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Balsam of Sulphur

2 ounces. Aromatic Confection

4 drachms. This can be given in warm gruel every alternate day instead of the cordial ball.

The above recipes are solely for such horses as are altogether free from any symptoms of any other disease; consequently it will be important to mark well the horse's general habit and appearance, and note whether the cough arises from any irregularity of the system.

If the cough proceeds from a bad habit of the body, a course of purges will be necessary, when the following may be given :Barbadoes Aloes

8 drachms, Castile Soap

3 drachms, Ginger

2 drachms, mixed with a little honey.

In some cases it will be necessary to excite the mucus secretion, as the want of it will greatly irritate the parts affected, when this ball may be given :Calomel

1 scruple, Balsam of Peru

2 drachms, Gun Ammoniac

1 drachm, Squill, (powdered)

1 drachm, mixed with honey, and given in the morning before feeding When there is too great an abundance of the mucus, Lime Water

half a pint, Tar Water

half a pint, Squill, (powdered)

1} drachms, will give relief.

When the cough is accompanied by fever, it may in many cases be requisite to bleed, especially if the horse is plethoric; the feeding should then be more moderate, and gentle exercise will be necessary.

At all times the greatest advantage has been derived from feeding on turnips, carrots, parsnips, or potatoes.

Blistering is efficacious oftentimes when there is much irritation around the larynx ; and being applied to the throat, it stimulates the surface, and thus the windpipe is considerably relieved.

Horses subject to coughs should be exposed as little as possible to the inclemencies of the weather, or any sudden change in the temperature.

Some have tried camphor in cases of chronic cough with great success :Camphor

2 drachms, Ipecacuhana, (powdered) 1 drachm, Liquorice, (powdered)

4 drachms, mixed with honey, and given as a ball in the morning, may be tried efficaciously. An old author gives the following recipe :Anniseed, (powdered)

6 ounces. Castile Soap

6 ounces. Liquorice Powder

6 ounces. Barbadoes Tar

6 ounces. Gum Ammoniac

2 ounces. Balsam of Tolu

1 ounce. This is mixed wih honey sufficient to make a consistency, and then divided into twelve balls, and given every other night. Many speak in high terms of this.

Chronic cough, if not carefully attended to, will often degenerate into broken-wind.

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SANDCRACK,

Is a term applied to a division which is sometimes found in the hoof of the horse, in a direction parallel to its growth, viz., from the coronet downward ; and seldom extends more than half way down the wall; it exists, but very rarely, in an horizontal position. In some cases it is brought on by external injury to the hoof; at others it arises from a brittle state of the horny fibres of the foot. The fore-feet are much more subject to Sandcracks than the hinder ones; and if the fissure is permitted to increase after once being observed, lameness to a considerable extent may occur, and not easily cured. Mr. Blaine says,

“ Whatever injures the vascular coronary origin of the hoof, as treads, cuts, or other lesions of the coronet, may also produce Sandcrack. The fissure is not always of a determined depth, being sometimes so superficial as not to penetrate the whole thickness of the horn and occasioning no inconvenience at first. At others, it exactly extends through the horn, but does not divide any of the sensible parts underneath ; while sometimes again a lesion of some of these takes place : neglect, and a continuance of work will, however, commonly bring any case, from the slightest into the most aggravated state.

When the hoof is completely penetrated, it becomes a most painful affection, and productive of extreme lameness; for the divided edges of the horn are apt, during exercise, to admit the protrusion of the soft parts underneath, which becoming suddenly pressed on by the approximation of the horny edges, exquisite momentary pain is produced. From the injury done to the sensible laminated expansion, there is ofteu a sprouting of fungus between the divided edges, which greatly aggravates the symptoms.

“ Accidents of all kinds injuring the vascular origin of the hoof around the coronet, may occasion Sandcrack also, as treads, stubs,” &c.

The Treatment must at all times depend on the state of the complaint. Nevertheless, all cracks should be paired down to ascertain their depth. When it proceeds from brittleness of the hoof, or is but slight, a coat of tar will strengthen the foot; a piece of tape must then be bound over it, and a second coat applied. Some prefer firing when it extends low down the foot. А blister on the coronet will also be serviceable.

When the crack penetrates the crust, and causes lameness, the greatest care is requisite to prevent any serious consequence; and when the hoof has been divided near the coronet it will not heal under six months; before which time it would be imprudent to use the horse even for common ordinary work; it will be beneficial to make use of the bar shoe for some time during the period the crack is closing.

QUITTOR,

Or ulcer in the coronet of the foot, oftentimes has the same origin as the Sandcrack, and occasionally the one arises from the other; and the cure can only be effected by thoroughly cleaning the ulcer, for which purpose the severest measures are frequently indispensable.

Caustic applications are the best remedies, and indeed the only things likely to produce a healthy action of the ulcerated surfaces.

Mr. Lawrence recommends that we should “ take a small piece of thin India paper, spread over with some butter or lard, then sprinkle about ten grains of corrosive sublimate, finely powdered, over the surface of the paper and roll it up into as thin a roll as possible, and introduce it into the Quittor as far as it will go.

“ The horse's head should be tied up for a few hours to prevent him from rubbing it with his mouth, and the tent should be left within the ulcer for three or four days, at the expiration of which time it may be taken out and the diseased part will follow it ; after which it becomes a simple wound, and requires nothing more than to be kept clean and defended from the air by a bandage around it.”

As in Sandcrack, the horse requires great rest during the progress of this disease ; indeed, much danger is attendant on allowing the animal to work at such a time. A perfect knowledge of the anatomy of the foot is requisite in this case as in most diseases connected with the legs and feet of a horse.

CANKER.

There are several opinions entertained respecting this harassing and tedious disease ; some practitioners asserting it is constitutional, others again considering it essentially local. Be this as it may, certain it is, we often find it the sequent to some other disease of the foot, especially grease, quittor, and thrush. Not unfrequently, however, it originates from carelessness

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