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dered as the last stage ; but if the matter be white and well digested, and occasionally decreases in quantity, or changes to a clear water, it is a promising sign, especially if the horse be young. But even under these circumstances, the pre-disposition to disease may still exist, and the smallest irregularity, either in diet, clothing, or exercise, may bring on a return of the complaint.
“ Some young horses continue in this consumptive state for several months; and through the effects of great care and nursing, give at some intervals a prospect of recovery, but, nevertheless, die ultimately exhausted by disease. Some go off in a much shorter time, although they are not apparently so much debilitated; and some recover after a discharge from the nostrils, even of two or three year's standing : but in this last case, the discharge has been suspended at intervals, and the mucous was always white; and when it ceased at any time, it was generally succeeded by a simple discharge of clear lymph or water.
“ Such horses will retain their appetite and not lose their flesh, and will go through their work tolerably well with good usage; though, if they are hurried a little more than ordinary, they will be the worse for it; and those to whose lot such horses have fallen, must have observed, that they seldom recover perfectly, or remain long well, until they are seven or eight years old, when their complaints frequently go off, and they become healthy and useful animals.”
Little alteration of the pulse is noticeable in the first stage of the disease; but as the constitution begins to decline, so does the pulse quicken and become smaller and considerably hurried during the periods when the animal is put to any exertion.
Causes.-There are many things which tend to bring on this complaint ; as before stated, an inflammatory state of the lungs, or the consequent to other debilitating diseases, as farcy, or glanders, &c. Horses whose temperament is hot and fiery are most apt to take on these symptoms ; they are generally weak, and from their nature and disposition, through over-exertion, soon exhaust themselves.
Cures are by no means certain and efficacious in any stage of this disease : when inflammation is attendant on consumption, as is generally the case, blood may be very properly taken. After this, the bowels should be looked to. After administering bran-mashes a day or so, the following ball may be given :Barbadoes Aloes
5 drachms, Emetic Tartar
1 drachm, Castile Soap
4 drachms, made up with a sufficient quantity of treacle or honey
The mash may be continued till the purge has taken effect; after which we must have recourse to diaphoretics, to loosen the skin and promote perspiration Assafoetida
1 drachm, Emetic Tartar
1 drachm, Ginger
1 drachm, mixed with liquorice-powder and syrup of buckthorn, into a ball, and administered every other night; and occasionally omitted for a few times.
Great advantage will be derived from succulent food during the period of administering this latter course of medicine. In summer green food is easily procured ; but carrots will answer the purpose in winter.
Gentle exercise should be resorted to, and the air must be as pure and fresh as possible.
The quantity of food should be but little at a time, and given often ; the stomach does not become overloaded by this means.
The following ball is used by some instead of the last, and is found efficacious :Emetic Tartar
14 drachms, Opium
1} scruples, Camphor
1 drachm, Ginger
2 drachms, Oil of Carraway
12 drops, made into a ball with treacle or honey.
FALLING OF THE PENIS
Occurs sometimes with such draught-horses as may have been over-worked, and occasionally with a stallion which has been allowed to cover too much in a season; the muscles become relaxed, and consequently are unable to perform their functions, or to support the penis in a natural position.
Cure.—When the falling first commences, return the penis into the sheath, and bathe with cold water several times during a day; after which smear the parts with a liniment of hog's lard and turpentine, in the following proportions—to one part of the latter add four parts of the former. This must be melted over a slow fire.
When general weakness accompanies the falling, tonics and cordials are resorted to; and sometimes it will be found necessary to bolster up the penis, and apply a charge over the hinder part of the sheath, leaving enough room to allow the horse to pass his water,
FALLING OF THE FUNDAMENT,
SOMETIMES comes on horses recently docked ; at other times it is the effect of continued relaxation of the bowels; occasionally it proceeds from over-exertion.
Cure.Wash the gut with a solution of alum; after which, bind a piece of linen round your two fingers, and having greased it, thrust the protruding gut into the anus.
A small quantity of the solution may be occasionally injected.
If the gut is inflamed, a cooling liniment should be used.
In obstinate cases it has been found necessary to cat off or burn with the cautery the protruding gut: in this case, quietness and rest is very necessary. A run at grass for a week or two will be advantageous.
This complaint, however, but seldom appears, except with horses of a washy and weakly constitution : and even with this, if taken in time, à cure is not difficult.
FISTULA IN THE WITHERS.
This is a disease brought on the horse by the saddle pressing too much on the withers, and little or no notice being taken of it the first day or so, the part becomes inflamed and sorely affected ; and though at first small, begins to spread on either side.
Cure.--In slight cases apply a poultice, in order to
bring the part affected to a head, and to promote the formation of matter; then pass a seton from the top to the bottom of the tumour, on both sides if necessary. When the case has passed into the fistulous symptoms, -the greatest of care is required, for fistulas' when neglected or badly treated, soon change into obstinate ulcers. Caustic applications will be called into use in these stages of the disease, which will be most efficacious in destroying the malignity of the case and restoring the parts affected to a healthy state. The following may be applied :Corrosive Sublimate
2 drachms. Spirit of Wine
5 ounces. This lotion will soon begin to show its effects, and in a few days the surface will put on a better aspect, when it will be necessary to keep the part clean, and doubtless the whole will be healed shortly after ; but the saddle should not be used too soon, as the skin being thin, the former symptoms might return. In very obstinate cases the treatment may be undertaken similar to that mentioned under the “ Pole Evil.”
Takes its name from its situation on the pole of the head, and commences in inflammation, gradually resolving itself into an abscess or ulcer, when it becomes most troublesome to cure.
It is more frequently found with large draught or farm-horses; the hair at the roots of the mane causing irritation, they are apt to rub their heads against the stall, sometimes rather violently ; hence, in time, an