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during these processes; and as a restoration to health advances, corn and hot mashes must be carefully avoided. The internal medicine used by many consists of Cape Aloes
1 drachm, Digitalis
1 drachm, Nitre
3 drachms, mixed into a ball with honey or treacle, and given every five or six hours : and to aid the coughLiquorice Powder
2 drachms, is sometimes added.
As the horse gains strength he may be exercised daily, but not allowed to be fatigued, or to be exposed to cold : green food is always recommendable in inflammation of the lungs.
In some few slight cases, where mortification does not appear to exist, and nature struggles to resist the effects of the disease; if bleeding has not been resorted to, and the quantity of mucus discharged from the nostrils is great ; and when the legs and lower portions of the chest swell, the undernamed diuretic ball is given to carry off the water which abounds :Liquorice, (powdered)
4 drachms, Assafoetida
2 drachms, Venice Turpentine
4 drachms, mixed into a ball.
This can be given every twenty-four hours, cleansing the nostrils frequently during the day, as also the rack and manger.
Is not very dissiinilar from the last disease in cause, symptoms, and cure; this being inflammation of the
pleura or membrane which covers the lungs and lines the chest and not affecting the substance of the lungs themselves. The great distinction is, that in pleurisy the pulse is not oppressed, but rather hard and full, and the membrane of the nose not so intensely red as in inflammation of the lungs. At first he strives to lay down, but soon starts up again ; and if not speedily relieved soon expires.
Bleeding, blisters, and sedative medicines, must be used as in the last disease; puncturing the chest seldom produces any good effects, and consequently must not be relied on. Purgatives may be used in pleurisy.
“ As pleuritic disorders,” says Mr. Gibson, "are more apt to leave some taint on the lungs than common colds or other inflammatory disorders, a great deal of care must be taken upon his recovery that his feeding be proper, and in right quantity, and his exercise welltimed. A horse should be kept to a light open diet for a fortnight or three weeks, viz., a quartern of bran scalded every day; and besides that two or three small feeds of the cleanest and sweetest oats sprinkled with water.
“ Instead of the scalded bran, it will be well to give him sometimes for a change, about a quart of barley scalded in a double infusion of hot water, that it may be softened, and the water may be given him to drink.
“ His exercise should be gradual, and increased as he gathers strength, and always in an open free air when the weather is favourable. If there be any remains of a cough, the air, with moderate exercise, will tend greatly to remove it, and the remedies usually given in chronic affections of the chest resorted to. Purging is also proper after pleuritic diseases, but the purges should be very gentle.
" The following proportion will generally suffice :
6 drachms, Castile Soap
4 drachms, Ginger
4 drachms, mixed with syrup of buckthorn into a ball.
“ This may be given with the usual preparations necessary in purging, and will operate well without occasioning either sickness or griping.
This ball may be repeated at the intervals of a week, provided the horse does not appear weak after the first dose."
It sometimes happens that pleurisy and inflammation of the lungs are combined.
There exists another difference, not yet mentioned, by which pleurisy may be distinguished from inflammation of the lungs. In the first, the flanks are very restless, and the belly greatly tucked up; in the latter, the heaving of the flanks is regular, and the belly has a full appearance.
SWELLING OF THE BREAST,
Or, as it is sometimes named, “ Anticor," from its position before the heart, is not so common with us as among the horses of our continental neighbours. Hard riding is said to produce it, together with a sudden stoppage of perspiration, allowing the horse to drink cold water when in a heated state, and, lastly, an excess of food without sufficient exercise.
Symptoms.--Its name indicates one of its principal symptoms, namely, Swelling of the Breast, which is accompanied by stiffness in the neck, and this to such
an extent that sometimes the animal cannot touch the ground with his mouth ; great trembling, and occasional hanging back when at exercise, and a general dullness and drooping. When the swelling reaches as high as the throat, symptoms of suffocation are apparent.
Bleeding, and the use of clysters, are highly necessary in the first stage of this complaint; a purge may then be given Barbadoes Aloes
8 drachms, Castile Soap
2 drachms, Ginger
1 drachm, mixed into a ball. This is given with bran-mashes and lukewarm-water. Emetic Tartar
2 drachms, Venice Turpentine
4 drachms, mixed with liquorice-powder, to give it consistency, into a ball. This must be given after the purge has had sufficient effect, and may be renewed every two days. At the same time a fomentation of bran and water as hot as the hand will allow will give great re. lief, and this may take place every two or three hours.
In cases where the swelling yields to the pressure of the finger, and that impression lingers, or when it is not speedily reduced, it may be dropsical, and will degenerate into water-farcy. The fleam is then useful, and must be struck in several different parts at the lower end of the swelling, and the discharge fro'n these punctures must be encouraged by warm fomen tations.
If pus or matter has formed after lancing the part and squeezing the abscess, apply a pledget of tow dipped in common digestive ointment of yellow basilicon ; this must be thrust into the wound, and changed every day till symptoms of healing takes place: if the edges of the wound bear an unhealthy appearance, a little burnt alum must be used.
When the disease has increased with great rapidity, and extended under the belly, bleeding is necessary, and then proceed as before directed.
Is an inflammation of the lower extremity of the legs, and is generally found in the hollow or the back part of the fetlock-joint; sometimes of the fore, but oftener of the hind-feet. It generally arises from bad stable-management,
and though not contagious, will on that account often go through the stable where it has once commenced. The farmer's horse is much less exposed to the attack of this disease than are any others; this arises from his living much more in the open air, and feeling less the sudden and extreme changes of temperature.
The skin of the heel differs considerably from that in other parts; the fetlock is subject to very great motion, consequently the skin is very soft and elastic, and has a greasy feel. When inflammation takes place here, the heels become dry and scurfy, owing to a secretion of the greasy matter; cracks are first formed, and from the incessant motion to which the fetlock is subjected, the heel soon takes on an ulcerated appearance, and discharges an oily fluid of an offensive nature similar to that in canker and thrush, and that is termed grease.
Causes.-All horses disposed to have swelled legs