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Coughs

Are very common among dogs, and may be attributed to various causes. That which accompanies distemper has been already discussed. Worms will often be attended by a short cough, not unfrequently producing nausea, and the animal appears every way out of condition; in this case the worms which produce the disease must be first eradicated, for which refer to the treatment under that head.

Cold frequently produces a cough, which, when it has continued any length of time, it will be necessary to treat very carefully. After bleeding, administer two or three grains of tartar emetic, or cominon salt, in the proportion of a teaspoonful to a dessert-spoonful, according as the dog is large or small.

As dogs get old a cough is contracted by degrees, which becomes very hollow, and finally degenerates into

ASTHMA,

Which is not readily cured, unless speedy means be resorted to, and the disease is in its earliest stages : it assumes various forms, at times being accompanied with great emaciation, while in other cases it is found with an accumulation of fat.

In this last instance, over-feeding and want of regular exercise may be referred to as the main cause : this then is easily obviated by regularity in everything which tends to produce ease and health. Bleeding may give relief in the early stages, and the administration of mild purgatives,

In severe cases, the use of alteratives, with an occasional purgative, is recommended during the time that the dog is under a course of emetics. Calomel is often used, but it is both disagreeable and dangerous. TryFox-glove, (powdered)

half a grain. Nitre .

3 grains. Tartar Emetic

a qr. of a gr. It is to be remembered that no other medicine should be administered the same day with the nauseate.

In obstinate cases, balsamic gums are recommended as particularly efficacious. TryGum-ammonia

4 grains, Squills, (powdered)

half a grain, Balsam of Peru

3 grains, made into a ball with honey.

A few drops of laudanum mixed in the alterative, relieves the cough when it has become very distressing.

O

INFLAMED LUNGS

Often proceed from coughs when they have been of long standing; this is manifest from the difficulty of breathing, the oppression apparent in the beating of the heart; which, however, is at the same time rather rapid than otherwise.

From six to ten balls, one of which is given every three hours, according to the size of the dog, may be made from the following

Nitre

1 drachm. Tartar Emetic

4 grains. Fox-glove. (powd.)

- 10 grains. When the cough is violent, an ounce of oxymel is added, and a dessert-spoonful may be used every two hours.

VENEMOUS BITES, &c.

Dogs in hunting are sometimes apt to be bitten by vipers; there are many prescriptions in use, but their effect is very uncertain : among the numerous ones that might be set down, I know of none so easily procured or so good as sweet oil; but it should be rubbed in very speedily, otherwise a tablespoonful should be poured down the animal's throat. Olive oil is preferabie to any other, and Mr. Beckford speaks in the highest terms of it. The same remedy may be applied to the bite of the slow-worm, &c.

Poisons.

Dogs seldom touch any thing injurious, unless it be administered in their food, and of all poisons the most destructive is crow-fig. When it is discovered that the dog is suffering from the effects of poison, the most speedy vomits should be given.

Common salt will act as a powerful emetic when thrust down the throat of the animal. In cases of mercurial poisons, use Ipecacuanha

2 scruples. Liver of Sulphur

2 scruples. When the vomiting has ceased, give a dose of castor oil.

DROPSY.

This is a disease occasionally found among dogs, arising from various causes, and accompanied with various symptoms; at times showing itself early, at other times appearing only in its latest stage. Considerable thirst exists at first, gradual loss of appetite succeeds, and the immense pressure of the water on the membrane which separates the lungs and intestines, finally produces suffocation.

Dropsy is of two kinds, existing in the chest and in the belly, the latter being the most prevalent.

Dropsy of the chest is incurable, and may be distinguished from the other by the swollen appearance of that portion of the body in which it exists. The dog appears to suffer much pain when he attempts to lie down, being desirous at all times of elevating his head.

Dropsy of the belly, as well as dropsy of the chest, is not a primary disease, generally resulting from an unsound liver, neglected mange, and not unfrequently it has been known to follow the asthma.

Diuretics have been tried in all cases of dropsy, and have occasionally only proved successful. TakeFox-glove, (powdered)

10 grains Antimonial powder

14 grains, mixed, and divided into a dozen portions, one of which may be given every night and morning. Take Fox-glove, (powdered)

9 grains, Squills, (powdered)

- 10 grains, Cream of Tartar

3 drachms,

mixed, and divided into ten or a dozen portions, and given twice a day.

Fox-glove has been known to fail in some cases, and Mr. Lawrence prescribes the following: Oxymel of Squills

1 ounce,
Infusion of Tobacco, (made by

pouring two ounces of hot
water on a drachm of to-
bacco)

4 drachms, Sweet spirit of Nitre

4 drachms, Tincture of Opium

{ a drachm, Infusion of Camomile

2 ounces, mixed, and then give a dessert-spoonful night and morning.

These are the most common remedies, although few dogs when once seized with dropsy are deemed curable.

The method of tapping a dog has been occasionally tried with success.

RHEUMATISM

Is brought on from the effects of cold or inflammation of the bowels; and to such an extent has this disease been known to exist, that the dog has been totally deprived of the use of his hinder legs and quarters, which has been succeeded by paralysis.

When inflammation of the bowels exist, with extreme costiveness, copious bleeding is necessary; after which giveCastor Oil

1 ounce. Occasional bathing in warm water should also be tried, and if this does not prove successful, try clysters composed of castor oil and mutton broth; this

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