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fusion of tobacco put into them ; and the following medicine may be given for three or four mornings successively : Flour of Sulphur

2 ounces. Honey, Treacle, or Syrup

3 ounces, Mix them, and divide them into six doses, of which one may be given every morning in half a pint of warm water. If this is found successful, half an ounce of nitre mixed with the foregoing recipe, will be attended with good effect; after which a dose of salts may be given, and the body washed with lime water.

Another kind of Red Water has been described, said to be caused by feeding on turnips and succulent grasses. It attacks sheep that are in good condition, and often destroys them in twenty-four hours. This, however, is a different disease, and consists in an inflammatory state of the system, affecting particularly the internal parts. Here bleeding is essentially necessary; after which the bowels should be emptied, by giving from one ounce to one ounce and a half of Epsom salts. When the animal recovers, he should not be too hastily turned into the pasture with the

other sheep.


Symptoms.--This, like the last mentioned disease, also affects the skin, and is apt, if not attended to, to spread very quickly among the flock. It is attended with more inflammation than the last, and but seldom with blisters over the body. It commonly appears in August and September, and does not continue above eight days at a time, although those sheep affected with it are liable to relapse. In former times it was a practice with shepherds to bury those sheep affected with this disease at the door of the fold, with their feet upwards, which they believed acted as a charm to drive it from the flock.

Cure.—“ It is necessary,” says Mr. Stephenson, “ for the cure of this disease, to follow the same method recommended in the Red Water. An ounce of salts dissolved in warm water, given every morning for three or four days, answers remarkably well to begin the cure, when the last mentioned recipe, with the addition of the nitre, may be continued till the disease disappears. But Sir G. Mackenzie thinks, that giving salts in warm water is liable to objection. The effect of the medicine, he says, ' will be more powerful, and more beneficial, when the solution is administered cold. For washing the body, Goulard water is the best application.''


Symptoms.—This infectious, troublesome, destructive disease, is well known. A sheep is never even slightly affected but it proceeds to scratch itself, and rub its sides and buttocks against every thing it meets.

As soon as the disease is discovered, the whole flock among which the scabbed animal has been pasturing, should be carefully examined, and every one

which has an appearance of being fretted on the skin, should be taken away to be cured.

Causes.—This is a very infectious disease. It seldom appears among sheep which have been smeared, and when it does, it probably proceeds from the touch of a diseased animal, of a stone, or a tree, or paling, on which scabbed sheep have rubbed themselves.

Cure.-Several ointments have been proposed for the cure of this disease, and that of Sir Joseph Banks seems to have been most approved of. His prescriptions, however, can only be made by an apothecary, a personage not always at hand, and who may not always have sheep ointment ready when wanted. Every apothecary has abundance of mercurial ointment at all times, and if a shepherd purchases a quantity of it to keep by him, and with a little oil of turpentine, he may always have it in his power to make up ointment when required, and of such a degree of strength as he may judge proper.

The following directions may be found useful :take Strong Mercurial Ointment

4 pounds. Oil of Turpentine

half a pint. Hog's Lard, Tallow, or Butter - 4 pounds. Melt the hog's lard, or butter, allow them to settle, and pour off the clear liquid ; then add the mercurial ointment; stirring the whole well till it be melted and incorporated, and then add the oil of turpentine. Keep stirring the mixture for a minute or two, that the mercury may be completely mixed, and then pour the whole into some shallow vessels, that the ointment may cool quickly. If the mercury should appear to have sunk when the ointment is cold, it may be

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rubbed a little with a smooth flat stick on a plate ; but there will seldom be any occasion for this if the process be well managed. A very effectual and a much cheaper ointment may be made as follows: Corrosive Sublimate

8 ounces. Train Oil

6 gallons. Rosin, (black or yellow)

2 pounds. Tallow

2 pounds. Let the corrosive sublimate be reduced to a fine powder, and mixed with a portion of the oil. The rosin, tallow, and remainder of the oil, are to be melted together over the fire, and the sublimate afterwards added.

If the mixture should be thought too thin, the proportion of oil may be diminished, and that of the tallow increased. Were one or two pounds of powdered white hellebore to be added, it would improve both the consistence and efficacy of the ointment. One pound of sublimate at ten shillings, will, in this way, go as far as fifty pounds of mercurial ointment at three shillings. If the wool be not taken off, either of these ointments, or that of Sir Joseph Banks, is to be laid on in the same manner as smearing stuff, beginning with a line along the back; one is to be laid on each side, and one down each leg. The neck, inside of the thighs, and belly, should have a share. In every case, however, the wool should be shorn, except during very cold weather, and the animal washed and brushed with soap and water, before the application of the ointment, which may now be applied all over the body. The mercury will have more effect, and less of the ointment will serve, when all the filth and loose scabs have been removed by the washing. Anointing the sheep, after being shorn, will be found a very effectual means of warding off the scab and every disease of the skin.

As there is some danger in using powerful mercurial ointments, unless very cautiously applied, the following method may be tried, and will be found successful in all recent cases :

In the first place, let the sheep be well washed with soft soap and water, and by means of a brush let the scurf or scabs be rubbed off from the affected parts of the skin. When the sheep is perfectly dry, the following ointment is to be applied, taking care that it is well rubbed upon the diseased parts :Hog's Lard

1 pound. Oil of Turpentine

4 ounces. Flour of Sulphur

6 ounces. Melt the lard over a slow fire, and when fluid, but not very hot, add the turpentine and sulphur, and continue stirring the mixture until it is cold.

The success of this remedy depends in a great measure upon the above directions being strictly attended to.

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