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Sunday-schools but no day school, Q. What was the chief city of the was 1042, making a total of 3706 Romans ? places without a day school of any A. Jerusalem. description !

Q. What is Liverpool ? The Rev. John Allen, one of the A. An island. Government inspectors of Schools, in Q. What city did Jesus live in? the Report which he presented in A. Egypt. 1844, states that the number of Q. What country was Nazareth in? parishes in the three counties of A. Bethlehem. Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, and Q. Of what religion was Paul beHuntingdonshire, in which there are fore he was a Christian ? either no schools at all, or only of A. A Roman Catholic. the very humblest class, are in Bed- Q. What other countries are there fordshire sixty-five; in Cambridge- in Europe besides England ? shire, fifty-seven; in Huntingdon, A. America. Asia.' forty-nine-total, 171. And a similar statement would hold good in While, of the state of instruction respect to almost every other English in a totally different district, not and Welsh county.

twenty miles from the metropolis, Now we find from these state- and within sight of the royal palace ments, that more than ONE MILLION of Windsor, the following account is CHILDREN are annually growing up given by an excellent clergyman (Rev. in this so-called Christian land, with- T. Page) who resides in the district : out even the semblance of a regular “ During the last winter I collected education! Their minds uninstructed together some of the lads of my disin religious principles, open to every trict, employed in various farming evil suggestion that may present itself occupations, for the purpose of giving to them, and ripe for


them some evening iustruction. I sucIn Manchester alone, it is calcu- ceeded in prevailing upon between 20 lated that there are 1500 children and 30 of these youths to come to me annually added to what have been two evenings in each week. Of the emphatically called “the dangerous whole number I found, upon inquiry, classes."

that every one had been for a longer We must also consider the quality or shorter time in one of the National of the education afforded to those who schools, or in the endowed school for do receive it, and we shall thus see boys which exist in this parish. All that the evil is far greater than it of them would be included in any would otherwise seem. Of this parliamentary or ecclesiastical returns fact, however unwelcome, no doubt educated.” Some of them had can exist on the minds of those who even attained the highest class in have paid any close and practical their respective schools, and most of attention to it. And this is not a them were accounted by their still local failure, but one almost univer- more ignorant relatives, to be “bits sally prevalent. Of one of our chief of scholars.” And yet of the whole manufacturing towns, an eminent number there was not one who could Government Inspector (the Hon. and read well-not even tolerably, so as Rev. B. W. Noel,) reports, that in the to be above the necessity of repeating first classes of the schools he visited, the longer word twice or thrice over, he received such answers as these:-- and often of spelling them, in order

to pronounce them aright. There Q. Who was the eldest son of was not one who appeared to have Adam?

the least notion of punctuation--even A. Abraham.

the best readers regulating their Q. What is a Levite?

pauses, rather by the necessity for A. Gethsemane.

respiration than the construction of Q. Who wrote the Bible ?

the passage. To suppose that, under A. Moses.

such circumstances, there was any Q. Who were the Pharisees ? capability of taking an intelligent inA. Publicans.

terest in, or properly comprehending,


what they read, would be unreason- did not know the Saviour's name, able in the extreme. Low as my 498 just knew his name and no more, estimate had previously been of the 179 had a confused acquaintance with sterling utility and abiding advantage his history, and only six per cent. of the sort of instruction usually of the whole number had any reaafforded in our parochial schools, I sonable knowledge of the Christian must confess I was not fully pre- faith." pared for the amount of ignorance, From the return of the commitboth as it regards mind and manners, ments in Manchester for the half-year which these poor fellows displayed; ending in July, 1842, it appears that nor can any one who has not made 8,341 persons were taken into cussuch an experiment be fully alive to tody; of these, it appears that the all the difficulties with which it is at- number who only read, or who read tended.”_(See “ Remedies for the and wrote imperfectly, was 2,862; Perils of the Nation.” Pp. 140-143.) of those who neither read nor wrote,

And we find what we might natur- 4,617. Thus, in the whole number ally expect would be the fruits of such of 8,341 persons arrested, there were a state of things. Crime is fearfully only 862 who could read and write on the increase. The committals in even tolerably perfectly. 1820 were 13,710, while in 1838, they I will now pause for a few moments were 23,094 ; and it is a melancholy in order to mention some few statisfact, that the progress of crime in tics of the population of Manchester Scotland has been more rapid during in 1843. the last thirty years than in any other There were thenState in Europe. Now it has been 129 Pawnbrokers. repeatedly proved, from returns made 769 Beer-houses. to Parliament, that crime bears an 498 Public-houses. exact and immediate proportion to 309 Brothels. the amount of education; and the 119 Brothels lately suppressed. following 'statement is a striking in- 163 Houses where pros utes were stance of the truth of this assertion.

kept; and In the Report of the British and 763 Street walkers. Foreign School Society for 1845, the The thieves known to reside in the following passage occurs :

Borough, and who did nothing but “Those incessant witnesses against steal, were 212; the persons who folignorance and neglect, the gaol ré- lowed some lawful occupation, but turns of the kingdom, have borne augmented their gains by some habifearful testimony to the extent of tual violation of the law, were 160. moral darkness which still brood There were sixty-three houses for reover large portions of our popula- ceiving stolen goods. tion.

But mere education, worldly edu* Of the criminals of Berkshire, cation, will not effect much change one-third have again been found un- in the condition of our population. able to read ; in Cambridgeshire and We must give them a religious eduStaffordshire, one-half were in this cation- no other will effect any "condition; in Denbighshire, two- change for the better. thirds; in Devon, out of seventy-one “ Education," says M. Cousin, offenders under sixteen years of age, “if not based on religious tuition, is only four could read well; in Essex, worse than useless." one-half were in total ignorance; day's experience is adding additional while of 212 convicted prisoners, confirmation to this eternal truth. The forty-eight had never been at school Almighty has decreed that man shall at all, forty had been there less than not, with impunity, forget his Maker, one month, forty-five less than two and that no amount of intellectual months, forty-three less than four cultivation-no degree of skill in the months, and only thirty-six above mechanical arts-not all the splensix months; Hereford, out of 385 dours of riches, or the triumphs of prisoners, only one could read well; civilization, shall compensate for the in Sussex, out of 877 prisoners, 141 want or neglect of this fundamental

And every as the

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condition of human happiness. The facturing districts who have never proofs of this great truth are over- crossed the threshold of a place of whelming, universal; they crowd in worship, who have never been bapfrom all quarters, and the only diffi- tized into the faith of Christ, who culty is to select from the mass of have consequently no pretension to important evidence what bears most the name of Christian, and who are materially upon the question at issue. * absolutely and emphatically Godless,

We will now conclude the narra- though comprehended in the bosom tion of these few facts by an extract of a land that glories in her Sabbaths from a sermon by the Rev. Hugh and her sanctuaries, and to whom the Stowell, before the Church Pastoral eyes of all nations are directed Aid Society :

light of the world.” "It is a startling reflection, that And again he says. whilst we have been sending forth “By our responsibility, therefore, the Scriptures of truth, and the am-, as members of the community, we bassadors of peace to remotest na- ought to be aroused. The perverted tions (and in doing so we have done

maxim that charity begins at home, rightly, would we had done a hun- is emphatically true, although it is no dred-fold i

more!) yet it is a startling less emphatically true, that it ought reflection that there has not been a pro- not to terminate there. What saith portionate strenuousness of aggres.

the Scripture?--'If a man provide not sion on the heathenism, profligacy, for his own, especially for those of and atheism which have been allowed his own household, he, hath denied to settle down upon extended districts the faith, and is worse than an of our own country ; so that it would Infidel.' .. Hence, duty demands that not be exaggeration to aver, that our sympathies and our charities something analogous to Missionary should circle foremost and deepest effort is no less intensely needed by

around our own centre, and yet, as our heathen at home, than are the we have opportunity, expand to the heralds of salvation by the heathen circumstances of the world. But if abroad. Nay, brethren, it would not the stream do not first fertilize and be an exaggerated assertion, that if beautify the little valley whence it you sought to discover the darkest springs, it has no right to issue forth specimen of alienation from every- and exhaust its waters on the distant thing like religious sentiment, you wilderness. If, brethren, after our must not direct your researches to the own souls have been lighted with the wild savages of the torrid, nor to wisdom from on high, we do not prithe stupified barbarians of the frigid, marily seek to irradiate our own family zone; but you must explore some of circle, we do not strive to bring our your own forgotten hamlets, or some kinsfolk, our friends, our acquaintanof the frightful recesses of your own ces, and our neighbours, to the salvast metropolis; for investigate where vation which we have tasted, we shall you will amongst uncivilized nations, assuredly be self-condemned in transyou will find, that however brutal- porting our compassions to the ends ized or abandoned, they yet entertain

of the earth. Indeed there cannot some consciousness of a supernatural be a more strange and anomalous being, they accord somewhat of ho- paradox than that which sometimes, mage to some power superior to we say not frequently,obtains amongst themselves; but there exist in this professing Christians, their sympaChristianized land many who only

thies and their solicitudes are drawn know the name of God to blaspheme forth towards the idolaters of the it, who never bow their knee in sign Antipodes, whilst they are frozen up of adoration, who recognize no pre

from those who are perishing before ternatural existence, nor entertain so their eyes; adopting and accommodatmuch as an apprehension of a here- ing the language of Scripture, might after. It is a fact fully ascertained, we not appeal to such? “ If ye love that there are numbers in our manu- not your neighbour whom ye have

seen, how can ye love the heathen * Alison on Population, vol. 2, p. 292 whom ye have pot seen.”

We may


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REV. iv. 3. 4}

DETACHED THOUGHTS. "And it came to pass in the six hundredth But we may learn another experiand first year, in the first month, the mental lesson from this cloud. To first day of the month, the waters were

the dried up from off the earth: and Noah

family of Noah it would often reremoved the covering of the ark, and

cal the destruction of the earth; and looked, and, behold, the face of the

were it not for the bow, which God ground was dry. And in the second so graciously speaks of as His, (be

cause he delighteth in mercy," they of the month, was the earth dried." GENESIS viii. 13, 14.611

would have trembled at its appearFlearn much from the smallest

ance, The bow, 'however, was deportions of God's Word. The patriu pendant upon the

cloud for its formaas well as

to not arch teaches us first, to use the facul

the sun. And omises all

of God in a ties which God has given us. He


re connected with the trials to removes the covering from the ark,

value? The dried up from the face of the ground.

bow" is God's; but

we must be thankful for the cloud” He finds that they are. Is But Noah

which 'has caused it to be visible.

How little should we have known of whom the those faithful persons of

Prophet says, im He that believeth shall not make haste. He

th's attributes whilst on earth, if

the dispensations of his providence could well' afford to wait God's time for his removal. Another month to

had not brought his purposes 80

visibly before us ! hím was only'' an opportunity for atpatience to have its perfect work." Whats at the end of this time causes

" There was a rainbow round about the his delay pis The want of the Divine

throne, in sight like unto an emerald.” dare not move; when"given, he will What iftender mercy” God has shewn mot stay. With what confidence must

towards our weakness and our sinful

, and ness, by every living creature out of the ark, embleins, in the description of the again to people a world of desolation! heavenly Jerusalemll. He treats us as (Verses 17,118. With the awful his children, and allows us to retain consequenaves, how consistent was sin so immediately our earthly pictures, until we can

really estimate our heavenly portion. his first act of building an altar unto

The 18 rainbow,” under the old disthe Lord, and offering burnt offer? pensation, wasnai token of the coveings upon it, as a type of Him who nant of mercy, as it respected the alone could atone for that guilt which body; and here it seems used for the had only been, as it were, shewn by same purpose, only with reference to the destiny of man!! ; .01,114 the soul. When this mortab shall

11871 ni los dits -11.10 #7119921-es have put on immortality," the first fear “I do set my bow in the cloud, and it which the awakened sinner' might shall be for a token of a covenant be have, would probably be excited by

tween me and the earth.??--GEN, ix, 13. the throne of God", Power and What a source of comfort must this justice are the attributes, which it memorial of God's faithfulness have awakens ; and well might “the sinproved to i Noah and his immediate ner's in Zion be afraid." - But He descendants !.. With the judgments "who knoweth our frame,? has graof God still fresh in their remem- ciously added the emblem of mercy ; brance, and the consequences of and lest any dread of his fiery indigthem before their eyes, how unwilling nation should remain, he gives us the would they have been to listen to any colour of the "semerald.” Upon this such suggestions as Satan puts into the eye of faith may repose with the the mind of the modern neologist! greatest comfort, and the faithfulness Daily experience" proves that infier of our covenant God will ever be the delity, in all its forms, is a disease of security of our brightest hopes. (1 the heart. The desire for the lie is first John i. 9.)

10 ml felt, and then its belief is established.




MR. EDITOR, I have been much Societies of the Church of England. struck by the following passage in a They take pains to explain the nature letter from a friend of mine, a mis- of missions to their people--form sionary from India, at present on a missionary associations — have an visit to this country..

annual sermon, and perhaps a well “The best missionaries of the attended meeting, where the neighChurch of England all over the bouring clergy, and a deputation world, are not Englishmen, but Ger- from the parent Society, lend their

It has delegated the most aid in exciting an interest for the honourable part of its work to fo- eternal welfare of the heathen,--and reigners."

here they stop: If this be really the case, with what But surely the clergy of the Church deep shame ought the clergy and of England ought not to think, that laity of the Church of England to their duty ends here. Funds, inconfess the truth of the charge! indeed are wanted for the missionary

What! does the Church of Eng. work, but men are wanted also ; aye, land, like Carthage of old, and Venice and the demand for men is at this in modern times, pay foreigners for moment tenfold more urgent than the doing by proxy the work which her demand for funds. £10,000 have children ought to do themselves ? been raised by the Church MissionWhile the soldiers and sailors of ary Society for their China Mission; England are found in every clime, and yet a properly qualified man canare we forced to hire Germans to do not be found to act as a missionary! what we cannot find men amongst In this shameful state of matters, ourselves to do,—to carry Christ's I hold that every clergyman in the Gospel to the heathen ?

Church is bound to put this question On a cursory recollection, I am to his conscience-Am I qualified to inclined to think that my friend's be the Lord's messenger to the heastatement is not exaggerated.

then, and if so, are my employments Look at Sierra Leone. The early at home of such a nature, that I can missionaries, Butscher, Nylander, and with a clear conscience declare before Düring, were all foreigners. So also my God, that I think I am doing more in India were Swartz and Rhenius, service to the Church by remaining and a host of others.

at home, than by going abroad? I hope some abler correspondent Doubtless there are many clergywill take up the point, and endeavour men whose spheres of duty at home to answer this question

are so distinctly marked out, that Why cannot the Chureh of Eng- there is no call upon them to go land send out educated and able abroad. men-English born-to supply the But how many are there in the wants of her missions abroad

Church, well-educated, able men, I lately proposed this question to strong both in mind and body, adan eminent and justly esteemed mirably fitted in every way to carry clergyman, and he, acknowledging the Gospel to the heathen-who live the truth of the statement, could give in spheres, where they feel that the no solution of the problem.

endowments with which God has I believe there are various reasons gifted them can never be thoroughly which may be assigned.

developed_and yet who will not Let us frankly confess, that there allow themselves even to entertain is an idea widely prevalent amongst the thought as a possibility, that God the clergy, even the best of them, may be calling them to occupy a forethat their only concern with Mission- most place in the conflict with Satan ary work is to raise pecuniary funds, which is at present going on througheach according to his ability, to sup- out the heathen world! port either or both of the Missionary Humanly speaking, I do not think

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