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rubbed a little with a smooth flat stick on a plate ; but there will seldom be any occasion for this if the process be well managed. A very effectual and a much cheaper ointment may be made as follows: Corrosive Sublimate
8 ounces. Train Oil
6 gallons. Rosin, (black or yellow)
2 pounds. Tallow
2 pounds. Let the corrosive sublimate be reduced to a fine powder, and mixed with a portion of the oil. The rosin, tallow, and remainder of the oil, are to be melted together over the fire, and the sublimate afterwards added.
If the mixture should be thought too thin, the proportion of oil may be diminished, and that of the tallow increased. Were one or two pounds of powdered white hellebore to be added, it would improve both the consistence and efficacy of the ointment. One pound of sublimate at ten shillings, will, in this way, go as far as fifty pounds of mercurial ointment at three shillings. If the wool be not taken off, either of these ointments, or that of Sir Joseph Banks, is to be laid on in the same manner as smearing stuff, beginning with a line along the back; one is to be laid on each side, and one down each leg. The neck, inside of the thighs, and belly, should have a share. In every case, however, the wool should be shorn, except during very cold weather, and the animal washed and brushed with soap and water, before the application of the ointment, which may now be applied all over the body. The mercury will have more effect, and less of the ointment will serve, when all the filth and loose scabs have been removed by the washing. Anointing the sheep, after being shorn, will be found a very effectual means of warding off the scab and every disease of the skin.
As there is some danger in using powerful mercurial ointments, unless very cautiously applied, the following method may be tried, and will be found successful in all recent cases :
In the first place, let the sheep be well washed with soft soap and water, and by means of a brush let the scurf or scabs be rubbed off from the affected parts of the skin. When the sheep is perfectly dry, the following ointment is to be applied, taking care that it is well rubbed upon the diseased parts :Hog's Lard
1 pound. Oil of Turpentine
4 ounces. Flour of Sulphur
6 ounces. Melt the lard over a slow fire, and when fluid, but not very hot, add the turpentine and sulphur, and continue stirring the mixture until it is cold.
The success of this remedy depends in a great measure upon the above directions being strictly attended to.
THE WILD BOAR.
This animal, which is the original of all the varieties to be found in the hog species, is much smaller than the domestic kind; and does not, like them, vary in colour, but is uniformly of a brindled grey, inclining to black. His snout is considerably longer than that of the tame hog, and his ears are short, round, and black. Each jaw is also armed with formidable tusks, with which he ploughs up the earth like a furrow, in search of roots, &c.; with these also he inflicts terrible wounds on his enemies.
The wild boar cannot properly be called either a solitary or a gregarious animal. The three first years the whole litter follow the sow, and the family live in a herd together, and unite their common forces against the invasions of the wolf, or the more formidable beasts of prey. But when the wild boar is arrived at a state of maturity, he walks the forest alone and fearless. At that time he dreads no single creature, nor does he
turn out of his way even for man himself. He does not seek danger, and he does not seem to avoid it.
The chase of the animals is dangerous; but a common amusement with the great in those countries where it is to be found. The dogs used for this sport are of the slow heavy kind; as those trained for hunting the stag or roebuck would too soon come up with their prey, and instead of a chase, would only furnish an engagement.
When the boar is roused, he goes slowly forward, not much afraid, and at no great distance from his pursuers. He frequently turns round, stops till the hounds come up, and attempts to attack them; but as these are perfectly aware of their danger, they keep off, and bay him at a distance. After gazing at each other with equal animosity, the boar again goes forward, till at length he becomes perfectly fatigued, and refuses to proceed any further. The dogs then attempt to close in upon from behind, and though many of the younger ones lose their lives in consequence of their temerity, the others keep him at bay till the huntsmen come up and dispatch him with their spears.
These animals are found in almost all the temperate parts of Europe and Asia, as well as in some of the upper parts of Africa.
In former times, the wild boar was a native of Britain, as appears from the laws of Norval Ddar, the famous Welsh legislator, who permitted his grand huntsman to chase that animal from the middle of November to the beginning of December.
William the Conqueror also punished such as were convicted of killing the wild boar in his forests with the loss of their eyes.
The common or domestic hog is, generally speaking, a very harmless animal. He lives for the chief part on vegetables, yet can devour the most putrescent carcases. He is, however, generally supposed much more indelicate than he is really. He selects, at least the plants of his choice, with equal sagacity and niceness, and is never poisoned like some other animals by mistaking noxious for wholesome food. No animal has a greater sympathy for those of his own kind. The moment one of them gives a signal, all within hearing rush to his assistance. They have been known to gather round a dog that teased them and kill him on the spot; and if a male and female be inclosed in a stye when young, and be afterwards separated, the female will decline from the instant her companion is removed, and will probably die of a broken heart.
In the island of Minorca, hogs are converted into beasts of draught; a cow, a sow, and two young horses, have been there seen yoked together, and of the four the sow drew the best.
A gamekeeper of Sir H. Mildmay actually broke a black sow to find game, and to back and stand. Slut, which was the name he gave her, was rendered as staunch as any pointer. After Sir Henry's death this pig pointer was sold by auction for a very considerable sum of money.
The hog is one of those animals that are doomed to clear the earth of filth and refuse, and that convert the most nauseous offals into the richest nutriment. The thickness of his hide and fat renders the hog almost insensible of ill treatment, and instances have occurred of mice eating their way into the fat on the back of