Page images
PDF
EPUB

.615

.617

PAGE

HISTORIANS AND BIOGRAPHERS.

Dean MILMAN (1791–1868).

..610

PAGE How ought the History of the Jews to be Written

610

SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON (1792–1867)

..568

Burning of the Temple...

611

The French Revolutionary Assassins.

..568

WILLIAM F. SKENE

.611

The Reign of Terror...

..568

Date of the Welsh Poems...

..612

W. H. PRESCOTT (1796—1859)

....570

Battle of Mons Granpius..

..613

View of Mexico....

...570

LUCY AIKIN (1781—1864)

.613

Storming the Temple of Mexico...

...571

GEORGE LILLIE CRAIK (1798—1866).

613

Fatal Visit of the Inca to Pizarro.

...571 JAMES ANTHONY FROUDE (born in 1818)

.614

DR ARNOLD (1795–1842).

..573

Markets and Wages in the Reign of Henry VIII.

.614

Character of Scipio.....

...574 Portrait of Henry VIII..

Character of Hannibal...

.574 Death of Mary, Queen of Scots..

.616

Sufferings during the Siege of Genoa.

. 574

W. H. LECKY..

.617

SIR John. GARDINER WILKINSON (1797-1875).

.575 Improved Prospect of Affairs in Ireland.

Moral Superiority of the Ancient Egyptians.

-575 S. R. GARDINER-SIR JOHN W. KAYE (1814–1876) -- LADY

Ancient Egyptian Repast..

.575

SALE, &c.

..618

CHEVALIER BUNSEN (1790–1860)-S. SHARPE.
..576 | ALEXANDER W. KINGLAKE (born in 1811).

...618

SIR FRANCIS PALGRAVE (1788-1861)..

. 577

The Sphynx......

..618

The Battle of Hastings....

.577

The Beginning of the Crimean War.

.618

GEORGE TICKNOR (1791–1862).

. 577

The March....

.619

Goethe at Weimar in 1816....

..579

WILLIAM HOWARD RUSSELL (born in 1821).

Sir Walter Scott (1819)....

.579

The Battle of Balaklava.....

Sunday Dinner in Trinity Hall, Cambridge.

..580 Charge of the Light Brigade, and Tennyson's Lines on the

Johx L. MOTLEY (born in 1814).

..580 Charge.....

...621

The Image-breaking at Antwerp.

..580 Rev. W. STUBBS

..622

George BANCROFT (born in 1800)..

.. 582

Influence of Germanic Races in Europe.

.622

Massacre of English Colonists by Indians.

..582 English National Unity, 1155—1215 A.D.

.623

The Town of Boston in the Last Century.

..583 JOHN RICHARD GREEN...

.624

W. C. BRYANT and SYDNEY H. GAY...

-583 Old England....

Three Periods in American History..

-583 Sır THOMAS Erskine MAY (born in 1815)

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)..

.624

.625

.625

.627

-583

Free Constitution of British Colonies...

Eloquent Apostrophe to England.

..583 | CLEMENTS R. MARKHAM-H. M. STANLEY-WILLIAM

Adams and Jefferson..

..584 MASSEY...

Washington....

..584 Gambling in the Last Century.

EDWARD KING

..585 EDWARD A. FREEMAN..

.625

Condition of the Southern States.

-585

Death of William the Conqueror..

.625

LORD MACAULAY (1800--1859)...

586

JOHN Hill BURTON (born in 1809)...

.626

Exordium to History of England

-586 The Scottish Language after the Revolution

The Battle of Sedgemoor ..

-587 Cosmo INNES (1798-1874).....

.627

Execution of Monmouth..

..588 Miss STRICKLAND (1801-1874)....

.627

The Revolution of 1668-9...

..589 Queen Mary at Lochleven Castle..

....628

The Valley of Glencoe

..590 LORD J. RUSSELL-WILLIAM FORSYTH-WILLIAM SMYTH-

The English Country Gentleman of 1688.

..590

Sir J. STEPHEN-THOMAS WRIGHT-ROBERT PIT-

The Roman Catholic Church...

.591

CAIRN--ROBERT WHITE-DANIEL WILSON-J. J. A.

HENRY THOMAS BUCKLE (1822–1862)..

.....592 WORSAAE-JOHN DUNLOP-MARK NAPIER..............629

Proximate Causes of the French Revolution

..592 J. G. LOCKHART-DEAN STANLEY

..630

The Three Great Movers of Society.

..593 The Sons of Great Men.....

..630

THOMAS CARLYLE (born in 1795)..

......593 Burns on his Farm at Ellisland

..630

Men of Genius..

......594 Few Men take Life in Earnest.

.631

Picture of a Retired, Happy, Literary Life

. 594 Home and Old Friends....

..631

Personal Appearance of Cromwell..

..596 London and Mont Blanc....

..631

Portrait of Coleridge..

Sir W. STIRLING MAXWELL (born in 1818).

..631

Frederick the Great...

.. 597 Epicurean Habits of the Emperor Charles V.

..63r r

Charlotte Corday-Death of Marat.

·598

The Emperor performs the Funeral Service for Himself.

Death of Marie Antoinette..

..599 Velasquez's Faithful Colour-grinder, ..

.633

Await the Issue......

....599 GEORGE HENRY LEWES (born in 1817)..

Sir George CORNEWALL LEWIS (1806—1863).

.600 Superiority of the Moral over the Intellectual Nature of Man 633

Niebuhr's Ballad Theory.

.600 Men of Genius Resolute Workers...

.634

Rev. C. MERIVALE..

.601 Children of Great Men-Hereditary Tendencies..

.634

Augustus Cæsar...

..601 Picture of Weimar..

.636

BISHOP THIRLWALL (1797-1875)..

..602 Death of Goethe..

GEORGE GROTE (1794-1871).....

..602 MRS OLIPHANT..

..637

Early Greek History not to be judged by Modern Feeling..602 Notice of Edward Irving.

..638

Xenophon's Address to the Army..

..603 Foreign Memories..

Character of Dion....

..604 George Whitefield and the Bristol Colliers.

.639

GEORGE FINLAY (died in 1875)

..604 | Dr William REEVES. ,

.639

Vicissitudes of Nations....

..605 LORD CAMPBELL (1781—1861).

.639

WILLIAM MURE (1799-1860)..

..605 | JAMES SPEDDING.

The Unity of the Homeric Poems.

..605 Lord Bacon's Culpability ...

640

WILLIAM E. GLADSTONE (born in 1809).

..606 WILLIAM NASSAU MOLESWORTH..

.640

The World of Homer, a World of his Own..

..606 Death of the Duke of Wellington..

.640

EARL STANHOPE (1805-1875)...

WILLIAM HEPWORTH Dixon (born in 1821).

.640

Whig and Tory in the Reign of Queen Anne..

The Death of Admiral Blake

.641

Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender.

..607 The Black Man, the Red Man, the Yellow Man.

.641

THOMAS KEIGHTLEY (1792-1872)...

.609 A Hundred Years of White Progress..

.642

Superstitious Beliefs...

.609 John FORSTER (1812–1876)...

.642

Could Milton have written Paradise Lost in the Nineteenth The Literary Profession and Law of Copyright.

.643

Century?....

..610 ALEXANDER DYCE (1798-1869)....

..596

.632

.633

..637

.638

.639

..606

..606

..643

PAGE

PROFESSOR MASSON (born in 1822)

...644 Bishop BLOMFIELD (1786–1857), &c..

...673

Character of Archbishop Laud.

...644 Rev. W. J. CONYBEARE (died in 1857).

..673

Luther's Satan...

...645 The Varied Life of St Paul..

.673

London Suburbs...

..645 The Martyrdom of Paul..

.674

Sir JAMES STEPHEN (1789-1859)..

.646 DEAN ALFORD (1810-1871)..

.674

J. P. MUIRHEAD-S. SMILES.

.646

The Prince Consort's Public Life.

.674

The Steam-engine....

..646 Recognition after Death..

......675

Lord Brougham's Epitaph on Watt.

..648 The Household of a Christian...

....675

Starting the First Railway Locomotive

...648 DR ROWLAND WILLIAMS (1817-1870)..

....676

Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.. ....649 Rev. F. W. ROBERTSON (1816-1853).

...676

George Stephenson at Sir Robert Peel's.

...649

Christian Energy..

..676

ELIZA METEYARD.

.650 The Bible..

..677

HENRY, LORD COCKBURN (1779—1854)-DEAN RAMSAY The Smiles and Tears of Life.

(1793—1872)—R. CHAMBERS (1802–1871).

.650 Rev. STOPFORD A. BROOKE..

.677

Edinburgh Society Eighty Years Since

.650 The Creation.....

.677

Scottish Nationality...

.651 BISHOP WILBERFORCE (1805–1872)...

.678

Picture of an Old Scottish Town..

.651 The Reformation of the Church of England..

.678

SIR JAMES Y. SIMPSON (1811-1870)...

.653 Bishop ELLICOTT...

.679

Indirect Value of Philosophical Investigation..

.653 The Triumphant Entry into Jerusalem..

.679

J. E. BAILEY-H. CRABB ROBINSON (1775-1867)--C. WENT- BISHOP E, HAROLD BROWNE.

..680

WORTH DILKE (1787–1864..

.653 Interpretation of Thirty-Nine Articles.

..680

JOHN MORLEY-PROFESSOR MORLEY-W. MINTO-C. C. F. ARCHBISHOP THOMSON..

...680

GREVILLE...

The Doctrine of Reconciliation..

681

Queen Victoria's First Days of Sovereignty...

.654 DR WILLIAM SMITH,....

..681

DR CHARLES JOHN VAUGHAN..

..681

Three Partings..

..681

THEOLOGIANS.

The Ascension...

..682

DR LIDDON.....

.683

THE TRACTS FOR THE TIMES

.655 Faith and Intellect..

.683

Dr Pusey (born in 1800)..

.656 The Mysteries of Nature.

.684

Dr J. H. NEWMAN-F. W. NEWMAN.

.656 Isaac TAYLOR (1787–1865)...

..684

Description of Athens..

..656 Rapid Exhaustion of the Emotional Faculties.

.684

Influence and Law...

.657 Selfishness of the Anchoret...

.685

The Beautiful and the Virtuous..

.657 Hebrew Figurative Theology...

..685

The Jewish and Christian Churches.

.657 Rev. Thomas Dale (1797-1820)..

..685

Dr CHANNING (1780–1842).

.658 Professor Jowett (born in 1817)..

The Character of Christ..

..658 On the Interpretation of Scripture..

..686

The New Testament Epistles.

..659 Rev. James MARTINEAU (born in 1805).

.687

Napoleon Bonaparte

.659 Nothing Human Ever Dies...

.687

Great Ideas...

.660

Space and Time..

.687

Rev. Henry BLUNT (1794—1843).

.660

DR CANDLISH (1806-1873)-De CUMMING (born in 1809).....687

Dr Kitto (1804-1854)..

.660 DR GUTHRIE (1803-1873)...

.688

Account of his Deafness.

.660 Decadence of the Ancient Portion of Edinburgh.

.688

Dr Robert VAUGHAN (1795-1868).

.661 Dr Guthrie's First Interest in Ragged Schools..

.689

HENRY ROGERS..

.661 DR NORMAN MACLEOD (1812-1872)........

.689

The Humanity of the Saviour.

.661 Life in a Highland Bothy Fifty Years Since.

.690

ARCHBISHOP WHATELY (1787–1863).

..662

Wee Davie

.691

First Impressions....

.662 Dr John EADIE (1813–1876)...

.692

A Hint to Anonymous Writers.

.663 Dr John TULLOCH (born in 1823).

.692

The Negative Character of Calvinistic Doctrines.

.663 Liberal English Churchmen...

.692

Expediency ...

Diverse Modes of Christian Thought..

.693

Consistency..

.664 DR JOHN CAIRD (born in 1823)...

.693

Dr BURTON (1794–1836)......

.664 Character and Doctrine...

.693

EDWARD BICKERSTETH (1786-1850)......

..665 | DR JOHN KER......

..694

Drs HAWKINS, HINDS, HAMPDEN, GRESWELL... ....665 'It Doth not yet Appear what We shall be

...694

Value of Negative Testimony..

.....665 Mind above Matter

...694

Rev. HENRY MELVILL (1798-1871)..

The Great Multitude..

...666

MISCELLANEOUS WRITERS,

Rev. JOHN JAMES BLUNT (1794-1855)..

..667

Undesigned Coincidences.

..667 RICHARD SHARP (1759—1835)..

......694

AUGUSTUS W. HARE (1794-1834)-Julius C. HARE (1795-

Maxims and Reflections..

.....694

1855).....

...668

William MAGINN (1793-1842).

..695

Wastefulness of Moral Gifts..

......668 Epitaph on Maginn by Lockhart.

.695

Age Lays Open the Character.

.....668

FRANCIS MAHONY (1804-1866).

.695

Loss of the Village Green..

The Shandon Bells....

ARCHBISHOP TRENCH...

.669 Sır GEORGE HEAD (1782—1855).

Influence of the Reformation on the English Language......669 SIR FRANCIS BOND HEAD (1793-1875).

.696

Strain at a Gnat and Swallow a Camel..

.669 Description of the Pampas...

.696

On Proverbs....

.669

A French Commissionnaire.

.697

Dean STANLEY (born in 1815)...

.670 The Electric Wires and Tawell the Murderer.

.697

The Oldest Obelisk in the World..

..670 T. C. HALIBURTON (1796--1865)..

..697

The Children of the Desert...

.670 Soft Sawder and Human Natur..

.698

Early Celebration of the Eucharist.

.671 THOMAS MILLER (1809--1874) --W. Hone (1779-1842)-Miss

St Paul's Manual Labour...

.671 Louisa STUART COSTELLO (died in 1870).

..698

Conversion of St Augustine...

.671 | Mrs JAMESON (1797-1860).

..699

The Last Encampment...

.672 Counsel to Young Ladies....

.699

PROFESSOR MAURICE (1805–1872).

.672 Pictures of the Madonna....

.700

Duty and Patriotism....

..672 The Loves of the Poets...

700

..738

..703

- 746
748

720

752

PAGE

PAGE

The Studious Monks of the Middle Ages...

..700 Sir John HERSCHEL (1792-1871)...

...737

Venice-Canaletti and Turner....

.700 Tendency and Effect of Philosophical Studies..

.738

CHARLES WATERTON (1782—1865).

..701

A Taste for Reading.....

Adventure with the Snake.....

701

Mrs Mary Somerville (1780—1872).....

..738

Riding on a Crocodile...

..701

Scene in the Campagna...

...739

ELIOT WARBURTON (1810–1852).........

.....702 PROFESSOR J. D. FORBES (1809-1868).

...740

Crocodile Shooting in the Nile..

702

Dr WhEWELL (1794--1866).

...740

Nubian Revenge...

. 702

Wonders of the Universe..

...741

THOMAS DE QUINCEY (1785-1859)..

..703 Final Destiny of the Universe..

. .741

Dreams of the Opium Eater..

...704

C. BABBAGE (1792–1871) - Sir George B. Airy (born in 1801)

Joan of Arc...

....705

- J. R. HIND-J. P. NICHOL (1804-1859).

......741

JOHN WILSON CROKER (1780–1857)..

.....706 | ADAMS-GRANT-PROCTOR-LOCKYER.....

..742

Character of Swift.....

....706 The Rev. Baden PowELL (1796—1860).

742

HARRIET MARTINEAU (1802-1876)...

....707 DR JAMES C. PRICHARD (1785-1848).

.. 742

Effects of Love and Happiness on the Mind..

....708 SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON (1788–1864).

...742

Sea-view from the Window of a Sick Room.

On Mathematics....

743

The Napiers..

.710 DEAN MANSEL (born in 1820).

...744

The Royal Marriage Law..

..710 JOHN STUART Mill (1806—1873).

...744

Postal Reform..

-711

Social Intolerance..

.744

Anecdote of Coleridge..

.7II On the Laws against Intemperance.

.745

WILLIAM Howitt (born in 1795).

.712 The Limits of Government Interference.

.745

Extract from Forest Minstrel.

..712

Sir David BrewSTER (1781-1867).

-746

Love of the Beautiful...

..713 Is the Planet Jupiter inhabited ?..

Mountain Children, by Mary Howitt..

..713

Bacon and Newton..

Mountains...

714 Epitaph on a Scotch Jacobite..

• 749

Country Rambles-the South of England

-715

MICHAEL FARADAY (1791--1867).

749

Rev. GEORGE GILFILLAN (born in 1813).

.716 From Chemical History of a Candle.

749

Lochnagar and Byron...

.716 | AUGUSTUS DE MORGAN (1806–1871)

.750

The Rev. Edward Irving.

.717

Dean Swist and the Mathematicians.

- 760

BAYARD TAYLOR (born in 1825).

718

DR ALEXANDER Bain (born in 1818).

- 751

Student Life in Germany.....

.718

Robert STEPHENSON (1803-1859)..

..751

HERMAN Melville (born in 1819).

..719

Sir William FAIRBAIRN (1789-1874).

.751

Scenery of the Marquesas..

SIR CHARLES WHEATSTONE (born in 1802).

.751

First Interview with the Natives.

720 Dr BUCKLAND (1784-1856)..

WILLIAM GILMORE Simms.....

.722 Sir CHARLES LYELL (1797--1875).

752

Ralph WALDO EMERSON (born in 1803).

..722 Geology compared to History..

752

Civilisation...

.722 The Great Earthquake of Lisbon..

..753

Beauty-Old Age..

.723 De La BechE-MANTEL-Pre SMITH, &c..

..754

Mr RUSKIN (born in 1819).
.723 Sir Roderick IMPEY MURCHISON (1792–1870).

..754

The Sky

. 724 The Lower Silurian Rocks.......

. 754

The Two Paths...

. 724 The Relative Value of Gold and Silver

755

The Dangers of National Security.

724

Hint to Geologists.....

755

What is Truly Practical...

725 Proposed Purchase of Isle of Staffa.

755

The Beautiful Alone not Good for Man.

725 PROFESSOR SEDGWICK (circa 1787–1873).

755

Precipices of the Alps..

..726 PROFESSOR OWEN...

- 756

The Fall of the Leaf.

The British Mammoth..

..757

JOHN STERLING (1806-1844).

-726 | DR CARPENTER-DR ELLIOTSON

757

The Miseries of Old Age..

- 726 Hugh Miller (1802--1856)..

757

The Worth of Knowledge......

726 The Turning point in Hugh Miller's Life

-758

EDWARD WILLIAM LANE (1801-1876)

.727 The Antiquity of the Globe..

-758

F. T. BUCKLAND-C. KNIGHT-A. HAYWARD-ALBANY The Mosaic Vision of Creation.

.760

FOXBLANQUE....

....727 The Fossil Pine-tree...

-761

DR DORAN (born in 1807).

.727

The National Intellect of England and Scotland.. ..761

The Style Royal and Critical.

..728 DR LARDNER-PROFESSOR ANSTED-PROFESSOR FLEMING,

Visit of George III. and Queen Charlotte to the City.

.....728 &c. ....

....762

WILLIAM JOHN THOMS...

...729 CHARLES DARWIN (born in 1809)...

...762

SIR ARTHUR HELPS (1814--1875).

..729 First Conception of Theory of Natural Selection............762

Advantages of Foreign Travel

..729 A Poctical View of Natural Selection....

The Course of History..

.......763

..730 Utilitarianism not the Sole Motive..

.763

Discovery of the Pacific Ocean..

730

Variability

-764

Great Questions of the Present Age..

..731

Improvement in Flowers.

.764

Advice to Men in Small Authority.

731 Professor HUXLEY (born in 1825)..

.765

SAMUEL LÁNGHORNE CLEMENS (born in 1835).

731 Caution to Philosophic Inquirers..

: 765

The Noblest Delight...

. 731 The Objectors to Scientific Inquiry..

..765

Puzzling an Italian Guide..

731 The Power of Speech ...

....766

Dr John Brown (born in 1810).

732 PROFESSOR Max MULLER (born in 1823)......

Queen Mary's Child Garden.

733 Language the Barrier between Brute and Man..

MALCOLM M'LENNAN....

733 Spread of the Latin Language....

WILLIAM RATHBONE GREG (born circa 1810)..

733 PROFESSOR TYNDALL (born circa 1820).

Glorified Spirits...

..734 Freedom of Inquiry.

.767

Human Development..

734 Advance in Science since the days of Bishop Butler..

MATTHEW ARNOLD-W. MINTO-LESLIE STEPHENS.

HERBERT SPENCER (born in 1820). ...

Professor Geikie (born in 1835)..

SCIENTIFIC WRITERS.

PROFESSOR WHITNEY (born in 1827)..

Celtic Branch of Indo-European Languages..

Sir Humphry Davy (1778–1829)..

..735 DR JOHN W. Draper (born in 1811)..

-769

The Future State of Human Beings..

..736 Luxuries of the Spanish Caliphs..

- 769

Indestructibility of Mind...

: 736 | GEORGE SMITH (1840—1876)..

.769

-789

PAGE
TRAVELLERS.
Appearance of Nimroud..

..782
PAGE
Discovery of a Colossal Sculpture..

..783
The Rev. HORATIO SOUTHGATE, &c. ....
...770 City of Bagdad.....

-784 Religious Status of Women in the Mohammedan System....770 Sır C. WENTWOrth Dil E-J. F. Campbell.

-784 LORD LINDSAY. ..770 Influence of the English Race..

-784 The Red Sea .. • 770 Brigham Young....

.784 LIEUT. ARTHUR CONOLLY-Miss ROBERTS-MRS POSTANS..771 WILLIAM GIFFORD PALGRAVE (born in 1826)

-785 Sacrifice of a Hindu Widow. 771 The Arab Character.....

-785 Lieut. T. Bacon—MOUNTSTUART ELPHINSTONE (1778– The Simoon...

..786 1859)--C. R. BAYNES. .771 THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS...

-786 Remark by an Arab Chief.. .771 Graves of the English Seamen..

-787 Legend of the Mosque of the Bloody Baptism at Cairo. .772 CAPTAIN BURTON (born in 1820).

-788 Sir John BOWRING.. 772 CAPTAINS SPEKE and GRANT..

788 State and Ceremonial of the Siamese.. 772 First View of the Nile....

-788 JOHN FRANCIS DAVIS -- MR GUTZLAFF COMMANDER

Etiquette at the Court of Uganda.. BINGHAM, &c. ... 772 The Source of the Nile, a Summary.

-789 Chinese Ladies' Feet.. 773 Life in Unyanyembe

- 790 Robert FORTUNE-M. Huc, &c... 774 SIR SAMUEL BAKER (born in 1821).

.791 Chinese Thieves.... 774 First Sight of the Albert Nyanza.

- 791 What the Chinese think of the Europeans.

774 David LIVINGSTONE (1817-1873)-HENRY M. STANLEY .....792 GEORGE WINGROVE COOKE (1814–1865). 775 An African Explorer's Outfit..

-793 The Chinese Language.... 775 Hunting on a Great Scale..

793 The Execution-ground of Canton. .775 English Manufactures in South Africa..

793 The Horrors of the Canton Prisons, 775 Meeting of Stanley and Livingstone at Ujiji.

794 John BARROW-The Rev. Mr VENABLES.

VERNEY Lovett CAMERON, R.N..

..796 Russian Peasant's Houses...

- 776 Employments of the People..

-776 SAMUEL LAING, &c.....

777 Agricultural Peasantry of Norway..

.777 Society of Sweden...

.777 Joseph BULLAR-John BULLAR.......

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. Cultivation of the Orange .

.778 EARXEST DieFFENBACH-ANTHONY TROLLOPE..

779

THOMAS OF ERCILDOUN..
Squatters and Free Settlers of New Zealand.

779
CHAUCER....

797 CAPTAINS King and FITZROY-George COMBE..

779
BARCLAY

..797 An American Cymon and Iphigenia......

780 The Complaynt of Scotland. J. S. BUCKINGHAM (1786-1855), &c..

-780 LODGE.. George BORROW (born in 1803).

-780 SHAKSPEARE Impressions of the City of Madrid. 780 SELDEN.

...799 Richard Ford (1796-1858). :781 Swift..

..799 Spain and Spaniards..

MASON.

..800 The Spanish Muleteers.. -782 SHELLEY

.800 A. H. LAYARD (born in 1817).

-782
MRS INCHBALD

.800

.776

.778

797

..798
·798
798

.781

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

CYCLOPÆDIA

OF

ENGLISH LITERATURE

SEVENTH PERIOD.

1780-1830 : REIGNS OF GEORGE III. AND GEORGE IV.

'HIS period presents several illustrious names, any who have appeared since the last_national ment of literature. In poetry, the period was pre- unfailing herald, companion, and follower of the eminently distinguished, and is the only one which awakening of a great people to work a beneficial challenges comparison, in any degree, with the change in opinion or institution, is poetry. At brilliant Elizabethan age. In fiction, or imagina- such periods there is an accumulation of the tive invention, the name of Scott is inferior only power of communicating and receiving intense to that of Shakspeare ; in criticism, a new era and impassioned conceptions respecting man and may be dated from the establishment of the nature. The persons in whom this power resides Edinburgh Review; and in historical composi- may often, as far as regards many portions of tion, if we have no Hume or Gibbon, we have the their nature, have little apparent correspondence results of valuable and diligent research. Truth with that spirit of good of which they are the and nature have been more truly and devoutly ministers. But even whilst they deny and abjure, worshipped, and real excellence more highly they are yet compelled to serve the power which prized. It has been feared by some that the is seated on the throne of their own soul. It is principle of utility, which is recognised as one of impossible to read the compositions of the most the features of the present age, and the progress celebrated writers of the present day, without of mechanical knowledge, would be fatal to the being startled with the electric life which burns higher efforts of imagination, and diminish the within their words. They measure the circumterritories of the poet. This seems a groundless ference and sound the depths of human nature fear. It did not damp the ardour of Scott or with a comprehensive and all-penetrating spirit, Byron, or the fancy of Moore, and it has not pre- and they are themselves perhaps the most sinvented the poetry of Wordsworth from gradually cerely astonished at its manifestations, for it is working its way into public favour. If we have less their spirit than the spirit of the age. Poets not the chivalry and romance of the Elizabethan are the hierophants of an unapprehended inspiraage, we have the ever-living passions of human tion; the mirrors of the gigantic shadows which nature and the wide theatre of the world, now futurity casts upon the present; the words which accurately known and discriminated, as a field for express what they understand not; the trumpets the exercise of genius. We have the benefit of all which sing to battle, and feel not what they past knowledge and literature to exalt our stand inspire; the influencé which is moved not, but ard of imitation and taste, and a more sure reward

Poets are the unacknowledged legislators in the encouragement and applause of a populous of the world.' and enlightened nation. The literature of England,' says Shelley, 'has arisen, as it were, from

SIR WILLIAM JONES. a new birth. In spite of the low-thoughted envy "It is not Sir William Jones's poetry, says which would undervalue contemporary merit, our Southey, 'that can perpetuate his name.' This own will be a memorable age in intellectual is true : it was as an oriental scholar and judge, achievements, and we live among such philos. an enlightened lawyer and patriot, that he earned ophers and poets as surpass beyond comparison his laurels. His varied learning and philological

moves.

« PreviousContinue »