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substantially the same forms of proceeding in the able to him at the time of his resignation. That cases of Texas and Mississippi.) If either of the this act shall take effect on the first líonday of Constitutions shall be ratified, the legislature December, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine. elected therewith shall assemble on the fourth CHAP. XXIII.- Property of Married WomTuesde after official promulgation of the ratifi- en.-Tbat in the District of Columbia the right of cation. Section 6 reads thus: “Before the States any married woman to any property, personal cr of Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas shall be ad- real, belonging to her at the time of marriage, cr mitted to representation in Congress, their sev- acquired during marriage in any other way than eral legislatures which may be hereafter lawfully by gift or conveyance from her husband, shall organized, shall ratify the Fifteenth Article be as absolute as if she were femme sole, and which has been proposed by Congress to the shall not be subject to the disposal of her husseveral States as an amendment to the Constitu- band, nor be liable for his debts; but such martion of the United States." The last section ried woman may convey, devise, and bequeath enacts that the proceedings of any of these the same, or any interest therein, in the same States shall not be deemed final, or operate as a manner and with like effect as if she were uncomplete restoration thereof, until their action married. That any married woman may conrespectively shall be approved by Congress. tract, and sue and be sued in her own name, in

CHAP. XVIII.-Liquor and Tobacco Tax. all matters having relation to her sole and scpAmends existing laws and provides for more effi- arate property, in the same manner as if she cient collection of revenue, the imposition of were unmarried; but neither her husband nor fines, confiscation of stock, etc., for evading the his property shall be bound by any such contract, tax, using stamps a second time, etc.

nor liable for any recovery against her in any CHAP XX.- Judge Adrocates.-Fixes the such suit, but judgment may be enforced by exenumber of judge advocates in the army at eight; cution against her sole and separate estate in the the President and Senate to fill vacancies.

same manner as if she were sole. Cuap. XXII.-- The Judicial System. The CHAP. XXIV.-Grants to Alabam11.-Renews Supreme Court of the United States shall here- certain grants of lands to the State of Alabama after consist of the Chief Justice and tight As for the furthering of railroads. sociate Justices, any six of whom shall constitute a quorum. [This required the appointment of an

JOINT RESOLUTIONS. additional.ustice.] For cach of the nine exist No. 4.-Light-houses.—Promoting the building judicial circuits there shall be appointed a ing of light-houses on the coast of Oregon. circuit judge, who shall reside in his circuit, and No. 5 The White House. — Appropriating shall possess the same power and jurisdiction $50,000 for lighting the President's house and therein as the justice of the Supreme Court al. grounds. lotted to the circuit. The circuit courts shall be No. 8.--Pay of the Army.—That the pay and held by the justice of the Supreme Court allotted allowances of the enlisted men of the army shall to the circuit, or by the circuit judge of the cir- remain as now fixed by law until the thirtieth of cuit, or by the district judge of the district sit- June, eighteen hundred and seventy. ting alone, or by the justice of the Supreme No. 9. -Settlers in Kansas.-For the relief of Court and circuit judge sitting together, in which settlers on the absentee Shawnee lands in Kancase the justice of the Supreme Court sball pre- sas. Each bona fide settler, having made imside, or in the absence of either of them, by the provements, shall be entitled to purchase not other (who shall preside) and the district judge.over 100 acres, at $2.50 per acre. And such courts may be held at the same time in No. 10.-Bridging the Ohio.-Authorizes the the different districts of the same circuits, and building of a bridge over the Ohio at Paducah, cases may be heard and tried by each of the the span to be not less than 400 feet clear. judges holding any such court sitting apart by No. 14.-Gen. Ileintzelman.--The President direction of the presiding justice or judge, who is hereby authorized to place the name of Brevet shall designate the business to be done by each. Major-General S. P. Heintzelman on the retired The circuit judges shall each receive an annual list of the army, with the full rank of the comsalary of five thousand dollars. That nothing mand held by him when wounded, in accordance in this act shall affect the powers of the justices with the acts of August, eighteen hundred and of the Supreme Court as judges of the circuit sixty-one, and July twenty-eight, eighteen hun. court, except in the appointment of clerks of the dred and sixty-six. circuit courts, who in each circuit shall be ap No. 15.- Paying Bounties.—That the acpointed by the circuit judge of that circuit, and counting officers of the treasury and pay departthe clerks of the district courts shall be appointed ment, who are charged with the settlement and by the judges thereof respectively: Provided, payment of bounties due to soldiers or their That the present clerks of said courts shall con- heirs, be, and they are hereby, directed to pay, tinue in office till other appointments be made in or cause to be paid, the sums found due to the their place, or they be otherwise removed. That said soldiers or thcir heirs, in person, or by transit shall be the duty of the Chief Justice and of mitting the amount to them direct, in a draft or each justice of the Supreme Court to attend at drafts, payable to his, her, or their order, or least one term of the circuit court in each district through the Freedmen's bureau, or State agents of his circuit during every period of two years. appointed specially for that purpose, or governor3 That any judge of any court of the United States, of national asylums, cr pension agents of the who, after having held his commission as such at district where he, she, or they may reside, and least ten years, shall, after having attained to not to any claim agent, or upon any power of atthe age of seventy years, resign his office, shall torney, transfer, cr assignment whatever. Any thereafter, during the residue of his natural life, officer or person lawfully detailed to investigate receive the same salary which was by law pay- | frauds shall have power to administer caths in

such investigation. Fees allowed to attorneys or insure the full completion thereof as a first-class agents to be retained, and paid only where actual road, as required by law and the statutes in that service has been rendered.

case made. No. 16.-Ship Canal —Extending the time for No. 20.-- Right of Way for a Railroad from completing the Portage Lake and Lake Superior a point at or near Portland, Oregon, io a ship canal to March 3, 1671.

point west of the Cuscide Mountains, in No. 17.Port of Entry-aking San Diego, Washington Territory-bat the Northern PaCal., a port of delivery.

cific Railroad Company be, and hereby is, authorNo. 18.- Bonů fide Settlers.-Enabling bona ized to extend its tranch line from a point at or fide settlers to purchase certain Jands acquired rear Portland, Oregon, to some suitable poirt on from the Osage Indians.

Puget Sound, to be determined by said Company, No. 19.-Pacific Railroads.-For the protec- and also to connect the same with its main line tion of the interests of the United States in the west of the Cascade Mountains, in the Territory Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad Com- of Washington; said extension being subject to panies. That the stockholders of the Union Pa- all the conditions and provisions, and said ccmcific Railroad Company, at a meeting to be held pany in respect thereto being entitled to all the on the twenty-second day of April, eighteen rights and privileges conferred by the act incorhundred and sixty-nine, at the city of Boston pcrating said company, and all acts additional to (with power to adjourn from day to day), shall and amendatory thereof: Provided, That said elect a board of directors for the ensuing year; company shall not be entitled to any subsidy in and said stockholders are hereby authorized to money, bonds. cr additional lands of the United establish their general office at such place in the States, in respect to said extension cf its branch United States as they may select at said meet- line as aforesaid, except such lands as may be ing. The common terminus of the Union Paci- included in the right of way on the line of such fic and the Central Pacific Railroads sball be at extension as it may be located: And prorided or near Ogden; ard the Union Pacific Railroad further, That at least twenty-five miles of said Company shall build, and the Central Pacific, extension shall be constructed before the sccond Hailroad Company pay for and own the railroad day of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, from the terminus aforesaid to Promontory sum- and forty miles per year thereafter until the mit, at which point the rails shall meet and con- whole of said extension shall be completed. nect and form one continuous line. That, to ascertain the condition of the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad, the Presi

PROCLAMATIONS. dent of the United States is authorized to ap FORM STEMITTING THE SOUTHERN CONST17 CTIONS. point a board of eminent citizens, not exceeding In pursuarce of the provisions of the act of five in number, and who shall not be interested Congress approved April 10, 1EC9, I licrcty in either road, to examine and report upon the designate the Cth day of July, 18C9, as the time condition of, and what sum or sums, if any, will for submitting the constitution passed by the be required to complete each of said roads, for convention which met in Richmond, Virginia, the entire length thereof, to the said terminus as on Tuesday, the 3d day of December, 1867, to a first-class railroad, in compliance with the sev- the voters of said State, registered at the date eral acts relating to said roads; and the expense of such submissicn, viz.: July 6, 1809, for ratiof such board, including an allowance of ten dol. fication or rejection. lars to each for their services for each day em And I submit to a separate vote the fourth ployed in such examination or report, to be paid clause of section one, of article three, cf said equally by said companies. That the President constitution, which is in the following words: is hereby authorized and required to withhold “Every person who has been a Senator or from each of said ccmpanies an amount of sub- Representative in Congress,or elector of Presi. sidy bonds authorized to be issued by the United dent or Vice-President, or who held any office, States under said acts sufficient to secure the civil or military, under the United States, or full completion as a first-class road of all sections

under any State, who, having previously taken

an oath as a member of Corgress, or as an off. nf such road upon which bonds have already cer of the United States, or as a member of any been issued, or in lieu of such bonds he may re- State legislature, or as an executive crjudicial ceive as such security an equal amount of the officer of any State, shall hare engaged in infirst mortgage bonds of such company; and if it surreciion or rebellion against the

same, or shall appear to the President that the amount of given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. subsidy bonds yet to be issued to either of said This clause shall include the following ofli

cers: governor, lieutenant-governor, secrctary companies is insufficient to insure the full com

of State, auditor of public accounts, second pletion of such road, he may make requisition auditor, register of the land office State treasiipon such company for a sufficient amount of urer, attorney-general, sherifs, sergeant of a bonds already issued to said company, or in his city or town, commissioner of the revenue, discretion of their first mortgage bonds, to secure county surveyors, constables, oversecis of the the full completion of the same. And in default poor, commissioner of the board of public of obtaining such security as in this section pro- the circuit court, judges of the

court of hust

works, judges cf the supreme court, judgcs of vided, the President may authorize and direct the ings, Justices of the county courts, mayor, Attorney-General to institute such suits and pre-recorder, alderman, councilmen of a city or ceedings on behalf and in the name of the United town, coroners, escheators, inspectors of to. States, in any court of the United States having Lacco, flour, &c., clerks of the supreme, disjurisdiction, as shall be necessary or proper to trict, circuit, and county courts, and of the

court of hustings, and attorneys for the comcompel the giving of such security, and thereby, monwealth; provided that the legislature may; or in any manner otherwise, to protect the in- by a vote of'three-fifths of both houses, remove terests of the United States in said rcad, and to the disabilities incurred by this clause from

any person included therein by a separato yote repealed all acts and parts of acts inconsistent in each case.

therewith: And I also submit to a separate vote the sev

Now, therefore, I, ULYSEES S. GRANT, Presi. enth section of article three of the said consti

dent of the United States, do hereby direct that, tution, which is in the words following: "In addition to the foregoing oath of office; made in the wages paid by the Government by

from and after this date, no reduction shall be of the general assembly, secretary of State, the day to such laborers, workmen, and me. auditor of public accounts, State treasurer, chanics on account of such reduction of the attorney-general, and all persons elected to hours of labor. any convention to frame a constitution for this

In testimony whereof, I have hereto set my State, or to amend or revise this constitution hand and caused the seal of the United States in any manner and mayor and council of any

to be affixed. city or town, shall, before they enter on the duties of their respective oflices, take and sub

Done at the city of Washington, this ninescribe the following oath or affirmation, pro- teenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one vided the disabilities therein contained may be thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and of individually removed by a three-fifths yote of the independence of the United Siates the ninethe general assembly: 1, do solemnly ty-third.

U. S. GRANT. swear (or affirm) that I have never voluntarily borne arms against the United States since I have been a citizen thereof; that I have volun. tarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, or

APPROPRIATIONS encouragement to persons engaged in arined hostility thereto; that I have never sought nor

DURING THE THIRD SESSION OF THE FORTIETH CONaccepted nor attempted to exercise the func

GRESS. tions of any office whatever under any authority or pretended authority in hostility to the Military Academy, to June 30, United States; that I have not yielded å volun- 1870..

$ 274,488 88 tary support to any pretended government, Pensions to June 30, 1870.. authority, power, or constitution within the Naval Service, to June 30, 1870. 15,832,246 00

19,250,000 00 United States hostile or inimical thereto. And I do further swear (or affirm), that to the best

Legislative, Executive, and Judiof my knowledge and ability I will support and

cial, to June 30, 1870

20,354,774 76 defend the Constitution of the United States Civil Expenses to June 30, 1870.. 9,976,228 81 against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that Deficiencies for year ending June I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, with Army Service, to June 30, 1870.. 33,350,893 20

30, 1869...

20,763,270 98 sion, and that I will well and faithfully dis. Consular and Diplomatic, to June charge the duties of the office on which I am 30, 1870.

1,110,734 00 about to enter, so help me God. The above Post Office Department, to June oath shall also be taken by all the city and 30, 1870..

30,279,153 00 county officers before entering upon their du. Miscellaneous items.

527,988 31 ties, and by all other State officers not included in the above provision."

Total... I direct the vote to be taken upon each of the

. $151,719,777 94 above-cited provisions alone, and upon the DURING THE FIRST SESSION OF TUE FORTY-FIRST CONother portions of the said constitution in the

GRESS. following manner, viz. : Each voter favoring the ratification of the

Deficiencies to June 30, 1869, and

additional appropriations to constitution (excluding the provisions above quoted), as framed by the convention of Decem- Indian Affairs, to June 30, 1870..

June 30, 1870.

$2,919,738 62 ber 3, 1867, shall express his judgment by vot

6,121 004 81 ing

Rivers and Harbors, to June 30,


2,000,000 00

Miscellaneous items. Each voter favoring the rejection of the con

31,200 00 stitution (excluding the provisions above quoted)

Total.. shall express his judgment by voting


Aggregate Appropriations from Eaca voter will be allowed to cast a separate

Dec. 7, 1868, to Dec. 6, 1869... $162,785,721 37 ballot for or against either or both of the provisions above quoted.

NATIONAL INDEBTEDNESS. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my

It will be seen that, in proportion to territory, hand and caused the seal of the United States to

the debt of the United States is less oppressive be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this four- than that of any other country. Our debt is up to teenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one

Dec. 1, 1869, and estimated upon a population thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and of that will probably be within the census return : the independence of the United States of Amer

1866-67. Sq. Miles. Population, Debt. Av. pr. hd. ica the ninety-third.

Austria..... 236,311 37,931 000 $1,459 858,845 $38.49 U. S. GRANT,

Belgium... 11,267 4 984,000 141,584,033 28.40 THE EIGHT-HOUR LAW.

France...... 207,480 38,092,000 2,598,659,000 68.10

Gt Britain, 112,190 29,935,000 4,014,214,745 134.89 WAEREAS the act of Congress, approved June Holland... 13,464 3,636,000 392,595,832 107.97 25th, 1868, constituted on and after that date Italy. 18,154 22,483 000 1,355,081,632 60.97

36,312 eight hours a day's work for all laborers, work- Portugal.

4,350,000 188,856,238 45.31

Prussia 107,185 19,304,000 210,615,320 10.91 men, and mechanics employed by or on behalf

190,325 16,287,000 Spain..

819,637,356 50.32 of the Government of the United States, and Un. States..2,819,811 38,000,000 2,453,559,785 64.57

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debts and incumbrances, and had paid tax on The Convention of Representatives of the Peo

that amount. Persons convicted of infamous ple of New York that ratified the Declaration

crimes were not to vote unless pardoned. The of Independence, appointed a committee, who

Governor's term was changed from three to two reported (March' 12, 1777) a Constitution for years, and to be eligible he must be a native State Government, and on the 20th of April that

citizen. Large appointing powers were given to Constitution was adopted, and was in operation the Governor and Senate, placing a vast amount for forty-four years. Under it the right of suf

of patronage practically in the hands of the Exfrage was confined to property owners; voters ecutive; the first crowd of appointments numfor Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and Sen

bered 2,238. The State was divided into eight ators, were to have a freehold worth £150 above

Senate districts, each baving four members, one debt. For Members of Assembly all male in

to be chosen each year. The Assembly was fixed habitants could vote who owned a £20 free

at onc hundred and twenty-eight, and apporhold, or paid a yearly rent of forty shillings, tioned to counties according to population, but and were annually rated and paid taxes. No

counties were not divided into districts. discrimination was made against blacks or mulat.

During the existence of this Constitution the toes, except that they were required to produce following amendments were voted upon, and deauthenticated certificates of freedom. Voters

cided as the figures indicate: were enumerated whenever a census was taken,

In 1825—On electing Presidential Electors: The following table shows the number and per- By districts..

C6,324 centage of the total population :

general ticket, plurality.

........ 56, 801

931 Qualifications. 1790.

1795. 1801.

1814. 1891.

In 1826--Election of Justices and Extending Worth £100..19369 36338 5205P 71159 87491 100490 Elective Franchise (abolishing property qualifiWorth £20 to

cation for white voters): £100 .234:5

For electing Justices..

129,098 Rent payers... 14674 22598 28522 14320 59104 93035 Special freemen 138

Against electing Justices.


For Abolishing Property QualificaTotal.......57606 64017 85907 1:1377 151846 959357

tion for white voters

127,077 Per ct. of pop.16.93 13.78 13.73 10.75 14.66 13.78 Against Abolishing ....

3,215 The first convention under this Constitution In 1833-Electing Mayor of New York by the was held in October, 1801, to settle the contro- People: versy regarding the relative powers cftne uovern- For electing Mayor

48,977 or and the Council of Appointment. They decided Against electing Mayor ...

1,936 unanimously that their powers were equal; fixed In 1839--Electing all Mayors by the People : the number of Senators at thirty-two, and As- For clecting all Mayors..

90,473 semblymen at one hundred, to be increased at Against electing all Mayors.

382 the rate of two yearly after each census until In 1815--On Removal of Judicial Officers, and the number reached one hundred and fifty. The Abolishing Property Qualification for holding Senate at first consisted of twenty-four members, ottice: in four classes, the terms of six expiring each For Removal of Amendment. 114,769 year. The first Assembly had seventy members, Against Removal of Amendment... 3,689 chosen annually.

For Abolishing Prop. Qualification. 114,900

Against Abol. Prop. Qualification.. 3,901 SECOND CONSTITUTION.

In 1840-The Tavern and Excise Act, except A Convention was called, by vote of the peo

in New York City : ple, April, 1821, the result being: For Conven

For No License


For License tion, 109,346; against, 34,901; majority for, 74,

111,884 445. The report of the Convention was made

The number of voters at various periods under November 20, 1821, and voted upon in February, this Constitution, and their percentage of the 1822, the result being: For the new Constitu- entire population, was as follows.


Per Cent. tion, 74,732; against it, 41,402; majority for,

1825. 296,132

18.31 33,330. The principal changes were abolishing

1835. .422,034

19.77 the Councils of Appointment and Revision (of

1845. .539,379 20.71 bills proposed to be enacted by the Legislature),

The number of aliens by the census was: vesting their useful powers in the Governor,


Per Cent. extending the elective franchise, and making


2.44 many more officers elective by the people. The


3.83 suffrage article was as follows: Every male 1845........153,717

7.52 citizen, twenty-one years old, one year resident of the State, six months in the county, having

THIRD CONSTITUTION. paid taxes within the year, or being exempt, or Moved principally by the danger of the abuse had performed military duty, or was a fireman, of the vast patronage in the way of appointor in certain conditions done work on the high-ments in the hands of the Governor, the peoway, could vote. Colored men were not allowed ple went strongly in the other direction, and to vote unless they had been citizens for three demanded a Constitution that should make nearyears, and possessed a freehold of $250 over I ly all important officers elective. An election



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for a Convention was held November 4, 1845, the Property Qualification for colored men as resulting: For Convention, 213,257; against, voters. Any of these three articles, if having a 33,860. On the 9th of October, 1846, the con- majority of the popular vote, was to become a vention reported the new constitution, which was part of the present constitution, though the new voted upon November 3, 1846, the result being : constitution, as a whole, might Le rejected. Only For amended constitution, 221,528; 'against it, one article was carried--that relating to the judi92,436. The radical changes were in taking the ciary, and that article, on the 1st of January, right of appointment almost entirely from the 1870, supersedes existing provisions on the same governor and making judges and others elective, subjects. It reorganizes the Court of Appeals, restricting voting to one day, and dividing towns extends the term of judges to fourteen years, and wards into small election districts. The provides for a vote by the people as to whether franchise was fixed substantially as it now exists, judges shall be elected cr appointed, and makes the Registry Law being the only important ad- other less important changes. Of the provisions dition. The matter of regro suffrage was sepa- in so much of the proposed constitution as were rately submitted, and rejected, as follows: lost, it is unnecessary to speak. [The votes on Equal suffrage to colored persons-N0...223,834 the several propositions, by counties, will be

Yes.. 85,306 found elsewhere.] The number of voters and aliens under this constitution, as returned in the State census, PROPORTION OF CITIZENS OF NEW YORK with their percentage of the entire population, ENTITLED TO VOTE WHO EXERCISE THEIR will be seen in the following figures :

Per Cent.

The following table, covering a period of 44 1855. .652,322 19.18

years, shows how far our voters have performed 1865.. .. 823,484 21.51

the highest duty of a citizen in exercising the NUMBER OF ALIENS.

right of selecting his public servants. The fig-
Per Cent.

ures in years when no census was taken are care.632,746 18.54

fully estimated upon proper basis: 1865.. .399,463


Office. Votes Cast. Vot, in State. Per Ct. ast. The amendments submitted since this consti

1826.. Governor.. 46,074 tution went into effect are:

308,724 31.12

1827.. Senators...177,809 321,314 (5.84 In 1849-On a Free School Law:

1828.. Governor.. 252,757 333,904 75.69 For the New School Law.... .249,872 1829.. Senators ...198,603 346,492 57.02 Against 91,951 1880.. Governor..251,351 359,082

10.01 In 1850--On Repeal of the New School Law: 1831.. Senators ...230,489 371,672

62 01 For the Repeal...

.184,208 1832.. Governor..312,776 384,262 81.99 Against the Repeal..


1833.. Senators....186,540 296,852 47 00

1834 . Governor..349,055 In 1854—Completion of Canals:



1835.. Senator ...175,278 For Amendment to promote.


41.58 .185,771 Against «

1836.. Governor..303,659

70.05 60,526


1837.. Senators ...296,430 In 1858--On a New Convertion:


65.54 In favor of a Convention.

1838.. Governor..380,623

83.24 .135,166


1839.. Senators...364,141 Against

468,972 77.65 .141,526 1840.. Governor..441,552 480,706 91.86 In 1850—On a Loan to pay floating debt:

1841.. Senators ...366,087 For Loan of $2,500,000....

492,441 76.37 .125,370 Against

1842.. Governor. 401,542 504,175 77,466 1813.. Senators...358,897

515,910 69.56 In 1860--Extending Suffrage: For Equal Suff. to Colored Persons.. 197,505 1845.. Senators ...337,496

1844.. Governor..487,334 527,644


539,379 62.88 Against Equal Suffrage.... ..837,984 1846.. Governor..406,720 550,673

79.85 In 1864—In relation to Soldiers' Voting:

1847..Sec. State..325,013 561,667 83 52 Allowing Absentees to Vote..


1843.. Governor..460,166 573,261 80.27 Against them Voting.


1849.. Sec. State..407,059 In 1865—On Commissioner of Appeals:

584,556 69.63

1850.. Governor..432,597 For Five Commissioners..

595,850 72.51 56,486

1851.. Sec. State..401,083 607,144 66.06 Against 81,532 1852.. Governcr..525,391 618,439

84.95 In 1865-To create a State Debt:

1853. .Sec. State..372,100 629,733 59.25 In favor of a Debt


1854.. Governor..470,595 641,027 78.59 Against

1855.. Sec. State..436,419 652,322

66.90 THE PROPOSED FOURTH CONSTITUTION. 1836.. Governor..594,347 669,114

88.78 At the Nov election in 1866, the people voted 1877. Sec. State..440,022 686,506 64.09 upon the question of holding another Convention 1858.. Governor..545,529 703,593 77.53 to revise and amend the present, or make a new 1859..Sec. State..503,063 1720,691

69: SO Constitution. The ballot resulted as follows: In 1860.. Governor..673,469 737,783 91.27 favor of a Convention, 352,854, against, 256,364. 1861.. Sec. State..487,567 754,875 64.59 This Convention met June 4, 1867, and con- 1862.. Governor..603,038 771,967 78.12 cluded its work February 28, 1868. 'In conse- 1863.. Sec. State..599,439 759,059 75.97 quence of Legislative opposition, their Constitu- 1864.. Governor..731,010 806,151 90.68 tion was not submitted to the people until the 1865..Sec. State.. 573,421 823,484 69.62 November election, 1869. It was then voted 1866.. Governor..718,841 840,550 85.52 upon in four propositions—itself as a wbole, the 1867..Sec. State. 698,128 858,200 81.3+ Judiciary article, the article for Equal Assess- 1868.. Governor..850,656 876,500

97.07 ments and Taxation, and the article Abolishing 1869..Sec. State.. 643,750 896,550 71.80

79 65


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