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Treatment. When the disease first shows itself, turn the horse out to grass, after removing the shoes; in many instances this will prove successful. When lameness to any extent exists, it is hopeless to attempt a perfect cure. Innumerable have been the methods of treatment, some of which have given temporary relief, while others have produced a worse lameness, where considerable expense has been lavished. Physic, local-bleeding, paring the sole and rasping the quarters, and sometimes scoring the toe, have all been tried ; the application of wet cloths, &c. Add to all these a continued rest for five or six months, and oftentimes longer. After these means have been used, though in some cases better, in many the heels have been as bad as ever.

Prevention is better than a cure, and by care and attention the disease can generally be obviated by keeping the feet properly moist, and with care in the shoeing...

Many mechanical contrivances have been hit upon in hopes of working a cure in cases of contraction, but none have answered the desired end.

At times this disease is accompanied with what are denominated Corns.

CORNS.

Differ materially from those to which the human being is subject; they are soft and spongy, and have a red appearance; they make the foot very tender, and will not admit of any pressure.

They must be cut out with a very sharp knife, anä

if the matter or fluid be great, apply the butter of antimony. Bar-shoes may be put on. They seldom attack the hind-feet.

Unshod colts are usually perfectly free from this and the last-named disease.

THE POMIED SOLE, OR FOOT,

Is the reverse of contraction, and is the result generally of acute inflammation.

The quarter may be rasped down, and the toe cut as short as convenient, and the horse may then be turned to grass. Temporary relief may generally be obtained, but a perfect cure can never be effected. Nothing should ever be allowed to press on the pomied portion of the foot. If six months at grass produce no effect, it may be set down as incurable. When the disease has advanced for any length of time the horse becomes useless.

OF WOUNDS.

All parts of the horse are liable at some time or other to wounds ; consequently their treatment must greatly depend on their nature and external appearance, for they must vary in a great measure according to the instrument that inflicts the injury, its situation, and extent. Some are easily healed, others are tedious, and at times dangerous ; but on no subject in the veterinary science does there exist so much difference of opinion as on treatment of wounds.

When the flesh is injured alone, search the wound, and ascertain whether any splinters, thorns, or other extraneous substances remain behind ; if so, remove them with the probe or any other convenient instrument, and then, according to the size of the incision, apply slips of sticking-plaster to keep the edges of the wound as close as possible, or sew it together with a needle and thread, and after placing a bandage round the part, foment it with bran and water, this will allay the inflammation, and is infinitely better than the use of caustics, and by no means so painful. If any noxious substance is left in the wound, mortification will often ensue after the foregoing treatment; but when nothing remains behind, and the part becomes unhealthy and begins to form matter, the wound must be treated as an ulcer

If the blood vessel is injured use a ligature, which is a better method of securing it than resorting to any styptic application.

Wounds in the joints and nerves are very difficult to treat. Of the first, mention has been made in a former part of the work.

of the work. When the nerve is affected, locked-jaw will often ensue. Wounds in the spinal marrow, when that portion situated above the branch of the nerves which lead to the heart and lungs, produce death. When a tendon is injured, foment with bran and water in preference to any spirituous application. Nothing can be so absurd or dangerous as a practice very much in use among farriers as the introduction of tow, which has been saturated in some powerful oil, into wounds, the irritation is hereby considerably increased rather than diminished; furthermore, the mouth of the wound is kept open, and a blemish will often be perceptible, especially after a healthy wound has been by such a process converted

into a callous ulcer, when the utility of caustic and stimulating applications have been called into action.

When wounds of the tendons heal slowly, the edges may be touched with butter of antimony; a piece of tow smeared with digestive ointment must then be superadded, and a bandage to keep it close to the part affected.

In case where the wounds in the joints prove obstinate, the tow must be dipped in the following lotion :Golard's Extract

1 drachm, Vinegar

two-thirds of a pint, mixed; put this into a quart bottle, and add about a pint of water.

When proud-flesh is attached to any wounds dress them with a little red precipitate mixed with the ointment in general use.

A modern author says, “ The benefit of healing wounds by the first intention is particularly manifest in cases of overreaches on the heels of the fore-feet from the shoes of the hind-feet. For in these cases nothing more is necessary than to wash the part thoroughly with warm water, so as to remove all sand or dirt whatever, and then to keep the divided parts together by a bandage, and not to remove it for three or four days at least. The coagulated lymph will then be thrown out from the mouths of the vessels, and the surfaces will be found glued, and this constitutes what is called-healing by the first intention ; and this process may generally be adopted with success where the wound is of a simple nature.

In compound wounds, where the bone has been injured as well as the muscular parts, it is more difficult, and sometimes impossible, to heal' by the first intention ; first, because the consequent inflammation is more violent, and, secondly, because the fractured

parts of the bone become, when detached, extraneous substances, and must be brought away before the wound can thoroughly heal. Hence it sometimes happens that the surface of the wound heals whilst the bottom or internal parts are unsound, owing to the circumstance of the bone not having exfoliated, and the irritation being still kept up, a fresh degree of inflammation ensues, and the wound suppurates and breaks out again.

“ In this case, and in this only), the mouth of the wound may be kept open by the introduction of tents; and if the abscess has not a sound, healthy appearance, such caustic applications may be used as will destroy the diseased surface and produce a healthy action in the part, which is always manifested by red granulations, and the secretion of pure white matter of a proper consistency.

" It is necessary to observe that probing wounds should never be carried to excess, indeed it should be avoided as much as possible ; and at all times the finger is the best instrument to be used for that purpose.

“The mouth is subject to ulcers from many causes, as the use of a rusty bit, decayed or broken teeth, &c. ApplyAlum'.

4 drachms, Water

1 pint, mixed. OrTincture of Myrrh

1 ounce, Water

1 ounce, mixed.

“ Either of these will dissipate the ulcerous appearance.

" A little internal cooling medicine is necessary if inflammation accompanies ulcer in the mouth.

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