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That the Turkish dogs are often annoyed unnecessarily by the Franks, there is no doubt; but, on the other hand, the dogs are often the aggressors, as may be seen from the following instances, many more of which I could give :
One fine winter day, at the commencement of the present year, when walking on the banks of the Bosphorus, a little below Therapia, along with an Irish artist, we were passing a Turkish guard-house, and talking on some subject which engaged our attention so much that we were not aware that there were any dogs near us, when one caught the Irish gentleman by the calf of the leg, and instantly returned to the sentinel's feet. Enraged beyond measure, my friend seized hold of my stick, and flung it so as to strike the dog's legs; it was, however, too cunning, and evaded him. He was not to be so baulked, and lifting a stone about fourteen pounds weight, he struck the dog on the chest; it dropped down, and the Turkish sentinel began to abuse him, and threaten imprisonment if he again touched it. He was, however, in too great a passion to care for a Turkish sentinel with an empty musket, and telling him to look to himself, or he would have a touch at him after he was done with the dog, he lifted up a much larger stone, and killed it at one blow, as it lay gasping for breath.
In the other instance, the aggressor was more fortunate; for coming along the principal street of Pera, a dog came running out of the ruins of an old building, caught me by the thigh, and tore my trowsers; before I had time to strike him with my stick he was gone ; although a very unfriendly trick it was a very nimble one. The wound, however, healed in a few days, as all wounds from these dogs do; for hydrophobia is perfectly unknown in Constantinople.
It has been said that there is a penalty inflicted on the Christian who kills a dog ; but I have seen many killed, and never saw any notice taken of it, more than a passing exclamation of horror, from the passing mussulman.
A quarantine has now been established at Constantinople, one of the effects of which has been the employment of some thousands of carts and horses to carry away the filth and rubbish thrown from the houses. Where the poor dogs are to find food after this infringement of their ancient rights and privileges as scavengers of the city, it is hard to say ; but the probability is, that they will die by thousands from actual starvation. They are perfectly useless, and the board of health applied to the late sultan for permission to kill them ; but he would not grant it, as such a proceeding is contrary to the Koran; it is one, however, that has been formerly tried.
In 1613, Napuf Pasha, grand vizier to Achmet the Third, transported all the dogs to Asia, and would have had them there destroyed; but the sultan, on consulting the Mufti, was told that every dog had a soul, and consequently forbade it. After the destruction of the Janiparies, Mahmoud seems to have intended to get rid of them, for he caused an immense number of sausages to be bought, and having poisoned them gave the dogs a feast. Many thousands were thus killed in one day; but the people murmured so much, that he was afraid to commence a second day's work; he therefore ordered them to be expelled to Asia, but the order was very indifferently executed, and they are now again almost as numerous as during the time of the Janiparies.
In England, a dog is a gentleman compared to one of these poor miserable outcasts, covered with mange
and sores, swarming with vermin, and starving with hunger. Verily, no one, until they have seen “ the city of the Faithful,” can understand in its full force, “ I have not the life of a dog!”
A newfoundland dog, which, as is common with dogs, took great pleasure in walking with his inaster; he soon found out that the act of taking hat and gloves, or of merely putting aside books and papers, at certain times of the day, were indications of the master's intention of going out, and he expressed his anticipation of pleasure by manifest signs. Several times, however, the dog had been sent home, as his company could not always be convenient to his master. The consequence was, that the dog would take good care not to show that he expected to leave the house, but he would slily steal out of the room as soon as he thought that any indications of a walk had been given, and wait at a certain corner, which the master had to pass daily, and which was at a considerable distance from home. Surely this indicates some operation of the mind not to be accounted for by instinct.
I can give another more striking instance of mental operation in this intelligent animal : he accompanied a servant who rode to a place some distance from home. The horse was tied to a tree in front of a house while the servant executed his message. When, after some delay, he came out of the house, the horse was gone; he went on a hill, and from this elevated spot he observed the dog leading the horse by the bridle, which the canine leader held in his mouth, both trotting at a moderate pace. The dog brought home the horse and led it to its proper place in the stable. So he was in the habit of leading one of the horses to be watered. This animal was sent from the coast of Labrador, and was not of the common long
haired breed of Newfoundland dogs. --Lieber's Political Ethics.
There is a chapter in one of our metaphysical writers, showing how dogs make syllogisms. The illustration is decisive. A dog loscs sight of his master, and fol. lows him by scent till the road branches into three; he smells at the first, and at the second ; and then, without smelling further, gallops along the third. That animals should be found to possess in perfection every faculty which is necessary to their well-being is nothing wonderful ; the wonder would be if they did not; but they sometimes display a reach of intellect beyond this. For instance, dogs have a sense of time so as to count the days of the week. My grandfather had one who trudged two miles every Saturday to market to cater for himself in the shambles. I know another more extraordinary and well-authenticated example:
A dog, which had been sold by an Irishman, and was sold by him in England, would never touch a morsel of food on a Friday ; the Irishman had made him as good a Roman Catholic as he was himself. The dog never forsook the sick-bed of his last master, and when he was dead, refused to eat, and died also.
An Intelligent Dog.--A person of the name of John James, residing at Little Eccleston Hall, near Poultonle-Fylde, a few days ago went on his ordinary business to Lancaster, accompanied by a shepherd's dog kept by him. After his arrival, he had occasion to write to his family at home. He accordingly indicted a letter, and gave it to the dog, desiring him to “go his way back, and carry it safe ;” which the dog did, performing his master's wish in three hours. The distance was twenty miles.
A Religious Dog.-Mr. Simpson, farmer at Bowness,
in Cumberland, has at present a sheep-dog in his possession which attends church every sabbath during the morning service.
As soon as the bell commences ringing, the dog shows symptoms of considerable anxiety; and after a few peals have been rung, he may be seen proceeding towards the sacred edifice, unaccompanied by any one. Perhaps the most extraordinary
fact is, that he never attends the church but on Sundays, although the bells ring frequently during the week.
A Word for the Dumb Creation. During sultry weather, all persons who keep dogs and horses, will, if they be thoughtful and humane, give them free access to water, and plenty of it. The annual English epidemic, a horror of mad dogs and hydrophobia, when at its full height, causes magistrates even to issue ordinances for the destruction of all dogs found at large. It would be much more to the purpose if they provided fountains at which the poor creatures could quench their thirst. In Portugal, and other hot countries, where dogs are much more numerous than here, and many of them ownerless, the disease called hydrophobia is unknown, because there they have the liberty of assuaging the intensity of thirst at their option, which is the great preventative against this fatal malady.