Page images

with the duty of helping Ireland lished cases are enjoying adequate through the channel of the parochial relief. clergy. It is clearly proved that relief Let English individuals or parishes given through the Popish priests does resolve to adopt an Irish parish. not always equally benefit the Protest- The Editor has done this, and has ants, while it is admitted on all sides, selected the parish of Listowel, in the that the relief entrusted to Protest- county of Kerry, where, in addition ants is impartially distributed amongst to all the other good progressing, a Roman Catholics and Protestants. Scripture reader alone has been the

But this is not all. There is the means of above seventy persons, greatest reason to fear that the faith- chiefly in the higher walks of life, ful and devoted clergy of Ireland may coming out of the church of Romesink under the pressure of their lawyers, surgeons, &c.—and who have heavy burdens: too heavy indeed to lost their all in consequence. The bear, they may well prove, both to Editor will be very thankful to recomthe clergy and their families ! How mend other destitute localities for important, then, to uphold them at adoption. He is in daily correspondtheir posts, and to prevent the over- ence with Ireland, and will be glad to whelming misery of being conversant render any service in this matter. with increasing famine and wretched- We will only add, that full confiness, which they have not the means dence may be placed in the right disto arrest !

posal of all money sent to “ The Irish We are assured that by far the Relief Association for the Destitute most effectual and satisfactory relief Peasants,” 16, Upper Sackville Street, which can be given, is that which is Dublin, of which the Duke of Mansent direct to the clergy in suffering chester, Lord Roden, &c., are patrons. districts. The best plan is, to seek The Editor will gladly transfer any out these which are little known, and sums direct to the clergy in the most are suffering in silence. The pub- needy districts.

SABBATH OBSERVANCE. Our readers are aware that the direc- responsibility lies upon them in the tors of the Edinburgh and Glasgow present struggle. Railway, have lately discontinued

the Professor Miller, in seconding the practice of running trains on the resolution, begged to read an extract Lord's Day. This step has excited from the “Minutes of Evidence bea great deal of discussion in Scotland. fore the Select Committee of the The Town Councils of Edinburgh, House of Commons, on the ObseryLeith, and Linlithgow, have petitioned ance of the Sabbath, 1832,"—the the directors to return to their former evidence of Dr. Farre, a physician practice, and resume the Sunday not more distinguished for profestrains. To strengthen the hands of sional eminence and skill, than for the directors, and encourage them in

his shrewdness and sound common their resistance to Sabbath profana- sense. He states that he had been tion, a meeting, numerously and most forty years in practice as a physician, respectably attended, was held at and that he had been “in the habit, Edinburgh on the 22nd December during a great many years, of consilast. From the speeches delivered dering the uses of the Sabbath, and on that occasion, we beg to select and of observing its abuses." And that recommend to our readers' notice, the he had come to the conclusion that statements of Professor Miller, an the “alternating of night with day" eminent surgeon of Edinburgh. We is not more essential for the wellbeing wish especially to call the attention of the physical frame of man, than of our medical readers to the profes- is the cessation from all labour one sor's remarks.

day in seven. In fact, that the maWe beg to remind English share- chinery of man, in one respect, reholders in Scotch railways, what a sembled that of an eight-day clock;

[ocr errors]

“ The great


he runs out if not wound up regu- repose in the bosom of one's family, larly once a week; and the process with the religious studies and duties of winding up requires twenty-four which the day enjoins, not one of hours for its due completion.

which, if rightly exercised, tends to day in seven,” says he, “by the bounty abridge life, constitute the beneficial of Providence, is thrown in as a day and appropriate service of the day.” of compensation, to perfect by its Hear this, ye working men of Edinrepose the animal system. You may burgh, for it is to you chiefly that the easily determine this question as a lure of Sabbath recreation, as it is matter of fact

by trying it on beasts called, but in truth Sabbath deseof burden. Take that fine animal, cration,-is held out. the horse, and work him to the full enemies of the Sabbath are conseextent of his powers every day in the quently the great enemies of man.” week, or give him rest one day in Whether will you believe this expeseven, and you will soon perceive, by rienced and accomplished physician the superior vigour with which he and philosopher, or the unwise counperforms his functions on the other cillors who, whatever may be their six days, that this rest is necessary to information in other things, are cerhis well-being. Man, possessing a tainly not expected to be adepts in superior nature, is borne along by the physiology, or who may be no philovery vigour of his mind, so that the sophers at all? Will you believe injury of continued diurnal exertion them, or this man, who speaks proand excitement on his animal system fessionally as a physiologist, giving is not so immediately apparent as it an opinion from “many years' is in the brute ; but in the long-run perience, and who lived and spoke at he breaks down more suddenly: it a time when it was impossible for his abridges the length of his life and opinion to be warped or perverted by that vigour of his old age, which (as the influence of traffic in railway to mere animal power) ought to be shares ? And, further, he states, so the object of his preservation. I con- strong is his impression of the necessider, therefore, that, in the bountiful sity for a whole day's rest from labour, provision of Providence for the pre- that in the case of clergymen, whose servation of human life, the Sabbatical peculiar function it is to labour on appointment is not, as it has been the Sabbath-day, he has advised one sometimes theologically viewed, sim- day's rest for them (a Monday proply a precept partaking of the nature bably), in their case to be borrowed of a political institution, but that it is from the other six. “ I have advised to be numbered amongst the natural the clergyman, in lieu of his Sabbath, duties, if the preservation of life be to rest one day in the week: it forms admitted to be a duty, and the pre- a continual prescription of mine. I mature destruction of it a suicidal have seen many destroyed by their act. This is said simply as a physi- duties on that day; and, to preserve cian." So that, according to this others, I have frequently suspended authority, the man who compels his them for a season from the discharge fellow-man to labour on the Sabbath- of those duties.” And again, “the day may be not guiltless of murder; working of the mind in one continued and the man who assumes continu- train of thought is destructive of life ance of labour on that day to himself in the most distinguished class of is not guiltless of self-murder. And society, and that senators themselves he goes on to state, “I would point stand in need of reform in that parout the Sabbatical rest as necessary

ticular. I have observed many of to man, and that the great enemies of them destroyed by neglecting this the Sabbath, and consequentlg the ene

economy of life.”

No more need mies of man, are all laborious exer- surely be said on the necessity of cises of the body or mind, and dissi- one day's rest in seven for the wellpation, which forces the circulation being of the physical frame of man. on that day in which it should repose; The question then comes to be, How whilst relaxation from the ordinary is this day of immunity from ordinary cares of life, the enjoyment of this labourto bemost profitably employed?

Is it in sight-seeing, or in frequenting sepulchral, yet we doubt not it will museums, as some of our senators in

prove more conducive than the other London would persuade ?-or is it in on the Sabbath-day towards the running to and fro in Sabbath trains, health of the physical as well as of --scouring the country, its lanes and the moral frame of man. Of two fields, and villages, as some of our things we read in the sacred volume, wise men nearer home would have us and only two, each of which is said to do? Are we to regulate our con- to be "a faithful saying, and worthy duct in this matter,—the grave matter of all acceptation;" and one of these of the Sabbath's observance,-by any two things, so isolated and made proglorious document” that may be minent, is this, " That godliness” furnished by a superintendent of po- and surely the right observance of lice? Or are we to regulate our con- the Sabbath appertains to this,—"is duct by the one truly glorious docu- profitable unto all things, having the ment, which is wholly on our side, promise of the life that now is, and and with which we will crush every of that which is to come.” One word opposing document whatsoever,—I of allusion, Sir, to the precious “domean the word and will of God? It cument” of our opponents,—the last is very desirable that the experiment in their list, containing a proposal, as were tried, of the effect of Sabbath- has been wittily observed by another, breaking and Sabbath-keeping on of curing drunkenness by steam. the physical frame of man; or rather, What guarantee have they that the that the trials which are being weekly giddy crowds they pour forth in made, had their results noted and search of “Sabbath recreation," at made known. I fear not for the result. each halting-place of the monster The steady, sober, Christian artizan, Sabbath train,-monster in every who each Sabbath morning rears his sense of the term,-may not there family altar,--who, with each service meet with greater lures to intemperbell, wends his way to the house of ance and subsequent riot than they God,—who, on each Sabbath even- might otherwise have been exposed ing, is found within his own home, to? This is no extinction, but an expursuing the sacred domestic duties tention of the evil; at the best, only, of the day, a day of rest,--not of as a lawyer would say, a change of slothful, but of holy rest,-is that venue. Or if they should succeed in man, on the second day of the week, making some impression on intemwhen his ordinary round of toil has perance,-at least as witnessed in the come back upon him, found more wan near neighbourhood of our towns, and weary, more enfeebled in body how is it? Only by substituting one and relaxed in mind, than that other offence against the law of God for man who has spent his Sabbath from another-desecration of the Sabbath home,- I will not say in riot and for intemperance in drink. An illusdissipation, but in gaiety and gadding tration from the practice of medicine about in steam-boats, railways, or a occurs to me here, counter-irritation. field,-in dissipation of time and It is no bad plan to relieve a deepmind at least, if not of other things ? seated inflammation, by inducing one Surely not. The Sabbath-keeper will externally,--as by the application of be found better than the Sabbath- a blister to the skin. But what is so breaker,-better in body, better in induced is as truly disease,-as truly mind, better in person, better for an inflammation,-as the original time, and better for eternity. The evil. And were this to be fixed, air of the church, Sir, may feel less stereotyped-on the part, it would bracing to the frame, less playful on form but a sorry boon to the patient. the cheek, than the open air of heaven He might well grudge, for example, on the hill-side, oramid fragant fields; to be relieved from a pain of a limb, but there are concomitants to each on at the cost of carrying about with the Sabbath-day; and it is these con- him a foul, fætid, running sore for comitants that sway the scale. The ever and a day. I am unwilling to atmosphere of the house of God may detain the meeting, Sir; but I am feel even cold and dark, and almost anxious to say a word on the connexion of the medical profession with ment to be such as to clash and conthe question of Sabbath trains. An tend against the faithful, persevering, attempt has been made to make it and, thank God, not altogether unappear,--and the sympathies of the successful strivings of his people to community have been attempted to stem the tide of godlessness that is be raised upon the subject,—that by setting in upon the land, and to prestoppage of the Sabbath trains an serve his own day sacred and inviolate insuperable obstacle must be thrown from such open and national profanain the way of sending efficient me- tion? But, Sir, when such emergendical aid, in cases of urgent sickness cies do come, I would not have them at a distance in the country. But it unprovided for. Dr. Candlish has is to be remembered, that such things generously met them in one way,—I do not occur every day. It is not on venture on the same subject. Let a every Sabbath, or on many Sabbaths, discretionary power be vested in the such emergencies are likely to happen. superintendent of the railway station, It is only in the case of long distances, and, on good cause shown to him of moreover, that the use of the railway urgency, in life and death, in necessity comes to be essential, or even expe- and mercy, yet with stringent limitadient. In ordinary distances of five, tions to prevent abuse creeping in, ten, fifteen, or even twenty miles, the let a special train be provided. This old system of posting will do quite is sufficient to meet the case. It is well. An express comes, and it may not necessary, as has already been want two hours of the stated time for shown by Dr. Candlish, that the trains the starting of a suitable train. Within should be running statedly, on the twenty minutes a chaise is at the door; chance of an emergency coming. To and within the time spoken of the use the illustration so happily employed destination may be reached. And it in Glasgow by Dr. Symington some is important to observe, how many years ago, on an occasion somewhat circumstances must occur together like this,-suppose a house taken fire ere a just demand can be made upon on the Sabbath,—it is most right and the railway. There must be an urgent proper that the engines should be case of sickness; besides, it must be quickly on the spot, and that the fireof such a nature as to demand metro- men should exert their utmost to expolitan aid,—besides, it must be at a tinguish the flames. But it is not long distance from town,-besides, it necessary that the whole fire-brigade, must be on the line of railway,-and, in full accoutrement, with all the firebesides, it must happen on the Sab- engines in full working order, should bath day. It has been said, Sir, that parade our streets every Sabbath-day, a long day's posting is more hurtful once in the morning, and once in the than the railway train, by reason of evening, lest the contingency of a fire employing more hands in Sabbath should by possibility occur,-such labour. Compare one isolated event fires and other urgencies being supwith another, and it may seem so. posed, according to the new law, and But, remember that the posting hap- happily hit upon by Dr. Candlish pens once in the six months, or always to occur at the stated hours of thereby, while the other is to take eight in the morning, and five in the place twice every Sabbath at the afternoon. It may still be objected least; and, taking this into account, by our opponents, that it is unfair to it requires no great skill in arithmetic saddle the unfortunate patient or his to cast the balance, and find on which friends with the extra expense of the side it preponderates for good or for special train. But to that I would evil. But on this head, Sir, may we answer, that it is only in the case of not take the comforting reflection, long distances, as already stated, that that such heavy afflictions by sickness the urgency occurs; that long disas those we speak of are not the re- tances make large fees; and that, in sult of chance, but are the subject of the case of a large fee, the extra exarrangement by an all-wise and all- pense of a special train is not likely merciful Providence; and is it likely, to be felt. But if it should, Sir, I Sir, that he will permit this arrange- think I may take upon me to say, that the profession to which I have the merly the din of doctors' carriages honour to belong will rather that the scarcely ceased in our streets on the deduction be made from their profes- Sabbath forenoon, now scarce two of sional remuneration, -hard-earned, these vehicles are to be found in the as it often is, by tear and wear of whole day, and these not rolling from both body and mind,-than that they house to house, but each, perhaps, should seem to stand in the way of bearing its family freight to the house the great and good object which you of God. It is no longer a day for are this day met to forward. “Where special visiting ; visits are studiously there is a will there is a way.” The few; it is a blank day for operations; will, I trust, will not be wanting, on leisure is found for attendance on the the part of the medical profession, to public ordinances of religion; it is a forego any claim they may have, or day of rest, yet of duty; but the duty may be supposed to have, or may be is not of a professional kind. This told they have, to travelling by Sab- feeling, I believe to be on the increase. bath trains. And if they do, sure I The members of the medical profesam that a way will be opened up to sion grow more and more unwilling them for doing very well without, that their professional labours should except in very few instances, these be exacted from them on the Sabbathjust sufficing to form exceptions for day. And do not believe, Sir, that inculcation of the general rule. Not they will permit themselves to be long ago, Sir, it was the custom for made instruments, even by implicatoo many in the medical profession to tion, in the hands of any body of regard the Sabbath as a day peculiarly men, towards Sabbath desecration. suited, and set apart as it were, for I am a humble member of that prothe pursuit of their professional avo- fession, and very unworthy to reprecations. It was a day of visiting of sent, this day, so noble a profession hospitals, of operating in private, a in so noble a cause; yet, unworthy day when patients were likely to be as I am, I will venture to say, that at home, and, therefore a day of spe- that profession will not lend itself cial visiting; and an

towards opposing you in the great sought to be found in such works and good work you have undertaken; being of necessity and mercy.” but, on the contrary, will gladly join But a change in this respect has with


heart and hand, in restoring come, and is advancing. Often have to Scotland what was once her proud I heard it of late remarked,—and boast,--the solemn, still, and wellthat, too, by members of the profes- kept Sabbath-day. sion themselves,-that whereas for

excuse was


We must give entire the following They bring others to the precipice admirable letter addressed to the and leave them to fall down, but are Leeds Intelligencer. It is most im- wary enough to hold back themselves. portant that the greatest publicity Whether they are disguising existing should be given to the workings of a sentiments, or what through their system, which is endangering the best influence others are more precipitately interests of the Gospel and the Church acting, Jesuitically disguising, until a of England. It is impossible for any more favourable period arrives for a impartial person to contemplate fully fuller development, or whether they the Leeds case, and to bring himself really have not advanced beyond what to the conclusion that the vicar satis- they avow, and sincerely regret the factorily exculpates himself. The secessions to Rome, it is not always vicar of Leeds ranks prominently easy to say. Mr. Paley professed to amongst the “borderers," who, in be horrorstruck at his pupil's going our estimation, are by far the most over to Rome. Mr. Paley tells us dangerous section of our church, that he often warned him against such

« PreviousContinue »