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wish to be buried at Harold's Cross thing else-and not to lose time." -is it not a bright place? Choose Soon after she said, as if inwardly some sunny spot for me; and will meditating upon the unfathomable you (her husband) come and visit my depth of the words, “To be saved ; grave. I formerly had a great horror oh, what it is to be saved !” of the grave-now I do not care for We shortly afterwards had the it.” She said to him, “ Be much with happiness of uniting with ner in parMr. E. no one, I think, com- taking of the Lord's Supper ; and forts you so much---remember me to the energy with which she followed him, and ask him, from me, to read the the words of the service—the emphaburial service.” She sent her remem- sis with which she dwelt on brances to Mr. B.-- another dear nestly repent” heartily sorry," clerical friend; and to Mrs. M.- sometimes even anticipating the who had been a fond companion of reader, as when we came to that her earlier days; and when asked for beautiful doxology, “Glory be to a message to her, she said, “ to be God in the highest,” &c., was, insteady, and not to be fond of admira- deed, remarkable. tion;" she also said, “talk much to Upon being advised to try and B- will you—and to M
sleep, she said, she “would rather (her maids then absent in the coun- meet God awake;" but though much try.) For her children she said her fatigued, she submitted to the desire only desire was, that they should be of her friends, and promised to rechildren of God; and that before each main quiet, if they continued repeatwas born, her prayer had been, that ing hymns, and verses from Scripif they were not to be children of ture. God, they might not be born alive. Dr. C, of whose kindness she About this time she sent a message had spoken repeatedly with great to one of her aunts, and begged of gratitude, afterwards coming in, she her to watch over the youngest girl, looked up at him with a serene and her god-child. She made a similar even smiling countenance, and said, request of her sister-in-law, as re- “ Doctor, I did not think we should spects her third little girl; hoping, have parted this way"-meaning that too,' that her children would be she had not expected to die. He brought up for God.
found to his surprise, that her pulse When it was said to her, “you are had become stronger; and the other going where there will be no famine" physicians subsequently pronounced
“nor thirst,” she added, from her to be in a somewhat improved which she had previously suffered so state, with no present symptoms of much-indeed she was still calling approaching dissolution. On hearing from time to time, for something to one of them say she was better, she redrink. Towards the close of the plied, “Isthat a good thing?" Ontheir day, when expecting her dissolution, leaving her, she said, “Is it not unshe said, with an almost angelic pleasant to have one's mind unsettled expression of countenance, “Oh! in this way, after I was ready to go?" mamma, what a night I shall have !" But being reminded that she was in She meant in heaven.
the hands of Jesus, whether for life At one time when much exhausted, or death, she remained for a minute and hearing one repeat “thanks be to silent, and then said, “to me to live God, who giveth us the victory," she is Christ, and to die is gain.” Indeed clasped her hands, and looking up at a subsequent time, when permitted to heaven, ejaculated—"The victory, to exchange a very few words with oh, the victory!" When all had been one of her
friends, she referred again removed from her except her hus- to that feeling of disappointment, and band, she said very impressively- blamed herself for having given way “One thing, and one only, I regret, to it. And now bidding adieu to her in leaving the world, that I did not cousin, who was with her after the live more entirely to God-tell them others had left the room, she said, this-tell them this--and tell them to “pray for me during the night-do live to Jesus-not tê live for any not forget to pray for me, that I may the bosom of her Redeemer, in the regions of endless bliss.
“What a privilege," writes a relative on this occasion, “ to have witnessed such a triumph over death! I trust your grief is partly swallowed up in this victory. How I wish to keep the impression before my mind, as a means of grace. While ascending a hill to-day, I thought of all our family, as going up this journey of life, and that she was at the top, enjoying the lovely prospect. The weary traveller had entered her real home, and she was calling to us who were ascending the hill Comeand the Spirit and the Bride join in that invitation.'
be supported, and that my faith fail not."
Two of the physicians remarked, that the amendment seemed (under Providence) attributable to the tranquil happy state of the patient's mind. And the third said he had been astonished at her calmness, after having taken her last leave of her children and all her friends, (our interview having lasted for about two hours,) and agreed with one who remarked, that her feelings were evidently not to be accounted for by physical causes.
It pleased God to continue her existence on earth for nearly four days afterwards, during which time, however, no person was permitted to converse with her. Indeed, during the greater part of it, she was in a state of delirium, succeeded by a protracted stupor, but was mercifully spared the death struggle, of which she had often expressed a dread. While the delirium lasted, hope was entertained of her ultimate recovery; but we stayed our minds upon the recollection of that sun-bright spotthe testimony of her unclouded faith and love, the antepast of a glorious immortality, which, through the tender mercy of Him who “stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind,” and “will not suffer us to be tempted above that we are able,” it had been our consolation and privilege to witness. We can now, blessed be God, follow her with the eye of faith up that track of light, which so distinctly marks the upward transit of her emancipated spirit from a vale of tears-a body of sin and death, to
Kyrie Eleison 1*
Kyrie Eleison !
Kyrie Eleison !
Kyrie Eleison !
Kyrie Eleison !
THE SYMBOLS OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH,
(For the Christian Guardian.) The use of symbols in the Christian and profession of one Christian to Church has long been prevalent, and another, in a manner wbich might be that which might arise from an al- unobserved by heathen witnesses, most absolute necessity, has dege- but in process of time this simple nerated into gross corruption and token was desecrated to the most idolatry. In the first ages of Chris- profane and superstitious uses. To tianity, when persecution was rife, the the form of the cross was ascribed sign of the Cross was an innocent peculiar powers of averting evil, and mode of silently expressing the belief hence it was frequently resorted to as
* Kyrie Eleison means, “ Lord have mercy upon us."
a talisman to disarm the frowning signs, such as the ass on the tomb of magistrate, or a charm to counteract Onager, and the lion on that of Leo: the efficacy of pagan sacrifice. an idea so strange, and, to our taste,
When heathenism was overturned, so bordering upon caricature, that it the symbol still continued with even can only be explained by the necesadditional vain imaginings attached sity for some characteristic mark of to it, and the various superstitions the deceased, intelligible to his unare upheld in theunreformed churches lettered friends. When those who to an incredible extent; the sign re- sought the grave of their departed mains, but where is the reality of friend saw the lion, the ass, the pig, Scriptural truth in the Romish and the lark, they at once discovered the Greek communions?
tomb they sought.” A work published last year, called “The symbols employed in the “ The Church in the Catacombs,” * Catacombs, exclusive of those supthrows much light upon the reasons posed to belong to martyrdom, are for the adoption of symbols, and of three kinds; the larger number distinctly shows that the primitive refer to the profession of Christianity, Church at Rome neither reverenced its doctrines, and its graces a second images nor pictures, much less class of a purely secular description, “bowed down to them, and that only indicating the trade of the dethe introduction of such appendages ceased ; and the remainder represent to Christian worship was of a much proper names. Of the first class of later date than Romanists are willing symbols, the crossis the most generally to allow; and that, upon examining met with, and claims the earliest attenthe most ancient places of sepulture, tion. How soon the cross began to and where also the first Christians be used as a symbol of Christianity met for divine service, and to ad- it is difficult to say: A bas-relief minister the Sacraments, neither now in the Vatican, shows that in the altars, pictures, nor images, are ever
fourth or fifth centuries such an emfound.
blem was sculptured by the artists of We shall make some extracts from that time. This fragment is a cross this interesting volume, as corrobor- surmounted by a garland of flowers, ative in some degree of the opinions enclosing the monogram of the Saexpressed in a paper entitled “Mari- viour's name, and upon it sits the olatry,” which appeared in the pages
dove, symbolical of the peace purof the Christian Guardian, and which chased by the Redeemer's death." confirms the remark that the images The Fathers, whose love of mystery of Christ as dying or dead, and the perpetually involved them in the most constant representations of the Virgin childish and absurd fancies, discoand Child, did not appear until the vered the cross in every part of the Church had become deeply corrupted universe; thus they made out that by error.
it was intended by a bird flying, a man “Perhaps the cause which most swimming, a ship sailing, &c., &c. powerfully contributed to the adop- “ The gradual change from the plain tion of Christian symbols, was the
cross to the crucifix can be traced ignorance of reading and writing then step by step in the downward road of prevalent. Books and even inscrip- superstition, and, in undergoing this tions were for the learned; unlettered alteration, the original intention of survivors were in no way enlightened the symbol was entirely lost; from by the epitaph of the deceased, or by being a token of joy, and an object the figures expressing his age, &c. worthy of being crowned with flowers, For such persons another mode of a sign in which to conquer, it beinterpretation was required, and the came a thing of tears and agony, symbols, though they imperfectly a stock subject with artists anxious supplied the deficiency, were the only to display
the power of representing substitutes known; this view is forced anguish. The alteration of the simple upon us by the existence of phonetic symbol can be distinctly traced: first,
as the plain cross; afterwards
appears * By C. Maitland, M.D. Longmans. a lamb at the foot of it; by and bye, there is Christ clothed, on the cross, ings of divine majesty were totally with hands uplifted in prayer, but eclipsed in the display of agonized not nailed to the wood; again, Christ humanity.” fastened to the cross with four nails, Although the Church of Rome is still living, and with open eyes; it always anxious to trace back the worwas not till the 10th or 11th century ship of the Virgin to the earliest times, that he was represented as dead, in any one really acquainted with ecclewhich state he is always depicted on siastical history, knows that "Mary the crucifix."
the mother of Jesus” was scarcely Thus the tendency of the Romish noticed in writings, paintings, or Church, whether by word or deed, sculptures, till late in the 4th century. prayer or painting, all tend to the “ The entire silence of the heathen same end-the transformation of regarding her worship, is a strong Christianity from the Gospel of argument against its existence; they Christ, which is that of love, to the mere readily adopted any calumnies against fear of the Lord, and changing the her, yet with all their abuse of the peace and good will, which the first Christians for worshipping a man, advent proclaimed, into hatred of all there is never found any accusation who worship the Father in spirit and made that they worshipped his motruth.
ther. The impossibility of such an In the middle ages these opinions omission on the part of the pagans, had gained their height, and the if such worship had been practised, darkness which might be felt, was will be more evident when their connot only seen in the utter ignorance stant descriptions of monasticism, and impiety of these times, but was and the adoration paid to martyrs, also manifested in the paintings and relics, &c., is constantly brought up rude sculpture, each as bad as the against them. In the earliest picother, which portrayed religion in tures of the Virgin, she appears
holdevery mode that
was humiliating and ing the infant Jesus in her arms, or painful to both God and man. watching him in his cradle-she is
“The Byzantine paintings con- almost always veiled. Few paintings tained in the Vatican Library
forcibly or sculptures of her were before 431, display the mistaken opinions of the and probably but one before 300.
In that small museum, From the later period her effigies have deserving of much more attention been common," and her worship at than it receives, may be perceived length became so general, as to be in the harsh tone of feeling that would itself a religion which has been most ever connect religion with terror and aptly denominated “Mariolatry.” disgust. The subjects of these paint- The Church, whose favourite ornaings are nearly, always distressing; ment, the rosary, tells off upon its the divine infant is represented with string of beads ten ave-Marys for a heavy contracted countenance, des- one paternoster, can furnish no extitute of youthful expression, and the cuse from Scripture or primitive "Man of sorrows" is usually covered usage for such heathenism, nor can with triangular splashes of blood, she pretend that her chief devotions with a face indicative of hopeless are paid to the Almighty, when one anguish, intense in expression, and of his dead creatures receives ten not deficient in execution, illustrating times the amount of reverence and less the Redeemer's life, than the dark prayer than what is offered to himpage in the history of Christendom. self. In this school of art, which comes From the simplest sources may down to the 11th century, the western arise the greatest mischief, and that world added sculpture, forbidden by which was originally innocent may the iconoclastic zeal of the East; but become injurious and sinful, when both divisions of Christendom under- there is priestcraft on the one side, went the same fate ; the sky of sacred and ignorance on the other. Such art darkened like the Saviour's coun- is Romanism : her people are untenance its proper sun, and shed a taught, and “do err, not knowing qisastrous light, till the last glimmers the Scriptures;" and it ever has been,
and still is, the policy and interest of the Papal Church to prevent the diffusion of Scriptural truth. Be it the duty of Protestants to see that the lower orders of society no longer remain without the means of learning,
or reading the volume of inspiration, which is the only leaven to leaven the whole lump of impiety and immorality which prevails in all countries.
THE HANDFUL OF CORN. “There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains."
PSALM lxxii. 16.
(For the Christian Guardian.) THAT which is of inherent value, phecy is not yet fulfilled in all its though small in quantity, is capable extent. The carrying on of the work of effecting great ends. It may be is now left to the successors of this placed in disadvantageous positions, handful of men.
But it is the same or be exposed to great danger and work. They are ambassadors of the hazard; or it may, for a time, be so same Prince-bear the same message engulphed in strata of uncongenial -are charged with the same comand withering influences, that it may mands and must work by the same appear to be lost-irrecoverably lost. Spirit. Then, their success is not But that cannot be. It may, for a less certain. long time, be unproductive, and pre- A few years ago there lived a sent only a dimmed and cheerless minister of Christ, who was observed aspect; but it is possessed of quali- to be remarkably successful in preachties which are indestructible, and ing, the Gospel. The Word came though it may not appear in plumes, with power to the hearts of the and gay inviting colours, it must pro- people, so that they were affected to pagate its own qualities its very na- contrition and conversion. He was ture is to spread. And what can be a man to whom literary fame and the said to be of inherent value-to be plaudits of eloquence were the last possessed of an incorruptible prin- point of consideration, but a man of ciple of vitality--but Truth respectable advance in every attainDIVINE TRUTH?
ment which his office required. That This truth was prophetically spoken the Lord worked with him could not of by David as a
handful of corn,” be doubted, and therein consisted his or the message of Divine love and glory and his success. Another, mercy in Christ Jesus, entrusted to whose work lay in the same vinehis few chosen followers in the pro- yard, but whose labour bore not equal mulgation and in the completion of fruit, came to him, hoping to remedy the new covenant. It was to shake his own inefficiency, by becoming like Lebanon like those natural acquainted with the other's fort of forests, which, springing from the strength. ' self-sown seed, continue to propagate "My dear brother," said the first and to extend themselves. Thus was named, “ God has been very grathis “handful of corn on the top of ciously pleased to impress my mind the mountains, to spread itself, till with a deep sense of my responsibility the Church of Christ every where to him in the charge of immortal had an existence, and its members souls. He has shown me the rock abounded as the “grass of the earth.” on which his Church is built-his It was by the labours and fidelity of immaculate Son; and the price of its these few humble men, in whom the purchase---his blood; further, He Spirit of God dwelt, and which gave has shewn me that it is only by the them their value, that these great things Holy Spirit that the truth can be so were to be accomplished. The pro- engrafted in the heart as to lead to