 19th July, 1775, and elect an Executive Council

- Population and state of the Province-Army at Cambridge and

Roxbury_Destitute of equipments—Want of cannon, fire-arms, and

powder-Falmouth burnt by the British-Powder Mills erected

Measures of defence adopted—Forts built-Privations—Courts or-

ganized--Public expenses-Invasion of Canada unsuccessful-Death

of General Montgomery-Men enlisted for a year-Plan to attack

Boston--Dorchester Heights fortified--British leave Boston. 260

CHAPTER XIX.

General Washington, with the American Army, proceeds to New York

-Address of the General Court and People of Boston, to Washing-

ton-General Thomas ordered to Canada with several Regiments

The Expedition unsuccessful-Death of General Thomas—Declara-

tion of Independence--War in the Middle States--Tories--Militia

discipline-Style of Writs altered--Calls for the Militia--Great ef-

forts to recruit the Army--Paper Money depreciates--Laws for the

relief of the People, and against monopolies--Military affairs at and

near New York-Washington proceeds to Delaware - Battle of Tren-

ton and Princeton-Success of Americans under Washington--En-

listments for 1777—Difficulty of raising Men for three years—Large

bounties given-Massachusetts Regiments—New emission of paper

-High taxes-Attack on Rhode Island, and on St. Johns, in Nova

Scotia.

269

CHAPTER XX.

A Constitution proposed and formed by General Court, but rejected by

the majority of the citizens—Large body of the Militia called out-

Northern Army, The British advance-Battle near Lake George and

at Saratoga-British Army captured, October, 1777–Affairs at the

South, and in the Middle States--Battle of Brandywine and of Ger-

mantown-- British take possession of Philadelphia, and the American

Army have quarters at Valley Forge, in vicinity --The Men suffer for

want of clothes--Heavy Assessments laid on the States by Congress

--More Men required--Loans--Appeals to the people-- Confederation

-John Adams Envoy to France and Holland--An able Negotiator-.

Delegates to Congress, and Judges of Superior Court, 1778. 277

CHAPTER XXI.

British Army leaves Philadelphia—Battle of Monmouth--Massachu-

setts' Regiments--Gen. Lee arrested--Rhode Island invaded--Mili-

tia ordered there--French Fleet--American Army retreat--Lafayette

-Additional expenses and taxes in Massachusetts--New Bedford

attacked and burnt by the British--Col. Alden killed at Cherry Valley

--Gen. Gates commands in Boston soinetime in 1778-9-British

Government offer to negotiate--Engage the Savages-Finances--

Congress call for money--Attempts to prevent monopoly and specu.

lation--Gen. Washington calls for more Men--Want of provisions in

Massachusetts--Officers of Army poorly paid--Convention--Further

requisitions of Congress--Penobscot Expedition--Further attempts

to regulate the price of provision-Men and money called for-Boun.

ties of land promised to Officers and Soldiers-Public Fasts. 284

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