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long, but not deep, and an infectious water will run out; then wash with vinegar. If it be in the mane, or behind, let blood in the neck-vein; and for either of these distempers give the following drink, or that which is mentioned hereafter for the Murrain, which have been recommended much by those who have often experienced them.


Take polypody of the oak and burdock-leaves, of each a handful; for want of the leaves, take the same quantity of the roots, shred them small, and put them into a pint of milk and boil them; let them cool, strain it, and give it to the cow.

For the head-gorget, give powder of senugreek, turmerick, liquorice, anniseed, of each one ounce; of long pepper, half an ounce; beat all to a powder, boil it in a quart of ale, giving it blood-warm.


For the signs of it see above.

For the cure, take unslacked lime, coriander-seed, marjorum, and garlic ; beat all to powder, and sprinkle it on coals, letting the fume of it go up the beast's nostrils, it will bring away a great deal of the infectious humour.

: Take plantain, rue, southern-wood, shepherdspurse, smallage, coleworts, of each a handful ; bruise them, and with a handful of hen's dung, lay them in steep in a pint of old wash eight hours; strain the liquor, and add a quart of ale to it; put it on the fire, consuming it to one half, and put into it an ounce of treacle, a spoonful of juice of garlic, half an ounce of anniseed, and the like quantity of liquorice, and give it lukewarm.


This is a distemper that breeds in the end of the cattle's tails, like unto an eating canker, which will cause them to grow lean, and so weak in their backs, that they cannot rise when down, and sometimes will make their teeth loose. You may know them by the hair being eaten off where the worm lies, and you may, by feeling with your finger, find some of the joints eaten asunder.

To cure it, take foot, rue, stamped salt, and butter, and mix them well together, and apply it to the tail, having first slit the inside of it about two or three inches long, just above where the joint fails, and rub her teeth with juice of oranges, or juice of sandygrass : you may likewise give her the following drink for inward distempers.


If you cannot find out what the disease is, take a quart of ale, wormwood, rue, and rosemary, of each a handful; bruise it in a mortar, boil it, and strain it, adding to it two spoonsful of juice of garlic, and as much London treacle; mix all well together, and give it lukewarm.

To know if any distemper is growing upon them, view the top of their noses in the morning, and

if pearls like drops of dew hang upon them, they are in health ; but if they are hot, dry, and scurfy, some distemper is beginning to grow.


Take lily-roots, boil them till they are a pap in milk, and apply it hot to the sore.

When the sore comes to be soft, you may open it with a hot iron, if you

find need, and heal it with tar, turpentine, and oil, mixed together, adding a little hog's-lard to it when boiling hot.


Chop savin small, and mix it with sweet butter, roll it into balls, and give it for two or three days; afterwards give him about a pint of sweet wort, in which dissolve a little black soap, and it will bring them away; keep him warm after it, giving him warm water, and without meat three hours.


Except it be in an extraordinary case, never take above a pint of blood from a milch cow at a tiine.


Take some sloes, boil them in a little water, and add some powdered chalk, and a little quantity of whitning to it, and put it when cold into the water the cows drink



This is the practice of fattening cattle in the winter season on different sorts of moist and dry substances, instead of grass. It was formerly a disputed point, whether such stock could ever be advantageously fattened when tied up or fastened in stalls or other places; but numerous facts, the results of extensive trials, have now most satisfactorily, and in the fullest manner, proved that it is the best and most beneficial method that can be had recourse to for the purpose at that time of the year; and that from the great utility of it, some practice of the same, or a similar kind, should even be more resorted to in the summer keeping of cattle than has yet been the case, as has been shown in the preceding section.

In this sort of fattening, great care and attention is necessary in many respects, as will be fully described hereafter, but the most convenient, least wasteful, and the best method of forwarding the condition of the beasts, and completing the business, is, most probably, that of not wholly confining them to the stalls or houses, but letting them out occasionally. For instance, when the weather is suitable, they should

be turned out two or three times in the day into the yards, in order that they may indulge more fully in their natural habits, that their desire for food may be sharpened, and the danger of being disgusted or cloyed with it avoided; by which regulation, they will feed or take on flesh and fat in a more ready manner, and the process of fattening be more expeditiously and perfectly effected.

The large breed of short-horned cattle are generally the most proper in this intention, and stand the practice in the best manner.

Modes of Feeding in this way.--In winter fattening beasts of the neat-cattle kind, there are several different methods pursued in different districts and parts of the country; in some in the more southern parts especially,) it is a common practice to have food, when of certain root sorts, eaten by the stock, upon some perfectly sound, dry, and convenient portion of sward and stubble land, to which it is taken for the purpose. This method can, however, be only made use of in cases where such sorts of lands to some extent prevail, and where the smaller sorts of such stock are employed, as there are but few instances of ground being so free from wetness at this time of the

year as not to be greatly injured and broken up by the treading of heavy cattle. Less perfect managers in some places, leave the crops of such kinds so as to be eaten by the cattle on the land, but which, in all cases, is a bad and wasteful practice. The method which is the most useful, and attended with the most advantage, is, therefore, in all probability, that of feeding the cattle in the stalls or shed-houses, connected with suitable yards for turning them into occasionally as may be necessary; though that of confining them wholly to the stalls is in the most common use, as in all the ways

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