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sometimes oil of turpentine has been mixed with it, and then it may be used as an outward application.
The number of prescriptions recommended in cases of mange are almost extremely numerous, and would occupy pages : I shall but mention a few. In obstinate cases, takeTobacco
half an ounce. White Hellebore
half an ounce. Sulphur
4 ounces. Aloes
2 drachms. Lard
6 ounces. This must be well mixed, and then rubbed well into the skin once every day for eight or ten days. OrDecoction of Tobacco
3 ounces. Decoction of White Hellebore 3 ounces. Corrosive Sublimate
5 grains. Aloes
2 drachms. The three first are sufficient for the disease, but the aloes prevents the dog licking off the wash: some strongly recommendFox-glove leaves
2 ounces. These are put into a jug, over which is poured a quart of boiling water; when cold the dog is washed in the decoction, and a few washings generally will effect a cure.
For the red mange, which is known by the colour of the skin, and the apparent irritability of the dog, the following is used : Mercurial Ointment
1 ounce. Aloes
2 drachms. Lard
6 ounces. The animal is very liable to catch cold from the application of this ointment, but from the nature of the disease, we are obliged to resort to powerful remedies;
internal remedies are also necessary to keep the bowels in a proper state: in obstinate cases, useOil of Vitriol
8 drops. Flour of Sulphur
4 drachms. Conserve of Roses
1 ounce. This must be divided into ten doses, and one given in a ball every morning. Red mange frequently alters the colour of the hair, and has even been known to fall away altogether and leave the body bare. The spongy and surfeit mange will bear the same treatment as the red : with surfeit mange, bleeding and opening medicines are particularly recommended. In slight cases of mange, much benefit is derived from washing the dogs in lime water; tan-yards abound with lime-pits, and I have frequently known dogs perfectly cured by two or three dips in these.
When ointment is used, it is not sufficient to smear the hair ; an hour, at least, is necessary to dress a dog properly, and every thing should be well rubbed into the skin.
Are very peculiar to dogs, and occasion them much uneasiness, and puppies frequently die of them : purges are very commonly employed in every case ; mercurials in small doses, pewter, tin, sulphur, bitters, &c., have all been tried. Epsom salts are very
efficacious, and quickly expel worms; but, unfortunately, they quickly return: a medicine very much recommended is Powdered Julap
- 20 grains Calomel
3 grains. Golden Sulphur of Antimony 4 grains.
These are mixed with a little butter, and given every other moruinig, for a few times.
CANKER IN THE EAR,
Is frequently among dogs that are over-fed ; the humours fly to the ear, and by incessant scratching, a scab is soon produced. In the early stages, use Sugar of Lead
half a drachm. Rain Water.
4 ounces. When ulceration ensues, applyWhite Vitriol
16 grains, mixed with a decoction of oak-bark.
Exercise and purgatives are essentially necessary in cases of ulceration ; and all dogs with long hair are more subject to this disease than any others.
A decoction of tobacco-water is frequently very serviceable.
SORE FEET AND EARS,
When brought on by thorns, &c. from the hedges, are easily cured with salt and vinegar : tar and lard is preferred by some.
CANKER IN THE LIPS
Is successfully treated with alum-water.
Many dogs are subject both to convulsive and
spasmodic fits, but the causes vary: with young dogs or puppies they may arise from teething, or worms; and not unfrequently they are the forerunners of the distemper.
Worms are a very fertile source, and will produce fits more generally than any thing else, especially when they are very troublesome; these fits are usually of the spasmodic kind, and may be removed by plunging the animat in cold water ; after which, administer the following :Opium
4 grains. Castor, in powder
- 18 grains. Sulphate of Zinc
5 grains. These must be mixed into a ball with balsam of peru, and divided into two doses; one of which may be given after the immersion, and the second the next day.
Dogs have been known to fall into fits from the effects of fear, or irritation. Want of exercise is likewise a fruitful cause; in such case the remedy is evivident. Costiveness will produce them; when an active purge will be effective : indeed, in most instances, whether costiveness exists or not, this remedy is recommended.
When the distemper is accompanied with fits, great danger is present, and oftentimes the disease proves fatal. Strong emetics may be tried.
No valuable bitch should be allowed to rear or suckle more than two puppies at a time: when she is over-burdened with them, convulsive fits will often be brought on, and at last end fatally.
DISEASES OF THE EYE,
In most diseases of the eye, especially when the inflammation is simple, poppy-head fomentations or goulard washes will effect a cure, especially when the injuries have been produced by scratches, blows, &c.
The distemper will often leave an apparent uiceration of the cornea. If the above washes produce no effect, try a mild vitriolic one, and by degrees the eye will become clear and transparent again. TrySugar of Lead
24 grains. Rose Water
6 ounces. White Vitriol
8 to 10 grains. This will be useful if the eye is very red and inflamed within the eyelids, and when they throw out much water.
When dogs become aged, cataract will frequently exist in both eyes. Young dogs are equally subject to it, but in this case as it only is found in one of the eyes, the cause may be referred to an injury: the most general remedy is a solution of white vitriol in water, made rather strong, and applied with a sponge or fine linen twice or thrice a day.
When injuries to the eye leave a bluish cast in it, the following is recommended :Calomel
1 drachm. Sugar of Lead
1 scruple. A small quantity of this powder must be sprinkled into the eye occasionally during the day.