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wrath of God occurred to me with a God, a sense of reconciliation now tremendous force. I will not lengthen quieted the tempest of his feelings. this account by particulars of my His soul became full of serenity, it sufferings; but I daresay you need rejoiced in the clear sunshine of divine not now be told, that I began to un- love. By day, by night, this glorious derstand the scheme of justification subject absorbed his thoughts, and by faith alone, and that what I had fixed his contemplation. never comprehended or cared about His convictions of sin, and the before, appeared the plainest and grounds of his subsequent peace of simplest thing in the world to me.” mind, accord with the whole tenor of
The pangs of remorse and anguish the Gospels, and with the doctrines which the retrospect of his past life of grace as more fully developed in cost him, the deep convictions of sin the apostolical epistles. Miraculous which a spiritual application of the attestations to the truth of Christilaw of God to his conscience produced, anity have ceased with the occasions prepared his mind to receive, with which called for them, but instances penitential faith, gratitude and joy, of its power in renovating the human the glad message of the Gospel. That heart, are of perpetual occurrence. message, while it called upon him to The change of character thus prorepent, called upon him also to believe duced in individuals is often so great to believe that “ God was in Christ as to strike those with wonder who, reconciling the world unto himself, from want of due acquaintance with not imputing their trespasses unto the Bible, are not aware that effects them,” (2 Cor. v. 19); that “God so such as these are in perfect accordloved the world, that he gave his only ance with the promises of God, adbegotten Son, that whosoever be- dressed, in its sacred pages, to those lieveth in him should not perish, but who repent and believe. To know have everlasting life.” (John iii. 16.) Jesus Christ as the Saviour of our All this, it is true, he must have read souls, we must have grace to believe in public and in private again and in him; to advance and persevere in again ; but then he had read it, as holy obedience to his will
, we must multitudes do, without any close and have vital union with him. The docpersonal application of the doctrine trines of grace are, it is true, capable which it contains to their own case, of dangerous perversion; but our and therefore he had read it without Saviour has furnished an infallible feeling. But now the arrows of con- test, applicable to all cases of alleged viction had fastened themselves in conversion, “By their fruits
shall his conscience, he deeply felt his own know them; men do not gather grapes sinfulness and the need and value of of thorns, nor figs of thistles.” (Matt. a Saviour, and therefore the great vii. 16.) Tried by this test, the great mystery of redemption became the change of sentiment and feeling exsubject of his joyful, thankful, and perienced by Mr. Whalley, may be adoring contemplation. He had not safely designated as a remarkable ina single religious friend to open his terposition of divine mercy; for while mind to. He made use of no religious it opened his eyes to the one only book but the Bible; but it proved basis of a sinner's justification before itself to be all-sufficient; it unfolded God, it rendered him victorious over to him his own heart, and its manifold
his habitual sins and corruptions ; corruptions; it set sin before him as it imparted to him elevation of purthat guilty, accursed thing, which pose and action; it filled him with brought the world under condemna- supreme love to God, and brotherly tion; it led him to “the Lamb of kindness to man. Henceforth a great God, who taketh away the sin of the and marked alteration was visible, world.” (John i. 29.) “Being justi- not only in the tone and temper of his fied by faith, he had peace with God mind, but also in his doctrinal statethrough our Lord Jesus Christ.” ments, and in his assiduous attention (Rom. v. 1.) An inward calm, a to his pastoral duties. The heat of heavenly repose of soul, a filial confi- his natural temper was controlled and dence, a settled hope in the
mercy of subdued ; the pride and fastidiousness
of mind and manner, of which his characteristics could not be better exassociates had so often complained, plained than by stating that it was in was succeeded by humility, forbear- the spirit of that striking passage in ance, and love. The contrast pre- one of Bishop Horsley's charges, in sented by his present and past cha- which he exhorts his clergy as folracter was so striking, that it natur- lows :-"Apply yourselves with the ally became a theme of conversation whole strength and power of your among his former acquaintances and minds to do the work of evangelists. friends; and many of them could Proclaim to those who are at enmity scarcely believe that the amiable with God, and children of his wrath, and saint-like man, whom they now the glad tidings of Christ's pacificaviewed with reverence, was the ele- tion; sound the alarm to awaken to a gant and fastidious individual who life of righteousness a world lost and had formerly seemed scarcely acces- dead in trespasses and sins ; lift aloft sible. The topics and the tendency the blazing torch of revelation, to scatof his preaching assumed a totally ter its rays over them that sit in new character. As was said of Rich- darkness and the shadow of death, ard Baxter's addresses from the pul- and guide the footsteps of the bepit," he spoke as a dying man to nighted wanderer into the paths of life dying men.” Perhaps its leading
(To be continued.)
A NEW YEAR'S ADDRESS TO PARENTS AND MINISTERS, UN
THE RELIGIOUS EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN.
[There is so much that is particularly valuable in this paper, that we are thankful to
extend its circulation by transferring it from the Evangelical Magazine.]
Every year ought to begin with pious former than of the latter? Do not resolution, and to close with serious
our pastors, in looking round examination; and the retrospect of upon their flocks, sorrowfully exclaim, the past should suggest the purposes “ Here are the parents, but where are for the future. The state of religion the children?” while the parents take has been of late the subject of deep up the deep lament, and say, solicitude and anxious inquiry. We are we, but not the children thou hast have admitted that there is need, ur- given us." Is not this for a wonder, gent need for revival. A season of as well as for a lamentation ? Is the humiliation and prayer has been lately proverb which says, “Train up a observed in many of our churches. child in the way he should go, and This is so far well; but we must act when he is old he will not depart as well as pray.
Where shall we from it," a maxim of bygone days, begin? I answer, with our families. which has ceased to be true in ours ? What shall we do first? Seek the Has religious example lost its power, revival of domestic piety. Let all and education its influence, in the Christian parents and Christian mi- right formation of character ? No, nisters begin this with new and no: the cause of a want of decided, more streneous efforts for the religi- earnest, religion, in so many of our ous education of our young people. young people, especially in our young The children of the strangers are men, must be sought, where it
may cared for in our Sunday-schools, easily be found, in the neglect of this while, I am afraid, “ the children of pious training, both by parents and the kingdom” are much neglected in ministers. We are all guilty together. our families. Is it not true that our We have none of us done our duty. churches are composed more of the The pulpit has been regarded, both
* Charge to the Clergy of St. Asaph, 1806.
by parents and pastors, as almost the is, both in the Church and in the sole means of conversion to God. world,-how much the time of both Parents have virtually handed over Christians and their pastors is detheir children to ministers, and minis- manded for the various institutions of ters, instead of concerning themselves the day; but no missionary, operaright earnestly about the business of tions, whether home or foreign, no catechetical instruction, or other pri- public spirit, no religious benevolence, vate means of gaining an influence ought to be allowed to interfere with over the minds of the young, have the right religious training of our contented themselves with the exer- children and youth. cises of the Sabbath and the Sanctu- Ought we not to expect that, if ary: Domestic religious instruction proper means were adopted, and a and education, and ministerial, or, judicious system of education purrather, pastoral care of the children sued, the children would be like their of church members, were scarcely parents ? Are we not warranted to ever at a lower point among all deno- look for this, by the promises of God's minations of evangelical professing word, and the nature of the case ? Christians than in the present day. True we have the corruption of huThe young are left to the pulpit and man nature to contend with, a resistthe press, which, it is admitted, are ance from within to all our efforts to powerful means of instructing and train them up for God to overcome; impressing; but the judicious, syste- but then we have the baptismal seal matic, persevering, and affectionate of the covenant of grace, and the prolabours of the parlour and the vestry
mised aid of the Spirit, to encourage are most lamentably neglected, or our hopes, and to stimulate our laonly perfunctorily carried forward.
bours. Equally true it is that God is Parents, you are guilty; ministers, sovereign in the dispensation of his you are guilty. There is no part of favours; but let not distorted views my own pastoral history on which, in of this awful prerogative of Deity be the forty-first year of my ministry, I set up against his commands and prolook back with more shame, regret, mises, and to excuse our neglect and and penitence, than I do on my ne- indolence; sovereignty, rightly underglect of the catechetical instruction of stood, is an encouragement, and not the young. It is true I have had to a discouragement to exertion. It is occupy and fill a large sphere of duty, not God that stands in the way of the and have been engrossed by most salvation of our children, but we ourmultifariousoccupations, both at home selves. God is willing to convert and abroad; but it now seems to me them—waiting to convert them ; but that this forms no excuse, and no- then he does so by our instrumentthing can form an excuse for the ality, and if we use not the means, neglect of a devoted attention to the result may not be expected ordin
How can we wonder arily to follow. It is one of the deep that they go off to the world if they mysteries of the Divine government, are not, from childhood, trained both that in an affair of such tremendous by their parents and ministers in the
consequence as the salvation of the principles of evangelical religion? soul, one man's eternal happiness or As a parent and a pastor, I now see torment should be in any way dedefects I would give anything to pendent on the conduct of another. supply, and which, God helping me, But so it is, and nothing in the uniI mean to supply, through the few verse can be conceived more adapted remaining years of my ministry on to awaken our solicitude, and to stiearth. I cast no reflection upon mulate our labour for the spiritual others which I do not take to myself, welfare of others, than the idea that but I do say, before God and his it depends, in some measure, upon churches, that Christian parents and us, so far as instrumentality is conpastors are most censurably wanting cerned, whether they shall live for in their duties to the youth which ever in heaven or in hell. Parents, Providence has placed under their let the awful and appalling thought care, I know what a bustling age it make your blood almost curdle, that
you may be the occasion of damna- offspring. Church members must tion to your children; while, on the be called back from their wanderings other hand, let the ecstatic idea kindle into the world, and made to study the fondest hopes, and excite to the afresh their professions, which multimost vigorous effort and prayer, that tudes either never knew, or have layou may be blessed in lifting their mentably forgotten.
mentably forgotten. Parental piety souls to glory, honour, immortality, only can supply the means or the and eternal life.
motives of domestic education. Look into some families of profes- Fathers and mothers, who are memsors; follow them through the history. bers of our churches, I call upon you, of only one week ; spend but one both for your own sakes, as well as single Sabbath in their houses, and for the sakes of your children, to consee their worldly-mindedness, their sider your ways, and to seek a higher gaiety, their frivolity, their unsancti- tone of religion. Remember that fied tempers, their companions, their the children of inconsistent profesreading, their amusements, their cen- sors are less likely to be converted soriousness upon all that are holier to God than the children of those than themselves; their homage to who make no pretensions to relitalent, their low esteem of sanctity, gion, inasmuch as to the natural detheir contempt of faithful ministers, pravity of the heart they superadd and their adulation of popular ones ; that inveterate prejudice and disgust their preference of a showy rhetoric which a perception of hypocrisy never to a sound theology; their neglect of fails to create. family prayer, or their hasty, unde- Even the consistent Christian pavout, and perfunctory manner of per- rent never had so many obstacles to forming it; their total neglect of reli- contend with, and so many resisting gious instruction of children and ser- influences to overcome, in the way of vants; their constant absence from all the religious education of his children, week-day services ;-and who can as he has in the present day. The wonder that young people, brought human mind never had so many obup amidst such scenes, do not be- jects of engrossing power presented come pious, but go off to the world to its contemplation at once as it has or to sin? It is true that from some now, which not only divert the such families we do sometimes receive thoughts of the parent, but attract members; but too generally the chil- those of the child : then it is also an dren are like their parents, and bring age of a progressive refinement in into the Church no higher or better matters of taste, which is running kind of religion than they have learned through all the habits of society, and at home—and thus a low tone of no parent can leave his children despiety, a Laodicean spirit, is extended titute of ordinary elegance and polish; and perpetuated.
and in addition, mental cultivation In order to a revived state of do- and the acquisition of knowledge are mestic religious instruction, there stimulated to an unprecedented demust first of all be a revival of piety gree, and who can allow, or ought to in the parents. The neglect of which allow, their children to grow up in I complain, must be traced up to the ignorance amidst abounding informalow state of religion among those who tion ? Now these things wonderfully make a profession of godliness. It increase the danger of neglecting and is vain to expect that a worldly- the difficulty of maintaining the sacred minded father, whose spirituality, if pursuits and the serious plans of relihe ever had any, has been utterly gious education. There was a time evaporated by the exclusiveness of when really there was little, comparasolicitude about trade and politics; tively for children to learn, except reor a frivolous, pleasure-loving mother, ligion and the ordinary branches of who thinks far more about adorning a common education : but now, arts, the bodies, or polishing the manners science, literature, in its higher of her children, than about saying branches, with the refinements of their souls, should be at all anxious modern society, all catch and fix the about the religious education of their attention of parents, children, teachers, and even pastors ; while religion, painful one.
Our churches and our amidst this multiplicity of new and institutions need the aid of pious attractive objects, is likely to be for- young men of this class. We know gotten, or only perfunctorily attended the soul of a female is as precious in to. There is nothing in any of these the sight of God as one of the oppomatters which is hostile to piety, no- site sex, and we know how valuable thing but what, with care, may be are female influence and agency in all made auxiliary to it; but then it re- religious matters; but women cannot quires, in such an age, and in such be in such things a substitute for circumstances, additional solicitude, men; and therefore we do lament that judgment, and earnestness, on the so few of our respectable young men part of parents, teachers, and pastors, become truly pious. to see that the culture of the mind To what use ought this painful fact in the knowledge and pursuit of things to be turned, and to what specific temporal, does not supersede and cast efforts should it give rise ? First of into neglect the still, yea, infinitely all it should lead Christian parents to more important culture of the heart
pay a more diligent and anxious atin the knowledge and pursuit of things tention to the religious education of eternal.
their sons. Daughters must not be This state of things will, perhaps, neglected, but sons must have special in some measure, account for a very pains taken with them. As in good painful fact, which both parents and agriculture most labour is bestowed ministers attest and lament, that very on an unproductive soil, to make it few of the sons of our more wealthy yield a crop, so in this religious culmembers become truly pious. Many ture of the heart, the main solicitude of the daughters are brought under should be directed to the boys. Mothe influence of true piety, and come thers, I beseech you, look to these, into our fellowship, but comparatively and from the very dawn of reason exfew of the sons. I am aware that, as ert your plastic influence over their a general fact, far more women are more sturdy nature. Be anxious for pious than men; but the dispropor- your sons; think of their danger and tion is, I think, still greater in the their difficulty. Imagine, sometimes, class to which I now allude than in that you see that lovely boy a future any other. Many concurring causes prodigal, lost to himself, to his parents, will account for this. Young men to the church, and to society, and go out into the world, and are ex- yourself dying under the sorrows of posed to its temptations, while the a heart broken by his misconduct; at daughters remain at home under other times look upon the enrapturing the sheltering care of their parents. picture of his rising up to be a minisIt requires greater moral courage in ter of religion, foremost in aiding the a young man to profess religion, than religious institutions of the day, and in a female. Young men are more yielding the profits of a successful swallowed up in business, and have business to the cause of God in our their minds more drawn away from dark world. Oh, dedicate that boy religion by this means. They are to God, with all the fulness of a momore exposed to the influence of bad ther's love, both for him and for his companions, and are more in the way Lord, and pour over him all the inof being injured by scepticism and fluences of a mother's judicious care heresy. They are allured to out-of- and culture. Fathers, I say to you door recreations and games, which also, look well to your sons; lead them into company. And from solicitous, and doubly laborious, and the fact of a large proportion of pious doubly prayerful, in reference to them. people being females, young men are Be the friend, the companion, the carried away with the shallow and counsellor of your sons, as well as flippant notion that religion is a mat- their father. Be intensely solicitous ter pertaining to the weaker sex, to see them not only by your side in rather than to them. These things the counting-house or the warehouse, will account for the fact to which I but in the Church of Christ, and in the now allude, which is indeed a very transactions of our religious societies.