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should be repeated till the bowels are opened. In ex treme cases recourse must be had to a mustard poultice or oil of turpentine, which is to be rubbed into the parts affected.

When the symptoms are only slight, the bathing in warm water has been found sufficient.

When paralysis to a great extent exists, the effects of electricity only have produced any satisfactory results; while, on the other hand, mercurial ointments have been very efficacious ; but the use of these are by no means desirable, as considerable danger attends their application.

GRAVEL.

O

Dogs are subject to both gravel and stone ; the most approved remedy for which is Oil of Turpentine

- 15 drops, Spirits of Nitre

- 30 drops, mixed.

This dose must be increased in due proportion to the size of the dog : a few drops of laudanum may be added when much pain exists.

PILES

Are found more frequently with a bitch than with a dog, generally appearing after confinement; any thing tending to heat the blood, is a very fruitful cause of this disease. Powdered Nitre

a drachm, Milk of Sulphur

3 drachms, mixed, and divided into ten or fifteen portions, accord

5 grains.

ing to the size of the dog ; one of which should be given every morning. An ointment composed as follows :Tar

half a drachm. Sugar of Lead Lard

3 drachms. This should be gently smeared upon the part affected three or four times a-day.

. Another ointment, not generally known, but very efficacious, and which has been often successfully tried by the writer of this work, and called “ The poor Man's Friend,” prepared by Messrs. Beach and Bar- . nicott, and sold by most chemists in the united kingdom.

SPASY

Will arise from various causes, the best remedy for which is warmth ; laudanum is recommended in various proportions, according to the size of the dog : clysters composed of laudanum are particularly effective.

Wounds, SPRAINS, &c.

Instinct teaches the dog to lick any sore or wound within his reach ; and it has been generally found that they heal more readily from such a process than from the best application that the art of man could invent. The reason is evident, the tongue removes all dirt that may adhere to the edges or orifice of the fractui ed flesh, which is the surest way to obtain a speedy cure. Gun-shot wounds may be treated with the following ointment :

Goose Grease, Turpentine, and Spirits of Wineof each an equal quantity.

These ingredients must be melted over a slow fire, and when strained, applied to the wound.

This will be found a useful ointment for most wounds; but should they be very extensive, stickingplaster should be applied in preference to using a needle and thread; this last method is very apt to produce ulceration.

The cautery, or lunar caustic, should be applied to wounds occasioned by the bite of another dog if he have any symptoms of hydrophobia.

For sprains generally, the following embrocation will be found efficient :-one part of turpentine to two of spirits of wine.

Dogs meet with fractures far less frequently than any other animal; yet such as are allowed to run about stables, follow coaches, &c. are liable to acci. dents ; huntsmen will also, unavoidably at times, ride over hounds. Fractures of the shoulder and thigh should be treated as follows :

Apply a plaster of pitch, spread on stiff leather, upon the outer portion of the leg, then attach a board over the elongated ends of the leather, the whole being kept moderately firm by means of a bandage.

Sulliman, in his “ American Journal,” relates the following:

" I have a favourite spaniel dog, of the King Charles' breed, thirteen years old, and as he cannot relate a tale of woe of himself, I propose to do so for him, in as few words as possible. In June last, in a small steel trap set in the cellar, for the purpose of taking rats, he was accidentally caught at about midway

of the tongue, and in this situation he remained about three fourths of an hour. On examination, after he was extricated, the tongue was found started out of its natural position in the mouth some four inches. Every thing was done to relieve his sufferings, and in the hopes that the tongue would adhere to its former position in the mouth, but the tongue being much mutilated, after a lapse of forty-eight hours, the weather being warm, it became perfectly black; at this time, the poor old dog exhibited a desire to leave his kennel, which he was permitted to do, and he went direct for the ocean, where he cooled the fever of his blood by a swim ; he thence went away, and was absent alone about half an hour, when he returned to his kennel perfectly tongueless, having, as it was supposed, torn out his own tongue by putting his paws upon it as he had before been seen to do. He was fed during the time upon boiled rice and soup, and ate the usual quantity, on his head being held up, so that the food would run down his throat. Necessity is said to be the mother of invention, which seems to have been verified in this case, as the old favourite now feeds himself as well as ever he did upon every variety of food, drinks as well as ever, although after the manner of a pig, by running his nose more than usual into the water; and what seems still more remarkable, he barks with the same distinctness as usual on the least intrusion on his premises in the night time, as he did before the loss of his tongue, and in all respects seems as well as he was previous to the accident.'

Brown, in his “ Anecdotes of Dogs,” gives an example of the instinctive dread these animals have of hydrophobia.

“A man who used to come every day to the celebrated Dr. James' house, was so beloved by three

cocker-spaniels which he kept, that they never failed to jump into his lap and caress him the whole time he stayed. It happened that this man was bitten by a mad dog, and the very first night he came under the influence of the distemper, they all ran away from him to the very top of the garret stairs, barking and howling, and showing signs of distress and consternation. The man was cured, but the dogs were not reconciled to him for three years afterwards."

The same author gives the following interesting (though very singular) account of a terrier.

.“ At Dunrobin Castle, in Sutherlandshire, the northern seat of the Duke of Sutherland, there was in May, 1820, to be seen a terrier bitch nursing a brood of ducklings. She had had a litter of whelps a few weeks before, which were taken from her and drowned. The unfortunate mother was quite disconsolate till she perceived the brood of ducklings, which she immediately seized, and carried off to her lair, where she retained them, following them out and in with the greatest attention, and nursing them, after her own fashion, with the most affectionate anxiety. When the ducklings, following their natural instinct, went into the water, their foster-mother exhibited the utmost alarm, and as soon as they returned to land, she snatched them up in her mouth and ran home with them. What adds to the singularity of the circumstance is, that the same animal when deprived of a litter of puppies the following year, seized two cock chickens, which she reared with the like care she bestowed on her former family. When the young cocks began to try their voices, their foster-mother was as much annoyed as she formerly seemed to be by the swimming of the ducks, and never failed to repress their attempts at crowing.

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