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The accompanying will illustrate the fidelity of these animals :

“ Lennard Solikoffer, a Swiss nobleman, who, on the conclusion of the Swiss union, went to Paris as ambassador, had a large dog, which, on his departure, he ordered to be shut up for eight days. This was done, yet at the end of that period, the dog traced his way to the French capital, four hundred miles, and on the day of audience, rushed in all covered with mud, and leaped up mad for joy upon his master. In the family castle of Thuringia there is a painting of the story."


Those fierce sportsmen, the Normans, were almost madly attached to the pursuit of the stag, as clearly appears by the fiendish cruelty of the statutory enactments of William the First, for the protection of these animals. But in hunting the stag they made use of the spear and the bow, as well as the dog : it is evident that much of the Norman mode of pursuit was retained in the days of Elizabeth. The Normans brought into the country the noble talbot, from which our varieties of the hound have been derived; and this dog was used for the purpose of rousing game, while the ambushed sportsmen discharged their arrows as it passed; if it were wounded, the dog pursued it; and such was the acuteness of its smell, that he was able to follow his game through every soil, every laby. rinth, and all its intricacies. If, however, the deer was only slightly hurt, the chase was long; it ended, in fact, with the close of the day; for as the talbot

was slow in pursuit, he could not, like the modern fox-hound, run up to his game, yet, from the extraordinary acuteness of his olfactory organs, he could always trace it unerringly, whatever distance it might be ahead. In ) 124, Richard the First chased hart from Sherwood Forest to Barnsdale in Yorkshire, and there lost him; he therefore made proclamation at Tunhill, and various other places in the neighbourhood of Barnsdale, that no person shall chase, kill, or hunt the same deer, in order that he might return to his lair in the forest of Sherwood. Thus, in early times, when hounds from exhaustion being unable to continue the chase, proclamation was made in all towns and villages near which it was supposed the hart might remain, that no person might hunt or kill him, so that he might safely return to his forest; and the foresters were ordered to harbour the said hart, and by degrees bring him back to the forest; and the deer was ever after a 'hart royal proclaimed.'


WHENEVER speaking to a dog, whether encouragingly or reprovingly, the sportsman should endeavour to look what he means, and the dog will understand him. The dog will understand the look if he does not the words. The sportsman should never with a smile on his countenance punish a dog; nor commend him when he has done well but with an apparent hearty goodwill; the dog will then take interest in obeying him. Gamekeepers and dog-breakers are often odd fellows, and seldom natives of the place where they follow their avocation. Many of them are particularly loquacious to the dogs: should one of these queer specimens jabber in a Cornish or a Yorkshire dialect to a dog trained on the Grampians, the dog will understand from his look whether he is pleased or offended, but nothing more. The dog has not the gift of tongues, but he is a Lavater in physiognomy.

The following instance of the fidelity and courage of a terrier occurred in Glasgow :

“One evening, as a young gentleman of the name of Hardy was passing through St. Andrews Square, on his way home to his father's house in Charlotte Street, he was stopped opposite to the north-west corner of St. Andrews Church by a man armed with a large stick, who seized him by the breast, and striking him a violent blow on the head, desired him instantly to deliver his watch. As he was preparing to repeat the blow, a terrier belonging to Mr. Hardy, sprang at the ruffian and seized him by the throat, and his master at the same time giving him a violent push, he fell backwards and dropped his stick, which the other immediately seized and carried home. The terrier soon after followed him home, bearing in his teeth as a trophy of his courage nearly half the front of the man's waistcoat, in the lining of which half a guinea was found carefully sewed up. The waistcoat was of coarse woollen stuff, with a black stripe, much worn and tattered, and not at all corresponding with the elegance of the walking stick, which had a gilt head, and contained a handsome small sword.”

The fidelity of dogs generally may be illustrated by the following:

“ In October, 1803, during the deluge with which the island of Madeira was visited, a remarkable circumstance happened near St. John's river. A maidservant in flying from one of the fallen houses, gropped

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an infant from her arms, which was supposed to have perished. Next day, however, it was found unhurt on a dry piece of ground along with a shock dog belonging to the same family. The dog was close by the child, and it is imagined that the child was kept alive! by the warmth of the faithful animal's body.'

" After the execution of Sabinus, the Roman general, who suffered death for his attachment to the family of Germanicus, his body was exposed to the public upon the precipice of the Germonice, as a warning to all who should dare to defend the fallen house. No relative had courage to approach the corpse; one friend only remained true-his faithful dog. For three days the animal continued to watch the body ; his pathetic howlings awakened the sympathy of every heart. Food was brought to him, which he was kindly encouraged to eat, but on taking the bread, instead of obeying the impulse of hunger, he fondly laid it on his master's mouth, and renewed his lamentations.

Days thus passed, nor did he for a moment quit his charge: the body was at length thrown into the Tiber, and the generous and faithful creature, still unwilling that it should perish, leaped into the water after it, and clasping the corpse between his paws, vainly endeavoured to preserve it from sinking; and only ceased his endeavours with his last breath, having ultimately perished in the stream."

In the Sporting Magazine the following anecdote is told, which exhibits a rare, yet affecting occurrence, in exemplification of animal sympathy

“ An ill-fated cat fell into the hands of some young ruffians, who commenced the first stage of cruelty, which often leads to great crimes, and to an ignominious end. The little wretches had passed from

cruelty to cruelty, alternately stoning their victim and dragging it through a dirty pool of water, then beating and bruising it, and menacing it with drowning. Bipeds passed by unheeding the animal's cries of distress, which were now nearly coming to a close with its life, when a feeling quadruped came forward to save it. A dog, having contemplated for some time this scene of inhumanity, and barked disapprobation, rushed forward on the young assassins, and driving them one by one furiously off the spot, sprang to the rescue of the bleeding animal, and withdrawing it from the deep ditch, bore it off in triumph to his quarters; there extending it upon the straw, and licking it all over, he recalled the vital spark, and then laying himself down upon it, restored it to some degree of ease from the warmth imparted to it.

After this, the kind and feeling dog fetched provision to his sick charge, and the people of the house, inspired by the example of the minor animal, gave it warm milk. Day after day did the dog attend the sick object of his care, until it was perfectly recovered; and they are both to be seen at this day, after a long lapse of years, at the Talbot Inn, Liverpool.”

Many are still the deer forests of Scotland, but they are not what they were. Once a whole forest was dedicated to the services of the chase alone: you might have travelled from Banffshire to Ben Nevis without deviating from the region possessed by the noble Huntly. Sutherland, throughout the whole of its extent, was one prodigious forest, and so it still is, although the introduction of sheep-farming has made it lose its old pre-eminence. We need not mention more; the time has been, and it is not yet far distant, when a herd of deer was to be found on every mountain north of the Tay, and the slaughter at each

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