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has a dog entertains a different opinion, and each one has his infallible remedy, despising the prescriptions of another as absurd ; and this in a great measure is the result of the many different symptoms under which the distemper appears, when the treatment must vary accordingly. At one time it is present with excessive laxity of the bowels, another year it may be putrid and malignant, and at times it shows itself with fits. Purgation is the usual attendant of this malady in summer, and fits in the winter ; but few cases are alike, and Mr. Blaine observes, that
“ It is to the immense varieties of the complaint that we must attribute the endless number of remedies continually prescribed for it; every one of which, from being occasionally beneficial, becomes, in the mind of the person using it, infallible. Distemper, therefore, is seldom spoken of among a number of sportsmen, but every one of them knows of a certain cure, one that has never failed with him. The varieties in the complaint are so numerous, that hardly any two cases can be treated alike; consequently no one remedy can be applicable to every case; for however efficacious it may prove in a number of instances, a judicious attention must be paid to the varying symptoms.”
In most cases there is generally a greater obstruction of the bowels than otherwise, and the first effort must be to relieve this by clysters. It attacks indiscriminately every dog, and none have been able yet to account satisfactorily for its appearance : at all times it seems to be a disease very obnoxious to the animal, as he displays many efforts as if attempting to throw it off him. In cases of dissection, the throat has appeared considerably swollen, and the stomach slime and filth; the mucous or petuitary membrane. lining, the cavity of the nostrils, and top of the throat, has been inflamed, and a state of fever is visible throughout the frame
Its first symptoms are moisture about the eyes, and general dullness; a slight cough is present, and an inclination to vomit; the cough soon becomes dry and husky, and a frequent reaching and throwing up succeeds : a dog quickly loses flesh in this disease. A few of the remedies usually resorted to, are as follows: take Calomel
10 grains. Tartar Emetic
20 grains. These are made into a large bolus and divided into twelve parts, one of which is given every morning fasting
Some speak very favourably of Blaine's medicinal powders, while others again have asserted their effect was ruinous ; but the reason has been already stated.
Common salt made into a ball with butter causes them to vomit; after which give the dog a little sulphur, and as much powder of antimony as will cover a sixpence; this may be mixed with his food.
Dr. Dickson says, that “In the removal of this complaint, many different points and circumstances of the disease are to be well attended to and considered : when in cases where the bowels are unaffected, and quite free from any sort of disturbance, and at the very onset of the disease, great benefit may often be derived from such remedies as these directed
3 or 4 grains. Compd. powder of Controjerva 10 grains. Mix them into a powder, which may be given in the evening, in a little fresh butter, or some such substance, being repeated as there may be a necessity.
“Or, at the same incipient stage of the disorder, the discharge of the contents of the stomach
be occasionally produced with great benefit by such means as these :
Solution of tartarized Antimony 6 drachms.
3 drachms. Mix, and make them into an emetic drink, which may be given every two or three days in a little oatmeal gruel for two or three times, if the strength of the dog does not sink too much.
“ A strong solution of common salt in warm water in the proportion of from one large table spoonful, or one and a half, to from three to five of the water, as the strength and size of the dog may be, will often an. swer the purpose.
"The bowels of the dog should at the same time be kept gently open; but where there is an excess of looseness, it must be instantly restrained by such means as these :
Compound powder of Chalk 3 drachms.
i a drachm. Syrup sufficient to make them into two balls, which may be given and repeated as there may be occasion ; mild and astringent food being had recourse to at the same time, such as flour or rice boiled in milk.
Sometimes, in these early stages, submuriate of mercury in small doses, and a mixture of Turbith's mineral, in the proportion of four or five grains, and one of tartarized antimony, are found very serviceable; a little blood being previously let where necessary.
“ It is necessary to let dogs have plenty of proper good food at all times in the course of the disease, ercept in the very early stage of its attack, while the active inflammation is present.
“ Besides these means, the distemper powder, so much celebrated and advised for this use, may be found of much advantage in some cases at the onset of the disease, and is to be had with proper directions for giving it in most places.
" Where the dogs have much tightness and stoppage in the nasal parts, common tar and butter melted together, and put on and rubbed well upon the higher portions of them, are often of benefit in relieving them: and in cases of much distress and confusion, with stupor in the head, utility is sometimes produced by the application of a blister or blistering ointment on the top part of it; but little service is produced from the insertion of setons in most of these cases.
“ After the first stages of the disease are over, recourse must be had to the more tonic and strengthening sort of remedies, such as the following:
Cinchona quilled bark, in fine
half an ounce.
Camomile Flowers, in powder, 1] drachms. Make them into a powder, which may be given in a little broth two or three times in the day if necessary.
“ The diet of the dog should now be gradually rendered more full, with increasing larger proportions of animal matter, and a plentiful supply of drink.
“In a case where I had a dog, which I much prized, as soon as he was affected with the first symptom of the distemper, when the husky cough and slimy discharge from the nose and mouth had already begun, I bled him in the neck till he fainted through loss of blood : on the evening of the same day, I administered Tartar Emetic
doubled between some bread and butter: this dose I repeated four successive mornings ; after which all virulent symptoms had disappeared, and in less than ten days after the bleeding, the dog was perfectly restored to health.
“At all times cleanliness is very essential in this disease, as also fresh air; and no dog should be allowed to lie or sleep near a fire while affected with this disorder.
“ Dogs fed on potatoes and biscuit suffer much less in cases of distemper, than such as live on high food, as raw meat, carrion, &c.
“ No flesh should be given during the progress of the disease.”
Is generally the result of neglect, although it will occasionally be present among the cleanest dogs, and in the best of kennels; with some it is acquired by infection, with others it is the sequent of a morbid action of the constitution,
Dogs confined too long in one small kennel, will engender mange, owing to the acrid effluvia of their transpiration. It is as common to dogs well fed as to such as are in ill-condition; and nothing will sooner produce the disorder than feeding on salt provisions, or drinking stale and dirty water.
Mange has been divided into four different kinds : the common, the red, the spongy, and the surfeit; of these the common mange is the most infectious, but the red mange is the most obstinate to cure.
Common mange has been cured by brimstone alone; this has been given regularly every day in the food;