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conversion, from dead works to prospers my work. Whatever we serve the living God in holiness and may do it is . He alone who can give righteousness. This I may call the the increase." outer wall—the grand outline of a “This is all plain, reasonable, and minister's commission. Then, look- Scriptural,” said he who came ening upon the world, it must be con- quiring, " and, by the grace of God, fessed that, to a great degree, it is

I will take the same course. We still lying in wickedness; and, look- must come to the Head if we would ing upon the Church, we see it feeble be blessed. “Pray for the peace of in many parts, shattered and torn in Jerusalem,' is a command which will others, and dead in others. “What is never lose its force while the Church to be done?' immediately suggests is in a militant state; and the annexed itself. This is my field. I must promise, 'they shall prosper that love labour, but I cannot give life; I can- thee,' it is equally our privilege to not revive the work where languish- take to ourselves." ing or dead; or by reasoning, argu- Was there ever a time when the ment, or persuasion heal the divisions Church stood not in need of praying which the enemy's tares have caused. ministers? They have to contend Neither can I sit down in silent with the invisible powers of darklamentation. Then, this is what God ness, and to spread the shield of prohas put it into my heart to do :- tection over their flock. The enemy Every morning I commune long and of souls has lost none of his vigiearnestly with him in prayer; I wait lance, none of his hatred, none of his at the throne of grace to get my subtlety. Where he cannot lead into spirit more deeply imbedded in the gross and open sin, he will blind and Rock of eternal Truth; I tell him all benumb, by which means the work I feel, all I desire, for we must come of grace will be as effectually checked, to him as to a Father, and the pro- as if the Spirit's exhortations to remise that · Whatsoever we ask in the pent and believe were treated with name of his Son shall be given,' is a scornful blasphemy. A minister's source of never-failing comfort and post is ever to be on the watch-tower support. Thus by wrestling with of humble, but fervent prayer, for him in prayer for his Church in re- the extension of the Redeemer's kingliance on that promise, I find that he dom, and for its preservation from both blesses my own soul, and makes every opponent, spiritual invasion me a blessing to others. I am thus from the prince of darkness. They enabled to come forth under a re- may sow the seed by their public newed sense of his faithfulness to his and private ministrations, but man's Word, in glorifying his Son Jesus, three-fold foe—the world, the flesh, by answering the prayers presented and the devil—will soon choke it, or in his name, and find that by his destroy it, or take it away, unless the Spirit he makes his word, “a true and Spirit of the living God fix it in the lively word” both to myself and to heart, and promote its growth. Many my, people. This is all I do. By a faithful labourer in the Lord's vinestriving to get my heart to feel the yard mourns over the devastation greatness and difficulty of my work, which this insidious foe and the real state of the Church and amongst those of his cure, and knows of the world, a minister's work- not how it is that all his efforts bereligion-death-judgment and eter- come ineffectual to any real change. nity are seen as real and important Let him try more prayer-more inrealities, and every power of the soul tercession with the Head of the is taken into the work. And to God Church. It is his own Church, and be all the praise, for it is he that they shall prosper that love it.



All are bound to communicate of pride, or avarice, or luxury, the day that spiritual store which they have may come when judgment shall go received without any desert of their forth upon our land, and its sentence own, to those who, without any pecu- shall be written in characters of flame; liar fault of theirs, are destitute of it. “God hath numbered thy kingdom, All are bound to let that light which and finished it. Thou art weighed has fallen upon themselves from on in the balances, and art found wanthigh shine before men, especially ing?”. where darkness covers the earth, and And then, again, let us consider gross darkness the people. But there the age in which we live. What is it are some obligations in this respect that distinguishes this age from every which are peculiar to our own coun- former period in the history of the try, and to the age we live in. How world ? * It is, more than anything marvellous is the dominion which this else, the prodigious progress that has country possesses over so large a been made in the establishment of a part of the surface of the globe ; over rapid and easy communication beregions separated from it by such vast tween distant parts of the globe. The distances; over so many millions of inventions of modern times have in men utterly foreign to ourselves in a manner brought the opposite extreblood, language, manners, and reli- mities of the earth nearer to one anogion! What an immense power for ther, by shortening, to an extent good or evil is hereby given to us! which would once have seemed inLet us only cast a glance at a map of credible, the time that is necessary the world, and consider for a moment for passing from one to the other. the countries comprised within the And here again let us observe, that dependencies of the British empire. in these inventions, and in the conIn one hemisphere the vast territories stant application and improvement of which stretch to the shores of the them, this Christian nation has borne Arctic sea; in the other the great the foremost part.

What is the tencontinent of Australia, only separated dency of the great changes wrought by the waters of the southern ocean by these discoveries changes to from the opposite pole ; and again, on which, surprising as they already are, one side India, with its millions of we can fix no limit? It is to proidolaters, and on the other the west- mote the mutual intercourse of all ern islands, peopled chiefly by our the inhabitants of the earth, to bring enfranchised slaves. Such an em- them all more and more into the conpire as this was never before given to dition of one great family, to enlarge any nation since the world began. and strengthen the influence which And this empire has been assigned the more civilized and enlightened öy Providence to a nation which pro- have over those who most need edufesses the name of Christ, which has cation and instruction, while they been indebted to his religion, not only give increased facility for the disfor higher blessings, but for the moral pensing of these blessings. And strength which enabled it to achieve with these wonderful engines at our such mighty conquests. And can we command shall we effect, shall we at think that there was no special design least attempt, nothing for the cause in such a dispensation of Providence? of Christ ? ' Shall every valley be exor that we shall not be called to ac- alted, and every mountain and hill be count for the use we have made, made low, and the crooked be made nationally and individually, of these straight, and the rough places plain ? extraordinary means? Must we not and shall we, notwithstanding, fail to fear that if they are suffered to lie prepare of the Lord, to make idle in our hands for the highest in- straight in the desert a highway for terests of mankind ; if they

are only

our God? applied to the gratification of our But while the duty--which it is

the way

impossible to deny--may be acknow- we are not content with the limits of ledged in the abstract, as belonging our own shores ; if emigration, conin a general sense to the Church of quest, and commerce have planted a Christ, an objection may be raised to part of our people in foreign lands, the application which I have been how can we pretend that their inhamaking of it to ourselves. It may be bitants, though connected with us asked whether we ourselves, or the closely enough to be subservient to Church in our own land, is in so our interest, to minister to our wants, luminous a state as to be fitted to im- our avarice, or our ambition, though part light to others. The Lord has entitled to protection and to friendly indeed arisen upon us, and his glory treatment from us, are yet, so far as has in a measure been seen upon us;, religion is concerned, utterly stranbut has it spread far enough among gers to us, and have no claim either our own dwellings? Has it not suf- on our justice or our benevolence ? fered a partial eclipse? Are there If the first heralds of the Gospel not many dark corners, and even if those who received the commission large and populous tracts, to which to make disciples of all nations, or it has not penetrated ? Are there those whom they first converted to not among our own countrymen, the faith of Christ, had acted upon thousands, and tens of thousands, the principle which is thus pleaded as sitting in the darkness of ignorance a bar to missionary exertions ; if they and unbelief, and in the shadow of had waited until the heavenly truth death-the gross darkness of tres- which they laboured to propagate, passes and sins, whom the dayspring had thoroughly penetrated, leavened, from on high has not yet visited ? Is and sanctified that portion of the not the duty which we owe to them Gentile world into which it was first the most pressing, the most sacred of introduced, before they attempted to all? Is it not the first in importance, diffuse it more widely, what would and therefore entitled both to our most have been our condition now! Should earnest and our earliest attention? we have been deliberating whether it Is there not a want of churches and is our duty to let our light shine upon schools, of pastors and teachers, at others? Would a single ray have home? and, until this want is sup- fallen upon ourselves ? Should we plied, are we justified in applying any." not all at this moment be covered portion of our means to relieve cases. with darkness as gross 'as that in of spiritual destitution not more ur- which the most flourishing, powerful, gent in themselves, and in which we and civilised nation's of the heathen at least are not equally concerned ? world were once given up to, the de

I have endeavoured to state this vices and desires of their foolish objection fairly and in its full force, hearts and reprobate minds? But it and I am far from considering it as was not so that the primitive evanan empty cavil. It is one sufficiently gelists prosecuted their work, and specious to strike many minds well- executed their divine commission. disposed towards the cause of reli- They went forth to sow the Gospel gion as a very serious difficulty, to seed, and they scattered it far and make them hesitate about lending wide, not stopping to see what har their sanction to missionary enter- vest it would yield in the soil where prises, and to induce them to dole it first fell. They passed onward out their contributions toward them from city to city with their message with an unsteady and parsimonious of salvation, leaving many behind hand. Yet it is an objection to which them in every place who had not Scripture, reason, and experience fur- heard the word, or had not received nish an abundance of satisfactory it, or had not experienced its power,

I have already mentioned or in whom it had been choked again the declared will of God, the express with cares, and riches, and pleasures command of our Lord. If this com- of this life, and had brought no fruit mand does not apply to us, what to perfection. That was the way, nation on the face of the earth ever happily for us, that they understood was, or ever can be bound by it?. If their Master's parting injunctiqqa Let us be content to follow their ex- whatever cause men are engaged, ample, without aspiring to be wiser whatever strengthens their attachor more faithful than they. Well ment to it, and their confidence in its will it be for us, if we are able to give success, must in the same degree as good an account of our steward- tend to promote it. And, whatever ship, and so employ the talents en- part of Christ's Church be the scene trusted to us, that we may be judged of our labours, we cannot but be enworthy to have authority over many couraged and animated to redoubled cities!


efforts in its behalf, by every new imWe ought not to need any stronger pression we receive of the excellence motives, to stimulate our efforts in of his religion, by every additional the missionary cause; nor have we proof of its power, by every fresh any right to expect clearer directions

assurance of its ultimate triumph. for our guidance. But still it must But the light in which we have been be satisfactory and cheering to be- "long walking attracts but little of our lieve that whatever is done for the attention. The blessings with which propagation of the Gospel abroad has

we are surrounded, and

have become a tendency to promote its success at familiar, but slightly affect our feelhome; and this is a truth which, ings. It is the temporary privation though at first sight, as I have already that most endears them to us: it is observed, it may seem difficult to in their absence that we form the comprehend-so that this difficulty truest estimate of their value. This forms the substance of the objection is what renders it so important that I am now combating-will, on a we should often carry our thoughts nearer view of the subject, force itself back to the first introduction of irresistibly on our minds. Our Lord's Christianity, and to the changes which promise, that he would be with those it wrought in the heathen world. This who should teach and baptize in his

it is that should lead us to prize every name always, even unto the end of opportunity afforded to us by the the world, is a sufficient assurance of modern history of missionary enterthe fact; for in every age those who prizes, of observing the contrast beadhere to his instructions, and walk tween the light of the Gospel and the in the steps of his apostles, must be darkness which still covers so many entitled to a share of the promised parts of the earth. Now it is true blessing. And, whatever may be the that, even in our own land, that light force of the promise in other respects, is not so universally diffused as to it must be especially applicable to his have reached every corner. There own cause as a ground for believing are, even among us, many. that he will not suffer what is done places full of the habitations of for it in one quarter to injure it in cruelty;" dwellings in which the another. And when we remember sound of prayer is never heard, in that whoever may plant, and whoever. which the book of God's word is may water, it is He alone who giveth never opened, into which the spirit of the increase, we may very safely and Christian faith and love has never cheerfully leave the matter in his found entrance, and which are the hands. But in this case we are not haunts of all impure, malignant, and confined to a difficult exercise of faith ungodly passions and tempers. But as the sole foundation of our hopes. stil), happily for us, it is impossible We are permitted to see something that in this Christian country we of the manner in which the promise should ever have the means of conis fulfilled-of the form in which the templating the contrast between Gosblessing descends; we are enabled in pel light and heathen darkness as it some degree to perceive that it is not is exhibited in lands on which, after an altogether miraculous incident de- a long night of ignorance and superpending on an immediate divine in- stition, the beams of divine truth are terposition, but rather a dispensation now for the first time beginning to of Providence, falling within the fall. With us, if the light is chequered, sphere and order of natural causes the darkness also is broken, and is and effects. It is evident that in nowhere so gross and entire as in

« dark

regions on which the glory of the heathen, they will certainly be found Lord has not yet risen at all. Even the same as those who make the most here the depravity of the human heart active exertions to speed its course, sometimes breaks out into foul and and increase its efficacy in their own hideous excesses.

But still it is country and neighbourhood. Or, if always in some degree restrained by we ask at what times the Church the influence of institutions, laws, shows the greatest degree of zeal and usages, and public opinion, which are alacrity for missionary enterprises, more or less moulded and animated they will prove to be the periods in by the spirit of Christianity. We do which she is most vigorously prosenot see it in its native deformity and cuting her work within her domestic its full energy, as it shows itself where pale. Such is the character of our it is neither softened by religion nor own day in this respect. Never was controlled by fear or shame; where, our Church more awake to a sense of on the contrary, some of its worst her duty as the teacher of the nations; enormities are sanctioned and legal- never did she make more strenuous ised by the State, and hallowed by a efforts to discharge it; and at no other licentious superstition. It is only period of her history has she ever where this is the case that we can been more earnestly intent on the witness a repetition of the great moral nurture of her own family, or more miracles of the Gospel, such as diligently and successfully employed changed the face of the world and the in providing for their spiritual wants. character of society in the first ages It was indeed the activity excited by of Christianity.

her growing consciousness of this And, if any doubt were left in our responsibility that afforded an occaminds as to the connexion between sion and an incentive to the great the success of the Gospel abroad and undertaking by which she is now enat home, we might safely appeal to deavouring to extend the advantages experience for the decision of the of her government and discipline, toquestion. If we inquire who the per- gether with her doctrine and ritual, sons are that display the most lively to her colonial churches. interest in its propagation among the


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