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well in Antwerp; and did not shrink own printer; and was thus become from desiring a brother at court to the first English Testament printed at tell his sovereign that “he knew the an English press. Another faithful, king had never a truer-hearted sub- though less able translator, Miles ject to his grace; for that he does Coverdale, had also been secretly at know that he is by the law of God to work under Crumwell's patronage. obey his prince," and farther, that in In the preceding year he had finished preserving his life, the king would a translation of the whole Bible, preserve as high a treasure as ho- mainly by such help as Luther's Gernour.” This friend of the righteous man Bible and the Latin Vulgate man was Thomas Poyntz; and the would yield to one little skilled in only fruit he seemed to gain, by his Hebrew; and though then obliged exertions in Tyndale's behalf, was to print this abroad, he was not only that of being accused of heresy by allowed to have this also reprinted on Tyndale's betrayer; taken into cus- English ground, within a few months tody by the same authorities; and after Tyndale's prayer, but also to marked out for death, but that he dedicate his Bible to the king, and eluded his keepers, and fled away. to send it forth with his royal licence His danger and deliverance are re- stamped upon the title page. Again, corded on his tombstone in the vil- but a few more months had passed lage church of N. Okendon, Essex. away, when Grafton, the printer, deBut there is a far more important re- lighted Archbishop Cranmer, by laycord which speaks in his behalf, and ing before him another folio English is written in the everlasting Gospel. Bible ; in which all that Tyndale had For that Judge, who will award to translated from the Greek and Heeach his eternal portion according to brew originals had been incorporated, his own word, has there said, that and corrected by the martyr's own whosoever befriends one of the fellow-labourer, John Rogers, himfeeblest of his servants, because he is self afterwards one of the first mara disciple of Christ, shall in no wise tyrs of the bloody Mary's reign. As lose his reward.

Rogers, like many other persecuted Though thus dying the victim of men, had at one time eluded his enean Englishman's perfidy, and of the mies by taking the name of Matthew, English monarch's hatred, Tyndale's it was under this name that, at Cranlast words had been, “ Lord, open the mer's and Crumwell's request, Henry King of England's eyes !” His prayer permitted this Bible also to appear

and was thus far heard, and granted, that circulate in England, with a dedicaHenry's eyes were opened to the tion to himself, and as set forth, desirableness of letting the Scriptures with the king's licence.speak the English tongue; that so Thus was a step gained, which was his subjects might learn from them never to be retracted. The word of that monkery was not of God's ap

God was

now naturalized in our pointment, and that the word of God highly favoured land. God had did not require that his universal brought these things to pass; and he Church should be subject to the displayed his power in turning the Bishop of Rome; for unless they king's heart, till Henry was brought saw these things, they were not likely to permit and encourage the circulato acquiesce in the changes he was tion of that very version against bent on making for worldly ends. which he had raged and issued vain Hence, almost before the dying mar- prohibitions. But on the other hand, tyr's prayer could have been heard the king's heart still remained, an of by his sorrowing friends in Eng- awful example of the hardening effect land, they heard with surprise that an of the deceitfulness of sin. The edition of his translation of the New prayers of God's martyred saints preTestament, accompanied too by some vailed for their country; but the unof his lucid and forcible prefaces, had happy persecutor was left to wax been printed in London by the king's worse and worse.

(To be continued.)

ON TEMPERANCE.

To the Editor of the Christian Guardian.

your valu

Rev. SIR.--You plead in behalf of names ? Well has it been said, “ It our emigrating countrymen, and most is one great curse of wealth that it justly they demand our sympathy. is so used to pamper the senses. You have devoted some of

Bishop Wilberforce, in a speech at a able time in especially writing, for recent meeting of the Society for the them, and you tell us that “perhaps Propagation of the Gospel, said, a greater amount of good cannot be · England was not raised to this pineffected at a trifling expense, than nacle of glory to crowd our houses the providing them with religious with luxuries, and load our tables books.

with dainties, but that we might send But, Sir, can we forget-and be- the blessed Gospel through the world; lieving the facts recorded—can we and upon our faithfulness to this remember but with painful feelings, commission depended whether she that our countrymen are carrying out could maintain her place amongst with them one habit which has proved the nations; if not her candlestick the greatest obstacle to their being would be put aside, and others would the pioneers of civilization and Chris- be raised up to do the work of God.” tianity? and is not this the most in- Surely now God has a controversy teresting light in which to consider with us. (May he continue to smite, them? Their love of strong drinks till through his grace we humble ourhas proved the greatest bane to the selves before him, and “cease to do native Indian tribes, and in all our evil, and learn to do well.") Our missionary undertakings what a hin- national sins are fearful! What a drance is it! See the account Mr. mass of ignorance and vice we live Williams gives of its effects amidst amongst at home! how little have we his labours in the South Sea Islands. done to spread the blessed Gospel How sickening to hear that in many abroad! Half-a-million is reckoned parts a Christian and a bad man are as the utmost of our givings to Christ synonymous terms in the lips of the that his name may be known, whilst heathen, and that a British sailor is a fifty, sixty, nay some say eighty milcurse on whatever shore he comes, lions, we spend annually in intoxiand all this mainly through their use cating liquors! What a confirmation of strong liquors. What Christian of the Apostle's words, “ All seek believing this can consistently con- their own, not the things of Jesus tinue their use, and at the same time Christ”! Selfish self-indulgence, and heartily desire, labour and

pray
for

consequent hardness of heart, and inthe conversion of the heathen world? sensibility to others' woes, is the chaAgain, Archdeacon Jeffreys, of Bom- racter of the age. The benevolence bay, after a residence of upwards of of the intelligent and wealthy part of twenty years, gives it as his opinion the community is not commensurate "That Christianity and teetotalism with their ability. They give a pound must go hand in hand to make any to Christ, and £50 to self, in foolish, effectual progress amongst the Ma- pernicious, it may be, sinful superfluihomedan tribes of eastern India." ties. How little has that highly

In the face of such facts, and such favoured class considered the force authority, can we any longer, as a

of St. Peter's exhortation to all ChrisChristian people, continue in a great tians, “ Ye are a chosen generation, a measure to nullify our missionary en- royal priesthood, a holy nation, a deavours, by continuing the use of a peculiar people, that ye should shew useless, nay pernicious indulgence, forth the praises of Him who has called for such 1200 of the medical profes- you out of darkness into his marsion have pronounced it, comprising vellous light.”

vellous light.” Can any time be many of the most distinguished more fitting for Christians to take

into their serious consideration the abandonment of intoxicating liquors than now, when so loudly called upon to administer to the necessities of their brethren? The saying of the great philanthropist Howard is at this time especially worthy of attention, “ Our superfluities must give way to others' comforts, our comforts to others' necessities, our necessities to others' extremities.” Until our alms are the fruits of our self-denial, they will not cease to be a scandal to us. If every sense is first to be gratified to the full, we must continue to give to Christ with a niggard's hand.

Self-indulgence has hardened our hearts, closed our eyes, and stopped our ears to the fine touches of the Spirit within us. The ascendency of the body over the mind was surely one of the sad consequences of the fall. The Church of England fully recognizes this human infirmity; and in her prescribed round of fasting, amply provides a most efficient external remedy. Would to God all her children were obedient to her discipline, and by the grace of God it would lead to such enlarged views of self-denial for the love of Christ as would make the Church at home the glory of all churches, and after her model the pure apostolic Church of Christ would multiply in all lands.

Sir, believing these views will, in the main, coincide with your own, I

intrude them upon you. The temperance cause you have honoured by your countenance; and self-denial you maintain to be the most productive source from whence our alms can flow; the plan you have adopted at Casterton for the relief of the Irish having so proved it. Allow me, Sir, to urge upon you to become more prominently the advocate of total abstinence; no scheme of benevolence of the present day needs so much the support of the rank and intelligence of the land. The times peculiarly call for its adoption to put a stop to that fearful waste of grain, and your widely-known and respected name would bring it before the consideration of thousands, and strengthen the hands of the too often despised band. Is there any field of usefulness that promises so abundant a harvest ? Consider the subject in all its bearings, intellectually, morally, and spiritually, and truly “ the fields are white already to harvest," for “ because of drunkenness the land mourneth."

May He from whom "all holy desires, all good counsels, and all just works do proceed,” direct and prosper you in all your undertakings for his glory.

I remain, Rev. Sir, most respectfully, your obedient servant,

June 1, 1847.

EVENING CLOUDS.

(FROM UHLAND.)

I in the golden west have seen

Clouds, bathed in purest radiance, glowOne mass of light—which yet had been

Sultry and dark, awhile ago.

“Yes; thus,” cries my prophetic soul,

“ 'Twill be at last, though late with thee, “The shades that round the spirit roll,

"At sunset will illumin'd be."

M, N.

sense.

Intelligence. SIGNS OF THE TIMES ABROAD AND AT HOME. We live in a time of peace Thirty- smouldering embers there are on all two years have elapsed, since the sides. Look at France.

What a battle of Waterloo terminated a series spectacle ! A nation dead to reof wars unparalleled in history for the ligion, with no capacity to receive bloodshed and misery, which they any mighty influence save that which occasioned. Exhausted Europe re- is executed by the love of military quired repose and has obtained it. glory. See how eagerly the French Every evil passion which reigns in seize upon every occasion for fixing unregenerate man's bosom had full a quarrel on this country. Scarcely a scope for action at that fearful period. year passes but witnesses the two While the kings of this world tottered nations apparently on the eve of on their thrones, and old time-ho- actual hostilities. Hardly has there noured institutions quailed before been time by the laborious efforts the revolutionary tempest, the Ma- of statesmen to efface one cause of jesty of the Most High God was dispute, than another takes its place. openly set at defiance. French ma- Who can doubt that if a decent prethematicians denied the existence of text for war occurred to-morrow, and God, and German philosophers as- if the restraining influence of that sailed the foundations of revealed aged monarch were withdrawn, who truth. The world of intellect under- has so much reason to remember went convulsions equal in intensity French excesses committed in his to those which agitated the world of youth-our volatile neighbours would

Mind and matter were in- gladly try to wash away with English volved in one awful vortex.

blood the stain which they think we Blessed be God, that these times brought upon their honour at Vitare gone by, that the days of the toria and Waterloo ? We cannot French Revolution belong to the re- open a French newspaper without cords of the past, and that a genera- discovering the rancorous hostility tion has sprung up who know the which the nation nourishes towards exploits of Napoleon and his marshals

this country. only as matters of history.

Then, passing from France, look But have we reason to suppose at Spain and Portugal. Civil war is that this period of tranquillity will last actually raging in that unfortunate much longer? We think not, be- peninsula. A British squadron is on

the coasts of Portugal. Foreign in1. The same evil passions which tervention has become absolutely rage in the human breast like the

necessary to save the Portuguese fires of a volcano, are still unaltered. from utter anarchy. And, as for Vice and irreligion, sanctioned by Spain, we see nothing in its present the higher classes, and permeating state but endless political cabals and the whole fromework of society, pro- successive military revolutions. The duced the French Revolution. The Spanish nation seems in the last same unbounded ambition, too, and stage of political atrophy. And, as lust of conquest which gave rise to to the future, who can anticipate the desolating wars of that epoch, happiness for the Spanish from a shew their power at the present day closer connection with France ? in manifold forms. No reflecting Italy, too, is shaken to its centre man can affirm that there is any by convulsive efforts to throw off reason, a priori, why Europe should foreign influence and re-organize the not be again involved in wars of equal unity of the Italian nation; while, magnitude with those which origin- alas! there is no deeply felt religious ated in the great Revolution. But, truth to control the political aspira

2. Look at the actual state of tions of the people. Apart from Europe at this moment, how many politics, the only conflict seems to be

cause

between false philosophy and grovel- whelmed with grief, when we think ling superstition. The religion of the of the melancholy defection from the Bible is scarcely known.

truth which Continental ProtestantThen, Germany, with its varied ism exhibits ? Even where there is people and governments, presents no avowed opposition to Christianity, many causes for anxiety. Prussia is see how deeply in Germany and in undergoing that process of transition, France philosophic sentimentalism rarely a peaceful one, by which a has eaten into the vitals of true goddespotism is changed into a consti- liness. Let us praise God's mercy, tutional monarchy. With every re- that there are signs of revival among spect for the Prussian monarch, and many Protestants on the Continent; confidence in the rectitude of his in- but while we gladly hail such hopeful tentions, we cannot help remembering symptoms, we cannot forget the festhat the wars of the Commonwealth tering corruption still remaining of and the Revolution of 1688 inter- churches once the glory of the Revened between the house of Tudor formation. and the house of Hanover. Many Amongst ourselves, too, although delicate questions must be settled ere there is much to be thankful for, yet the Prussian constitution can assume there are many causes for anxiety. a permanent form.

True religion seems to have made Austria, too, the great power of Great Britain its chief settlement in Southern Germany, contains within these bitter days; and we believe that herself many elements of discord. this country, if faithful to her duty, Composed, like Prussia, but to a will perform, under God's direction, much greater extent, of nations dif- a most important part in preserving fering exceedingly in language and the earth from corruption by the ideas, partly Sclavonic, partly Teu- diffusion of the everlasting Gospel

. tonic, and partly Celtic, in race, the But there are many subjects for Austrian empire has many elements prayer and solemn reflection arising of weakness.

from our present condition. It canRussia, although perhaps internally not be denied, that irreligious prinmore secure than the other European ciples are actively inculcated in our states, contains, in common with humbler classes. Political disconAustrian and Prussia, one element of tent, and impatience of the control of discord at least in unfortunate Po- religion, are excited by many bad land. A very little foreign support men; and while Satan is thus actively would soon fan Polish nationality at work, the destitute condition in into a flame.

spiritual resources of many of our Turkey, beset within and without large manufacturing districts, where by numerous assailants, maintains a the emissaries of evil are most busy, feeble vitality by leaning on the jea- ought to awaken the deepest anxiety lousies of the other European powers. in every man who loves his country. Were this stay withdrawn, who can Then it cannot be denied that Popery doubt that the next campaign on the is struggling with extraordinary earDanube with her ancient enemy, nestness to recover the ground lost would witness the Russian standards at the Reformation, and to make this borne on in triumph to Constanti- country ancillary to her purposes. nople?

The rapid increase of Romanism Then passing from considerations

amongst us may well excite much merely political, what Christian can anxiety. In our leading statesmen, avoid being filled with painful mis- too, there is a melancholy lack of givings when he contemplates the low stern, unbending religious principle. state of true religion throughout the We firmly believe, unless the Proworld ? Where, except in Great testant feeling of the country maniBritain, can we find a nation not fest itself at the ensuing elections wallowing in superstition, and yet with extraordinary energy, that a bill putting forward a claim to religion? will be introduced into Parliament Bright exceptions occur here and next session to consummate our nathere; but is not the heart over- tional apostacy from the profession

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