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REVIEWS OF BOOKS.
reference to the Rapid Growth
The Convict Ship, and Eng-
Ireland in 1846, considered in
15 The Rose of June
26 Evening Clouds
200, 265, 348 On Christian Friendship
72 The Egyptian Mirror
106 The Fast and the Harvest
121 “Speed forth the Signal”
172 The Latter Days
223 The Christmas Carol
THE CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,
CHURCH OF ENGLAND MAGAZINE,
MEMOIR OF THE REV. RICHARD CHAPPLE WHALLEY, B.D.,
LATE RECTOR OF CHELWOOD.* MR. WHALLEY was the youngest in possession of his family, is a porson of the Rev. John Whalley, D.D., trait in oil of his wife, painted after Master of Peter House, Cambridge, his return to England. Mr. Whalley, and Regius Professor of Divinity in after pursuing his pictorial studies that university. His mother was a for some time with much ardour, daughter of Francis Squire, Chancellor found his health giving way under the of Wells. He was born in the year needful confinement, and came to the 1748. His father died while he was conclusion that he was incapable of an infant. Where he was educated, sustaining the requisite application for I have not been able to ascertain ; but acquiring eminence as an artist. But his attainments, as a scholar, were though the particular object of his such as prove that it must have been visiting Italy was thus frustrated, he at some superior seminary.
carefully viewed and studied its fine Mr. Whalley, as he approached scenery, and its monuments of ancient manhood, manifested no inclination and modern grandeur. How vividly for any of the learned professions. A he caught the spirit of the scenes and passionate love of the fine arts dis- objects with which he was thus renposed him to visit Italy, and to make dered familiar, will be apparent from painting the object of his peculiar the following expressive reference to study. It seems to have been, at the features of the Roman Campagna, this time, his ambition to devote him- written to myself in Rome, in the self to it professionally. For this year 1816, after a lapse of forty years reason, probably, it was, that he did since he had beheld them. not matriculate at either of the uni- “Rome is a place where the scenery versities. To Italy, therefore, he is altogether different from anything turned his steps soon after he was of you have met with before, or that can age, and spent several years amidst be met with, I think, anywhere else. the great works of art, and the en- Those long tracts of road within the chanting objects of that classic land. ancient walls in which one may tire The only picture from his pencil, now oneself amidst varying scenes and ob* The following Memoir
is taken from a very interesting little volume entitled “Memoir of the Rev. Richard Chapple Whalley, B.D., late Rector of Chelwood ; illustrated by Select Letters and Sermons. By John S. Harford, Esq., D.C.L.". Nisbet, London. 12mo, pp. 250. We strongly recommend the work, especially to the Clergy.-Ed.
jects of mutilated, mouldering gran- side. They were the avowed friends deur; fragments of temples, baths, of liberty and the people, and were and aqueducts, interspersed with gar- therefore able to inspire them with a dens, vineyards, and groves of cy- blind confidence in the ultimate issue presses; and every now and then a of their proposed innovations. The modern oratory, formed out of some crisis at length arrived which was to relic of heathen superstition ; each put all these principles to a searching stone almost of the walls one walks test. The French Revolution ocbetween, having some stamp of in- curred: the superstitions of the Roterest upon it ;—these things alto- mish Church "disappeared for the gether make a strange mixed im- moment, and many an ancient badge pression upon the mind; at least, of tyranny and oppression ; but with they did so upon mine; an impres- them was also swept away all revesion of soothing delightful melan- rence for the fundamental principles choly, which would now be heightened of religion and morality, of equity by considerations and feelings which and order. The voice of true liberty, I'was then quite incapable of.” tempered by reason and sobered by
Unhappily for Mr. Whalley, he not experience, was drowned in that of only plucked the flowers of foreign faction. A bloody harvest of crime travel, but imbibed the moral poison and anarchy, of confiscation and rawhich then pervaded the continent. pine was reaped, under the name of The French infidel philosophy was at liberty, amidst the barbarous horrors this time (about A.D. 1771,) extremely and proscriptions of the reign of popular. The demoralizing, anarchi- terror. France oscillated for a series chal, and destructive tendencies of of
amidst the maddest excesses that philosophy, had not as yet fully of unbridled democracy, and at length developed themselves. It claimed settled down into a stern military desan intimate alliance with reason and potism. liberty; it denounced oppression; it Mr. Whalley was for a time one of derided the strictness of Christian those who partook of the delusion morality; it offered tempting licence which led to such fatal consequences. to the sensual passions; and by these He delighted in the writings of means enlisted on its side the wits of Rousseau and Voltaire, and he learnt the age, and a great portion of the from them to regard Christianity as higher classes. Dressed out by the another name for superstition. In genius and the eloquence of Voltaire, relating to me this painful portion of Rousseau, and others, in captivating his mental history, he manifested colours, its flimsy sophistries were feelings of remorse and self-abasement hailed as acknowledged truths. Al- which could not well be exceeded. ready the fall of superstition, the name He felt and acknowledged, that in by which the infidel school designated imbibing these sophistries he had subnot only the corrupt Church of Rome, mitted them to no sufficient test, and but even the purest forms of Christi- that they found him culpably ignorant anity, was confidently predicted; and of the various links of that mighty the coming glories of the age of rea- chain of evidence which establishes son and liberty were loudly pro- the truth and certainty of the Chrisclaimed. Error seldom makes any tian revelation. The scepticism of great progress, except by entering many men no less
accomplished or into alliance with some imposing gifted than Mr. Whalley, may be principles of truth. The despotism traced to the same cause in which his which pervaded the monarchical con- own originated—religious indifference. stitution of France, and the heavy They have never studied the evidences burdens and restrictions which it im- of Christianity with care and candour, posed upon the people, but from nor the Bible with prayer to God, and which the privileged orders were free, with a sincere and anxious desire furnished a ready, nay, in many re
after truth. They have adopted their spects, a just occasion for the political creed as a matter of course, in the votaries of that philosophy to enlist shape and form in which their educathe feelings of the masses on their tion presented it to them. They have