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IRELAND IN 1846, CONSIDERED IN REFERENCE TO THE

RAPID GROWTH OF POPERY; WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR REMEDYING THE EVIL. Addressed to Sir Culling Smith, Bart. By P. Dixon HARDY. London: Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley.

The above (by Mr. Hardy, the block well fittted to fill the situation leading religious bookseller in Dub- for which he is designed—to be for a lin,) is one of the most interesting time the willing slave of the

pope

and and important works that we yet his vicegerents, the bishops and suhave seen on the true state of that periors of the institution in which his unhappy country. He strikes at mind and habits are formed ; in his once at the root of all Ireland's misery. own turn to become a tyrant and a The poor, trusting to their potatoes, demi-god, the keeper of the conwhich fed them cheaply and idly- sciences of the people, and the aband urged on by their priests, who solver of their sins." had in view the increase of baptism, On the eighth commandment, the marriage and death fees, &c.--made Maynooth student is taught in the early and hasty marriages, so that treatises of Bailie and Dr. Delahoque, while England and other countries that “a certain amount may be stolen have taken 120 years to double their from a particular class of people, population, Ireland has doubled hers without mortal sin being committed ; in 63 years. For the propagation of that more may lawfully be stole from the Romish faith, £7,000 is yearly sent a rich man than a poor man; and out of Ireland, extorted from the whether the theft is a mortal sin or penury of the poorest peasantry in not, must be according to the rank of the world, not to speak of the Repeal the respective parties deprived." and other Romish funds.

The Maynooth student is also Mr. Hardy says that “from the taught, that “the priest in the conRoman Catholic Book Society, for fessional acts not as man, but as the first ten years, 5,000,000 books, God;" that there “he stands in the full of lying legends and the grossest place of God.” (2 Thess. ii. 4.) Fasuperstitions, were issued. And all ther Sheeham, in his evidence before this time the Protestant Tract Society, the Intimidation Committee, distinctly once a flourishing establishment, has stated that “the priest in the conbeen permitted to become worse than fessional represents or has power from extinct. Of the students in May God.” nooth College, he says, “They are in They also learn, as was explicitly general taken from the lowest orders, stated by Mr. Dixon, a Romish priest, and having imbibed the party preju- that “the pope is esteemed as God on dices and superstitions of their race earth,” and that “he can do all things and creed from their earliest infancy, that God can.'

with the most perfect de- As to the income of the priests, the testation of everything Protestant, or Rev. J. W. Dixon, who is now of the that may in any way be connected Church of England, gives the followwith England—(one of their bishops ing schedule of what he received

poor

think themselves while a parish priest; in which he justified in hating and injuring those does not include the advantages of who differ from them in religion)- living at the charge of the parishionthey are taught to regard the Pro

ers, who are obliged to feed the testant Bible as a book emanating priest and his horse and servant : from the devil, (in a letter from the

Confession of the younger peo- £ s. D. Pope, it is called the Gospel of the

ple in the parish, an average devil,') and that it should be burned

of two in each family, at wherever it was discovered. Receiving 6d. each, at Christmas and the first rudiments of his education Easter

80 0 0 from some hedge schoolmaster, very

A charge of 2s. 6d. on each

house or family; gross total generally the prime mover in a ribbon

of families, 800

100 0 0 or some other secret society, the embryo priest enters Maynooth-a

180 0 0

trained up

says, that the

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£ S. D. Brought forward.. 180 0 0 Collection of Corn, worth ls. 3d. from each house

50 00 Collection on Christmas Day

and Easter Sunday: 6d. each house.....

40 00 40 marriages : £1 8s. 2d. each 56 6 8 120 baptisms : 3s. 4d. each .. 20 0 0 Legacies on death : 40 at 10s.

each, and the price of a mass to remove the soul from purgatory...

20 00 Charge for anointing : Is. ld.

10 16 0 Making offices for sick cattle 8 2 6 Private masses..

15 0 0

each

“If I mistake not, a sum was raised in the last six months, in one English town, to shew their gratitude to one man (Cobden) for some political benefit, far greater than the entire amount contributed by all the voluntaries of England and Scotland, within the last thirty years, to shew their gratitude to the Saviour who died and suffered for them, by carrying forward the reformation in Ireland by means of schools, Scripture Readers, or the preaching of the Gospel.

- There are in Ireland seventy-four towns, the population of each of which average 2,500 inhabitants, but not one bookseller, and there are six counties which cannot boast of one bookseller.

£400 5 2

“ This is a sum realized in a wild, out-of-the-way district: what must it be in more cultivated places? In a small town six miles from Dublin the

THE CONVICT SHIP, AND ENGLAND'S EXILES. In Two Parts.

By COLIN ARROTT BROWNING. M. D., Surgeon, Royal Navy. Second edition. Hamilton and Co. Pp. 414.

Dr. Browning was appointed, in Nothing but the Gospel can convert 1831, surgeon-superintendant of a the heart. How grievously is this convict ship. From that period to forgot in modern theories of prison the present, when he is making a discipline! seventh voyage in the same capacity, of the efficacy of Dr. Browning's he has devoted himself, with untiring system of treating the convicts, we assiduity, and firm Christian prin- select the following testimony from ciple, to the religious and intellectual his Excellency the then Lieutenantas well as physical improvement of the Governor of Van Diemen's Land. It unhappy beings placed under his care. refers to the convicts brought out by

The leading feature in Dr. Brown- the Arab in 1834. ing's plan of treating the convicts under his charge, is the bringing the

“ It is a most gratifying duty to Gospel to bear on their hearts, and

record the expression of the very high treating them always with considerate

approbation I entertain of Dr. BrownChristian principle.

ing's efforts, in the discipline and re

formation of the convicts during the “The attempt to reform our crimin

voyage; the success of which has als by any means short of those which God himself hath provided and anticipated to have been accomplished

surpassed any thing I could have ordained to that end, as set forth in

in so short a period. His mode of the Scriptures, involves not only ig; classifying the convicts, and the plain norant presumption, but practical

and simple manner in which he has infidelity.” (Preface, p. vi.)

imparted religious instruction to them, We heartily hope that Dr. Brown- has given an appearance and a mind ing's book may enforce, with due to these prisoners which I have never weight, this important maxim on our observed on any former occasion ; rulers. There is, in the present day, and I strongly recommend, that the a sad laxity of idea as to the all- approbation of his Majesty's governimportance of truly Christian instruc- ment may be evinced by his being, at tion and conduct on the part of those, the earliest period, sent out in charge to whom the responsible duty is en- of another transport. trusted of managing criminals.

(Signed) GEO, ARTHUR,"

A remarkable fact is stated by Dr. B. (p. 94):

“Of one thousand and sixty-five prisoners, who have, in five divisions —that is, on five different occasionsembarked under my authority and superintendance, for conveyance to the penal colonies of Australia, it has been ascertained that fourteen only had been educated at a Sabbathschool, of which J. S. was one."

The labour to which the good doctor has been subjected in carrying out his plans must be very great. We hope that efforts will be made to induce the government to appoint a chaplain, as well as a surgeon, to each convict ship, that the effect of a system of Christian discipline may be thoroughly tested. It is too great a burden for one man, to have to provide for both the spiritual and temporal

affairs of the convicts. Dr. B. himself says, (p. 345,) “When it is

remembered that, besides the entire management of the prisoners, the whole of the medical duties of the transport devolve upon the surgeonsuperintendent, unassisted, it will readily be conceived that a large portion of my time cannot possibly be devoted to the schools.” Neither can we always expect the medical officer to be so attentive to the spiritual welfare of the convicts, as Dr. Browning has shewn himself to be. A melancholy instance of the contrary is mentioned, (p. 228). It is also most desirable, that the convicts should have all the ordinances of religion duly administered to them by a clergyman.

Once more we beg to repeat our gratification in perusing Dr. Browning's book, and our earnest wish that the system he has delineated may be given full effect to in the way we have mentioned.

SHORT NOTICES.

have issued from the press in modern days.

For family purposes on Sunday evenings, or for cottage lectures, they will be found not a whit behind Burder and Cooper; and in some respects preferable; and more than this in their praise we cannot easily say.

Female Characters of Holy Writ: in

a Course of Sermons preached at the Parish Church of St. John's, Clerkenwell. By Hugh HUGHES, B. D., Rector. Second and third series. 12mo. pp. 580 and 524.

These two interesting volumes complete the author's plan of presenting the entire female biography of Holy Writ in a connected course of expository and practical sermons. The ground is somewhat new, and we can strongly recommend the whole series. From their historical character, they are admirably adapted to keep alive a wakeful and attentive interest in the family circle, when superadded to the wonted ordinances of the Sabbath Day. They are, moreover, specially suitable for school and parish libraries. Village Sermons. By ARTHUR Ro

BERTS, M. A., Rector of Woodrising, Norfolk. 6 vols. 12mo. London: Hamilton and Co.

This is decidedly one of the most valuable collections of sermons that

An Historical Sketch of the Italian

Vaudois, from the First Ages of
Christianity to the present Day.
By the Rev. H. D. WICKHAM,
M. A. 12mo. pp. 232. London:
Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley.

The attention of the Christian world cannot be too largely called at this eventful period, as well to Italy as to its Italian-speaking frontiers. There are great and promising openings for usefulness. Under this conviction, we are glad to welcome this interesting little work, which will be found well worthy of attention, notwithstanding the somewhat similar publications which have already issued

from the press.

ON WAR.

To the Editor of the Christian Guardian.

SIR,- In the “ Friendly Visitor" for wise enlightened Christians to the the last month (March), I observe a great benevolent questions of the day; communication from one of your cor- and especially that of Peace. Why respondents, which contains an ac- are not the evangelical clergy—the count of the heroic conduct of a sol- appointed ministers and ambassadors dier's wife during the campaign of of the Prince of Peace—the unthe Sutledj. This article you have flinching advocates of the

peace

cause? with singular propriety entitled, “The Are they now so much occupied with Horrors of War." I say with singu- questions of metaphysical theology, lar propriety ; for, in most cases, it that important practical duties are would have been entitled “ Remark- forgotten? Or is it because the able Instance of Conjugal Affection,” Article declares it to be

“ lawful or something of that sort. What an for Christian men, at the commandillustration, indeed, does this simple ment of the magistrate, to wear weastory afford of the “horrors of war!" pons, and serve in the wars”? This Does it not forcibly suggest to the last I suspect to be, in many cases, mind of every reader the question, the true though unacknowledged reawhether all the boasted glories of this son. Clergymen dread the charge of campaign, of which we have heard so inconsistency, or, perhaps, of somemuch in Parliament, from the pulpit, thing worse. But they should reand from the press, have not been too member that the Article in question dearly purchased by the destruction contains, not the rule, but the excepof this one devoted pair? Where, tion. “The exceptions made in the at least, is the individual who would Articles with respect to war," says dare deliberately to make the bargain ? Dr. Arnold,“ are true as exceptions; But, Sir, the object of this communi- but, by dwelling on them, we have cation is to enquire how it happens lost the benefit of the rule.”* Althat we scarcely ever hear either from though the Fathers of the English the pulpit, or by any recognized organ

Church considered war allowable in of the Church, one word upon the certain cases, they nevertheless held " horrors,” the wickedness, the inex- it to be in general a fearful curse, pediency of war. The “worldis and utterly inconsistent with the certainly awake to the importance of Christian law of love; and surely the peace question, and is beginning never intended that the general rule to express, in various ways, its detes- should be lost sight of in our zeal tation of a system that has been so for the exceptional permission. The long the disgrace of civilized Europe; ancient Church, too, was wont to bear and shall the “ Churchbe silent, its testimony against war: the “Truce when the honour of God's law, and of God” is well known. Besides, the well-being of man, are so nearly that which might be lawful once, concerned ?

upon the ground of necessity, or exAre the secular - the Deistical pediency, may be utterly unlawful writers of the day, to do the work now, when the advance of civilization neglected by orthodox Christians ? has disclosed the means of avoiding are they to be the first to expose the war, without compromising either the iniquity of a system which Christi- dignity, or the interests of a nation. anity, had her professors been faith- In short, it is time for the Church, ful to their trust, would long ago the evangelical Church of England, have banished from the earth? It is to take a decided part in this matter; my belief, Sir, that one principal let us unite practically in the good cause of the growing prevalence of work of promoting peace on earth ; an infidel spirit, is to be found in the apathy at present manifested by other

* Fragment on the Church.

and our own unhappy dissensions, the Christian Guardian

upon this in matters of opinion, will speedily subject, it might be very useful. disappear. Surely this great cause Every Christian journal ought to be should not be left to the Anti-Corn- emphatically a "Herald of Peace.Law League, the Peace Society, and

I am, &c., the Pickwick Club. If you, Sir,

OXONIENSIS. would occasionally give us a word in April.

Intelligence. It is impossible, one would think, who, in the present temperament of not to recognize the hand of God in the House of Commons, could have the remarkable coincidence of public foreseen any other issue than its events. In the year 1829, Popery adoption? With the manifest leanwas admitted in this nation to politi- ings of all parties but one, and that cal power. What occurred in the

a small minority, to the support of following year? Let Dr. Arnold Popery in Ireland, was it possible to himself, a strenuous advocate for

anticipate its rejection? And yet it Catholic emancipation, as it is mis- is rejected, and that by a respectable called, give the answer. His bio- majority. And, moreover, the degrapher relates, that “the alarming bates are of infinite importance. It aspect of English society, brought to would seem, as if almost by magic, view in the rural districts disturbances there had been the infusion of a in the winter of 1830, and additionally sounder and healthier principle darkened in 1831 and 1832, by the amongst our senators. We have now visitation of the cholera, and the po- the question put prominently, and on litical agitations of the Reform Bill, the highest authority, on its proper little as it came within his own experi- footing. To say nothing of the unanence, gave a color to his whole mind.” swerable arguments of the champions Well may

it be asked, was it a of Protestantism, we have the chamcasual coincidence, that Popery was pions of Popery honestly and manadmitted to political power in 1829, fully coming out of their hiding and that great national judgments places, and openly avowing before all followed in 1830”? And further it the nation, what Popery is, and what may be asked, Is it a casual coinci

Popery expects, and what Popery dence, that in 1845 Popery is en- will not rest till it accomplishes. dowed in the shape of its great We are greatly indebted to almost theological seminary at Maynooth, every member who stood up amidst thereby receiving not only a legalized the Popish party, for furnishing the and acknowledged, but a permanent best possible reasons why the relief and national status in this country bill should not pass ; but we are inhitherto Protestant, and that in 1846, debted beyond all expression to the another scourge is sent on the land ? honest and sincere confession of

But there is another coincidence Lord Arundel—“That he was not more fraught with hope, which it is inclined to relinquish one iota in the pleasanter to contemplate: the hand of struggle for religious freedom, which God in our national calamity, is pub- he maintained would continue and licly recognized by our rulers in the must continue until Protestantism appointment of a day of general hu- became extinct.” What good Promiliation : that memorable day is testant ever doubted that this was observed with universal decorum and the honest conviction and aim of the respect throughout the land, and we Papacy? A less sweeping and modoubt not, with a very

remarkable

pre

nopolizing aim, is Popery exhibited valence of genuine godly feeling. Very in its sickliness and decrepitude. By soon after, the Roman Catholic Re- its fundamental articles, it must lief Bill comes before Parliament; and never cease till it stand alone on the

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