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whether their power has arisen from humility of faith; and till thy instithe legitimate diffusion of useful prin- tutions, revised and perfected, have ciples, or from the force of unjust been transferred to other hands apaggression. For, as the most virtu- pointed to carry on thy glorious work! ous men are not necessarily the most For then, thou mayst without a murfortunate, so a wide success must not mur lay down thy numerous crowns, be taken as the test of a nation's having well fulfilled thy magnificent merit. As there are instances, in task, certain that to thee will be which it becomes an act of morality awarded by posterity the high praise of in a private person to abstain from

having been the nursing-mother of the seizing some advantage which may best of principles. But till a worthier present itself, so it may be also the than thou be found, mayst thou procase with nations. If we are told of ceed, in thy onward march, “until a rich and powerful man who, never- He come whose right it is to reign." theless, is the slave of passion or the Still, as before, will perplexities and servant of dishonesty, what avails it opposition delay thy steps : but while that you

shew us his broad domains, thou carriest with thee “the Bible his retinue of servants, the smiles and without a clasp, the Cross without a applause attending his progress in screen, we may believe that He society? The bounds between right who dictated the Bible, and He who and wrong remain the same: and the died on the Cross, will be with thee, wise man is led, on this account, not and make thee the favoured instruto esteem the possessor of such things ment of his will. As in the Egyptian the more, but to esteem the things symbol the Deity was represented which he possesses, the less ; seeing brooding in sublime repose above the that they are indiscriminately be- lotus, so over our little island, that stowed. And so is it with kingdoms; flower amid the waters, has the chefor God is, at times, pleased to set rishing favour of divine providence over them “the basest of men.” No; visibly rested : oh! that the Sun of let us rather look for a nation's true righteousness may continue to shine greatness in its strict integrity, its upon it, lest, like that same lotos, liberal principles, its obedience to when the sun is absent, it should pine law, its intellectual advancement and and sink. useful industry, its quiet, unostenta- 8. Can the believer glance over the tious virtue. Let us consider that history of earthly kingdoms, without nation truly great which acts without yielding a hearty response to the calling on the world to admire, exhi

prayer, * Thy kingdom come”? biting a model which others may Distracted by wars and rumours of voluntarily imitate, rather than forcing wars, sickened by long narratives of it on them with the sword, and which deceit and oppression, how does he though ready to fraternize with other sigh for the reign of the Prince of nations in every good work, yet retains Peace, for the establishment of a uninjured its primitive simplicity, its kingdom “wherein dwelleth rightsound maxims of truth.

eousness !” And from the history of This be thy greatness, O England ! the past he may draw an omen and a And if thou shouldst, at length, be prophecy, that such a state of things destined to sink from thy present will finally come. elevation, if the dominion thou hast The incompleteness and immaturity spread from sea to sea should at of the most finished labours of the length fall from thee, if thou shouldst individual man, give us a striking be no longer suffered to be the asylum proof of the immortality of the soul. of the persecuted and the oppressed, Nothing is here perfected : man is may the catastrophe not arrive till

ever looking on to the future: his the germs of freedom and true reli- highest attainments, though they engion which thou hast scattered to the large the view, discover no restingends of the earth, have been matured place for the mind. The philosopher, into a perfection unknown even to greatest in knowledge, is the most thyself ; till others have learned from thee the majesty of law, and the

* Rev. C. J. Yorke.


ready to confess, with Newton, that booty of invaders. And so from he is but like a child gathering the imperfection and evanescence of pebbles on the shore of an ocean earthly kingdoms, we may learn to whose depths lie unfathomed before look forward to that durable and him. The understanding becomes perfect kingdom which revelation more sensible of its confined

powers, foretells. And as when we gaze on in proportion to the superior boldness the skeleton of a brother-man, faith of its flight: and, sometimes, just as is able to clothe the eshless bones the man seems to be nearing the portal with the graceful covering of a future of truth, he is transfixed by death's glorified body; so when we consider

A sense of this imperfection the sombre ruins of ancient empires, has occasionally pressed strongly on “ the carcasses of cities,” the believer the minds of persons in prospect of may carry on his thoughts to a future death. “I have done nothing for empire, of which they were but the posterity,” said André Chénier, as dim images, and may look "for a city he was being borne in the crowded which hath foundations, whose builder cart to the guillotine," and yet,” he and maker is God." added, striking his forehead, “ I had Yes: the history of the nations something there!" "I have now for hitherto, suggests many reflections the first time learnt what poetry really which wring the heart. Scenes of is,” said the Baron von Hardenberg, cruelty and outrage have been enacted, (Novalis) shortly before his death; but the quiet order of nature has still “innumerable poems, quite different

moved on :

no invisible hand has from those I have hitherto written, stopped the aggressor, no thunder have arisen within me.” “I do not has answered the imploring cry of feel my illness,” said Herder, when the innocent. The peaceful dwellings near death, “my mind is sound, it is of humble industry have been rifled only my body that is so weak. If I or burnt, the tenants slaughtered, and could but get out of bed, I would their harvests destroyed; but the sun work hard.” He was desirous, we has still looked down calmly from an are told, of living but a little longer azure sky. The plains have been that he might accomplish many an

covered with the dead bodies of idea that lay teeming within him. thousands, murdered while defending Often did he throw his arm round their little patrimonies from foreign his son's neck, exclaiming, My marauders ; but the moon has gazed friend, my dearest friend, save me with her wonted smile, while desolate yet, if it be possible !" But no : we survivors sought the remains of their must retire when the fixed hour friends, or heartless spoilers stripped strikes, whether our work be ended, the slain. But it will not always be as it appears to us, or not : our plans The earth may, indeed, now must be abandoned altogether, or left seem to be a wilderness strewn with to be carried on by others. The phi- the bleached bones of those who, while losopher's opinions, repudiated, per- crossing it, have been slain by the haps, during his life, at last

sword, or smitten by the heat, but we to honour, and he knoweth it not." believe that this wilderness will at From this we draw a natural proof of length rejoice and blossom as the the immortality of the soul. Man we rose—that the sighs of the oppressed cannot believe to be the only incom- will be hushed, that “ truth shall plete being in creation; and if he spring out of the earth, and righteousreach not a due perfection here, we ness shall look down from heaven." may humbly hope that he will do so Then, when the King of saints shall hereafter.

take into his own hands the reins of And as with individuals, so with government-“ when iniquity shall nations. The rise of an empire to its have an end”-when there shall be greatest height and widest capacity no more death, neither sorrow nor for usefulness, is followed by its de- crying, neither shall there be any cline and fall. Its discoveries in more pain,--when contumely and science, its works of art, its civil in- violence shall no longer pursue those stitutions, become the victims or the who for weakness cannot, or for their

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Master's sake will not, return the lights to muse on the magnificent blow—then shall we see that perfect future, and on the promises which model of empire of which earth's guarantee its approach, still sending mightiest kingdoms have been the forth his prayers to meet it as it faint adumbrations.

“O perfect and accomplish " Thy kingdom come”! As plants thy glorious acts ! for men may leave confined in darkness fondly turn to- thy works unfinished, but thou art a wards the single ray which has crept God, thy nature is perfection. Come into the gloom, so do the hopes of forth out of thy royal chambers, O the believer, while he is surrounded Prince of all the kings of the earth! with the shades of human corruption, put on the visible robes of thy impeturn towards those bright indications rial majesty, take up that unlimited which herald the upward march of sceptre which thy almighty Father the Sun of righteousness, “with heal- hath bequeathed thee; for now the ing in his wings.” Amid the seasons voice of thy bride calls thee, and all of depression occasioned by a review creatures sigh to be renewed.” of the calamities of our race, he de

M. N.


ERRATUM (in last No.) Page 213, column 1, line 1, after “ Mohammed” read, “ extend their conquests, so did

the Turks advance,”' &c.



“Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.”'

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* Milton's Animadversions upon the Remonstrant's Defence, &c.

PROTESTANTISM THE POLAR STAR OF ENGLAND.* THERE is the strongest reason for how closely this providential system believing, that as Judea was chosen has been exemplified in Eugland. for the especial guardianship of the Every reign which attempted to bring original Revelation; so has England back Popery, or even to give it that been chosen for the especial guardian- share of power which could in any ship of Christianity.

degree prejudice Protestantism, has The original revelation declared the been marked by signal misfortune. one true God; paganism was its cor- It is a striking circumstance, that ruption, by substituting many false almost every reign of this Popish gods for the true. The second reve- tendency has been followed by one lation, Christianity, declared the one purely Protestant; and, as if to make true Mediator; Popery was its cor- the source of the national peril plain ruption, by substituting many false to all eyes, those alternate reigns have mediators for the true. Both Pagan- not offered a stronger contrast in ism and Popery adopted the same their principles than in their public visible sign of corruption, the wor- fortunes. Let the rank of England ship of images.

be what it might under the Protestant T'he Jewish history opens to us a sovereign, it always sank under the view of the acting of Providence with a Popish : let its loss of honour, or of people appointed to the preservation power, be what it might under the of the faith of God. Every tendency Popish sovereign, it always recovered to receive the surrounding idolatries under the Protestant, and more than into a participation of the honours of recovered ; was distinguished by sudthe true worship, every idolatrous den success, public renovation, and touch was visited with punishment, increased stability to the freedom and and that punishment not left to the fortunes of the empire. remote working of the corruption, but Protestantism was first thoroughly immediate, and by its directness, evi- established in England in the reign dently designed to make the nation of Elizabeth. feel the high importance of the trust, Mary had left a dilapidated kingand the final ruin that must follow its dom; the nation worn out with disbetrayal.

aster and debt: the national arms A glance at the British history, disgraced ; nothing in vigour but since the Reformation, must show Popery. Elizabeth, at twenty-five,

found her first steps surrounded with

the most extraordinary embarass* We strongly recommend this admirable paper to the attention of our readers;

ments; at home, the whole strength especially of those who will soon have to

of a party, including the chief names discharge a most important responsibility

of the kingdom, hostile to her succesat the approaching election. There can sion and religion; in Scotland a rival exist no difficulty, one would think, in title, supported by France; in Ireland, carrying forward the parallel to the present day. Surely, surely the honest

a perpetual rebellion, inflamed by avowal of Lord Arundel, that Popery

Rome; on the Continent, the force of aims at the entire extinction of Protest- Spain roused against her by the antism, must have opened the eyes of the double stimulant of ambition and members of Parliament, as well as of the bigotry, at a time when Spain comnation at large, and dispersed that fatal manded almost the whole strength dream of false liberality under which so

of Europe. many try to persuade themselves of the present comparative innocuousness of

But the cause of Elizabeth was Popery. We cannot but hope that this PROTESTANTISM: and in that sign fearless declaration of so ominous a truth she conquered. She shivered the from so high and authoritative a quarter,

Spanish sword; she paralyzed the will convince every Protestant elector of the infatuated suicide of which we should

power of Rome; she


freedom to be guilty, if we put the sword into the

the Dutch; she fought the battle of hands of those who are confessedly bent

the French Protestants; every eye of on our extinction,

religious suffering throughout Europe was fixed on this magnanimous wo- bloodshed, were the punishments of man.

At home, she elevated the his betrayal of Protestantism. The habits and the hearts of her people. sorrows and late repentance of his She even drained off the bitter waters prison hours painfully redeemed his of religious feud, and sowed in the

memory vigorous soil, which they bad so long Cromwell's was the sceptre of a made unwholesome, the seeds of broken kingdom. He found the reevery principle and institution that putation and influence of England has since grown up into the strength crushed; utter humiliation abroad; of the empire. But the great work at home, the exhaustion of the civil was the establishment of Protest- war; and furious partizanship still antism.

tearing the public strength in sunder. She died in the fulness of years Whatever was in the heart of the and honour; the great Queen of Pro- Protector, the policy of his governtestantism throughout the nations ; ment was Protestantism. His treain the memory of England her name sures and his arms were openly deand her reign alike immortal.

voted to the Protestant cause in Charles I. ascended a prosperous France, in Italy, throughout the throne; England in peace, faction world. He was the first who raised feeble or extinct; the nation prosper- a public fund for the support of the ing in the full spirit of commerce and Vaudois churches. He sternly remanly adventure. No reign of an pelled the advances which Popery English king ever opened out a longer made to seduce him into the path of or more undisturbed view of pros- the late king. perity. But Charles betrayed the England was instantly lifted on sacred trust of Protestantism. He her feet, as by the power of miracle. formed a Popish alliance, with the All her battles were victories : France full knowledge that it established a and Spain howed before her. All Popish dynasty. He lent himself to her adventures were conquests; she the intrigues of the French minister laid the foundation of her colonial stained with Protestant blood; for his empire, and of that still more illusfirst armament was a fleet against the trious commercial empire, to which Huguenots. If not a friend to Popery, the only limits in either space or time he was madly regardless of its hazards may be those of mankind. She to the constitution.*

was the most conspicuous power of Ill-fortune suddenly gathered upon Europe ; growing year by year in him. Distracted councils, popular opulence, public knowledge, and feuds, met by alternate weakness and foreign renown; until Cromwell reaviolence, the loss of the national lized the splendid improbability, that, respect, finally deepening into civil “Before he died, he would make the

name of an Englishman as much * By the marriage contract with the In

feared and honoured as ever was that fanta, the royal children were to be edu- of an ancient Roman." cated by their mother until they were ten Charles II. came to an eminently years old. But France, determined on

prosperous throne. Abroad it held running no risk of their being Protestants, raised the term to thirteen years. Even

the foremost rank, the fruit of the this was not enough; for Popery was

vigour of the Protectorate. At home afraid of Protestant milk, and a clause was all faction had been forgotten in the inserted, that the children should not be general joy of the Restoration. suckled by Protestant nurses. The object But Charles was a concealed Roof those stipulations was so apparent, that Charles must have looked to a Popish

man Catholic.* He attempted to insuccession; and the stipulations were so

troduce his religion ; THE STAR OF perfectly sufficient for their purpose, that

ENGLAND was instantly darkened ; all his sons, even to the last fragment of the country and the king alike betheir line, were Roman Catholics. Even

came the scorn of the foreign courts; the king's Protestantism was doubtful. Olivarez, the Spanish Minister, openly

the national honour was scandalized declared that Charles, on the treaty of marriage with the Infanta, had pledged * He had solemnly professed Popery on himself to turn Roman Catholic.

the eve of the Restoration.

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