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SEC. 2. That the twenty cent piece sball be a legal tender at its pomi. Legal tender, for nal value for any amount not exceeding five dollars in any one payment. What sums.
SEC. 3. That in adjusting the weight of the twenty-cent piece, the Deviation from deviation from the standard weight shall not exceed one and one half standard weight. grains; and in weighing a large number of pieces together, when deliv. ered by the coiner to the superintendent and by the superintendent to the depositor the deviation from the standard weight shall not exceed two hundredths of an ounce in one thousand pieces.
Sec. 4. That all laws now in force in relation to the coins of the Existing laws United States, and the coinage of the same, shall, as far as applicable, a pplicable to have full force and effect in relation to the coin herein authorized
a twenty-cent coin, whether the said laws are penal or otherwise and whether they are for preventing counterfeiting or abasement, for protecting the currency, for regulating the process of coining and the preparation therefor, or for the security of the coin, or for any other purpose.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 144.-An act to punish certain larcenies, and the receivers of stolen goods. March 3, 1873.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any person who shall em. Embezzling, bezzle, steal, or purloin any money, property, record, voucher, or valua- stealing,
United States ble thing whatever, of the moneys, goods, chattels, records, or property deemed felony: of the United States, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and on conviction penalty. thereof before the district or circuit court of the United States in the district wherein said offense may have been committed, or into which he shall carry or have in possession of said property so embezzled, stolen, or purloined, shall be punished therefor by imprisonment at hard labor in the penitentiary not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or both, at the discretion of the court before which he shall be convicted.
SEC. 2. That if any person shall receive, conceal, or aid in concealing, Kuowingly reor have, or retain in his possession with intent to convert to his own ceiving concealuse or gain, any money, property, record, voucher, or valuable thing &
inable thinc ing, &c., stolen,
' &c., property of whatever, of the moneys, goods, chattels, records, or property of the United the 'United States; States, which has theretofore been embezzled, stolen, or purloined from penalty. the United States by any other person, köowing the same to have been so embezzled, stolen, or purloined, such person shall, on conviction before the circuit or district court of the United States in the district wherein he may have such property, be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or imprisonment at hard labor in the penitentiary not exceeding five years, one or both, at the discretion of the court before which he shall be convicted; and such receiver may be tried May be tried beeither before or after the conviction of the principal felon, but if the party fore or after conhas been convicted, then the judgment against him shall be conclusive action evidence in the prosecution against such receiver that the property of the United States therein described has been embezzled, stolen, or purloined
Approved, March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 145.-An act to provide for deductions from the terms of sentence of United
March 3, 1875.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all prisoners who haveDeductious from been, or shall bereafter be, convicted of any offence against the laws of terms of sentence the United States, and contined, in execution of the judgment or sentence
of certain United
States prisoners. upon such couviction, in any prison or penitentiary of any State or Ter. ritory which has no system of commutation for its own prisoners, shall bave a deduction from their several terms of sentence of five days in
each and every calendar month during which no charge of misconduct shall have been sustained against each severally, who shall be discharged
at the expiration of his term of sentence less the time so deducted, and Certificate of a certificate of the warden or keeper of such prison penitentiary of such warden. . deduction sball be entered on the warrant of commitment: Provided,
Remissions an- That, if during the term of imprisonment the prisoner shall commit any nulled by new of- offence for which he shall be convicted by a jury, all remissions thereto. feuses during term. fore made shall be thereby annulled.
Clothes and mo- SEC. 2. That on the discharge from any prison of any person convicted ney furnished to under the laws of the United States on indictment, he or she shall be prisoner on discharge.
provided by the warden or keeper of said prison with one plain suit of clothes and five dollars in money, for which charge shall be made and
allowed in the accounts of said prison with the United States: Provided, Proviso.
That this section shall not apply to persons sentenced for a term of imprisonment of less than six months.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
March 3, 1875. CHAP. 146.—An act to change the name of the port of Nobleboro to Damariscotta.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Name of port of States of America in Congress assembled, That the name of the port of Nobleboro changed Nobleboro, in the county of Lincoln, State of Maine, is hereby changed to Damariscotta.
to the port of Damariscotta.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
March 3, 1875. CHAP. 147.-An act authorizing the appointment of gaugers for the customs service
at the port of Philadelphia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Gaugers at port States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasof Philadelphia,ap- ure
1,ap ury be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint three gaugers for the pointment and salaries.
customs service at the port of Philadelphia from the list of officers now
under appointment as inspectors, whose compensation shall be the same Proviso. as that paid to the gaugers of the port of Boston : Provided, That the
number of officers or employees in the customs service at said port of Philadelphia shall not be hereby increased.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 148.-An act to transfer the county of Perry, in the State of Tennessee, from
the westeru to the middle judicial district of the United States in said State.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Perry County, States of America in Congress assembled, That the county of Perry, in Tennessee,
0,added the western judicial district of the United States, in the State of Ten. to middle judicial district.
nessee, be, and the same is hereby set to, and sball hereafter compose a part of the middle judicial district of the United States in said State; and all cases now commenced or depending in said western district, affected by this act, shall be heard, tried and determined in the same manner as if this act bad not been passed; and the prosecution of all crimes heretofore committed in said western district shall be prosecuted
and punished in the same manner as if this act had not been passed. Act to take effect, SEC. 2. That this act shall take effect on the fourth Monday of May,
eighteen hundred and seventy-five.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 149.-An act to provide for deducting any debt due the United States from March 3, 1875.
any judgment recovered against the United States by such debtor. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
Amount of debt States of America in Congress assembled, That when any final judgment JuSU.S. recovered against the United States or other claim duly allowed by held by Secretary legal authority, shall be presented to the Secretary of the Treasury for of Treasury in payment, and the plaintiff or claimant therein shall be indebted to the paying judgments,
1 &c., of debtor United States in any manner, whether as principal or surety, it shall ng
1 against U. S. be the duty of the Secretary to withhold payment of an amount of such judgment or claim equal to the debt thus due to the United States; and if such plaintiff or claimant assents to such set off, and discharges his judgment or an amount thereof equal to said debt or claim, the Secre- Secretary to exetary shall execute a discharge of the debt due from the plaintiff to the cute discharge, United States. But if such plaintiff, or claimant, denies his indebted." ness to the United States, or refuses to consent to the set-off, then the Additional Secretary shall withhold payment of such further amount of such judg- amount to be withment, or claim, as in his opinion will be sufficient to cover all legal Leld when claimcharges and costs in prosecuting the debt of the United States to final ant denies judgment. And if such debt is not already in suit, it shall be the duty Duty of Secretaof the Secretary to cause legal proceedings to be immediately com- ry to sue on debt. menced to enforce the same, and to cause the same to be prosecuted to final judgment with all reasonable dispatch. And if in such action Balance, how judgment shall be rendered against the United States, or the amount paid to claimant recovered for debt and costs sball be less than the amount so withheld
hold when judg ment
a against U.S., or for as before provided, the balance shall then be paid over to such plaint- less sum than witbiff by such Secretary with six per cent interest, thereon for the time it held. has been withheld from the plaintiff.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 150.-An act to make East Pascagoua, in the State of Mississippi, a port March 3, 1875.
of delivery in the District of Pearl River. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the pas- East Pascagoula sage of this act East Pascagoula, in the State of Mississippi, in the dis- to be port of detrict of Pearl River, shall be a port of delivery for said district.
livery. Approved, March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 151.-An act to protect ornamental and other trees on Government reserva, March 3, 1875.
tions and on lands purchased by the United States, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilouse of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That if any person or persons Cutting or injursball knowingly and unlawfully cut, or shall knowingly aid, assist, or be ing, employed in unlawfully cutting, or shall wantonly destroy or injure, or or purchased for
of U. S. reserved procure to be wantonly destroyed or injured, any timber-tree or any public use. shade or ornamental tree, or any other kind of tree, standing, growing, or being upon any lands of the United States, which, in pursuance of law, have been reserved, or which have been purchased by the United States for any public use, every such person or persons so offending, on conviction thereof before any circuit or district court of the United States, shall, for every such offense, pay a fine not exceeding five hun. Punishment. dred dollars, or shall be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months.
SEC. 2. That if any person or persons shall knowingly and unlawfully Breaking fences, break or destroy any fence, wall, hedge, or gate inclosing any lands of &c.; in closing the United States, which have, in pursuance of any law, been reserved lands of U. S. or purchased by the United States for any public use, every such per- chased for public
served or purson so offending, on conviction, shall, for every such offense, pay a tine ase. not exceeding two hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding six Punishment. months.
43-2_ PUB 31
Breaking fences, Sec. 3. That if any person or persons sball knowingly and unlawfully &c., and driving break, open,or destroy any gate, fence, hedge, or wall inclosing any lands cattle, &c., on to
of the United States, reserved or purchased as aforesaid, and shall drive served for public any cattle, horses, or hogs upon the lands aforesaid for the purpose of
destroying the grass or trees on the said grounds, or where they may
destroy the said grass or trees, or if any such person or persons shall Permitting cat- knowingly permit bis or their cattle, horses, or hogs to enter tbrougli tle, &c., to enter any of said inclosures upon the lands of the United States aforesaid, through inclosures where the said cattle, horses, or hogs may or can destroy the grass or of such lands.
trees or other property of the United States on the said land, every such
person or persons so offending, on conviction, shall pay a fine not exceedPunishment. ing five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months: Proviso.
Provided, That nothing in this act shall be construed to apply to unsurveyed public lands and to pablic lands subject to pre-emption and homestead laws, or to public lands subject to an act to promote the development of the mining resources of the United States, approved May tenth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two.
Approved, March 3, 1875.
March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 152.-An act granting to railroads the right of way through the public lands
of the United States.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Right of way, States of America in Congress assembled, That the right of way through materials, station- the public lands of the United States is hereby granted to any railroad grounds, & c., como
Gir company duly organized under the laws of any State or Territory, except granted to railroads.
the District of Columbia, or by the Congress of the United States, which shall bave filed with the Secretary of the Interior a copy of its articles of incorporation, and due proofs of its organization under the same, to the extent of one hundred feet on each side of the central line of said road ; also the right to take, from the public lands adjacent to the line of said road, material, earth, stone, and timber necessary for the construction of said railroad; also ground adjacent to such right of way for station-buildings, depots, machine shops, side-tracks, turn-outs, and water-stations, not to exceed in amount twenty acres for each sta
tion, to the extent of ono station for each ten miles of its road. Rights of several SEC. 2. That any railroad company whose right of way, or whose railroads tbrough track or road.bed upon such right of way, passes through any canyon, cañon, pass, or de- n
pass, or defile, shall not prevent any other railroad company from the
use and occupancy of the said canyon, pass, or defile, for the purposes Crossing at grade. of its road, in common with the road first located, or the crossing of
other railroads at grade. And the location of such right of way through Wagon roads, any canyon, pass, or defile shall not cause the disuse of any wagon or rights of
other public highway now located therein, nor prevent the location through the same of any such wagon road or high way where such road or highway may be necessary for the public accommodation ; and where any change in the location of such wagon road is necessary to permit the passage of such railroad through any canyon, pass, or defile, said railroad company shall before entering upon the ground occupied by such wagon road, cause the same to be reconstructed at its own expense in the most favorable location, and in as perfect a manner as the orig. inal road: Provided, That such expenses shall be equitably divided between any number of railroad companies occupying and using the
same canyon, pags, or defile. Private lands SEC. 3. That the legislature of the proper Territory may provide for and possessory the manner in which private lands and possessory claims on the public claims, how con- lands of the United States may be condemned ; and where such prodemned.
vision shall not have been made, such condemnation may be made in 1864, c. 216, s. 3, accordance with section three of the act entitled “An act to aid in the v. 13, p. 357.
construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, and to secure to the Government the use of the
to be filed.
same for postal, military, and other purposes, approved July first, eighteen hundred and sixty-two,” approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-four.
SEC. 4. That any railroad-company desiring to secure the benefits of Profile of road this act, shall, within twelve months after the location of any section claiming benefits, of twenty miles of its road, if the same be upon surveyed lands, and, if upon unsurveyed lands, within twelve months after the survey thereof by the United States, file with the register of the land office for the district where such land is located a profile of its road; and upon approval thereof by the Secretary of the Interior the same shall be noted upon the plats in said office; and thereafter all such lands over which Disposal of lands such right of way shall pass shall be disposed of subject to such right subject to right of of way: Provided, That if any section of said road shall not be com. was. pleted within five years after the location of said section, the rights berein granted shall be forfeited as to any such uncompleted section Forfeiture of of said road.
SEC. 5. That this act shall not apply to any lands within the limits Application of of any military, park, or Indian reservation, or other lands specially this act. reserved from sale, unless such right of way shall be provided for by treaty-stipulation or by act of Congress heretofore passed.
SEO. 6. That Congress hereby reserves the rigbt at any time to alter Right to alter, amend, or repeal this act, or any part thereof.
amend, &c. Approved, March 3, 1875.
CHAP. 153. An aot to amend sections one thousand six hundred and seventy-five, March 3, 1875. one thousand six bundred and seventy-six, one thousand six bundred and eightyone, and one thousand six hundred and eighty-two of the Revised Statutes of the United States.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section one thousand six R. S., 1675, p. 293, hundred and seventy-five of the Revised Statutes be amended so as to amended. read as follows:
6 SEC. 1675. Ambassadors and envoys extraordinary and ministers Ambas sa dors, plenipotentiary sball be entitled to compensation at the rates following, envoys, minister s per annum, namely:
” plenipotentiary. “Those to France, Germany, Great Britain, and Russia, each, seventeen thousand five hundred dollars.
“Those to Austria, Brazil, China, Italy, Japan, Mexico, and Spain, each, twelve thousand dollars.
“Those to all other countries, unless where a different compensation is prescribed by law, each, ten thousand dollars.
And, unless when otherwise provided by law, ministers resident and Miuisters resicommissioners shall be entitled to compensation at the rate of seventy. dent, five per ceptum, chargés d'affaires at rate of fifty per centum, and fa
ers, chargés d'afsecretaries of legation at the rate fifteen per centum, of the amounts Secretaries. allowed to ambassadors, envoys extraordinary, and ministers plenipotentiary to the said countries respectively; except that the secretary of legation to Japan shall be entitled to compensation at the rate of twenty-five hundred dollars per annum.
“The second secretaries of the legations to France, Germany, and Second secretaGreat Britain shall be entitled to compensation at the rate of two thou- ries sand dollars each per annum."
That section one thousand six hundred and seventy-six of the said R. S.,1676, p. 294, Revised Statutes be amended so as to read as follows:
amended: "The agent and consul-general at Cairo shall be entitled to compen Agent and consation at the rate of three thousand five hundred dollars per annum."
» sul-general at Cai
ro. That section one thousand six hundred and eighty-one be amended R. 8., 1081, p. 294, so as to read as follows:
'amended. “The minister resident to Uruguay, when also accredited to Paraguay, Uruguay, minisshall be entitled to compensation at the rate of ten thousand dollars per ter to. annum."