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the mouth of the cave, he has no need
but as having been destalozzi.
residence ana to put himself under her guidance. school-house of
Noted When we came to reckon with her she as he has been all over Europe for had the modesty to charge a Napoleon! his scholastic theory, he is said to We remonstrated, she stormed, and have been a very bad practical schoolreasoned the matter most eloquently;' master, and this establishment, at the but we threw down what'we thought headquarters of his system, was a. an ample compensation; and bid the complete failure. Yverdun is situcoachman drive off, which he hesitated ated at the foot of the Lake of Neufto do for some time, till we threatened
which we took steamer in to take the “reins into our own the morning to the town of that name. hands ; when off we went amidst the It is very prettily tremendous vociferations of the fury, steep slope of the ra mountains. who vowed that we should be fol
Wated remained an
there, which lowed to Bonneville, and dealt with gave sufficient time for seeing the according to law. I own I did not town, and then proceeded in the feel quite sure that his majesty the steamer up the lake, which connects King of Sardinia might not have a with the Lake of Bienne by a river per centage on the old lady's receipts, of some length, made navigable for and that consequently we might, un- the steamer. The scenery, on both der his despotic government, be in these lakes, though tame and comsome danger. However, at ten o'clock paratively insipid, is not without its inwe found ourselves once more in terest, but should properly be taken at Geneva, but not in our old quarters the commencement of a Swiss tour. at the L'Ecu, which had not a bed at We got to Bienne about four liberty, but at the Couronne, a very o'clock P.M. My intention was to comfortable inn, close to the Lake. proceed to Tavannes, under the posThe next morning we took the steamer sibility that my poor friend might be to Lausanne, * and proceeded by still lingering, and still more that Diligence to Yverdun, where we Mrs. L. might have made an effort to found a small but comfortable inn, undertake the journey from London, though the dearest we had met with. and that I might find her there. I We looked at the old Castle with learned, however, from the innkeeper interest, not from its architecture, that his remains had passed through
* I regretted that we had not more time to ascertain the state of religion in Lausanne. But there, as in many other instances, it is striking to see from what very humble beginnings revivals of religion have taken place. My readers will not fail to be interested with the following particulars :-"About twenty-eight years ago, a pious lady, who happened to visit Lausanne, mourning over the state of things which she saw around bieter determined to
this design in view, she began to circulate tracts of a nature to arrest the attention of the careless, and induce them to ponder their eternal interests. - One of these was providentially brought into the hands of M. Scholl, at that time a student in the College at Lausanne, and proved the means of his conversion. With characteristic decision and devotedness, this excellent man no sooner experienced the great change himself, and awoke from that state of darkness and torpor in which he had been content before to rest, than he set himself to labour for the extension of the same blessing to others. His first efforts were directed to his fellow-students, and among them, through the divine blessing, these efforts proved very successful. Having thus gathered around him a band of congenial spirits, he unfurled the Gospel banner, and stood boldly forth to proclaim the long-neglected truths of Christianity to his countrymen. His efforts, and those of his coadjutors, were eminently successful. A season of extraordinary religious revival visited the entire Canton, and was followed by the most valuable fruits. • Prayer meetings and preaching on week days were greatly multiplied. . . The College, which had been the scene of the movement, participated in the happy fruits. Soon all the professors, twelve or fourteen in number, could be counted among the friends of Evangelical religion ; no doubt they have exerted an important influence upon the work ever since. Throughout the Canton, ten religious societies were formed to promote the cause of vital Christianity in various ways, and twenty small dissenting Evangelical churches were, ere long, organized and consolidated, in addition to the Evangelical ministers in the Established Church. The latter have usually been estimated at twothirds of the whole.''
Bienne the day before, to be interred which we passed. It is a natural at Berne, and that his family had left opening, enlarged by art, and was Tavannes. We therefore kept our known to the Romans, as is proved quarters at the Hotel du Jura, and by a defaced inscription on the north tarried there over the Sabbath. The side. It is about forty feet high, and town, which contains about 4000 in- ten or twelve thick. We soon after habitants, is very prettily situated, came to Tavannes, and passed the and the views of the snowy Alps from hotel in its melancholy dilapidated the heights above, are magnificent. condition. Oh, what were we that There, too, on the limestone, I found we should have been carried forward a most prolific locality for plants. I from place to place amidst so much gathered in flower Genista triquetra, providential mercy and enjoyment ! a very bright pink Dianthus, about a Surely there is but one power that foot high, our largest garden peren- can protect and keep us in our going nial Aster, Veronica Spicata, several out and coming in. It does not neuGentianas, and evident traces of an tralize the enjoyment of a pleasurable abundance of other rarities. Though tour to be so awfully reminded, as we the town is chiefly Protestant, it was had been, of our entire dependance melancholy to see the shops open on on that power—it only counteracts the Sunday, and I saw tailors and and subdues all those unhallowed shoemakers at work. We had ano- feelings which are so apt to get into ther sad proof of Sabbath desecra- exercise, and really enhances the tion. It was one of the four Sundays sweetness of allthe privileged blessings in the Autumn when it is the custom which are vouchsafed to us. The to resort to an island on the lake, country was still beautiful, though where all sorts of pastimes are carried without any peculiar interest till we forward throughout the day. Parties came to the Moutiers Grandval, or were constantly arriving at our hotel Münster valley. It consists of a on their
and taking tea or sup- series of rocky narrow defiles, alterper there on our return. The land- nating with open basins, covered with lord seemed to think it strange that black pine forests above, and verdant we did not fall in with the stream.* meadows below, enlivened by villages,
The next morning we engaged a mills, and forges. In some parts the voiture for Basle for forty francs, the gorge is so narrow that there is only distance between fifty and sixty miles. just room for the road and the river, We started early in order to be able as is the case in the Hollenthal valley, to accomplish it in a day. And cer- and near Cluses, on the way to Chatainly no one should go through that mouny. Nothing that we had seen lovely scenery in any other than an in the whole of our tour could preentirely open carriage. We had a vent our being most exceedingly delong ascent in rising from Bienne, lighted with the grand and varied from which the distant views of the scenery of the Münster valley. It beAlps over the Lake, are supremely gan to rain as we had got through the grand. We then descended rapidly
best of it, and poured all the way to into a narrow defile, with high, preci- Basle, where we arrived about ten pitous, wooded sides, and a romantic o'clock, at the The Three Kingsma river. Nothing can exceed its love- palace of an inn. It occurred to me liness, though what we saw afterward to make some inquiries about my is of a bolder and more magnificent Tavannes friends, who, I found, were character. We breakfasted at Sonce- well known there. Mrs. L. had got boz, and after a long ascent came to as far as Basle on her way to TavanPierre Pertius, a rocky arch, under nes, but receiving the sad tidings
there, had returned to London two * In justice to the master of the Hotel or three days before. It was produ Jura, I must give our counter-state- voking to find that her daughter, ment to that of Murray. From what it
Mrs. K., was in the hotel that very may have “fallen,” of course I cannot say; but we found everything most com
night, on her way from Tavannes, fortable, the master most civil and atten- but having gone to bed early, ana tive, and the charges reasonable.
left very early the next morning, I MAY-1847.
did not see her. As the train did not light' in the world, should, in the last leave for Strasburg till two o'clock in words he addressed to his fellow-men, the afternoon, we had abundance of have spoken so firmly and joyously time for surveying the town. I re- of that light which was within him gretted however extremely that I did a light in which thousands had renot get a sight of the Missionary In- joiced to walk, and which calumny stitution to which we in England has not been able to darken, nor death have been so largely indebted for our itself to extinguish! Striking too, Missionaries We completed our that one whose life had been a long stock of prints at a very good shop; and earnest protest against darkness, and thought of Erasmus while walking should thus wait for the morning through the cloisters, which are very light ere he passed away to be for extensive and picturesque. They were ever with Him who dwelleth in light, constructed in the 14th century, and and in whom there is no darkness at extend to the verge of the hill overlooking the river. And near the The town is beautifully situated on Minster is the house in which col- the Rhine, which washes against the ampadius lived and died. The story wall of the Three Kings. Though of his death-bed scene is worth re- every thing is on such a magnificent cording :
scale at this hotel, we did not find "As night gathered, and the ru- the charges higher than elsewhere. mour spread that the Reformer would There is nothing worthy of notice in not live till the morning, the ministers the country between Basle and Strasof Basle, to the number of ten, has- burg (distance about ninety miles), tened to his presence. Already on a where we were glad to find ourselves former occasion he had given them comfortably seated in the Ville de his dying charge, beseeching them to Paris about nine o'clock. It was be men of light and men of love ; now difficult to persuade ourselves that he said but little, as he desired to we were in France, everything has remain calm and still.
such an entirely German aspect. The bring any tidings ?' exclaimed he to a next morning we sallied forth to the person of rank who entered the room; cathedral, as the great lion of Strasthe answer was in the negative. A burg, taking in our way a shop which feeling of self-reproach seemed to is noted for the manufacture of various cross his mind for asking such a ques- articles from lead spun into thread. tion at such a moment, and he said We bought, for a small sum, some hastily, ‘But I-I shall soon be with bracelets and broaches, which are exmy Lord.” By and bye, one asked him ceedingly chaste and pretty in their whether the light of the lamp did not effect. Having previously heard it annoy him; laying his handon his heart, stated that the Cathedral is one of the he exclaimed, 'Here, here is where noblest gothic edifices in Europe, I I have enough of light.' At length own I was disappointed. The unthe day began to dawn; in a feeble voice finished state of most of the contihe chaunted the 51st Psalm; and nental cathedrals is a great drawback e then heaving a sigh he said, Lord to the general effect, The east end is Jesus, come to my help. He spoke paltry
paltry in the extreme. If only pro po more; but quietly breathed his tempore, it should be less meagre. last. The sun now poured his rays The spire is remarkable as being the into the chamber, but they fell on that highest in the world; it rises 474 inanimate corpse, and on the pale and feet above the pavement, 24 feet weeping friends who, with uplifted higher than the great pyramid of hands, were kneeling around his Egypt, and 140 feet higher than St. couch.
Paul's. The nave of the church “Does it not seem striking that was begun in 1015, and finished in one who, answerable to his name,* 1275. It was high mass, and the had been such a bright and shining organ and singing were beautiful. * Haus-schein - House-light, which
Every one has heard of the famous after the fashion of his day, was grecised
clock. It stands inside the cathedral, into Ecolampadius.
in the south transept. The mechan.
• Do you
ism, no doubt, is very ingenious, but forth, each making his obeisance to it is a pity that it does not operate the Saviour as he
The tranfor a more rational purpose. I can sept was crammed full of spectators only compare the clock to a ridicu- at twelve o'clock, just as if it had lously huge child's toy. The full been the first day of exhibiting. The mechanism is only set in motion at crowd was so great that we could noon, when, amongst other ridiculous scarcely get a good view, though in movements, thetwelve Apostles march ample time.
(To be continued.)
THE RELIGIOUS USES OF HISTORY.
It is worthy of notice that the Bible commences almost immediately with the history of man. A rapid sketch of the process of creation, adapted to popular comprehension, having been given, the first man is immediately placed before us. Heathen writers give long genealogies of gods and angels; the mind is bewildered amid the labyrinths of the Hindoo Pantheon, the cosmogony of the Zendavesta, and the theogony of Hesiod. But in the Biblical account of the creation there is nothing of the kind. We have, even, no preliminary narrative of the fall of some of the angels, though there are intimations of that event in subsequent parts of the Scriptures, and the traditions of many nations point to it, nor do we find any distinct account of the state of things which may have previously existed on our earth ; but having declared God to be the Creator of everything above, beneath, and around, the Mosaic account carries us at once to-man. We are told of Adam's innocence, temptation, and fall : his subsequent restoration is prophesied: we may infer his repentance and faith ; and then, in the murder of Abel by Cain, we see first brought into development the two classes of mankind, the righteous and the wicked, those who lamenting man's primal apostacy struggle in God's appointed way to return to him again, and those who, adopting a course of conduct in accordance with the first transgression, persist in a fatal contumacy. And the sacred records go on further to unfold the history of man, combining narrative with doctrine.
We are thus taught by Revelation itself to turn our eyes on the progress of the world's history, to trace the course of God's providential arrangements, and to observe that “righteousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people.'
1. The philosopher delights when contemplating some great nation at the summit of its power, to trace it back to those infant beginnings whence it first stole forth into visible existence; as the traveller who has long followed the course of mighty river, stands at last admiringly by the little spring whence its waters flow.
Let us compare the rude villages of the primitive Greeks with the consummate elegance of Athens in the days of her glory; or the small city of Romulus with that Roman empire, which covered a territory of more than two thousand miles in breadth, and more than three thousand miles in length of the finest portion of the globe-or those ancient British warriors whose remains are occasionally found accompanied with the solitary spear-head, the chain, or the amulet, with the present inhabitants of this island, on whose dominions the sun never sets; and though we may be able to find abundant second causes for the change, let us not hesitate to acknowledge as the first reason, the will of Him who “putteth down one and setteth up another.” If we examine an engine of modern manufacture, it is not sufficient to ascribe the cause of its useful operations to the wheels, the pullies, or the steam; we go at once to the reason which arranged it, and ascribe the whole adaptation to the
skill of the artificers. So, however observes Hume, “often depend on the great may be the influence of tclimate most frivolous incidents. The courier or hereditary organization upon dif- whọ carried the king's written proferent classes of the human race, they mise” (to submit his cause to the still have all had an allotted part to Pope] "was detained beyond the day perform; they have been gathered to appointed ; news i wasv brought to gether to do whatsoever God's hand Rome that a libel had been published and counsel hads determined before in Englandt lagainst the court of to be donest and often have the most Rome, and a farcelacted before the unlikely instruments, and the merest king in derision of the pope and carchancesi produced great events, sheme dinals. The pope and cardinals en. ing the more strikingly that isome tered into the conşistory inflamed superior, handri was regulating the With anger; and by a precipitate senwholetin MPTis rstrange and surprise tence -the marriage of Henry and ingy dosays Ockley,*i' to consider Catherine was pronounced valid, and from how mean and contemptible bér Henry declared to be lexcommuniginnings the greatest things have, by eated, if he refused to adhere to it. the providence of God, been raised in Two days after, the courier arrived; a short time, of which the Saracenical and Clement, who had been hurried empire is van very
i considerable in. from his usual prudences found, that stance go for if we look baek about though he heartily, repented trofi this eleyen years, we shall find how Ma- hasty measures tsit would be difficult homet, unable to support hisseause, for him to retract it, or replace affairs routed and soppressed by the power, on the same footing as before. How fúl party of the Korashitescạt Mecca, true is it that it He leadeth/the.cotinattended by a very small number of sellors away spoiled!”lii 90sIdm192 his despairing followers, fled to Mew 12. The successive appearance-and dina, no less for the preservation of disappearance of mighty empires son his life, than his imposture; and non, the stage of the world, present strikwithin 18o? short a time after, we find ing phenomena to the student of his therundertakings of his successor tory. The growing empirer becomes prosper so much beyond expectation, gradually developed, like some huge as to become a terror to all his neigh, phantom stealing out of surrounding bourszu and the Saracens in a capa- darknesss it is clothed in therswelling city, not only of keeping in their own robes of an almost universal domi hands their peninsula of Arabia, but nibh : (but, at length, an internal disof extending their arms over larger ease corrodesits vitals, and a shock territories than ever were subject to from a comparativelyi feeble y hand the Romans themselves. There could throws the giant to the earth. A no time have happened more fatal to band of hardy warriors suddenly start the Empire, nor more favourable to up, as if by enchantment, and, gifted the enterprises of the Saracens, who with almost superhuman prowess adseem to have been fraised -upon vance amid their more civilized neighpurpose by God to be la scourge to bours, carrying with them destruction the Christian church, for not living and-regenerations and having peranswerably to that most holy religion formed their appointed offices they, which they had received.” Are not too, yield in turn to new invaders. facts such as this recorded “to the Soi did the Israelitesh drive before intent that the living may know that them the licentious Canaanites:' 180 the Most High ruleth over the king- did the robber-band of Romulus grow dom of men, and giveth it to whom- into an empire, whose extent almost soever he will, and setteth' up over it justified thevanity which denominated the basest of men??? 10 mL, II: it “all the world so did the Par. 1: We have, also, la remarkable in thiani Arsaces and his few adherents stance of providential interference in found a dominion which at lengthtexthe history of the Reformation in tended from the Euphrates to the England. "The greatest affairs, Indus, and defied
d the Roman arms proti 'i '70,00 sati in the pride of their strength : so did * History of the Saracens, Vol. i. p. 17.* the Goths over-run Europe : so did